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洛基英语
精英培训
四级真题详解
·2004年1月英语四级真题详解
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中国四六级考试网 >> 模拟试题
09年12月英语四级考试模拟题及答案(2)
http://www.china-cet.com        来源:考试吧        发布时间:2009-11-26 16:16:16
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    Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled A Good Teacher-student Relationship.. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below.

  1. 良好的师生关系很重要

  2. 怎样建立良好的师生关系

  3. 你是如何做的

  A Good Teacher-student Relationship

  Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)

  Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1.

  For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.

  The Great Australian Fence

  A war has been going on for almost a hundred years between the sheep farmers of Australia and the dingo, Australia’s wild dog.To protect their livelihood,the farmers build a wire fence, 3,307 miles of continuous wire network, reaching from the coast of South Australia all the way to the cotton fields of eastern Queensland, just shore of the Pacific Ocean.

  The Fence is Austrelia’s version of the Great Wall of China, but even longer, erected to keep out hostitle invaders, in the case hordes of yellow dogs.The empire it preserves is that of the woolgrowers, sovereigns of the world’s second largest sheep flock, after C hina’s―some 123 million head ―and keepers of a wool export business worth four billion dollars.Never mind that more and more people ―conservationists, politicians, taxpayers and animal lovers―say that such a barrier would never be allowed today on ecological grounds.With sections of it almost a hundred years old, the dog fence has become, as conservationist Lindsay Fairweather ruefully admits, an icon of Australian frontier ingenuity.

  To appreciate this unusual outback monument and to meet the people whose livelihoods depend on it.,I spendt part of an Australian autumn traveling the wire.It’s known by different names in different states: the Dog Fence is South Australia, the Broder Fence in New South Wales and the Barrier Fence in Queensland. I would call it simly the Fence.

  For most of its prodigious length, this epic fence winds like a river across a landscape that, unless a big rain has fallen, scarely has rivers. The eccentric route, prescribed mostly by property lines, provides a sampler of outback topography: the Fence goes over sand dunes, past salt lakes, up and down rock-strewn hills, through dense scrub and across barren plains.

  The Fence stays away from towns. Where it passes near a town, it has actually become a tourist attraction visited on bus tours. It marks the traditional dividing line between cattle and sheep. Inside, where the dingoes are legally classified as vermin, they are shot, poisoned and trapped. Sheep and dingoes do not mix and the Fence sends that message mile after mile.

  What is this creature that by itself threatens an entire industry, infliciting several millions of dollars of damage a year despite the presence of the world’s most obsessive fence ? Cousin to the coyote and the jackal, descended from the Asian wolf, Canis lupus dingo is introduced to Australia more than 3,500 years ago probably with Asian seafarers who landed on the north coast. The adaptable dingo spread rapidly and in a short time became the top predator, killing off all its marsupial competitors. The dingo looks like a small wolf with a long nose, short pointed ears and a bushy tail. Dingoes rarely bark ; they yelp and howl. Standing about 22 inches at the shoulder―slightly taller than a coyote ―the dingo is Australia’s largest land fresh-eating animal.

The woolgrowers’ war against dingoes, which is similar to the sheep ranchers’ rage against coyotes in the US, started not long after the first European settlers landed in 1788, bringing with them a cargo of sheep. Dingoes officially became outlaws in 1830 when governments placed a bounty on their heads. Today bounties for problem dogs killing sheep inside the Fence can reach $500. As pioneers penetrated the interior with their flocks of sheep, fences replaced shepherds until, by the end of the 19 th century, thousands of miles of barrier fencing crisscrossed the vast grazing lands.

  The dingo started out as a quiet observer, writes Roland Breckwoldt, in A Very Elegant Animal; The Dingo, but soon came to represent everything that was dark and dangerous on the continent.It is estimated that since sheep arrived in Australia, dingo numbers have increased a hundredfold. Though dingoes have been eradicated from parts of Australia, an educated guess puts the population at than a million.

  Eventually government officials and graziers agreed that one well-maintained fence, placed on the outer rim of sheep country and paid for by taxes levied on woolgrowers, should supplant the maze of private netting. By 1960, three states joined their barriers to form a single dog fence.

  The intense private battles between woolgrowers and dingoes have usually served to define the Fence only in economic terms. It marks the difference between profit and loss.Yet the Fence casts a much broader ecological shadow for it has become a kind of terrestrial dam, deflecting the flow of animals inside and out. The ecological side effects appear most vividly at Sturt National Park. In 1845, explorer Charles Sturt led an expedition through these parts on a futile search for an inland sea. For Sourt led an expedition through these parts on a futile search for an inland sea. For Sturt and other early explorers, it was a rare event to see a kangaroo. Now they are ubiquitous for without a native predator the kangaroo population has exploded inside the Fence.

  Kangaroos are now cursed more than dingoes. They have become the rivals of sheep, competing for water and grass. In response state governments cull (to kill animals to reduce their populations ) more than three million kangaroos a year to keep Australia’s national symbol from overrunning the pastoral lands. Park officials, who recognize that the fence is to blame, respond to the excess of kangaroos by saying “The fence is there, we have to live with it.”

  1. Why was the fence built ?

  A)To separate the sheep from the cattle.

  B)To protect the Australian wool industry.

  C)To act as a boundary between properties.

  D)To stop the dingoes from being slaughtered by farmers.

  2.On what point do the conservationists and politicians agree ?

  A)Wool exports are vial to the economy.

  B)The number of dogs needs to be reduced.

  C)The fence poses a threat to the environment.

  D)The fence acts a useful frontier between states.

3.The author visitor Australia_______________.

  A)to study Australian farming methods

  B)to investigate how the fence was constructed

  C)because he was interested in life around the fence

  D)because he wanted to learn more about the wool industry

  4.How does the author feel about the fence ?

  A)Impressed B)Delighted C)Shocked D)Annoyed

  5.From the sixth paragraph we know that_______________.

  A)dingoes are known to attack humans

  B)the fence serves a different purpose in each state

  C)the dingo is indigenous to Australia

  D)the fence is only partially successful

  6.The authorities first acknowledge the dingo problem in the year of _______________.

  A)1778 B)1830 C)1845 D)1960

  7.How do the park officials feel about the fence ?

  A)Angry B)Proud C)Pleased D)Philosophical

  8.Dingoes have flourished as a result of ______________.

  9.Woolgrowers and dingoes have usually defined the Fence only in ______________.

  10.Kangaroos have increased in number because of ______________.

  Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A),B),C) and D),and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

  11.A)Changing her clothes. B)Driving her car.

  C)Having a meal. D)Typing an essay.

  12.A)He can’t find his new apartment.

  B)He had a bigger apartment before

  C)He finds the new apartment too big for him.

  D)He is having a hard time finding anapartment.

  13.A)He gave half of it to his friend. B)He threw half of it away.

  C)He kept all the paper. D)He threw half of it away and kept the rest.

14.A)It will probably rain tomorrow. B)It will rain much later in the week.

  C)He needs to buy another umberella. D)The weather forecasters almost never agree.

  15.A)He’s already spoken to the technician. B)The woman should make the repairs herself.

  C)The technician didn’t call. D)The technician has already arrived.

  16.A)He is tired of doing homework.. B)He finds it hard to fall asleep.

  C)He is used to staying up all night. D)He has to finish his homework.

  17.A)She gave a lecture to the psychology class.

  B)She advised the woman to see a psychologist.

  C)She persuaded the woman not to take the course.

  D)She convinced the woman to apply to graduate school.

  18.A)They will eat lunch at a restaurant. B)They will eat their lunch in the park.

  C)They will go home for lunch D)They have not decided yet.

  Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  19.A)He is waiting for files from his boss.

  B)He is awaiting phones calls and going through files.

  C)He is expecting Lucy’s phones calls.

  D)He is handing the office work for his wife.

  20.A)Cain can deal with the office work at home, and even turn to his wife for his help.

  B)Cain can leave the office work to his wife.

  C)Cain can take a rest and enjoy himself with the tennis play.

  D)Lucy can play for she she’s got much nicer legs.

  21.A)play tennis with Lily

  B)take a couple of hours to play with Lucy

  C)drop everything and do with the exercises

  D)take a short run with Lucy around the park

Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  22.A)Not mentioned. B)British

  C)Chinese D)American

  23.A)She walked alone in the street nearby and found a place fo dinner.

  B)She enjoyed the beer and food in the revolving bar on the roof.

  C)She appreciated the overview of the whole city on the roof.

  D)She enjoyed herself in the American pub and in the revolving bar on the roof.

  24.A)loves to go to karaoke for singing

  B)likes going to pub for enjoyment

  C)loves to go to dinner in the Hard Rock Cafe

  D)likes going to the revolving bar on the roof of the hotel

  25.A)they have dinner together with Sammy’s wife in the hotel

  B)they enjoy dinner in the Hard Rock Cafe

  C)they have dinner first and then sing karaoke together with Sammy’s wife

  D)they have good time in the revolving bar on the roof of the hotel

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

  Passage One

  Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  26.A)800,000. B)6 million

  C)6 billion D)200 million

  27.A)disease B)food shortage

  C)wars D)all of the above

  28.A)A gradual increase B)A sharp increase

  C)A gradual decrease D)A sudden decrease

Passage Two

  Questions 29 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  29.A)Those who are spoiled and self-centered themselves.

  B)Those who expected to have several children but could only have one.

  C)Those who like to give expensivee jewels to their children.

  D)Those who give birth to their only child when they are below thirty.

  30.A)Because their parents wants them to share the family burden.

  B)Because their parents are too strict with them in their education.

  C)Because they have nobody to play with.

  D)Because their parents want them to grow up as fast as possible.

  31.A)Two type of only children.

  B)Parents’responsibilities.

  C)The necessity of family planning.

  D)The relationship betweeen parents and children.

  32.A)They have no sisters or brothers.

  B)They are overprotected by their parents.

  C)Their parents expect too much of them.

  D)Their parents often punish them for minor faults.

  Passage Three

  Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  33.A)To prevent car accidents. B)To monitor the driver’s health.

  C)To drive the car automatically. D)To measure the driver’s pulse.

  34.A)It sends out signals for help. B)It takes over the driving immediately.

  C)It stops the car automatically. D)It sounds an alarm to warn the driver.

  35.A)It can measure the driver’s alcohol level in the blood.

  B)It bases its analysis on the driver’s heartbeat.

  C)It can quicken the driver’s respone to emergencies.

  D)It monitors the signals transmitted from the driver’s brain.

Section C

  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times, when the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea .When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information .For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

  Any man-made (36)__________ launched into (37)__________ will move in (38)________ with the same laws that (39)_________ the motions of the planet about the sun, and the moon about the (40)__________.

  Prior to the time of Copernicus, man (41) _________accepted the belief that the earth was the center of the solar system. But efforts to explain the (42) __________ of the planets on this assumption failed. Copernicus pointed out that the difficulties in explaining observations of (43)_________ movement disappeared if one assumed that the sun was the center of the solar system,and that the planets revolved about the sun.

  Years later, Galileo took up the defense of Copernicus theory. With experiments such as the dropping of two objects of different size and weight from the Learn Tower of Pisa, (44)_____________________________.In the early seventeenth century, Johannes Kepler formulated laws that described the motionsof the planets about the sun. (45)________________________________, second, the imaginary line from the center of the sun to the center of a planet(called the radius vector) (46)______________________________.

  Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions:In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are requested to select on word for each black from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the blank is indentified by a letter.

  Please mark the correcsponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centtre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

  Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.

  The American patent system, provided for in the Constitution, was designed to encourage the creation and use of new technology. An inventor would describe the invention, both in writing and with drawings, and __47__ the description with a model to a government official. If the invention was judged to be ___48__ and beneficial, the official would give the inventor a patent. The patent meant that for 14 years the inventor owned the new invention. Inventors could ___49__ their ideas to manufacturers or just use them themselves. The government would not ___50__ any other patent for the same idea, and the inventor could ___51__ anyone of using the patented idea with- out paying the owner of the patent for ___52__ to use it.

  A useful patent meant that the inventor could make a lot of money. In exchange for this gover- nmental protection, the government published the patent __53___ , which had to provide enough information so that other people could understand the invention—thus adding to the general__54_technological knowledge. And at the end of the 14 years, anyone could use the invention for__55__.The idea behind the patent system was twofold: it would increase the amount of technology, by providing a way for people to make money out of new ideas, and it would make new technology widely available, by publicizing ideas that might ___56__ be kept as trade secrets.

  A) license I ) specifications

  B) however J ) yield

  C) accuse K) issue

  D) submit L) charge

  E) convenient M) availabe

  F) permission N) otherwise

  G) enable O) original

  H) free

Section B

  Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

  Passage one(选自CET4,2008.6)

  Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.

  Gobal warming may or may not be the great environmental crisis of the 21 st century, but—regardless of whether it is or isn’t—we won’t do much about it. We will agrue over it and may even, as a nation, make some fairly solemn-sounding commitments to avoid it. But the more dramatic and meaningful these commitments seen, the less likely they are to be observed.

  Al Gore calls global warming an “inconvenient truth”, as if merely recognizing it could put us on a path to a solution. But the real truth is that we don’t know enough to relieve global warming, and—without major technological breakthroughs we can't do much about it.

  From 2003 to 2050, the world’s population is projected grow from 6.4 billion to 9.1 billion,a 42% increase. If energy use per person and technology remaim the same, total energy use and greenhouse gas emissions (mainly CO2 ) will be 42% higher in 2050. But that’s too low, because societies that grow richer use more energy. We need economic growth unless we condemn the world’s poor to their present poverty and freeze everyone else’s living standards. With modest growth, energy use and greenhouse emissions more than double by 2050.

  No government will adopt rigid restrictions on economic growth and personal freedom (limits on electricity usage, driving and travel) that might cut back global warming. Still, politicians want to show they’re “doing something”. Consider the Kyoto protocol (京都议定书). It allowed countries that joined to punish those that didn’t . But it hasn’t reduced CO2 emissions (up about 25% since 1990), and many signatories (签字国) didn’t adopt tough enough policies to hit their 2008―2012 targets.

  The practical conclusion is that if global warming is a potential disaster, the only solution is new technology. Only an aggressive research and development progrom might find ways of breaking our dependence on fossil fuels or dealing with it.

  The trouble with the global warming debate is that it has bacome a moral problem when it’s really an engineering one. The inconvenient truth is that if we don’t solve the engineering problem, we’re helpless.

  57. What is said about global warming in the first paragraph ?

  A)It may not prove an environmental crisis at all.

  B)It is an issue requiring worldwise commitments.

  C)Serious steps have been taken to avoid or stop it.

  D)Very little will be done to bring it under control.

  58.According to the author’s understanding, what is AL Gore’s view on global warming ?

  A)It is a reality both people and Politicians are unaware of .

  B)It is a phenomenon that causes us many inconveniences.

  C)It is a problem that can be solved once it is recognized.

  D)It is an area we actually have little knowledge about.

  59.Greenhouse emissions will more than double by 2050 because of ______________.

  A)enonomic growth B)wasteful use of energy

  C)the widening gap between the rich and poor D)the rapid advances of science and technology

60.The author believes that, since the signing of Kyoto Protocol, ________________.

  A)politicians have started to do something to better the situation

  B)few nation have adopted real tough measures to limit energy use

  C)reductions in energy consumption have greatly cut back global warming

  D)international cooperation has contributed to solving environmental problems

  61.What is the message the author intends to convey ?

  A)Global warming is more of a moral issue than a practical one.

  B)The ultimate solution to global warming lies in new technology.

  C)The debate over global warming will lead to technological breakthroughs

  D)People have to give up certain material comforts to stop global warming.

  Passage Two(选自CET4,2008.6)

  Questions 62 to 66 are based on the following passage.

  Someday a stranger will read your e-mail without your permission or scan the websites you’ve visited. Or perhaps someone will casually glance through your credit car purchases or cell phone Bills to find out your shopping preferences or calling habits.

  In fact, it’s likely some of these things have already happened to you.Who would watch you without your permission ? It might be a spouse, a girlfriend, a marketing company, a boss, a cop or

  a criminal. Whoever it is, they will see you in a way you never intended to be seen—the 21 st century equivalent of being caught naked.

  Psychologist tell us boundries are heathly, that it’s important to reveal yourself to friends, family and lovers in stages, at appropriate times. But few boundaries remain. The digital bread crumbs (碎屑) you leave everywhere make it easy for strangers to reconstruct who you are, where yo are and what you like. In some cases, a simple Google search can reveal what you think. Like it or not, increasingly we live in a world where you simply cannot keep a secret.

  The key question is: does that matter ?

  For many Americans, the answer apparently is “no”.

  When opinion polls ask Americans about privacy, most say they are concerned about losing it. A survey found an overwhelming pessimism about privacy, with 60 percent of respondents saying they feel their privacy is "slipping away, and that bothers me."

  But people say one thing and do another. Only a tiny fraction of Americans change any behaviors in an effort to preserve their privacy. Few people turn down a discount at tollbooths(收费站) to avoid using the EZ-Pass system that can track automobile movements. And few turn down supermarket loyalty cards. Privacy economist A lessandro Acquisti has run a series of tests that reveal people will surrender personal information like Social Security numbers just to get their hands on a pitiful 50-cents-off coupon(优惠卷)。

  But privacy does matter ― at least sometimes. It's like health; When you have it, you don't notice it. Only when it's gone do you wish you'd done more to protect it.

62. What does the author mean by saying "the 21st century equivalent of being caught naked" (Lines 3-4,Para.2) ?

  A) People's personal information is easily accessed without their knowledge.

  B) In the 21st century people try every means to look into others' secrets.

  C) People tend to be more frank with each other in the information age.

  D) Criminals are easily caught on the spot with advanced technology.

  63. What would psychologists advise on the relationships between friends?

  A) Friends should open their hearts to each other.

  B) Friends should always be faithful to each other.

  C) There should be a distance even between friends.

  D) There should be fewer disputes between friends.

  64. Why does the author say "we live in a world where you simply cannot keep a secret" (Line5,para.3) ?

  A) Modern society has finally evolved into an open society.

  B) People leave traces around when using modern technology.

  C) There are always people who are curious about others' affairs.

  D) Many search engines profit by revealing people's identities.

  65. What do most Americans do with regard to privacy protection?

  A) They change behaviors that might disclose their identity.

  B) They use various loyalty cards for business transactions.

  C) They rely most and more on electronic devices.

  D) They talk a lot but hardly do anything about it.

  66.According to the passage, privacy is like health in that _________.

  A) people will make every effort to keep it. B) its importance is rarely understood

  C) it is something that can easily be lost D) people don't cherish it until they lose it

  PartV Cloze (15 minutes)

  Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

  In a telephone survey of more than 2,000 adults, 21% said they believed the sun revolved(旋转)around the earh. An __67_ 7% did not know which revolved around __68__ . I have no doubt that __69__ all of these people were __70__ in school that the earth revolves around the sun; __71__ may even have written it __72__ a test. But they never __73__ their incorrect mental models of planetary (行星的) __74__ because their everyday observations didn't support __75__ their teachers told them: people see the sun “moving __76__ the sky as morning turns to night, and the earth seems stationary (静止的) __77__ that is happening.

Students can learn the right answers __78__ heart in class,and yet never combined them __79__ their working models of the world. The objectively correct answer the professor accepts and the __80__ personal understanding of the world can__81__side by side,each unaffected by the other.

  Outside of class,the student continues to use the __82__ model because it has always worked well __83__ that circumstance. Unless professors address __84__ errors in students' personal models of the world,students are not __85__ to replace them with the __86__ one .

  67.A) excessive B) extra C) additional D) added

  68.A) what B) which C) that D) other

  69.A) virtually B) remarkably C) ideally D) preferably

  70.A) learned B) suggested C) taught D) advised

  71.A) those B) these C) who D) they

  72.A) on B) with C) under D) for

  73A) formed B) altered C) believed D) thought

  74A) operation B) position C) motion D) location

  75A) how B) which C) that D) what

  76.A) around B) across C) on D) above

  77.A) since B) so C) while D) for

  78.A) to B) by C) in D) with

  79.A) with B) into C) to D) along

  80.A) adult's B) teacher's C) scientist's D) student's

  81.A) exist B) occur C) survive D) maintain

  82.A) private B) individual C) personal D) own

  83.A) in B) with C) on D) for

  84A) general B) natural C) similar D) specific

  85.A) obliged B) likely C) probable D) partial

  86.A) perfect B) better C) reasonable D) correct

 Part Ⅵ Translation (5 minutes)

  Directions: Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese given in the brackets. Please write your translation on Answer Sheet 2.

  87.He was almost hurt _________________________________(当公共汽车突然停止的时候).

  88.I didn’t travel much when I was younger, but I’m certainly _____________________________

  (弥补失去的时间).

  89.Only those species __________________________________(能适应并应付变化的环境的)

  survived; the others died out.

  90.Chinese Government declares that _______________________________(任何情况下中国都不首先使用) nuclear weapons.

  91.__________________________ (针对你的呼吁),we have made effective measures to stop such terrible accident.

  参考答案

  Part ⅠWriting

  范文:

  A Good Teacher-student Relationship

  A good Teacher-student relationship is vital for teachers and students, which will make learning enjoyable and easy. However, a bad relationship can discourage the student from learning and make teaching an unpleasant task..

  To have a good Teacher-student relationship, it is important that the teacher and the student respect each other. On the other hand, the teacher does not have to force the student to learn. They should motivate and encourage the student without forcing them . On the other hand, as for the student, learning can be fun when the student has the right attitude about it.He should be eager to learn and willing to study hard . Showing proper respect for the teacher, students can make great progress in a short period with the teacher’s knowledge and assistance.

  All in all, a good Teacher-student relationship can be mutually beneficial.The student obtains knowledge eagerly and eagerly enjoyably, and the teacher gains satisfaction from his job.

  Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)

  1.B 本题考查澳大利亚围栏修建的原因。第二段第二句明确指出用围栏围起来的领域保护了澳大利亚的羊毛制品工业。

  2.C 本题考查保守派和政治家对围栏的观点看法。该句破折号中的conservationists 和 politicians 属于破折号前的people 中的一部分,所以后半句的观点二者都认同,即 that such a barrier would never be allowed today on ecological grounds,也就是说,现在这种围栏处于生态环境的原因是不会允许修建的,其中ecological ground 属于environment。

3.C 本题考查作者拜访澳大利亚的目的。该句的To appreciate this unusual outback monument and to meet the people whose livelihoods depend on it… 明确指出是为了欣赏这个澳大利亚不寻常的内地纪念碑和见识牧民赖以生存的围栏,C是对第二个目的短语的同义转述。

  4.A 第三段首句中的monument 意为“纪念碑”,结合第四段首句For most of its prodigious length,this epic fence…, 其中prodigious 意为“巨大的”,epic意为“史诗,伟大的”,这三个词都表示一种压抑和尊敬的感情。

  5.D 该段首句即topic sentence。该句中的…despite the presence of the world’s most obserssive fence 指出fence 是世界上最令人着迷的栅栏,表示对其的部分肯定。

  6.B 本题考查澳洲野犬被政府承认是不合法的时间。该句中的Dingoes officially became outlaws in 1830 when government placed a bounty on their heads 明确指出时间是在1830年。

  7.D 该句提到,Park officials, who recognize that the fence is to blame,respond to the excess of kangaroos by saying “The fence is there, and we have to live with it.” 即Park 政府已经认识到围栏应该为澳大利亚袋鼠过剩负责,只能无奈地回答“因为围栏在那里,我们不得不忍受”。这是一种哲学的观点看法。

  8.the sheep industry。本题考查澳洲野犬繁殖旺盛的原因。该句提到,It is estimated that since

  sheep arrived in Australia,dingo numbers have increased a hundred fold.意为据估计从羊来到澳大利亚后,野狗的数量已经增加了百倍。明确指出了原因是sheep,其中as a result of ≈since, 由空前的of可知,要填名词或名词短语。

  9.economic terms。本题考查围栏修建时考虑的因素。该句提到,The intense private battles between woolgrowers and dingoes have usually served to define the Fence only in economic terms.答案可以直接得出。

  10.the fence。本题考查澳大利亚袋鼠泛滥的原因。该句明确提出,Now they are ubiquitous for without a native predator the kangaroo population has exploded inside the Fence.即现在它们在没有本地食肉动物的围栏内到处存在,袋鼠的数量已经剧增。由此可知,the fence 即为袋鼠迅速增长的原因。

  Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension

  Section A

  11―18 DCAACDCB 19―25 BADCDAA

  Section B

  26―35 CDBBBACADB

  Section C

  36. vehicle 37.space 38.accordance 39.govern 40.earth 41.generally

  42.motion 43.planetary

  44.he startd the thinking that led to our current understanding of the laws of motion

  45.The most important were: first, each planet revolves about the sun in an orbit that is an ellipse

  46.sweeps over equal areas of the ellipse in equal periods of time

听力原文:

  Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A),B),C) and D),and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

  11.W:I’ll go change my clothes as soon as I finish typing this essay.

  M:Okay, Jane. Then we’ll take my car and go out for a meal.

  Q:What is Jane doing now ?

  12.W:How do you like your new apartment ?

  M:Well, it’s quite nice really, although I had a hard time getting used to living in such a big place.

  Q:What is the man’s problem ?

  13.W:Did you throw away the extra paper ?

  M:No, I gave half of it to a friend and kept the rest.

  Q:What did the man do about the paper ?

  14.W:Is it supposed to rain tomorrow ?

  M:If you believe to the weather broadcast, we’d better bring our umbrella.

  Q:What does the man mean ?

  15.W:Has the technician called about the repairs yet ?

  M:When he does, I’ll have you talk to him.

  Q:What does the man mean ?

  16.W:Why don’t you go to bed, Jimmy ? You look tired.

  M:I have to finish this assignment first. It’s giving me a hard time.

  Q:What do we learn about the man ?

  17.M:I thought you were planning to take that psychology course at the graduate school.

  W:I was, but I spoke with Professor Johnsom and she talked me out of it.

  Q:What did professor Johnson do?

  18.W:I have brought lunch. What about eating our lunch in the park ?

  M:Good idea. That’s a lot more fun than eating in a restaurant.

  Q:Where are they going to eat their lunch ?

  Now you’ll hear two long conversations.

Conversation One

  W:Oh, come on, Cain. Why not come and work out gently on the tennis court ? You can’t keep working so hard at the office.

  M:No,I don’t think I can today, Lily. I’m expecting all these phone calls I have to be in the office anyway to go through those files from the boss.

  W:Oh, come on, Cain. It”s Saturday. You can go through those files perfectly well at home and if people can’t get you at the office, they’ll obviously try to phone you at home.

  M:Well, there you are. How can I play tennis with you if people are going to phone me ?

  W:Your wife can take the calls and messages and so on and you can phone back.

  M:Why don’t you ask Lucy to play with you ? Isn’t she your usual opponent ? And she’s got much nicer legs than me.

  W:No,Lucy can’t play… she’s hurt her shoulder and Bruce is up in Salt Lake City for the weekend. So it just has to be you.

  M:Look, Lily,I’ll happily go for a short run with you around the park. I could probably do with the exercise. But a game of tennis always takes a couple of hours and I just can’t drop everything so easily.

  W:Okay,Cain. Just don’t ask me to do you any favors.

  M:Oh, Lily! If you’re going to be like that then, I’ll play. I think I know how …

  Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  19.What is Cain doing at the office ?

  20.What does Lily suggest ?

  21.According to the passage, Cain would happily______________.

  Conversation Two

  M:Good morning, Cindy. Sleep well ? I can never sleep in a strange bed.

  W:Oh, I slept like a baby! I’m really impressed with this hotel.

  M:Well, the Shangri-la is about the best hotel in Shanghai, you know.

  W:It’s great. After you left me last night,I went along the road at the front of the hotel, you know, just around the corner from the taxi rank. I found this wonderful American pub which served great beer and excellent food.

  M:Oh, I know the place you mean―the Hard Rock Cafe. It’s just by that fast food restaurant. There’s usually a girl singer or a rock band on stage at the Hard Rock.

  W:Yeah, that’s the place. After I’d eaten I didn’t feel like going directly up to my room, so I went to the revolving bar on the roof of the hotel. You get a tremendous view up there.

  M:I’m afraid that I can’t really afford to go to roof bars and so on . They are very expensive for ordinary Chinese people .

W:Oh, I’m sorry, Sammy. I wasn’t thinking.

  M:No problem. I had a good evening too. Just across the street from my flat is a new karaoke bar. I went in there with my wife and she sang a few songs. She loves karaoke but I don’t .

  W:Well, there’s certainly plenty to do here. I’ve got an idea. Why don’t we all have dinner together here in the hotel this evening ? Bring your wife and we’ll have a really good time.

  Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard,

  22. What is Sammy’s nationality ?

  23.What did Cindy do after saying “Good night” to Sammy ?

  24.According to the passage, Sammy’s wife _______________.

  25.Cindy’s idea is that _________________.

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

  Passage One

  According to the best historical records and archaeological findings, it is judged that it took about 800 thousand to 1 million years for the earth’s population to reach the total 250 million which existed at the end of the first century after Christ. For some time after that, illnesses, lack of food and wars kept the population growth down to less than 1 per cent a year so that more than 15 centuries passed before the population reached 500 million. But in the next 250 years, up to 1850, the population of the world shot up to the 1 billion mark, and today it has reached 5 billion. It is said by the United Nations officials that in the next 10 years the population of the world will reach 6 billion by the year 2000.

  Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  26.What will the population size be by the year 2000 ?

  27.The reasons why the population growth was slow include _________.

  28.What is the general tendency of the population growth over the recent centuries ?

  Passage Two

  The key question for any only child is this: why were you an only chid ? It’s a key question for at least two reasons. If your parents had wanted several children but could have only you, they are most likely to pour into you all the energy and attention that had been intended for several children.I call this the “special jewel” phenomenon. Only children who are special jewels often arrive when their parents are older―usually in their thirties. These special jewels can become very spoilded and self-centered.

  On the other hand, you may be an only child because your parents planned for only one and stuck to their plan. Your parents may give you a very strict and well-structured education to make you “a little adult” Many only children grow up feeling unhappy because they always had to be such “little adults”.

  Questions 29 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  29. Who are likely to treat their only children as “special jewels” ?

  30.Why do some only children become “little adults” ?

  31.What does the passage mainly discuss ?

  32.Why do sme only children feel unhappy ?

Passage Three

  When a sleepy driver has trouble with keeping his eyes on the road and gets too close to another car, an alarm sound will warn the driver. If nothing is done, the car will automatically come to a stop and in this way prevent an accident. This is a new device which will soon be tested in an experimental car in Japan. The computer warning system keeps track of a driver’s condition by monitoring his heartbeat with signals transmitted from a band around his wrist. The wrist band records the driver’s pulse which measures the heartbeat. Each pulse rate pulse in the wrist sends a signal to the computer. By analyzing the pulse rate, the computer can determine whether a driver is druck, sleeping or ill. Devices in other parts of the car can also tell the computer if the car is too close to another vehicle or is moving dangerously. The computer will sound the alarm when a problem arises, and will automatically stop the car if the driver ignores the warning.

  Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  33.Why is a computer system installed in an experimental car ?

  34.What does the computer system do first when a problem arises ?

  35. What is special about the new computer system ?

  Section C

  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times, when the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea .When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information .For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

  Any man-made (36) vehicle lauched into (37) space will move in (38) accordance with the same laws that (39)govern the motions of the planets about the sun , and the moon about the (40) earth.

  Prior to the time of Copernicus, man (41)generally accepted the belief that the earth was the center of the solar system. But efforts to explain the (42)motion of the planets on this assumption failed. Copernicus pointed out that the difficulties in explaining observations of (43)planetary movement disappeared if one assumed that the sun was the center of the solar system, and that the planets revolved about the sun.

  Years later, Galileo took up the defense of Copernicus theory. With experiments such as the dropping of two objects of different size and weight from the Learn Tower of Pisa, (44)he started the thinking that led to our current understanding of the laws of motion.

  In the early seventeenth century, Johannes Kepler formulated laws that described the motions of the planets about the sun. (45)The most important were: first, each planet revolves about the sun in an orbit that is an ellipse; second, the imaginary line from the center of the sun to the center of a planet (called the radius vector) (46)sweeps over equal areas of the ellipse in equal periods of time.

  Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth)

  Section A

  47.D 此处需要一个动词。本句叙述申请专利的程序:申请人申请专利时需要对发明进行具体描述,然后将描述和样品一同提交政府官员,故填submit一词。

  48.O 此处需要填入一个形容词和beneficial并列作表语。此句介绍政府官员签发专利的条件是原创性和有用性,故填original。

  49.A 空格前为情态动词could,所以此处需要填入一个动词原形。此处和or后面的use them themselves意义上是对应的。根据常识,申请人获得专利后,专利当然可以自己使用,也可以转让给其他人,故填license“许可,特许”。

  50.K 此处需要填入一个动词原形。政府为一项发明签发专利后,当然不能再为同样的创意签发专利,故填issue“签发,发行”。

51.C 空格前为情态动词could,所以此处需要填入一个动词原形和后面的介词of 搭配使用。句子用without 引导条件——如果没有支付费并获准使用就擅自使用该专利,因为专利受法律保护,发明人有权对其进行起诉。accuse和charge都有“控告,控诉”的意思,但是用法不同,分别为accuse sb. of sth.和charge sb. with sth. ,故排除charge。

  52.F 此处需要填入一个名词作介词for 的宾语。使用专利的人要向专利发明人支付费用,获得使用权后才能取得专利的使用权。故填permission“许可”。

  53.I 此处需要一个名词。对于专利,政府一方面实施保护政策,另一方面,为了让大众了解专利的相关知识,政府会出版专利的详细说明,所以填specifications“说明书”。

  54.M 此处需要一个形容词,修饰其后的名词knowledge。政府出版专利详细说明的目的是让大众能够了解发明,所以填available“可利用的” 。

  55.H 上一段中提到美国政府在专利申诉的14年内进行保护,在这14年申报人拥有专利的所有权,超过14年,任何人都可以免费使用该专利。此处考查固定短语 for fre“免费的”。

  56.N 句子主谓结构完整,空格处可以填入一个副词。publicizing ideas和定语从句中的be kept as trade secrets 之间是对比关系,因此需要填入一个表示转折意义的副词 otherwise。otherwise 和 however 都可以表示引导意义的转折,但however常用插入语,其前后需要加逗号,而otherwise 不需要。

  .

  Section B

  Passage One

  57.D 由题干中说提及到的in the first paragraph 可以将题目答案迅速定位到文章第一段后半部分but―regardless of whether it is or isn’t―we won’t do much about it.根据文章第一句话得知,全球变暖有可能成为21世纪的环境危机,但是无论结果如何,我们都无能为力。D中very little wil be done 与原文we won’t do much about it意义一致。迅速锁定答案为D。A选项所说全球变暖根本不可能引起环境危机,是对文章第一句话的片面理解,故排除。B选项说全球变暖问题需要全世界范围内的努力,作者在文中是提到了这方面的内容,但是作者的意图重在后半句,也就是说国家承诺越多,执行得越不到位,该句为第一句话服务,因此也不是第一段的主旨,故排除。C选项说已经采取了严格的措施来避免或阻止这一问题的发生,在第一段中根本没涉及,故排除。

  58.C 由题干中的人名Al Gore 可定位到第二段第一句…as it merely recognizing it could put us on a path to a solution to relieve global warming. 题目问的是Al Gore 对全球变暖的看法。好像只要意识到它,就可以找到解决这一问题的方法。C与此表述一致。A项它是一个平民和政客们共识的问题,显然是对第一句中as if 引导的句子的错误理解;B项这是一个导致很多不便的现象,是对inconvenient truth 的表面的表面理解,排除; D是作者的看法,不是Al Gore 的看法。

  59.A 由题干中的 more than double by 2050 定位到第三段末句With modest growth,energy use and greenhouse emissions more than double by 2050.按照一个较为中等的增长速度来看,能量消耗和温室气体排放到2050年时将是现在的两倍。A项中的economic growth即原文中的growth。B项“能源的浪费”,文章中没有涉及能源浪费问题,排除;C项“贫富之间差距的加大”文章中所涉及的让穷人维持现状,实际上是表明经济的停滞,而非意在表明贫富之间的差距加大,当然也不会有题干的结果;D项科技的突飞猛进,作者在该段第二句中提到if energy use per person and technology remain the same,其实也是在科技的进步会促进经济的发展,因此它不是导致题干结果的直接原因,排除。

  60.B 根据题干中的signing of the Kyoto Protocol 定位到原文第四段最后三句。允许缔约国惩罚非缔约国,但它却不能减少排放量,很多签字国也未能采取足够强硬的政策。B中few nations have adopted real tough measures 和本段最后一句中didn’t adopt enough policies意义相符。该段第一句说明任何国家都不想限制经济的发展,同时任何政客都想“有所作为”,他们的“作为”主要体现在经济的发展上,而不是在控制全球气温变化这个问题上,排除A;降低能源的消耗是可以在很大程度上减少对这一问题的加剧,但是这个与《京都议定书》的关系本段没涉及,排除C; D项国际间的合作会有助于这一问题的解决,实际上作者之所以说到《京都议定书》的签订,意在表明,即便是有这样的合作也没有对此问题的解决做出贡献,相反还加剧了,因为CO2 的排放量较之以前增加约25%,排除。

  61.B 本题为主旨归纳题,由题干中的convey一词可以定位到文章倒数第二段conclusion一词,此处是作者得出结论之处,也就是撰写本文的意图。作者第一段提出问题:面对全球变暖,我们将无能为力。第二段中作者谈到认识到这一问题并不代表找到解决方案,然后提出论点:and―without major technological breakthroughs―we can’t do much about it(没有大的技术突破,我们仍将无能为力)。第三段讲到全球变暖的原因:人口增长和经济发展,并预测未来发展趋势。第四段认为政府行为收效甚微。第五和第六段重申论点:the only solution is new technology(解决问题的唯一办法就是新技术)。B项是对全文的高度概括,与作者论点相同。A项是对文章最后一段第一句的曲解,排除;作者提到现在我们争论的焦点往往集中在这一问题的解决上,而没有提到这一争论会促进科技的进步,排除C; D项让我们抛弃某些物质的享受而阻止全球气温上升这一问题的发生,文章没涉及。

Passage Two

  62.A 由题干中the 21 st century equivalent of being caught naked定位到文章第二段最后一句话。根据第二段第一句话:我们得知有人会在未经允许的情况下窃取我们的个人信息,如第一段所说的电子邮件、网页、信用卡购物清单及电话账单等,我们的个人信息赤裸裸地暴露给陌生人,毫无遮掩。A项中的is easily accessed without their knowledge 与原文中的watch you without your permission 同义。文章中虽然提到我们的个人隐私很容易被别人窃取,但这不是在表明21世纪的我们在想尽一切办法来窥探别人的隐私,因此排除B;C项说人们在信息时代更加坦诚,这是在对我们的隐私容易被窃取的曲解,排除;本文是在讲述信息时代人们的隐私保护问题,这与抓罪犯是不同的,排除D。

  63.C 由题干中的psychologyists 定位到第三段第一句Psycologists tell us boundaries are healthy,that it’s important to reveal yourself to friends,family and lovers in stages,at appropriate times.心理学家告诉我们,与他人保持一定的界限是有益的。在适合的时候,不同的程度地向朋友、家人倾诉是很重要的。但是有些界限是需要保留的。C项中的distance与原文中的boundary同义,跟本段第二句话but few boundaries remain意义一致。A和B是都是对朋友间该坦诚相待,敞开心扉的陈述,这与“心理学家要求我们在适合的时候,不同程度的袒露心扉”意义相悖,排除;D项中说明朋友间该减少争执,这与心理学家所说的彼此保持界限不相符合,故排除。

  64.B由题干可以定位到文章的第三段最后三句。第三段最后三句话告诉我们:我们在这个数字时代留下的点点滴滴都会使陌生人轻而易举地再现我们的身份,我们的位置,以及我们的喜好。在某些情况下,仅是一个简单的谷歌搜索引擎就可以泄露我们的思想。无论喜欢与否,我们正生活在一个连秘密都不能保守的世界。B项中的trace与原文中的digital bread crumbs 所暗示的意思相同。本文讲的是我们隐私的保护问题,对于现代社会是否是开放的,没有涉及,排除A。文章也没有提到有人总是对别人的隐私好奇,也没有谈到搜索工具是如何赚钱的,排除C和D。

  65.D由题干中的American和privacy定位到第七段第一句But people say one thing and do another.由本句可知人们的言行不一。随后举例说明,美国人为了一点利益而提供个人信息。D项符合题意。由第七段第二段Only a tiny fraction of American change any behaviours in an effort to preserve their privacy 可以排除选项A;优惠卡的使用是在说美国人会因为小利而透露个人隐私,而不是说明他们总是在商业交易中使用该卡,故排除B;文中没有涉及到他们过度依赖电子设备的内容,C项也排除。

  66.D 由题干中的privacy is like health 定位到末段最后一句Only when it’s gone do you wish you’d done more to protect it.作者把隐私同健康作比较,当拥有时,不曾注意到它,一旦失去才知其珍贵。D项中cherish同wish you’d have done more意义一致。拿隐私与健康相比仅是为了说明对失去东西的后悔之意,而不是表明我们保护隐私就像保护健康一样,排除A;当然也不是不明白其重要性和它的容易失去,因此排除B和C。

  PartV Cloze

  67.C 根据上文中的“21% said they…”及下文的“7% did not…”,可知这“7%”不同与上文提到的那“21%”。因此选C项 additional。该词在此处意为“还有…的,另外的”。additional 7%,还有7%的人;A项excessive 意为“过分的,极度的,过多的”;D项added意为“追加的,增加的”;B项extra表示“额外的,多出来的,多余的”,只强调数量概念。

  68.B 根据上文中的“which”可知该处应选择“which”。句中两个which分别指太阳或地球,全句意为“7%以上的人不知道哪个围绕着哪个转。”

  69.A virtually 意为“实际上”最合句意。remarkably 意为“显著地,惊人的”;ideally意为“理想的”;preferably意为“更为可取地,宁可”。

  70.C根据上下文,尽管很多人不清楚,但实际上在学校他们都曾从老师、书本那学到地球绕太阳运行的内容。由下文in school可知应选C。

  71.D 根据上下文,这些人不仅被教过,而且被考试过。因此,D项中的they 代替上文的all of these people。

  72.A on a test是一个固定搭配。

  73.B 根据上内容,即他们曾学过,也曾考过,但之所以仍不知道是因为“他们从未改变以往形成的不正确的行星的运行模式”。从上文中的but及下文中的incorrect可知此处应选择altered。

74.C 根据上文可知本文主要讨论时太阳与地球哪个运转的问题,故选C。motion意为“作(物体的)运动;动作”;operation“操作,运转;经营”;location“位置,方位,场所”。

  75.D what引导的从句既能作support的宾语,what本身又作从句中told的宾语。

  76.B 四个选项中只有across可以与the sky 搭配也最合句意。across the sky 意为“划过天空”。

  77.C 根据下文的that is happening可推理出上文应选择一个表示动作持续的词,所以C为正确答案。while表示“在…的同时”,全句是人们不相信所学到的,坚持错误的说法的原因:人们所见到的是“当早晨变为夜晚时,太阳‘移过’天空,当这一切发生时,地球似乎是静止的”。

  78.B learn sth. by heart为固定搭配,意为“将…记住,背诵”。

  79.A 根据combine A with B这一搭配用法作出选择,排除其他选项。combine…with意为“与…结合,与…相联合”。

  80.D 由and一词可知该词前后为并列成分,因此应选择与professor相对应的词。

  81.A 根据句意,尤其根据下面的side by side,each unaffected by the other可知此空应表示“并存”之义,即教授的正确答案与学生个人对世界的不同理解同时存在,互不影响,强调的是状态,而不是动作。故选A项exist“存在”,而非B项occur“发生,出现”。

  82.C 根据上文,读者知道,教授讲授的是一套,而学生理解的另一套。该句句意为“课堂外,学生继续运用个人模式…”;因此,C符合该句句意。personal意为“个人的,私人的;亲自的”;private意为“私人的,个人的;私下的”,是同public,collective相对的;individual意为“个别的,单独的;个人的,独特的”;own意为“自己的”,其后一般用物主代词。

  83.A 根据介词与circumstance的搭配,只能选择A的in(或under)。

  84.D 根据最后一段的句意:“如果教授们不指出学生对世界的个人理解所得出的模式方面的具体错误,学生们不可能用恰当模式取代他们已形成的模式。”因此,D项最合句意要求。

  85.B 根据likely的词义及其用法作出选择。be likely to do something意为“可能会做某事”,可以用人作主语; be obliged to do sth.意为“被迫做某事”be partial to 意为“偏袒…,喜欢”。

  86.D 根据文章第一、二、三句,读者已经知道:正确的说法是“地球绕着太阳转”,而有21%的人说的不对,7%以上的人根本不知道正确的说法。因此,只有教授批出学生的具体的错误所在,学生才有可能用正确的取代不正确的。replace…with…意为“用…代替…”,此词便可提示我们此处应选择一个与上文errors意思相反的词。

  Part Ⅵ Translation

  87.when the bus stopped suddenly/came to a sudden stop 本题考查对when引导的时间状语从句的掌握。when表示某个具体的时间,所引导的从句的动作或是与主句的动作同时发生,或是先于主句动作发生或是先于主句动作发生。这里“公共汽车停止”与“他差点儿受伤”几乎为同时发生,因此二者的时态应该相同。“突然停止”可以用stop suddenly表示,也可以用come to a sudden stop表示。

  88.making up for lost time 本题考查对时态及固定短语make up for的掌握。现在进行时可用来表示一种目前的情况。“弥补失去的时间”可用make up for lost time表示。

89.adaptable to coping with changing conditions 本题考查固定搭配adaptable to的掌握。adaptable to意为“对…能适应”,to为介词。后须接名词或名词短语。“应付”用cope with表示,“环境”用conditions表示。

  90.under no circumstances will China first use 本题考查对固定搭配under no circumstances的掌握。under no circumstances意为“决不,无论如何都不”,强调某事决不能发生。“首先使用”可用first use表达。表示否定意义的短语置于从句句首,引起句子部分倒装,所以将助动词提前。

  91.In response to your appeal 本题考查对固定短语in response to的掌握。in response to sth. 意为“对某事作出反应”,例如:The law was passed in response to public pressure . “呼吁”用appeal表示。

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