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洛基英语
精英培训
四级真题详解
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中国四六级考试网 >> 模拟试题
09年12月英语六级考试大作战-模拟题(1)
http://www.china-cet.com        来源:新东方        发布时间:2009-11-26 15:08:14
2天记住4000单词的秘密... 点击进入!!
     Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension(Skimming and Scanning)(15 minutes)
    
    Directions:In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For question 17,choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C),and D).For questions 8—10,complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
    
    Art for Establishing Human Networking
    
    I knew-no computer or technology ever got any of US a raise, landed US that dream job, found us that mentor (良师), who cared deeply about US and our careers or put that special joy in our lives that can only come from relationships with others.
    
    All these great things are made possible by a completely different type of networking:human networking.And not the kind that has given “networking” a bad name—that superficial,insincere,manipulative stuff that we all can smell a mile away. No, I’m talking about the true art of networking,based upon respectful and caring relationships that promote mutual success.
 Relationships
    
    Let me start with one of the most fundamental aspects of human relationships.For each and every thing you
    
    want to achieve in life whether it’s landing a job,earning a raise or promotion or finding that lifelong romance —— there will be at least one person on the other end deciding whether to give you or help you get what you want.Everything we do can only be accomplished through and with other people.Simply put,success,of any kind,requires relationships.Just think of the words of Margaret Wheatley:“Relationships are all there is.Everything in the universe only exists because it is in relationship to everything else.Nothing exists in isolation.We have to stop pretending we are individuals that can go it alone.”
    
    If this is the way the universe works,you can see why human relationships and human networks are so important.
    
    The most common mistake people make when building relationships for their career success is treating business contacts differently than personal friends.Just think for a moment about the people you work with on a professional level who are also close,personal friends.Aren’t they always more forgiving when you slip up and more helpful when you’re in need? Of course! I guarantee your work will become easier and more joyful if you make more of your business relationships personal.
    
    How to do it? The same way you make genuine friends.Build trust through intimacy;show them that besides being professional you’re also human.Skip the small talk and go deep into what really matters —— your dreams or fears,your children or the business issues that keep you up at night.And don’t think for a moment that they’ll think less of you.In fact,usually the opposite happens.
    
    When I tell people about my humble beginnings —I grew up a country boy in rural,southwestern Pennsylvania,the son of an often—unemployed steelworker and a cleaning lady—and how it took me so long to overcome insecurities of being poor and being picked on by kids from more well-to-do families,people don’t think less of me.They immediately empathize (感同身受) and feel more endeared to me than ever before.All you have to do is let your guard down and show enough vulnerability to make others comfortable with opening up to you.
    
    Also, don’t stop with treating business friends like you treat personal friends. Mix them, too. Invite business
    
    contacts to your home and introduce them to your family. Invite a client out to dinner along with an old pal from
school and your significant other or a date. Don’t compartmentalize(划分)your personal, professional and community lives. Blur the boundaries! You’ll have more fun and do more for all three parts of your life in less time.
    
    Planning
    
    The more specific you are about what you want to do,the easier it becomes to develop a strategy to accomplish it.Part of that strategy.of course,will be establishing relationships with the people in your universe who can help you get where you’re going.So.first.do some deep introspection(自省)to find your Blue Flame, the thing in life that really lights your fire.Write,pray,whatever you need to do to clear your head and figure this stuff out.I enjoy great results from Vipassana meditation.
    
    Once you’ve found your Blue Flame, it’s time to have a RAP, or a Relationship Action Plan. Here’s a simple way to get started. Write down your goals and the names and types of people who can help you achieve them.Then, note how you can reach those people and how you can contribute to their success, also.The more specific a plan you have and the more you put your goals out to others,the more everyone will conspire to help you achieve your dreams.On the other hand, if you don’t know what you want or you don’t tell anyone,no one can help you.They can’t read your mind.
    
    I can’t tell you how many times a friend has called me and said,“Keith,I just became unemployed.I need to start networking;will you teach me how'?”My answer:“No.No.No.You need to start job-hunting! You should have been building relationships for the past 5 or 10 years,so now that you need a job,you could make 20 calls and have 5 job offers waiting for you in a week.”
    
    Presentation
    
    When I give talks to college and graduate students,they always ask me,“What are the secrets to success? What are the unspoken rules for making it big?”Preferably,they’d like my response wrapped up in a tight package and tied with a neat little bow.Why not? I wanted the same thing at their age.
    
    “So you want the inside scoop,”I respond.“Fair enough.I’ll sum up the key to Success in one word:Generosity.” The kids are shocked because they think I’m going to give them“networking”advice.And when they think of“networking.”they think of a guy holding a martini with one hand and scattering business cards with the other.He’s hell-bent on doing anything it takes to“get to the top”, including climbing on the backs of others.
The era of that Networking Jerk is over.I learned that the hard way.Once,a mentor of mine said to me,“Stop driving yourself and everyone else——crazy thinking about how to make yourself successful.Start thinking about how you’re going to make everyone around you successful.”
    
    Please, learn from my mistakes and the mistakes of many others.Don’t be a networking jerk.Remember that the NO.1 key to success is generosity.Give your talents, give your contacts and give your hard work to make others successful without ever keeping score.
    
    While I would say that your relationships are the most critical piece of your personal brand,before you Call develop those relationships you’ve got to know something and have something to say.Just having a brain and an MBA won’t get you anywhere anymore.If you want to become more valuable in the marketplace or more intriguing to the world at large,you must develop some deep expertise in your mind and root some higher—order passion in your heart.
    
    Think of the world’s real movers and shakers;they are such because they are about something.Richard Branson —— executing the remarkable. The late Princess Diana一一helping the unfortunate.They are and were interesting.You can be,too.
    
    Strength in Numbers
    
    This rule is obviously one no one can follow 100 percent.It’s just a great way to remember to share your passions一一to invite others into the activities you are already enjoy doing.I really love sharing delicious food,good wine and great company.I also bring friends to workouts or to church.You might have similar passions,or you might enjoy doing community service,gardening or watching movies.
    
    If you’ll just remember to share your passions,building and deepening relationships will take no extra time than you already devote to your favorite activities,and people will see you in your best light.
    
    Just as people lose weight more effectively if they have a workout partner,your ongoing efforts to build relationships will be more successful if you team up.You and your buddy can provide each other support,guidance and motivation. And you’ll always be prepared to try one of my favorite tactics-trading networks. Throw a dinner party together,and you’ll each be responsible for only half the guest list,half the cost and half the effort.But you’ll expand your circle of friends to twice the size,and I guarantee it will be twice the fun!
 1.The true art of networking is based on __________ relationship that promote mutual success.
    
    A) superficial     B) insincere     C) respectful and caring    D) helpful
    
    2According to Margaret Wheatleywhich of the following statements is true?
    
    A) Everything exists in isolation
    
    B) Everything we do can only be accomplished through and with other people
    
    C) Everything we do can be achieved by our individuals
    
    D) Everything can be accomplished without others’ help if you work hard enough
    
    3How should we treat business contacts?
    
    A) We should make our business relationships more personal
    
    B) We should pretend to be their friends
    
    C) We should never treat them as trustworthy friends
    
    D) We should treat them differently from our personal friends
    
    4If you do not mind telling your business friends about your humble experiences____________.
    
    A) they’11 look down upon you    B) they’ll not do business with you
    
    C) they’ll think less of you for a moment    D) they’ll feel more endeared to you than ever before
    
    5When you plan to build up your networkthe first thing is to find out _______ in your life
    
    A) what the easiest thing is     B) what the most important thing is
    
    C) who you care most           D) how to begin it
    
    6What is the key to Success according to the author?
    
    A)Kindness    B)Diligence    C)Generosity    D)Consideration
    
    7According to a mentor of the authorwe should _________ when the era of that Networking Jerk is over?
    
    A) start thinking about how we’re going to make everyone around us successful
    
    B) start thinking about how to make our family members successful
    
    C) drive ourselves crazy thinking about how to make ourselves successful
    
    D) drive everyone else crazy thinking about how to make himself successful
    
    8If you want to improve interpersonal relationshipyou should improve your personal brand with deep expertise and __________.
    
    9Inviting others to_____________ is a way to improve relationships because in these activities people will see you at your best
    
    10If you want to pay half of the effort and get double of the success, you should _____________.
    
    Part IV Reading Comprehension Reading in Depth) (25 minutes
    
    Section A
    
    Directions: In this section, there is a short passage with 5 questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. Please write your answers on Answer sheet 2.
    
    Questions 47 to 51 are based on the following passage.
    
    Every Western doctor is required to take the Hippocratic oathby which they swear to never harm their patientsUnfortunatelyas medical history showsmany doctors did not make good on this promiseInsteadthey resorted to quackery(庸医的医术)and made a living out of fooling people who sought medical help
    
    In the pastquack doctors claimed to have“fixed”problems from poor eyesight to cancer and smallpox (天花)They claimed to be able to work medical miraclesrelying on public ignorance of medicine for their “success”In additionwell-meaning doctors often advocated treatments that harmed their patients instead of helping themprocedures such as bloodletting often made worse the suffering they were intended to ease
    
    The typical feature of quackery is ignoranceUnwary people are easily taken in by claims of the doctors they trustFor examplein the 1800spsychologists commonly used basket-shaped devices to determine personalitywith questionable benefitBased on the idea that different parts of the brain control different character traits, the devices determined personality by measuring the size and shape of people’s heads!
    
    Of all the ridiculous devices created by quacksthe most inventive was perhaps the“radionic”machineInthe early 1900squacks claimed radionics could diagnose any sicknesseven though the devices were just wooden boxes with lights insideAfter radionic diagnosispatients were sent home with the assurance that they would get wellNo medicine was prescribed becausequacks claimedthe radionic machine would broadcast the cure to patientsmuch like radio stations broadcast music!
    
    The quackery of the 19th and early 20th centuries was not limited to the use of strange devicesnor to crooked doctorsNor were quack procedures anything new
    
    The practice of bloodletting had been a popular treatment for over a millennium. In the name of medicine, large volumes of blood were drained from people’s bodies to cure their sicknessesDeathmore often than not,
    
    was the outcome, though usually the disease was blamed rather than the loss of blood
    
    It’s easy to look back on the past and brand questionable medical procedures as quackeryHowever, hindsight(事后诸葛亮)is 2020Perhaps in the futurepeople will look back on some of today’s medical practices with similar suspicion
    
    47. In the past, many doctors managed to fool patients by taking advantage of ___________
    
    48. Using a basket-shaped device, psychologists in the 1800s would measure the size and shape of one’s head to ______.
    
    49. Why didn’t the quacks prescribe any medicine for their patients after radionic diagnosis?
    
    50. As a popular medical treatment in the past, bloodletting usually caused death instead of __________.
    
    51. What is the possible conclusion of the article?
Section B
    
    Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
    
    Passage One
    
    Questions 52 to 56 are based on the following passage.
    
    You’re in trouble if you have to buy your own brand-name prescription drugs. Over the past decade, prices leaped by more than double the inflation rate. Treatments for chronic conditions can easily top $2,000 a month-no wonder that one in four Americans can’t afford to fill their prescriptions. The solution? A hearty chorus of “O Canada.” North of the border, where price controls reign, those same brand-name drugs cost 50% to 80% less.
    
    The Canadian option is fast becoming a political wake-up call, “If our neighbors can buy drugs at reasonable prices, why can’t we? Even to whisper that thought provokes anger. “Un-American!” And-the propagandists’ trump card (王牌)—“Wreck our brilliant health-care system.” Super size drug prices, they claim, fund the research that sparks the next generation of wonder drugs. No sky-high drug price today, no cure for cancer tomorrow. So shut up and pay up.
    
    Common sense tells you that’s a false alternative. The reward for finding, say, a cancer cure is so huge that no one’s going to hang it up. Nevertheless, if Canada-level pricing came to the United States, the industry’s profit margins would drop and the pace of new-drug development would slow. Here lies the American dilemma. Who is all this splendid medicine for? Should our health-care system continue its drive toward the best of the best, even though rising numbers of patients can’t afford it? Or should we direct our wealth toward letting everyone in on today’s level of care? Measured by saved lives, the latter is almost certainly the better course.
    
    To defend their profits, the drug companies have warned Canadian wholesalers and pharmacies (药房) not to sell to Americans by mail, and are cutting back supplies to those who dare.
    
    Meanwhile, the administration is playing the fear card. Officials from the Food and Drug Administration will argue that Canadian drugs might be fake, mishandled, or even a potential threat to life.
    
    Do bad drugs fly around the Internet? Sure-and the more we look, the more we’ll find, But I haven’t heard of any raging epidemics among the hundreds of thousands of people buying crossborder.
    
    Most users of prescription drugs don’t worry about costs a lot. They’re sheltered by employee insurance, owing just a $20 co-pay. The financial blows rain, instead, on the uninsured, especially the chronically ill who need expensive drugs to live, This group will still include middle-income seniors on Medicare, who’ll have to dig deeply into their pockets before getting much from the new drug benefit that starts in 2006.
    
    52. What is said about the consequence of the rocketing drug prices in the U.S.?
    
    A) A quarter of Americans can’t afford their prescription drugs.
    
    B) Many Americans can’t afford to see a doctor when they fall ill.
    
    C) Many Americans have to go to Canada to get medical treatment.
    
    D) The inflation rate has been more than doubled over the years.
    
    53. It can be inferred that America can follow the Canadian model and curb its soaring drug prices by ________.
    
    A) encouraging people to buy prescription drugs online
    
    B) extending medical insurance to all its citizens
    
    C) importing low-price prescription drugs from Canada
    
    D) exercising price control on brand-name drugs
    
    54. How do propagandists argue for the U.S. drug pricing policy?
    
    A) Low prices will affect the quality of medicines in America.
    
    B) High prices are essential to funding research on new drugs.
    
    C) Low prices will bring about the anger of drug manufacturers.
    
    D) High-price drugs are indispensable in curing chronic diseases.
    
    55. What should be the priority of America’s health-care system according to the author?
    
    A) To resolve the dilemma in the health-care system.
    
    B) To maintain America’s lead in the drug industry.
    
    C) To allow the vast majority to enjoy its benefits.
    
    D) To quicken the pace of new drug development.
    
    56. What are American drug companies doing to protect their high profits?
    
    A) Labeling drugs bought from Canada as being fakes.
    
    B) Threatening to cut back funding for new drug research.
    
    C) Reducing supplies to uncooperative Canadian pharmacies.
    
    D) Attributing the raging epidemics to the ineffectiveness of Canadian drugs.
Passage Two
    
    Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.
    
    When imaginative men turn their eyes towards space and wonder whether life exist in any part of it, they may cheer themselves by remembering that life need not resemble closely the life that exists on Earth. Mars looks like the only planet where life like ours could exist, and even this is doubtful. But there may be other kinds of life based on other kinds of chemistry, and they may multiply on Venus or Jupiter. At least we cannot prove at present that they do not.
    
    Even more interesting is the possibility that life on their planets may be in a more advanced stage of evolution. Present-day man is in a peculiar and probably temporary stage. His individual units retain a strong sense of personality. They are, in fact, still capable under favorable circumstances of leading individual lives. But man's societies are already sufficiently developed to have enormously more power and effectiveness than the individuals have.
    
    It is not likely that this transitional situation will continue very long on the evolutionary time scale. Fifty thousand years from now man's societies may have become so close-knit that the individuals retain no sense of separate personality. Then little distinction will remain between the organic parts of the multiple organism and the inorganic parts (machines) that have been constructed by it. A million years further on man and his machines may have merged as closely as the muscles of the human body and the nerve cells that set them in motion.
    
    The explorers of space should be prepared for some such situation. If they arrive on a foreign planet that has reached an advanced stage (and this is by no means impossible), they may find it being inhabited by a single large organism composed of many closely cooperating units.
    
    The units may be “secondary” — machines created millions of years ago by a previous form of life and given the will and ability to survive and reproduce. They may be built entirely of metals and other durable materials. If this is the case, they may be much more tolerant of their environment, multiplying under conditions that would destroy immediately any organism made of carbon compounds and dependent on the familiar carbon cycle.
    
    Such creatures might be relics(遗物) of a past age, many millions of years ago, when their planet was favorable to the origin of life, or they might be immigrants from a favored planet.
    
    57. What does the word “cheer” (Line 2, Para. 1) imply?
    
    A) Imaginative men are sure of success in finding life on other planets.
    
    B) Imaginative men are delighted to find life on other planets.
    
    C) Imaginative men are happy to find a different kind of life existing on other planets.
    
    D) Imaginative men can be pleased with the idea that there might exist different forms of life on other planets.
    
    58. Humans on Earth today are characterized by          .
    
    A) their existence as free and separate beings   B) their capability of living under favorable conditions
    
    C) their great power and effectiveness            D) their strong desire for living in a close-knit society
    
    59. According to this passage, some people believe that eventually         .
    
    A) human societies will be much more cooperative    B) man will live in a highly organized world
    
    C) machines will replace man                                 D) living beings will disappear from Earth
    
    60. Even most imaginative people have to admit that         .
    
    A) human societies are as advanced as those on some other planets
    
    B) planets other than Earth are not suitable for life like ours to stay
    
    C) it is difficult to distinguish between organic parts and inorganic parts of the human body
    
    D) organism are more creative than machines
    
    61. It seems that the writer          .
    
    A) is interested in the imaginary life forms                B) is eager to find a different form of life
    
    C) is certain of the existence of a new life form        D) is critical of the imaginative people
    
    Part V Cloze (15 minutes)
    
    Directions:  There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
    
    The human nose is an underrated tool. Humans are often thought to be insensitive smellers compared with animals,      62       this is largely  because,      63      animals ,we stand upright. This means that our noses are       64     to perceiving those smells which float through the air,       65      the majority of smells which stick to surfaces. In fact      66      ,we are extremely sensitive to smells,        67      we do not generally realize it. Our noses are capable of      68      human smells even when these are       69       to far below one part in one million.
    
    Strangely, some people find that they can smell one type of flower but not another,      70       others are sensitive to the smells of both flowers. This may be because some people do not have the genes necessary to generate       71     smell receptors in the nose. These receptors are the cells which sense smells and send    72     to the brain. However, it has been found that even people insensitive to a certain smell    73      can suddenly become sensitive to it when     74     to it often enough.
    
    The explanation for insensitivity to smell seems to be that brain finds it        75      to keep all smell receptors working all the time but can     76      new receptors if necessary. This may       77      explain why we are not usually sensitive to our own smells we simply do not need to be. We are not       78      of the usual smell of our own house but we      79      new smells when we visit someone else's. The brain finds it best to keep smell receptors       80      for unfamiliar and emergency signals     81      the smell of smoke, which might indicate the danger of fire.
 62.        [Aalthough     Bas              Cbut              Dwhile
    
    63.        Aabove     Bunlike    Cexcluding    Dbesides
    
    64.  Alimited     Bcommitted Cdedicated     Dconfined
    
    65   Acatching     Bignoring   Cmissing          Dtracking
    
    66.        Aanyway          Bthough          Cinstead     Dtherefore
    
    67.  Aeven if     Bif only    Conly if      Das if
    
    68.  Adistinguishing     Bdiscovering Cdetermining       Ddetecting
    
    69.  Adiluted           Bdissolved   Cdetermining       Ddiffused
    
    70.  Awhen      Bsince      Cfor             Dwhereas
    
    71.  Aunusual          Bparticular Cunique           Dtypical
    
    72.  Asigns       Bstimuli           Cmessages        Dimpulses
    
    73.  Aat first     Bat all     Cat large         Dat times
    
    74.        Asubjected   Bleft         Cdrawn          Dexposed
    
    75.        Aineffective  Bincompetent      Cinefficient   Dinsufficient
    
    76.  Aintroduce Bsummon    Ctrigger     Dcreate
    
    77.        Astill          Balso        Cotherwise  Dnevertheless
    
    78.  Asure        Bsick     Caware           Dtired
    
    79.        Atolerate          Brepel      Cneglect          Dnotice
    
    80.  Aavailable    Breliable           Cidentifiable       Dsuitable
    
    81.        Asimilar to    Bsuch as      Calong with  Daside from
    
    Part VI Translation (5 minutes)
    
    Directions:   Complete the sentences on Answer Sheet 2 by translating into English the Chinese
    
    given in brackets.
    
    82.The landlord _______________(想将租金提高三分之一).
    
    83.   Be quick, _______________(否则等我们到达教堂时婚礼就已经结束了).
    
    84.   Should there be another world war, _______________(人类的继续存在就会有危险).
    
    85.   It is generous _______________(你把这么多钱捐给灾区人民).
    
    86.   No sooner had Anne arrived _______________(就生病了).
    
    答案部分
    
    Part Reading ComprehensionSkimming and Scanning
    
    1. C  2. B  3. A  4. D  5. B  6. C  7. A  8. higher-order passion  9. your favorite activities   10. team up
    
    Part IV Reading Comprehension
    
    47. public ignorance  48. determine one’s personality  49. They claimed the radionic machine would broadcast the cure.
    
    50. curing the sicknesses   51. People will look back on past medical practices with suspicion
    
    Passage One  52-56  ADBCC
    
    Passage Two   57-61  DACBA
    
    Part V Cloze
    
    62-66 CBACB   67-71 ADADB  72-76 CADCD  77-81 BCDAB
    
    Part VI Translation
    
    82. wants to raise the rent by a third
    
    83. or the wedding will have finished by the time we get to the church
    
    84. the continued existence of the human race would be in jeopardy
    
    85. of you to donate so much money to the people in the disaster-stricken area
    
    86.   than she fell ill
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