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洛基英语
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四级真题详解
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文都09年6月英语四级全真预测试题答案
http://www.china-cet.com        来源:四六级考试网        发布时间:2009-06-10 16:16:10
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    Key to Model Test Three

  Part IWriting

  【写作思路】

  本文要求写一篇针对吸烟问题的议论文。要求写出赞同禁止吸烟、反对禁止吸烟以及自己对待这个问题的看法。

  【参考范文】

  Should Smoking Be Completely Banned?

  Some people maintain that smoking should be completely banned.In their opinions, smoking is harmful not only to the smokers but also to the people around.Moreover, smoking is a waste of money.When one smokes a cigarette, he/she is actually burning money.

  Other people do not agree.They believe that smoking helps to sharpen one’s mind and prevents one from sleeping.And smoking does not seem to shorten one’s life since many people who smoke live a long life.Also the government gets a lot of money from cigarette taxes.

  In my view, everyone has the right to choose his/her own way of life, but one does not have the right to impose his/her way of life on other people.So smoking in public places should be banned but in some areas it can be allowed.

  Part IIReading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)

  1.【解析】[Y]根据第一部分前两段很容易判断出该题目是正确的,根据基本常识判断。

  2.【解析】[Y]第一部分第三段最后一句话Only within the past 25 years, however, have some of its passengers broken free of Earth’s gravity.

  3.【解析】[N]文章第五段,These factories will take advantage of the absence of gravity to produce everything from life-saving drugs to perfect ball bearings.题干中“Special products and tools for space use, such as medicine and perfect ball bearings”这是原来就有的advantages, 应该是produce everything。

  4.【解析】[Y]根据第二部分和第三部分我们可以推断该题目是正确的,我们的地球已经被污染了,能源也会枯竭……

  5.【解析】[Y]根据why go into space 第一段判断正确。

  6.【解析】[N]第十六段,For example, in outer space, we have to protect ourselves from the dangers of ultraviolet light and cosmic rays.Ultraviolet light from the sun can give us bad sunburns right here on Earth.Yet, Earth’s atmosphere screens out most of that harmful radiation.

  7.【解析】[NG]本句意思为即使在外太空的短期旅程也会对人的大脑造成伤害,文中并未提到。

  8.【解析】do not mix well根据Why Go into Space 中的第二段的第三、四句话,可以得到我们所需要的答案。

  9.【解析】electricity for manufacturing根据Why Go into Space 的第一段得出该题目答案。

  10.【解析】the losing of calcium根据At Home in Space 第一段第四句话找出题目所需要的答案。也可以写the loss of calcium。
Part IIIListening Comprehension

  Section A

  11.W:It’s high time we increased our supplies of football equipment.Volleyball and tennis are both out of fashion.

  M:I couldn’t agree more.

  Q:Which should they increase?

  【解析】[C] 女士说是时候该增加足球设备的供应了,排球和网球都过时了。男士说我再同意不过了。本题关键是听懂It’s high time 和out of fashion这两个固定短语。

  12.W:John, do you want to go swimming with me today?

  M:Sure, but I can’t leave now.I have an appointment with my professor at 3 o’clock.

  Q:Why can’t John go swimming now?

  【解析】[A] 男士说他三点与他的老师有个会面。I have an appointment with my professor at 3 o’clock.从这句可以得出答案。

  13.M:Is this school really as good as people say?

  W:It used to be even better.

  Q:How’s the school?

  【解析】[A] 男士问这座学校真的像人们说的那样好么。女士回答说它过去更好些。因此,即是说这座学校不如过去好了,从这得出对这座学校的评价。

  14. W:Did you watch the game yesterday?

  M:I wanted to, but Marie was watching a movie on Channel 5, so I watched it with her.You know Marie, she can’t stand football.

  Q:Why didn’t the man watch the game?

  【解析】[D]本题关键在于听出玛丽亚受不了足球这句 You know Maria, she can’t stand football.因此,男士虽然本想看球赛的,但是玛丽亚在看五频道的一个电影,他就跟她一起看了那个电影。

  15.M:Good morning, I’m Jim Green.My father asked me to come over and see you about a vacation job.

  W:Oh, come in, Jim.I haven’t seen you for ages.I hear you’re at the university now.

  Q: What does Jim want?

  【解析】[A] 男士说他父亲叫他来这儿问关于一个假期工作的事。女士说她很久都没见到他了,她听说他现在上大学呢。这个叫吉姆的男士还是学生,他想找个假期的兼职做。因此,他想找的是一份暂时的工作。

  16.M:Could you describe the two people who robbed the bank?

  W:Well, the man was tall with dark hair and he was wearing a black sweater.The main thing that I remembered about the woman was that she did most of the talking.

  Q:What do you learn from this conversation?

  【解析】[A] 男士问能否形容一下抢劫银行的两个人的外貌。女士说那个男的个子高,深色头发,穿一件黑色毛衣,关于那个女的主要就是抢劫时她说的话比较多。The main thing that I remembered about the woman was that she did most of the talking.从这句中可以得出答案。

  17.M:Is that nicelooking straw hat light and strong?

  W:Yes, you can wear it rain or shine.

  Q: What are they talking about?

  【解析】[D] 这句关键在于听出nice-looking straw hat一顶非常好看的草帽,可以得出两人讨论的是一顶好看的帽子lovely hat。

  18.W:How long will it take you to fix my watch?

  M:I’ll call you when it’s ready.But it shouldn’t take longer than a week.

  Q:What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

  【解析】[D] 女士问修好我的手表要多长时间,男士说修好的时候他会打电话给她,但是不会花一个多星期的时间。从这个对话里可以看出说话者之间是顾客和修表人之间的关系。

  Now you’ll hear two long conversations.

  Conversation One

  W: Hello, Gary.How’re you?

  M: Fine! And yourself?

  W:Can’t complain.Did you have time to look at my proposal?

  M: No, not really.Can we go over it now?

  W:Sure.I’ve been trying to come up with some new production and advertising strategies.First of all, if we want to stay competitive, we need to modernize our factory.New equipment should have been installed long ago.

  M: How much will that cost?

  W:We have several options ranging from one hundred thousand dollars all the way up to half a million.

  M:OK.We’ll have to discuss these costs with finance.

  W:We should also consider human resources.I’ve been talking to personnel as well as our staff at the factory.

  M: And what’s the picture?

  W:We’ll probably have to hire a couple of engineers to help us modernize the factory.

  M: What about advertising?

  W: Marketing has some interesting ideas for television commercials.

  M:TV? Isn’t that a bit too expensive for us? What’s wrong with advertising in the papers, as usual?

  W:Quite frankly, it’s just not enough anymore.We need to be more aggressive in order to keep ahead of our competitors.

  M: Will we be able to afford all this?

  W:I’ll look into it, but I think higher costs will be justified.These investments will result in higher profits for our company.

  M:We’ll have to look at the figures more closely.Have finance draw up a budget for these investments.

  W: All right.I’ll see to it.

  Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  19. What are the two speakers talking about?
【解析】[D] 女士问Did you have time to look at my proposal? 你有时间看看我的建议么。听完全文,可见是一个关于新的商业计划的提案,因此正确答案是Suggestions concerning new business strategies.

  20. What does the woman say about the equipment of their factory?

  【解析】[B] 女士说New equipment should have been installed long ago.即早就该给工厂装新的设备了。所以正确答案为工厂应该引进最新的设备。

  21.What does the woman suggest about human resources?

  【解析】[B]女士说We’ll probably have to hire a couple of engineers to help us modernize the factory.女士建议雇用一些工程师帮助实现工厂的现代化。所以正确答案应是 B项:A few engineers should be employed to modernize the factory.

  22. Why does the woman suggest advertising on TV?

  【解析】[C] 从女士的话it’s just not enough anymore.We need to be more aggressive in order to keep ahead of our competitors 中可看出,仅仅在报纸上做广告是不够的了。

  Conversation Two

  W:Sir, you’ve been using the online catalogue for quite a while.Is there anything I can do to help you?

  M:Well, I’ve got to write a paper about Hollywood in the 30s and 40s, and I’m really struggling.There are hundreds of books, and I just don’t know where to begin.

  W:Your topic sounds pretty big.Why don’t you narrow it down to something like...uh...the history of the studios during that time?

  M:You know, I was thinking about doing that, but more that 30 books came up when I typed in “movie studios.”

  W:You could cut that down even further by listing the specific years you want.Try adding “1930s” or “1940s” or maybe “Golden Age.”

  M:“Golden Age” is a good idea.Let me type that in ...Hey, look, just 6 books this time.That’s a lot better.

  W:Oh...another thing you might consider...have you tried looking for any magazine or newspaper articles?

  M: No, I’ve only been searching for books.

  W:Well, you can look up magazine articles in the Reader’s Guide to Periodical Literature.And we do have the Los Angeles Times available over there.You might go through their indexes to see if there’s anything you want.

  M:Okay, I think I’ll get started with these books and then I’ll go over the magazines.

  W:If you need any help, I’ll be over at the Reference Desk.

  M: Great, thanks a lot.

  Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  23.What is the man doing?

  【解析】[A] 男士准备写一篇关于20世纪三、四十年代好莱坞电影的论文,他现在正在检索所需要的参考书,所以答案是“他在搜寻参考材料”。

  24. What does the librarian think of the topic the man is working on?

  【解析】[A] 此题关键在于听出女士,即这位图书馆员说:Your topic sounds pretty big.Why don’t you narrow it 她认为这位男士的题目太大,因此答案应为It’s too broad to cope with.

  25. Where can the man find the relevant magazine articles?

  【解析】[D] 本题在听力原文中可直接找出答案。女图书馆员说Well, you can look up magazine articles in the Reader’s Guide to Periodical Literature.因此男士可以在Reader’s Guide to Periodical Literature找到相关的杂志文章。

Section B

  Passage One

  There are many reasons why family life in Britain has changed so much in the last fifty years.The liberation of women in the early part of the twentieth century and the social and economic effects of World War II had a great impact on traditional family life.Women became essential to industry and the professions.During the war they had worked in factories and proved their worth, now, with the loss of millions of men, their services were indispensable to the nation.

  More recently, great advances in scientific knowledge, and particularly in medicine, have had enormous social consequences.Children are better cared for and are far healthier.Infant death rate is low.Above all, parents can now plan the size of their family if they wish through more effective means of birth control.

  Different attitudes to religion, authority and tradition generally have also greatly contributed to changes in family life.But these developments have affected all aspects of society.It is particularly interesting to note that the concept of “the family” as a social unit has survived all these challenges.

  Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  26.What is this passage mainly about?

  【解析】[D] 短文第一句就点出了文章的主旨,There are many reasons why family life in Britain has changed so much in the last fifty years.即主要讲了英国家庭生活变化的诸多原因。

  27.Why did British women become indispensable to industry after World War II?

  【解析】[A] 为什么英国妇女二战之后在工业上起着不可或缺的作用?During the war they had worked in factories and proved their worth, now, with the loss of millions of men, their services were indispensable to the nation.从这两句话中可得出答案,由于战争中成千上万的男子牺牲了,因此女子必须承担起劳动的重任。

  28.What remained unchanged in spite of all the challenges in family life?

  【解析】[A] 虽然文中花了大量篇幅介绍英国人家庭生活变化的种种原因。但本题的答案出现在文章最后一句,即It is particularly interesting to note that the concept of “the family” as a social unit has survived all these challenges.

  Passage Two

  In the next few decades people are going to travel very differently from the way they do today.Everyone is going to drive electrically powered cars.So in a few years people won’t worry about running out of gas.

  Some of the large automobile companies are really moving ahead with this new technology.F & C Motors, a major auto company, for example, is holding a press conference next week.At the press conference the company will present its new, electronically operated models.

  Transportation in the future won’t be limited to the ground.Many people predict that traffic will quickly move to the sky.In the coming years, instead of radio reports about road conditions and highway traffic, news reports will talk about traffic jams in the sky.

  But the sky isn’t the limit.In the future, you’ll probably even be able to take a trip to the moon. Instead of listening to regular airplane announcements, you’ll hear someone say, “The spacecraft to the moon leaves in ten minutes.Please check your equipment.And remember, no more than ten ounces of carryon baggage are allowed.”

  Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  29.What will be used to power cars in the next few decades?

  【解析】[D] 以后的数十年汽车用什么作能源,Everyone is going to drive electrically powered cars.每个人都将用上电力驱动的车,因此将用电作能源。

  30.What will future news reports focus on when talking about transportation?

  【解析】[A]本题也可在听力材料中直接听出答案。In the coming years, instead of radio reports about road conditions and highway traffic, news reports will talk about traffic jams in the sky.未来的新闻报道在谈到交通状况时将主要报道空中的交通状况。

  31. What is the special requirement for passengers traveling to the moon?

  【解析】[B] 从短文最后的announcement提醒去往月球旅行的乘客:And remember, no more than ten ounces of carryon baggage are allowed,只能带不超过十盎司的随身行李,因此,对于去月球旅行的旅客的特殊要求就是Take little luggage with them.
Passage Three

  My parents ran a small restaurant.The restaurant was open 24 hours a day, seven days a week.And my first job when I was six years old was shining shoes for customers.My duties increased as I grew older.By age ten I was clearing tables and washing plates.My father made it clear that I had to meet certain standards.I had to be on time, hardworking and polite to the customers.I was never paid for any work I did.One day I made a mistake of telling Dad I thought he should give me 10 pounds a week.He said, “OK, then how about you paying me for the three meals a day when you eat here and for the times you bring in your friends for free drinks.” He figured I owed him about 40 pounds a week.This taught me quite a lot.

  Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  32. What was the speaker’s job before he was 10 years old?

  【解析】[C]男孩的工作就是给顾客擦皮鞋。

  33.What was one of the requirements laid down by the boy’s father?

  【解析】[B]从这一句I had to be on time中可知他工作不能迟到。

  34.What did the boy ask his father to do one day?

  【解析】A 男孩认为爸爸应该付他工钱I thought he should give me 10 pounds a week.

  35.Why did the boy’s father refuse to pay him?

  【解析】[D] 因为父亲认为 it was his son who should pay him。

  Section C

  36.【答案】medical

  【解析】medical 意为“医学的”。纵观全文可知此处应填medical,美国人对本国所达到的医学成就倍感骄傲。

  37. 【答案】prevention

  【解析】prevention意为“预防、防止”。医学家已经发现预防和治疗脑灰质炎以及肺结核的方法。

  38. 【答案】cancer

  【解析】cancer意为“癌症”。他们对癌症和心脏病做了大量研究。

  39. 【答案】equipped

  【解析】equip意为“装备、配备”。美国的医院是最现代化的,配备有世界上最好的医疗设备。

  40. 【答案】national

  【解析】national 意为“国家的”。美国有一个全民健康计划。

  41. 【答案】available

  【解析】available意为“可用到的,可利用的”。为了这个全民健康目的美国有许多项目计划。

  42.【答案】sum

  【解析】sum 意为“一笔(金额)”a sum of money 是固定搭配。公司定期付一笔款项到这个基金里。

  43. 【答案】employee

  【解析】employee意为“职员、雇员”。当职员需要就医,他可以从这个基金里拿钱付医疗费用。

  44.【答案】They pay insurance premiums each month to insurance companies which then pay for medical expenses when they are needed

  45.【答案】People regularly pay the hospital directly

  46. 【答案】The government has health insurance programs for older people, poor people and those with long term illness
Part ⅣReading Comprehension(Reading in Depth)

  Section A

  47.【解析】[E]此处应填入E项,be willing to 为固定搭配。

  48.【解析】[H]此处应填入一个名词,而appetite通常和介词for搭配,此处句子的意思为控制我们无止境的欲望。

  49.【解析】[A]此处应填入一个形容词,根据上下文意思应选A项,意即:全球气候变暖似乎离我们太遥远,以至于我们无需为此担心。

  50.【解析】[B]此处应填入一个名词,而与computer 搭配的名词在选项中根据上下文意思B为正确选项。

  51.【解析】[F]根据上下文意思此处应表达气候变化之意,因此F为正确选项。

  52.【解析】[L]该题较为简单,表示“上个世纪全球的气温上升了1华氏度”,应能迅速找出正确答案。

  53.【解析】[I]显然ice 与melt 搭配,因此I为正确选项。

  54.【解析】[K]此处应填入一个现在分词,表示“海岸受到侵蚀”,因此应选K项。

  55.【解析】[N]该题较为简单,应填入一个复数名词,所以填入N项。

  56.【解析】[D]选D项,the rest of 为固定搭配。

  Section B

  Passage One

  57.【解析】[C]细节题。文章第一段,作者表明要获得成功,能力和环境是很基本的条件。见文章第一段第三句话,“Because each of us possesses ...genetic ability and favorable environments ...”由于我们每个人的天生能力和后天成长环境的不同……由此可知,C为正确答案。

  58.【解析】[C]词汇题。“frugal”这个词的意思是节俭的,朴素的。见第二段第二句,“...the poor shepherd who ...enjoys his frugal life ...”通过下文提到的拥有财富的人的对比,可以推测出该词的意思是节俭朴素的。

  59.【解析】[D]细节题。有些富人并不觉得他们成功,因为以他们自己的标准他们还不够富。见文章第二段第三句,“On the other hand ...many of them ...consider themselves unsuccessful when judged by their own goals of success”根据他们自己的目标来判断,他们并不认为自己是成功的,由此可知D为正确答案。

  60.【解析】[D]细节题。文章最后一段表明,成功意味着尽自己所能做自己喜欢的事情。见文章最后一句,“You have not really failed ...for success until you have been unsuccessful at something you really like ...”在你没有尽全力做自己喜欢的事而失败之前,你的失败都不算真正的失败, 由此可推断出作者暗示成功就是尽全力做自己喜欢的事,所以D为正确答案。

  61.【解析】[A]主旨题。这篇文章主要谈的是成功的定义。文章第一句话就是全文的主题句,每个人对成功的定义不同。接下来的几段也都是从不同的角度定义成功,所以A为正确答案。
Passage Two

  62.【解析】[C]细节题。本题的线索是第一段的第二句话,其中的relying on educators与题干中的counting on educators 是相同的意思。

  63.【解析】[A]细节题。作者先在第一段的最后一句说“looksay”或“wholeword”的阅读教学方法是失败的,第二段分析了这种方法失败的原因,是因为它“stresses the meaning of words over the meaning of letters, thinking over decoding ...”。

  64.【解析】[D]推断题。文章在最后一段谈到了phonics method的特点和好处,本题线索见该段的第二句话“Rather than building up a relatively limited vocabulary of memorized words, it imparts a code by which the pronunciations of the vast majority of the most common words in the English language can be learned”,可见这种方法能使学习者获得更大的词汇量。

  65.【解析】[B]词义题。本题要求利用上下文猜测单词的意思。根据第二段的最后一句,在1963年以前,出版的东西都是教授使用wholeword的方法的,紧接着用了转折词however,说在1955年,Rudolf Flesch “touched off”一场争论,因此此处的touch off必然是“引起”的意思。

  66.【解析】[C]推断题。本题要求有较好的综合能力才能做得既快又准。从第二段中综合出wholeword阅读方法的特点:强调单词的意思,没有decoding;由此即可知B、D是错的;在文章的最后一句话,作者指出Phonics does not devalue the importance of thinking about the meaning of words and sentences,所以A也是不对的。

  Part ⅤCloze

  67.【解析】[D] well是副词,good是形容词,所以A不可。此处要与后面的doesn’t work at all形成对比,而B、C没有对比的作用。

  68.【解析】[A]此句的意思是你一直进行尝试,直到找到适合自己的学习方法。因而此处的连词要表达“直到”的意思。

  69.【解析】[B]线索是空格后的else,两个词连起来表示“(除了你自己),别的任何人都不能……”。

  70.【解析】[D] work常用于抽象的意义,表示起作用的意思。请参照第一句中的动词。

  71.【解析】[A] get (fall, be) behind等都表示落后的意思,根据上下文,显然是说,我们在学习上不要落后。

  72.【解析】[C]此处要求填一个形容词,A可排除。又根据上下文,可以理解出这句话的意思应该是:学习的问题是,一开始的时候是非常难的,而当你想在一周内完成三周的事情时则变得几乎是不可能的。这时谈的是难度的问题,因此选其他的答案是不合适的。如果直接解此题有困难,可以先做后面的题。

  73.【解析】[C]根据从句中的意思来判断本题的答案。要在一周内做三周的事,毫无疑问,应当说这是几乎不可能的。

  74.【解析】[C]表面考的是所有格的用法,实际上考的是名词的数。三周肯定是复数,week必须是复数形式;work是不可数名词。答案就一目了然了。

  75.【解析】[A]本题考查的是篇章词汇。解题也有两种方法。第一种方法从篇章的角度着手,承接上面一段,说的是学习的困难,在这里显然是说“即使”是读得最快的人也有困难,选A顺理成章。第二种方法从句法着手。这是一个简单句,显然不能填连词和介词,C、D明显错误。单就本句来说,选almost也是不能的。

  76.【解析】[B] have trouble后要求接动名词。

  77.【解析】[A] turn in 的意思是“交上去,上交”,其他的选项是:turn up 出现, turn out出来;结果是,give in 让步。

  78.【解析】[D]此处表示“过晚”之意,用too。

  79.【解析】[C]还记得常说的not ...at all 吗?

  80.【解析】[D]这一句及其下一句是说因为你在别的科花的时间太多而在另一科落后,前者不是后者的理由。所以此处要选表示“借口、理由”意思的词,即excuse。

  81.【解析】[A]表示笼统的“有用”的动词是help。

  82.【解析】[A] at the expense of的意思是“以……为代价”。

  83.【解析】[A]注意后面的介词to,所以这是一个固定搭配。

  84.【解析】[B]想一想“What is the reason that ...”这个句型吧。

  85.【解析】[C]前面所说的明显是一种诱惑,所以要选temptation。

  86.【解析】[D]前面说的是上某课的事,所以选class。
Part ⅥTranslation

  87.【答案】did he charge me too much / did he overcharge me

  88.【答案】mingled with the crowds

  89.【答案】providing new growth opportunities for China’s foreign and domestic trade

  90.【答案】as fluently as he speaks English

  91.【答案】busy preparing for

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