Part I Writing: (30 minutes)
PartⅡ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)
Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the choices marked A), B), C) and D). For questions 8 to10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
I knew, no computer or technology ever got any of us a raise, landed us that dream job, found us that mentor (良师) who cared deeply about us and our careers or put that special joy in our lives that can only come from relationships with others.
All these great things are made possible by a completely different type to networking: human networking. And not the kind that has given “networking” a bad name --- that superficial, insincere, manipulative stuff that we all can smell a mile away. No, I’m talking about the true art of networking, based on respectful and caring relationships that promote mutual success.
Let me start with one of the most fundamental aspects of human relationships. For each and every thing you want to achieve in life---whether it’s landing a job, earning a raise or promotion or finding that lifelong romance---there will be at least one person on the other end deciding whether or give you or help you get what you want. Everything we do can only be accomplished through and with other people. Simply put, of any kind, requires relationships. Just think of the words of Margaret Wheatley: Relationships are all there is. Everything in the universe only exists because it is in relationship to everything else. Nothing exists in isolation. We have to stop pretending we are individuals that go it alone.
If this is the way the universe works, you can see why human relationships and human networks are so important.
The most common mistake people make when building relationships for their career success is treating business contacts differently than personal friends. Aren’t they always forgiving when you slip up and more helpful when you’re in need? Of course! I guarantee your work will become easier and more joyful if you make more of your business relationships personal.
How to do it? The same way you make genuine friends. Build trust through intimacy; show them that besides being professional, you’re also human. Skip the small talk and go deep into what really matters---your dreams or fears, your children or the business issues that keep you up at night. And don’t think for a moment that they’ll think less of you. In fact, usually the opposite happens.
When I tell people about humble beginnings---I grew up a country boy in rural, southwestern Pennsylvania, the son of an often-unemployed steelworker and a cleaning lady---and how it took me so long to overcome my insecurities of being poor and being picked on by kids from ore well-to-do families, people don’t think less of me. They immediately empathize （感同身受）and feel more endeared to me than ever before. All you have to do is let your guard down and show enough vulnerability to make others comfortable with opening up to you.
Also, don’t stop with treating business friends like you treat personal friends. Mix them, too. Invite business contacts to your home and introduce them to your family. Invite a client out to dinner along with an old pal from school and your significant other or a date. Don’t compartmentalize you personal, professional and community lives. Blur the boundaries! You’ll have more fun and do more for all three parts of your life in less time.
The more specific you are about what you want to do, the easier it becomes to develop a strategy to accomplish it. Part of that strategy, of course, will be establishing relationships with the people in your universe who can help you get where you’re going. So, first, do some deep introspection（自省）to find your Blue Flame, the thing in life that really lights your fire. Write, pray, whatever you need to do clear you head and figure this stuff out. I enjoy great results from Vipassana meditation.
Once you’ve found your Blue Flame, it’s time to have a RAP, or a Relationship Action Plan. Here’s a simple way to get started. Write down your goals and the names and types of people who can help you achieve them. Then, note how you can reach those people and how you can contribute to their success, also. The more specific a plan you have and the more you put your goals out to others, the more everyone will aspire to help you achieve your dreams. On the other hand, if you don’t know what you want or you don’t tell anyone, no one can help you. They can’t read your mind.
I can’t tell you how many times a friend has called me and said, “Keith, I just became unemployed. I need to start networking; will you teach me how? My answer: “No. No.No. You need to start job-hunting! You should have been building relationships for the past 5 or 10 years, so now that you need a job, you could make 20 calls and have 5 job offers waiting for you in a week.”
When I give talks to college and graduate students, they always ask me, “what are the secrets to success? What are the unspoken rules for making it big? Preferably, they’d like my response wrapped up in tight package and tied with a neat little bow. Why not? I wanted the same thing at their age.
“So you want the inside scoop,” I respond. “Fair enough. I’ll sum up the key to success in one word: Generosity. “The kids are shocked because they think I’m going to give them “networking” advice. And when they think of “networking,” they think of a guy holding a martini with one hand and scattering business cards with the other. He’s hell-bent on doing anything it takes to “get to the top,” including climbing on the backs of others.
The era of that Networking Jerk is over. I learned that the hard way. Once, a mentor of mine said to me, “ Stop driving yourself---and everyone else---crazy thinking bout how to make yourself successful. Start thinking about how you’re going to make everyone around you successful.”
Please, learn from my mistakes and the mistakes of many others. Don’t be a networking jerk. Remember that the NO.1 key to success is generosity. Give your talents, give your contacts and give your hard work to make others successful without ever keeping score.
While I would say that your relationships are the most critical piece of your personal brand, before, you can develop those relationships you’ve got to know something and have something to say. Just having a brain and an MBA won’t get you anywhere. If you want to become more valuable in the marketplace or more intriguing to the world at large, you must develop some deep expertise in your mind and root some higher-order passion in your heart.
Think of the world’s real movers and shakers; they are such because they are about something. Richard Branson—executing the remarkable. The late Princess Diana---helping the unfortunate. They are and were interesting. You can be, too.
Strength in Numbers
This rule is obviously one no one can follow 100 percent. It’s just a great way to remember to share your passions---to invite others into the activities you are already enjoy doing. I really love sharing delicious food, good wine and great company. I also bring friends to workouts or to church. You might have similar passions, or you might enjoy doing community service, gardening or watching movies.
If you’ll just remember to share your passions, building and deepening relationships will take no extra time than you already devote to your favorite activities, and people will see you in your best light.
Just as people lose weight more effectively if they have a workout partner, your ongoing efforts to build relationships will be more successful if you team up. You and your buddy can provide each other support, guidance and motivation. And you’ll always be prepared to try one of my favorite tactics—trading networks. Throw a dinner party together, and you’ll each be responsible for only half the guest list, half the cost and half the effort. But you’ll expand your circle of friends to twice the size, and I guarantee it will be twice the fun!
1.What is the true art of networking built on ?
A) the latest computer technology
B) respectful and caring relationships
C) rich professional knowledge
D) many friends from well-to-do families.
2. According to the passage , what is the idea held by Margaret Wheatley?
A) Everything exists in isolation
B) Everything we do can only be achieved by our individuals.
C) Everything we do can be achieved by our individuals
D) Everything can be accomplished without others’ help if you work hard enough
3. How should we treat business relationships more personal?
A) We should make our business relationships more personal
B) We should pretend to be their friends
C) We should never treat them as trustworthy friends
D) We should treat them differently from our personal friends
4. If you don not mind telling your business friends about your humble experiences, __________
A) they’ll look down upon you
B) they’ll not do business with you
C) they’ll think less of you for a moment
D) they’ll feel more endeared to you than ever before
5. When you plan to build up your network, the first thing is to find out ____in your life.
A) what the easiest thing is
B) what the most important thing is
C) who you care most
D) how to begin it
6. What is the key to success according to the author?
7. According to a mentor of the author, we should _______when the era of that Networking Jerk is over?
A) start thinking about how we’re going to make everyone around us successful
B) start thinking about how to make our family members successful
C) drive ourselves crazy thinking about how to make ourselves successful
D) drive everyone else crazy thinking about how to make himself successful
Part III Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
11. A) He didn’t think the course is useful.
B) He thought the course was wonderful.
C) He wanted to take more optional courses.
D) He just couldn’t understand the professor’s lecture.
12. A) The woman would sew them back on.
B) The woman would quarrel with the man.
C) The man would not take the responsibility.
D) The man gave the woman a good suggestion.
13. A) 702-6493-17. B) 70-702-6493.
C) 702-6493-70. D) 17-702-6493.
14. A) The man wants to buy a table.
B) The man came to the café alone.
C) The table by the window is free for anyone.
D) The table by the window has been left for someone else.
15. A) To the office. B) To school.
C) To a department store. D) To a restaurant.
16. A) The woman tries to have an interview with the man.
B) The interview will last for more than two hours.
C) The man still has time to make an interview.
D) The man agreed with the woman to have an interview at last.
17. A) A shop assistant. B) A travel agent. C) A waitress. D) A teacher.
18. A) The radiator is full of water.
B) The car has broken down.
C) The car is in dangerous condition.
D) The radiator doesn’t work.
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19. A) To fix a time when he brings the paper to her.
B) To tell her his roommate Benjamin Jones is sick.
C) To tell her he can’t go to her office today.
D) To ask her for information about a course she teaches.
20. A) To learn how he can graduate.
B) To chat with the woman.
C) To consult the woman some information for his term paper.
D) To get some information about a course the woman teaches.
21. A) To give a presentation. B) To read two books.
C) To paint three pictures. D) To take the final exam.
22. A) Come to her office in the afternoon.
B) Call her after her meeting.
C) Come to her office tomorrow afternoon.
D) Go to the library tomorrow morning.
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
23. A) He visited it in person. B) He learned from a friend about it.
C) He read it in a magazine. D) He knew the sculptor.
24. A) They are very expensive. B) They weigh very much.
C) They are made of pieces of aluminum. D) They have triangles all over.
25. A) It was too expensive. B) It was too heavy to hand.
C) It was not pretty. D) It was easy to get rotten.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.
Question 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. A) They were possibly caused by man.
B) They were mostly caused by volcanoes.
C) They were certainly caused by nature.
D) We know nothing about their causes.
27. A) Afraid. B) Exited. C) Curious. D) Indifferent.
28. A) Copper and iron. B) Copper and tin.
C) Iron and tin. D) Copper and zinc.
Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.
29. A) The noises from the games. B) The possible environmental damage.
C) The overindulgence of their kids. D) The potential damage of the games.
30. A) Beijing Amusement Park. B) The National Amusement Park.
C) The International Sculpture Park. D) Beijing Sculpture Park.
31. A) Wear clothes made of filmy material.
B) Take off their glasses before enjoying thrill rides.
C) Wear slipper and casual clothes.
D) Eat as much as possible before coming.
Question 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
32. A) For four months. B) For six months.
C) Until he finds the girl. D) Until the girl accepts the ring.
33. A) In a crowded bar. B) Outside a crowded bar.
C) In the book store. D) In the department store.
34. A) The man has fallen in love with the girl at the first sight.
B) The man and the pretty woman were attracted to each other.
C) The woman was single.
D) The woman was married.
35. A) He will ask the woman to accept the diamond ring.
B) He will accept the fact and try to forget the woman.
C) He will throw the ring away.
D) He will tell the woman he cannot live without her.
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes)
Directions：In this section，there is a short passage with 5 questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words on Answer Sheet 2.
Questions 47 to 51 are based on the following passage.
Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates recently told the nation’s governors that America high school education is “obsolete”. He said, “When I compare our high schools to what I see when I’m traveling abroad, I am terrified for our workforce of tomorrow. In 2001, India graduate almost a million more students from college than the Unites States did. China graduates twice as many students with bachelor’s degrees as the US and has six times as many graduates majoring in engineering. America is falling behind.”
Gates was describing a global economy in which the chance to move up into a better economic life is slipping overseas, along with jobs that can be performed anywhere----manufacturing in China, technology support in India, online order fulfillment across borders. The Internet brings Bhutan and Bangalore just as close to our offices and living rooms as Boise. Maybe closer.
Our children’s competitors are not the other schools in the district or the state or even the nation. They are the technologically literate young people in Taiwan, India, Korea, and other developing nations. For today’s American students , learning and retraining will be a lifelong experience.
In The World Is Flat, a recent book analyzing the shift in the global economy, Thomas Friedman points out that the dot. com bubble inspired a massive outlay (花费) of capital to connect the continents. Undersea cable, universal software, high-tech imagery, and Google have erased geography. College graduates in Latin America, Central Asia, India, China, and Russia can do the information work Americans used to count on---in many cases better and in all cases cheaper.
We are burning through reliable careers for our young people at high speed as technology relieves us of the tedium of repetitive work. The robots that vacuum our floors today will be filling out teeth tomorrow. Even jobs at Wal-Mart are endangered. Have you seen the self-check-out lanes? No cashiers required.
To be competitive now, US students must develop sophisticated critical thinking and analytical skills to manage the conceptual nature of work they will do. They will need to be able to recognize patterns, create narrative, and imagine solutions to problems we have yet to discover. They will have to see the big picture and ask the big questions. How many high schools do you know that are nurturing minds like that?
Are we supplying the conditions in our schools to create a new crop of original thinkers? Are we making sure of our curricula and instructional programs are not relegated (降级) for repetitive practice, gathering and organizing information, remediation, and test preparation? Are we requiring all students to use their minds well to construct knowledge , to inquire, to invent, to make meaning and relevance out of their learning? Hardly.
57. Bill Gates believes that the American high schools are obsolete in than schools in many other countries
58. According to the author, the challenge on American schools comes from the progression of
59. By saying that “ Undersea cable, universal software, high-tech imagery, and Google have erased geography.” ( Line3-4, Para. 4), the author means that has enabled many jobs to be done anywhere.
60. In order to compete with overseas students, American children will probably have to strengthen .
61. The last paragraph calls readers’ attention to confronting the current American education system.
Directions：There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center
Questions 52 to 56 are based on the following passage.
Computer science and technology is developing so fast that no one can predict exactly what new technology might be developed in the near future, and the development of computer law can hardly keep up with the developing computer technology. The wide spread application of computers in business has created new situations that no existing laws are adequate to cope with. In the following cases, computer generated information was used as evidence but was not all accepted by the court.
A man received some treatment at a hospital but refused to pay the hospital bill because he claimed the figures were not correct. The hospital sued the man. As proof of the amount owed to it, the hospital offered in evidence a computer printout of the services rendered to the defendant and the amounts owed for them. Hospital employees testified that information as to amounts owed by patients in the hospital were stored in a computer as part of a regular business routine. The man objected to the admission of the computer printout as evidence on the ground that there was not a proper comparison checking of original slips showing services rendered against the computer printout.
The court decided that the computer printout was admissible as evidence when it was shown that the entries were made with proper equipment in a regular courses of business. The objection that there was not a sufficient checking of the printout did not make the printout inadmissible. It was up to the jury to decide how much weight or importance should be attached to computer printout.
In order to make it possible to admit evidence protected by computer, the law of evidence of the United States has changed greatly. According to the new rule, computer printouts of business records stored on electronic computing equipment are admissible in evidence if relevant to the material, without the necessity of identifying, locating, and producing as witnesses the individuals who made the entries in the regular course of business, if it is shown that the electronic computing equipment is recognized as standard equipment, the entries are made in the regular course of business at or reasonably near the time of the happening of the event recorded, and the foundation testimony satisfies the court the sources of information, method and time of preparation were such as to indicate its trustworthiness and justify its admission.
52. The man refused to pay the hospital bill because he claimed .
A) the hospital overcharged him
B) he couldn’t afford the money
C) the computer printout offered by the hospital was not consistent with original slips
D) the hospital couldn’t show any proof for the amount of money he should pay
53. The court’s final decision is .
A) the man must pay the bill
B) the computer printout was not admissible
C) the hospital failed for lack of evidence
D) not mentioned in the passage
54. According to the passage, which of the following is true?
A) The computer printout was not in keeping with the service rendered.
B) The computer printout was in keeping with the service rendered
C) The computer printout was checked to compare it with the service rendered
D) The computer printout was not checked to compare it with the service rendered
55. In order to make the computer evidence admissible, the United States .
A) has completely changed the law of evidence
B) has begun to draw up the law of evidence
C) has abolished the law of evidence
D) has revised the law of evidence
56. The best title for this passage is .
A) The Computer Evidence
B) The Law of Evidence
C) The Computer and the Law of Evidence
D) A Case on Computer
Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.
In the Disuniting of America: Reflections on a Multicultural Society, Revised and Enlarged Edition (W.W. Norton) Schlesinger provides deep insights into the crises of nationhood in America. A new chapter assessed the impact both of radical multiculturalism and radical monoculturalism on the Bill of Rights. Written with his usual clarity and force, the book brings a noted historian’s wisdom and perspective to bear on America’s “culture wars.”
Schlesinger addresses the questions: What holds a nation together? And what does it mean to be an American? Describing the emerging cult of ethnicity, Schlsinger praises its healthy effect on the campaign of multicultural advocates to divide the nation into separate ethnic and racial communities. From the start, he observes, the United States has been a multicultural nation, rich in its diversity but held together a shared commitment to the democratic process and by the freedom of intermarriage. It was this national talent for assimilation that impressed foreign visitors like Alexis de Tocqueville and James Bryce, and it is this historic goal that Schelsinger champions as the best hope for the future. Schlesinger analyses what he sees as grim consequences of identity politics: the widening of differences. Attacks on the First Amendment, he argues, threaten intellectual freedom and, ultimately, the future of the ethnic groups. His criticisms are not limited to the left. As a former target of McCarthyism, he understands that the radical right is even more willing than the radical left to restrict and weaken the Bill of Rights.
The author does not minimize the injustices concealed by the “melting pot” dream. The Disuniting Of America is both academic and personal, forceful in argument, balanced in judgment. It is a book that will no doubt anger some readers, but it will surely make all of them think again. The winner of Pulitzer prizes for history and for biography, an authoritative voice of American liberalism, Schlesinger is uniquely positioned to bring bold answers and healing wisdom to this passionate debate over who we are and what we should become.
57. According to Schlesinger, the United States is .
A) a melting pot
B) a nation with diverse cultures held together by the democratic process
C) a federation of ethnic and racial communities
D) a nation with one culture despite its various ethnic and racial groups
58. We can infer from the passage that Schlesinger .
A) advocates the assimilation of different cultures into one nationhood
B) holds that each racial group should keep its distinct identity
C) gives full support to the emerging cult of ethnicity
D) prefers multiculturalism to monoculturalism
59. We can infer form this passage that America .
A) is experiencing a crisis of nationhood
B) has ended its history of racial prejudice
C) is trying to restrict the Bill of Rights
D) has tried to obstruct intellectual freedom
60. According to the author, Schlesinger’s book will .
A) put an end to the culture wars in America.
B) cause anger among the radical right
C) cause anger among the radical left
D) provoke thinking among all readers
61. This passage is most probably taken from .
A) a history book B) a new report
C) a book review D) a journal of literary criticism.
Part V Cloze (15 minutes)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
It’s not difficult to understand our desire for athletes to be heroes. On the surface, at least, athletes display a vital and indomitable spirit; they are gloriously alive _62_ their bodies. And
sports do allow us to _63_ acts that can
legitimately be described as _64_, thrilling,
beautiful, even noble. In a(n) _65_ complicated and disorderly world, sports are still an arena in which we can regularly witness a certain kind of _66_.
Yet there’s something of a _67_ here, for the
very qualities a society _68_ to seek in its heroes
selflessness, _69_ consciousness, and the
like----are precisely the _70_ of those which are
needed to _71_ a talented but otherwise unremarkable neighborhood kid into a Michael Jordan. To become a star athlete, you have to have an extremely competitive _72_ and you have to be totally focused on the development of your own physical skills. These qualities _73_ well make a great athlete, _74_ they don’t necessarily make a great person.
On top of this, our society reinforces these _75_ by the system it has created to produce
athletes---a system characterized by _76_ responsibility and enormous privilege.
The athletes themselves suffer the _77_ of this system. Trained to measure themselves perpetually _78 the achievements of those around them, many young athletes develop a sense of sociologist Walter Schafar has _79_ “conditional self-worth”. They learn very quickly that they will be accepted by the important figures in their lives---parents, coaches and peers as long as they are _80_ as “winner”. Unfortunately they become
_81_ and behave as if their athletic success will last forever.
62. A) outside B) inside
C) besides D) beside
63. A) depict B) witness
C) distinguish D) concentrate
64. A) courageous B) rigorous
C) conspicuous D) gorgeous
65. A) increasingly B) constantly
C) successively D) respectively
66. A) glamour B) greatness
C) ambition D) charm
67. A) paradox B) paradise
C) galaxy D) shuttle
68. A) tries B) risks
C) tends D) endeavors
69. A) social B) communal
C) huge D) important
70. A) fabulous B) opposite
C) notorious D) intact
71. A) enforce B) transform
C) interact D) distract
72. A) enthusiasm B) aspire C) outlook D) view
73. A) may B) can
C) must D) should
74. A) so B) and
C) as D) but
75. A) vogues B) traits
C) insights D) instincts
76. A) refrained B) limited
C) avoided D) prohibited
77. A) amends B) surpluses
C) bonuses D) costs
78. A) against B) to
C) by D) in
79. A) titled B) termed
C) suppressed D) conceptualized
80. A) conceived B) perceived
C) affected D) effected
81. A) conceited B) reckless
C) unanimous D) spontaneous
Part Ⅵ Translation (5 minutes)
Directions: Complete the sentence on Answer Sheet 2 by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets.
82. The optimistic never weep over their failure or misfortune; （而是以积极的心态对待生活的一切）
83. （只有集中精力于工作) could he forget his own troubles.
84. （你越注意别人对你的印象），the more you will feel nervous.
85. It is obvious that （全球金融危机不同程度地影响了人们的生活）
86. The plane （本该十分钟前起飞），but one of the passengers had a heart attack just before the plane took off.
8. higher-order passion
9. your favorite activities
10. team up
Part III Listening Comprehension
Section A (11-18) BCDDDABC (19-25) ADACCDB
Section B (26-35) CABBCBCAAB
36. guidelines 37. developing 38. wealthy 39. sharply
40. cases 41. minerals 42 Part II Fast Reading
1. B 2. B 3. A 4. D 5. B 6. C 7. A
. purchased 43. prepared
44. The WHO says this situation raises concerns about the quality of treatments and the lack of professional supervision.
45. the WHO supports the use of traditional medicines when they have been shown to help and to have risks.
46. governments can also use the guidelines to create media campaigns about the issues.
Part IV Reading Comprehension
57. graduating less students
58. globalization of economy
59. information technology
60. the ability of innovation
61. some existing problems
52-56 ADDDC 57-61 BAADC
Part V Cloze
62-71 BBAAB ACABB 72-81 CADBB DABBA
Part VI Translation
82. they hold a positive attitude to everything in life instead.
83. Only by focusing his attention on work
84. The more you care about the impression you make on others
85. the global financial crisis has affected the people’s life to varying degrees.
86. should have taken off ten minutes ago
Smart Saving or Smart Spending?
一、有人喜欢节俭生活，未雨绸缪；（save for rainy days）
二、有人喜欢超前消费，入不敷出；（can not make ends meet）
参考作文（二）Use Internet or Library
As is displayed in the two charts above, there is a sharp change in （变化）the students’ use of library and Internet（事件）from 2002 to 2008 （时间）in one university of Nanjing（地点）（第一句话通常进行总述）. Specifically，（具体描述）the average hours for use of library for study per week（注1） in 2002 was about twenty hours while it declines to about 12 hours per week in 2008. By contrast, there is a fast increase in the average hours for students’ use of Internet for study（注2）at the same period; the average hours increase from about seven hours to about eighteen hours.
Certainly, the large use of computers and Internet has contributed in a large part to the change. The wide spread of Internet has drawn a large number of students from libraries to computers for their study. With the aid of computers and Internet, students can now easily get access to a variety of study materials. （评论：advantages）
While the use of Internet has brought great convenience to students it also highlights the problem of study efficiency. Many students, when searching information and materials on Internet, can not truly concentrate on their study. They use Internet to conduct on-line-chat, play computer games, or even worse, to visit those unfriendly websites full of sex and violence. Before all these problems are solved, I believe, library would still be the best place for study. （评论：disadvantages）