Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes)
Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)
Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the choices marked A), B), C) and D). For questions 8 to10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
A Few Aspects of American Life
It’s summertime. For many Americans, this is the season to travel. Why? Because school is over and the weather is great. And most of all, they believe they deserve a break. When Americans take a break, they often head for their favorite vacation spot.
Throughout their history, Americans have been people on the move. The early immigrants had to travel to get to the New World. Once they arrived, the settled along the East Coast. But they weren’t content to stay here. Explorers and traders journeyed to the unknown western territories. Later, settlers moved west to develop new areas. As a result of this west movement, Americans eventually occupied the whole continent—from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Even today, Americans seem unable to stay put. Research says that average American moves every five years.
Americans are used to traveling. Some people make long-distance commuting to work daily. Their jobs may even require them to take frequent business trips. Most companies provide an annual vacation for their employees, and people often use that time to travel. Some people just visit friend or relatives in distant states. Some go on low-budget weekend trips and stay in economy motels. Those with more expensive tastes choose luxurious hotels. Camping out in the great outdoors appeals to adventurous types. Some travel in recreational vehicles to camp out in comfort, while others “rough it” by sleeping in tents. Families often plan their trips with the kids in mind. More and more “family friendly” hotels offer special programs for children.
Americans love pets. Many pet owners treat their pets as a part of the family. You might say Americans treat their pets like they treat their children—sometimes even better.
In America, there are more households with pets than those with children. At least 43 percent of US homes have pets of some sort. Usual creatures, such as monkeys, snakes and even wolves, find a home with some Americans. More common pets include fish, mice and birds. But the all-time favorites are cats and dogs, even at the White House. Americans sometimes have strong feelings about whether dogs or cats make better pets. “Dog people” and “cat people” often enjoy friendly competition.
Many grocery stores in America sell pet foods. Pets can even accompany their owners on vacation. Fancy hotels are beginning to accommodate both man and animal. Animal guests at Four Seasons Hotels can enjoy delicious meals served on fine china and sleep in soft beds.
The average American enjoys having pets around, and for good reason. Researchers have discovered that interacting with animals lowers a person’s blood pressure. Dogs can offer protection from robbers and unwelcome visitors. Cats can help rid the home of unwanted mice. Little creatures of all shapes and sizes can provide friendship and love. In many cases, having a pet prepares a young couple for the responsibilities of parenthood. Pets even encourage social relationships: they give their owners an appearance of friendliness, and they provide a good subject of conversation.
Pets are as basic to American culture as hot dogs or apple pie. To Americans, pets are not just property, but a part of the family.
“I do.” To Americans, these two words carry great meaning. They can even change your life, especially if you say them at your own wedding. Making wedding promises is like signing a contract. Now Americans don’t really think marriage is a business deal. But marriage is a serious business.
It all begins with engagement (婚约). Traditionally, a young man asks the father of his sweetheart for permission to marry her. If the father agrees, the man later proposes to her. Often he tries to surprise her by asking her to marry him in a romantic way.
Sometimes the couple just decides together that the time is right to get married. They may be engaged for weeks, months or even years. As the big approaches, bridal (新娘的) showers and bachelor’s parties provide many gifts. Today many couples also receive counseling during engagement. This prepares them for the challenges of married life.
At last it’s time for the wedding. Although most weddings follow long-held traditions, there’s still room for individualism. For example, the usual place for a wedding is in a church. But some people get married outdoors. A few even have the ceremony while skydiving or riding on horseback! The couple may invite hundreds of people or just a few close friends. They choose their own style of colors, decorations and music during the ceremony. But some things rarely change. The bride usually wears a beautiful, long white wedding dress. She traditionally wears “something old, something new, something borrowed and something blue”. The groom (新郎) wears a formal suit. Relatives and close friends participate in the ceremony.
As the ceremony begins, the groom stands with the minister, facing the audience. Music signals the entrance of the beautiful bride. Nervously, the young couple repeats their promises. Traditionally, they promise to love each other “for better, for worse, for richer, for poorer, in sickness and in health”. But sometimes the couple composes their own promises. They give each other a gold ring as a symbol of their marriage promise. Finally the minister announces the big moment: “I now pronounce you man and wife. You may kiss your bride!”
1. What is the top reason Americans travel in the summertime?
A) School is over.
B) They think they deserve a rest.
C) Summer is the season to travel.
D) The weather is great.
2. Every year, most companies _______.
A) require a business trip
B) insist that workers commute
C) have employees travel together
D) provide a vacation for workers
3. Many Americans treat their pets as _______.
A) very usual things
B) very common things
C) their own property
D) their family members
4. According to the passage, some fancy hotels could provide for your pets the following except _______.
A) good accommodation
B) some well-served food
C) a soft bed
D) delicious Chinese meals
5. It’s discovered that interaction with pet animals is good for health as they can help to _______.
A) guard against unwelcome visitors
B) catch unwanted mice
C) lower blood pressure
D) keep company
6. Pet can encourage social relationship by _______.
A) acting as basic element to American culture
B) providing a subject for chatting
C) becoming members for the family
D) having a friendly appearance
7. Traditionally, if a young man wants to get married to his girlfriend he is supposed to _______.
A) propose to his friend at the right time
B) ask his girlfriend to marry him in a romantic way
C) get the permission of his girlfriend’s mother
D) get the permission of his girlfriend’s father
Part III Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
11. A) He thinks he’s very organized.
B) He doesn’t want to join the display.
C) He doesn’t think he should lead the study group.
D) He knows someone who can lead the study group.
12. A) He doesn’t know where his brother keeps his computer.
B) The woman should buy a used computer.
C) He doesn’t know how much computers cost.
D) His brother paid too much for the computer.
13. A) It’s been to warm to wear the jacket.
B) The jacket is too big for him.
C) He doesn’t like cold weather.
D) He didn’t buy the jacket until cooler weather arrived.
14. A) He started the semester in a bad mood.
B) He’s not usually bad-tempered.
C) He has few responsibilities.
D) He doesn’t like the man.
15. A) He forgot to cancel the reservation.
B) They can go to the restaurant after the woman has finished working.
C) He has to work late tonight.
D) They don’t have a reservation at the restaurant.
16. A) Use bleach on his socks.
B) Buy new white socks.
C) Wash his red T-shirt again.
D) Throw away his pink socks.
17. A) He isn’t satisfied with his progress.
B) He wants to move up more quickly than he’s presently doing.
C) He has advance quickly enough in his career.
D) He feels frustrated as he tries to move up the ladder.
18. A) Try on a smaller sweater.
B) Look for another style at a different store.
C) Give the sweater away as a gift.
D) Exchange the sweater for a bigger one.
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19. A) She's unable to attend the study session.
B) She has seen a doctor recently.
C) She's concerned about medical care.
D) She mentions the need for some medical tests.
20. A) To improve the study skills of university students.
B) To suggest changes in the student government.
C) To give people the opportunity to speak with a politician.
D) To discuss graduation requirements for political science majors.
21. A) Graduate school application procedures.
B) Funding for university education.
C) Winning the confidence of voters.
D) Preparing for an important test.
22. A) Tell her what to study for the history test.
B) Write a favorable letter of recommendation.
C) Advise her about how to run an election campaign.
D) Suggest a topic for a research paper.
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
23. A) Boston schools.
B) Frontier life.
C) Teaching requirements.
D) Immigration patterns.
24. A) She was a famous author.
B) Her family later became famous landowners.
C) She exemplifies the immigrant spirit.
D) She invented some labor-saving farm equipment.
25. A) To the library.
B) To the movies.
C) To a bookstore.
D) To a travel bureau.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some question. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C),and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. A) They were drawing pictures. B) They were watching TV.
C) They were making a telephone call. D) They were tidying up the drawing room.
27. A) They locked the couple up in the drawing room.
B) They seriously injured the owners of the house.
C) They smashed the TV set and the telephone.
D) They took away sixteen valuable paintings.
28. A) He accused them of the theft.
B) He raised the rents.
C) He refused to prolong their land lease.
D) He forced them to abandon their traditions.
29. A) They wanted to protect the farmers’ interests.
B) They wanted to extend the reservation area for birds.
C) They wanted to steal his valuable paintings.
D) They wanted to drive him away from the island.
Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.
30. A) Through food. B) Through air.
C) Through insects. D) Through body fluids.
31. A) They ran a high fever. B) They died from excessive bleeding.
C) Their nervous system was damaged. D) They suffered from heart-attack.
32. A) To see what happened to the survivors of the outbreak.
B) To study animals that can also get infected with the disease.
C) To find out where the virus originates.
D) To look for the plants that could cure the disease.
Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
33. A) To determine whether the Earth’s temperature is going up.
B) To study the behavior of some sea animals.
C) To measure the depths of the ocean.
D) To measure the movement of waves in the ocean.
34. A) They were frightened and distressed.
B) They swam away when the speaker was turned on.
C) They swam closer to “examine” the speaker when it was turned off.
D) They didn’t seem to be frightened and kept swimming near the speaker.
35. A) To attract more sea animals to the testing site.
B) To drive dangerous sea animals away from the testing site.
C) To help trace the sea animals being tested.
D) To determine how sea animals communicate with each other.
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes)
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.
Dreams are a way for the subconscious to communicate with the __47__ mind. Dreaming of something you’re worried about, researchers say, is the brain’s way of helping you rehearse for a disaster in case it occurs. Dreaming of a challenge, like giving a presentation at work or playing sports, can enhance your __48__. And cognitive neuroscientists have discovered that dreams and the rapid eye movement (REM) that happens while you’re dreaming are __49__ to our ability to learn and remember. Dreaming is a “mood regulatory system,” says Rosalind Cartwright, PhD, chairman of the psychology __50__ at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago. She’s found that dreams help people work through the day’s emotional quandaries. “It’s like having a built-in therapist,” says Cartwright. While we sleep, dreams __51__ new emotional experience to old memories, creating plaid-like patterns of old images laid on top of new ones. As she puts it, “You may wake up and think, What was Uncle Harry doing in my dream? I haven’t seen him for 50 years. But the old and new images are __52__ related.” It’s the job of the conscious mind to figure out the relationship. In fact, dream emotions can help real therapists treat patients __53__ traumatic (创伤的) life events. In a new study of 30 recently __54__ adults, Cartwright tracked their dreams over a five-month period, measuring their feelings toward their ex-spouses. She discovered that those who were angriest at the spouse while dreaming had the best chance of successfully coping with divorce. “If their dreams were bland,” Cartwright says, “they hadn’t started to work through their emotions and __55__ with the divorce.” For therapists, this finding will help __56__ whether divorced men or women need counseling or have already dreamed their troubles away.
Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.
A few years ago a young mother watched her husband diaper (给…换尿布) their firstborn son. “You do not have to be unhappy about it,” she protested. “You can talk to him and smile a little.” The father, who happened to be a psychologist, answered firmly, “He has nothing to say to me, and I have nothing to say to him.”
Psychologist now know how wrong that father was. From the moment of birth, a baby has a great deal to say to his parents, and they to him. But a decade or so ago, these experts were describing the newborn as a primitive creature who reacted only by reflex, a helpless victim of its environment without capacity to influence it. And mothers accepted the truth. Most thought (and some still do) that a new infant could see only blurry (模糊的) shadows, that his other senses were undeveloped, and that all he required was nourishment, clean diapers, and a warm bassinet.
Today university laboratories across the country are studying newborns in their first month of life. As a result, psychologists now describe the new baby as perceptive, with remarkable learning abilities and an even more remarkable capacity to shape his or her environment including the attitudes and actions of his parents. Some researchers believe that the neonatal period may even be the most significant four weeks in an entire lifetime.
Far from being helpless, the newborn knows what he likes and rejects what he doesn’t. He shut out unpleasant sensations by closing his eyes or averting his face. He is a glutton for novelty. He prefers animate things over inanimate and likes people more than anything.
When a more nine minutes out, an infant prefers a human face to a head-shaped outline. He makes the choice despite the fact that, with delivery room attendants masked and gowned, he has never seen a human face before. By the time he’s twelve hours old, his entire body moves in precise synchrony (同时发生) to the sound of a human voice, as if he were dancing. A non-human sound, such as a tapping noise, brings no such response.
57. The author points out that the father diapering his first-born son was wrong because________.
A) he believed the baby was not able to hear him
B) he thought the baby didn’t have the power of speech
C) he was a psychologist unworthy of his profession
D) he thought the baby was not capable of any response
58. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?
A) A new infant can see only blurry shadows.
B) A new infant’s senses are undeveloped
C) All a new infant requires is nourishment, clean diapers, and a warm bassinet.
D) A new infant is actually able to influence his or her environment
59. What does the sentence “He is a glutton for novelty” probably mean?
A) The newborn is greedy for new food.
B) The newborn tends to overeat.
C) The newborn always loves things that are new to him.
D) The newborn’s appetite is a constant topic in novels.
60. According to the passage, it’s groundless to think that newborns prefer________.
A) a human face to a head-shaped outline
B) animate things to inanimate ones
C) human voice to non-human sounds
D) nourishment to a warm bassinet
61. What is the passage mainly discussing about?
A) What people know about newborns.
B) How wrong parents are when they handle their babies.
C) How much newborns have progressed in about a decade’s time.
D) Why the first month of life is the most significant four weeks in a lifetime.
Questions 62 to 66 are based on the following passage.
Mobile office is the mutual product of economic，scientific，and social progress．Mobile office has become a solution that provides users with convenient, prompt, safe, reliable, and reasonably priced communications and office faculty anywhere anytime via the support of mobile interconnection platform（MIP）and its applications systems. Using mobile office and WAP technology, people can do their work anywhere anytime, can send and receive data via terminals such as mobile phone, and palm computer, and can surf the Internet.
When you leave your office to attend meetings or travel on business，what would happen to your business routine？Of course, faxes and e-mails would be still sent to your fax machine or e-mail box, but you cannot read them and make prompt reaction timely. When your clients need you to make some urgent modifications on your work and you are neither in the office nor carrying relevant documents, what can you do？Maybe you have to say “sorry” to the clients. But, your business will be affected，the clients will be unhappy and disappointed because of your delay，and you will lose a lot of business opportunities.
In fact, very frequently, you need to check, reply, distribute, modify, or read some materials when you are not in your office. You must get out of this dilemma. The best solution to normally handle your business anywhere anytime and not to disappoint your clients is to let your office “move” with you. With the development of communications technology, mobile office has become simpler and smaller, and even can be realized via one mobile phone with data communications function. Thus, mobile office has already been put into your pocket, and office mobility has been realized.
Mobile office has provided people with convenient, casual working environment, but at the same time it still has some unsatisfactory aspects such as mismatching equipment interface and inadequate battery. Nevertheless, we believe that with technical progress, people can certainly overcome all kinds of difficulties. Mobile office will realize the dream of completely free communication. Users will enjoy more colorful life and better working environment, and users’ living standard, working efficiency, and even enterprises’ production efficiency will certainly be immensely raised.
62. According to the passage, mobile office help you with the following except ________ .
A) keeping update with the latest news
B) checking e-mails any time one wants
C) conducting internet surfing
D) finding one’s true love in life
63. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the second paragraph?
A) You would lose a lot of business opportunities if you always delay your work.
B) You should read and reply faxes and e-mail timely.
C) When you leave your office your business routine might be damaged.
D) When you cannot meet the need of your clients you should immediately say sorry.
64. When you let your office “move” with you, you __________ .
A) will never let your clients down
B) you don’t have to stay at office anymore
C) you then find the best way to handle your business anywhere anytime
D) you no longer face the dilemma between work and life
65. It can be inferred from the passage that __________ .
A) mobile office communication is very cost-consuming
B) with the development of science, mobile office has eventually come to our life
C) people had no convenient and reliable communications and office faculty before
D) economic factors are essential in the operation of mobile office
66. According to the author, mobile office _________ .
A) would help achieve complete communication mobility
B) is too expensive to afford by small companies
C) has some fatal defects impossible to modify
D) is too complicated to operate in everyday business
Part V Cloze (15 minutes)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
For many people today, reading is no longer relaxation. To keep up their work, they have to read all kinds of materials. In _67_ a job or advancing in one, the ability to read and comprehend _68_ can mean the difference between success and failure. Yet the unfortunate fact is that most of us are _69_ readers.
Most of us develop poor reading _70_ at an early age, and never get over them.
The main deficiency _71_ in the actual component of language itself-words. Take individually, words have _72_ meaning until they are put together into phrases, sentences and paragraphs.
_73_, however, the untrained reader does not read groups of words. He laboriously reads one word at a time, often turning back to _74_ words or passages. Regression, the tendency to look back over _75_ you have just read, is a common bad habit in reading. Another habit which _76_ down the speed of reading is vocalization-sounding each word wither orally or mentally when a _77_ reads.
To overcome these bad habits some reading clinics use a device called an _78_, which moves a bar (or a curtain) down the page at a predetermined speed. The bar is set at a slightly faster rate _79_ the reader finds comfortable, in order to “stretch” him. The accelerator forces the reader to read fast, _80_ word-by-word reading, regression and vocalization, practically impossible.
At first _81_ is sacrificed for speed. But when you learn to read ideas and concepts, you will not only read faster, _82_ your comprehension will improve.
Many people, business managers, executives and engineers, have found _83_ reading skill improved dramatically after some training. _84_ John Muir, a business manager, for instance, his reading rate was a reasonably good 182 words a minute _85_ the training, now it is an excellent 1, 378 words a minute. He is delighted that now he can _86_ a lot more reading.
67. A) applying B) doing
C) offering D) getting
68. A) quickly B) easily
C) roughly D) decidedly
69. A) good B) curious
C) poor D) urgent
70. A) training B) habits
C) situations D) custom
71. A) lies B) combines
C) touches D) involves
72. A) some B) a lot
C) little D) dull
73. A) Fortunately B) In fact
C) Unfortunately D) Logically
74. A) reuse B) reread
C) rewrite D) recite
75. A) what B) which
C) that D) if
76. A) scales B) cuts
C) slows D) measures
77. A) someone B) one
C) he D) reader
78. A) accelerator B) actor
C) amplifier D) observer
79. A) then B) as
C) beyond D) than
80. A) enabling B) leading
C) making D) indicating
81. A) comprehension B) meaning
C) gift D) content
82. A) but B) nor
C) or D) for
83. A) our B) your
C) their D) such a
84. A) Look at B) Take
C) Make D) Consider
85. A) for B) in
C) after D) before
86. A) master B) go over
C) present D) get through
Part Ⅵ Translation (5 minutes)
Directions: Complete the sentence on Answer Sheet 2 by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets.
Part 1 作文
Part 2 快速阅读
1. B 2. D 3. D 4. D 5. C 6. B 7. D
8. the challenges of married life 9. a formal suit 10. marriage promise
Part 3 听力 Section A
(11-15) CACBD (16-20) ACDAC (21-25) BBBCA
(26-30) BDCAD (31-35) BCADC
(36) damage (37) underdeveloped (38) intelligence (39) nourished
(40) cause (41) breast (42) disease (43) lack
(44) can cost developing nations up to three percent of their yearly earnings
(45) poor countries could possibly double their economic growth if they improved nutrition
(46) Instead of directly providing food, the study suggests educational programs in health and nutrition for mothers with young babies
Part 4 阅读（Reading in Depth）
47. conscious 48. performance 49. linked 50. department 51. compare
52. emotionally 53. undergoing 54. divorced 55. deal 56. determine
(57-61) DDCDA (62－66) DACBA
Part 5 完型
(67-76) DACBA CCBAC; (77-86) DADCA ACBDD
Part 6 翻译
87. Needless to say, in order to speak English well
88. aware of/conscious of how the infection happens
89. can we truly adapt to college life
90. the authority took appropriate measures to solve the transportation problem
91. The idea that a computer can identify the voice of people
本次模考作文也可以以图表作文的形式考查学生 Use Internet or Library
As is displayed in the two charts above, there is a sharp change in （变化）the students’ use of library and Internet（事件）from 2002 to 2008 （时间）in one university of Nanjing（地点）（第一句话通常进行总述）. Specifically，（具体描述）The average hours for use of library for study per week（注1） in 2002 was about twenty hours while it declines to about 12 hours per week in 2008. By contrast, there is a fast increase in the average hours for students’ use of Internet for study（注2）at the same period; the average hours increase from about seven hours to about eighteen hours.
Certainly, the large use of computers and Internet has contributed in a large part to the change. The wide spread of Internet has drawn a large number of students from libraries to computers for their study. With the aid of computers and Internet, students can now easily get access to a variety of study materials. （评论：advantages）
While the use of Internet has brought great convenience to students it also highlights the problem of study efficiency. Many students, when searching information and materials on Internet, can not truly concentrate on their study. They use Internet to conduct on-line-chat, play computer games, or even worse, to visit those unfriendly websites full of sex and violence. Before all these problems are solved, I believe, library would still be the best place for study. （评论：disadvantages）
范文二： Cheating in Exams
Trying to eliminate cheating has become a common part of people’s life. Cheating in exams on campus has especially aroused great concern.
What amaze us most are the various reasons for cheating. Among them, to get higher scores or scholarships plays an important part. As to some students who are under great pressure from their parents or fear to fall behind others, they are eager to get high scores in exams. As to others, they devote all the time playing and intend to pass the exams without paying efforts.
When talking about how to deal with cheating in exams, I think both education and punishment system might work. On the one hand, we should explain the harm of cheating to students. On the other hand, punishment should be given to those who are found cheating. In brief, cheating is harmful to both students and the society and we should try our uttermost to put an end to cheating.