English Weekly CET-6 Listening Practice Test Ⅴ
Part III Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A)， B)， C) and D)， and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。
11. M: Finally I got the chance to put on my new suit tonight. I’ve got to leave a good impression with your family。
W: Come on, it’s merely a family reunion. So jeans and T-shirt are just fine。
Q: What does the woman imply?
12. W: If I send this package third class, how long will it take to arrive?
M: About two weeks. But many people don’t realize that first class is only a dollar fifty more and it will get there in just a few days. Now, which would you prefer, third class or first class?
Q: What does the man suggest the woman do?
13. M: Can you believe the way Susan was talking to her roommate? No wonder they don’t get along。
W: Well, maybe Susan was just reacting to something that her roommate said. There are two sides to every story you know。
Q: What does the woman mean?
14. W: Peter can't help finding fault with everything。
M: That's why Ruth became so angry at him and decided to break up their engagement。
Q: What can we learn from the conversation?
15. M: How did you get the theater tickets?
W: One of the director's friends gave them to me, but they weren't free, I paid for them。
Q: How did the woman get the tickets?
16. W: So how are you getting along with Debbie’s cat?
M: Well, she never comes when I call her, she spills her food, and she sheds all over the place. I can’t wait till Debbie gets back。
Q: What does the man imply?
17. M: Do you have hot water in your dorm? Because we haven’t had any for three days and I hate cold showers。
W: Oh, sounds miserable. Since the gym’s usually open, why don’t you just go over there to fix the problem。
Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?
18. W: I’m really having a hard time finishing the project Prof. Smith asked us to do. Do you think he will give us more time to do it?
M: Not in a million years. You know how sticky he is about changing project due dates。
Q: What does the man mean?
Now you’ll hear two long conversations。
M: China has held many cultural exchange activities in Europe and many other parts of the world。
The coming China Culture Week is the largest cultural exhibition of its kind. May I know the purpose of staging such an exhibition?
W: We have entered the new millennium. We hope that the exhibition will help the British people and people from other parts of the world learn about the past and the present of China。
Meanwhile, the Culture Week is expected to promote the exchanges between China and the UK and the understanding of the two cultures, and narrow the distance between the East and the West。
M: What will be displayed within the seven days?
W: We have selected some subjects that represent the essence of Chinese culture, both ancient and modern. The activities are of two major types: exhibitions and performances。
M: Could you tell me more about the exhibition?
W: Well, it includes the achievements of China's education, culture, architecture, science and technology. We'll show you the new outlook of Beijing and Shanghai as well as the best works of Chinese pottery, costumes of Beijing Opera and cultural relics unearthed in China。
M: What about the Beijing Opera costumes to be displayed?
W: Beijing Opera originated from Beijing some 200 years ago during the Qing Dynasty. It's a performing art that embraces opera performance, singing, music, dancing and martial arts. The costume exposition will present 200 years of development of the "Oriental Opera" and the performing costume dating back to the late Qing Dynasty. The costume design adopted exaggeration and symbolic means and bright colors. The materials are unique, so are the ailoring skills. Another exhibition will display a total of 600 sets of clothes, including the ancient clothes of different dynasties from Qin to Han, the costumes of China's ethnic groups,and modern garments and accessories. Famous models from the mainland will participate to present the achievements of the Chinese garment industry and Chinese designers。
M: Thank you very much for the introduction. I wish the coming China Culture Week a complete success。
W: Thanks, and expect to see you again at the exhibition。
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard。
19. Which of the following is not true about the coming China Culture Week?
20. What's the main purpose of the China Culture Week?
21. Which of the following will NOT be included in the exhibition?
22. What do you know about Beijing Opera from the talk?
W: Professor Li, you told us a lot about the welfare system in Britain. But is the United States a welfare state?
M: Mm ... To a large extent, it's not. First of all, the United States doesn't have a national health-insurance program or some similar means of making health care freely available to all who need it。
W: But the United States is a country of wealth, isn't it?
M: Yes. That's true. But the social stratification is also obvious in the US。
W: What do you mean by "social stratification"?
M: It means that the American society is divided into social classes that have varying degrees of access to the rewards the society offers. The richest fifth of American individuals and families owns more than three quarters of the wealth in the United States, whereas the lowest fifth owns only 0.2 percent of the wealth。
W: So there exists uneven distribution of wealth between the rich and the poor in the US. What kind of medical treatment can the poor obtain then?
M: Unlike the rich who can afford to enjoy the services of highly-paid specialists, the poor have to attend municipal clinics and hospitals, often waiting for hours or days for appointments. They are likely to be seen by different doctors on each visit. If they are hospitalized, they may be under the care of the poorly-trained doctors。
W: And what is the primary goal of American health-care system?
M: The primary goal is to make money. In the US, medical care is regarded as a private business,based on the principle that the kind of care you receive depends on how much money you are willing or able to spend。
W: Are there any special medical programs in the United States then?
M: Yes. There are Blue Cross, Blue Shield as well as Medicare and Medicaid programs in the US。
W: I have only heard of Red Cross. What does Blue Cross mean? And what are Blue Shield and...?
M: Blue Cross is a not-for-profit insurance program that pays patients' hospital bills. Blue Shield is also a not-for-profit insurance program that covers doctors' fees for medical and surgical expenses inside the hospitals. But the primary purpose of the "Blues" is not to save money by keeping bills down; rather, it is to ensure that hospital bills, however high they may be, get paid. Medicare is a program designed to cover some of the medical expenses of people over the age of sixty-five while Medicaid is designed to cover the medical expenses of people with very low income。
W: So the American poor and old can share some of the profits after all。
M: Yes. You are right。
W: Thanks a lot for your help, Professor Li。
M: You're always welcome。
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard。
23. What is the key reason that the United States isn't a welfare state。
24. Why does the poor have to attend municipal clinics and hospitals?。
25. Which of the following is true about Blue Cross?
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A)， B)， C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。
Welcome to Yellowstone National Park. Before we begin our nature walk today, I’d like to give you a short history of our National Park Service. The National Park Service began in the late 1800’s. A small group of explorers had just completed a month-long exploration of the region that is now Yellowstone. They gathered around a campfire, and after hours of discussion, they decided that they should not claim this land for themselves. They felt it should be accessible to everyone. So they began a campaign to preserve this land for everyone’s enjoyment. Two years later, in the late nineteenth century, an act of Congress signed by President Ulysses S. Grant proclaimed the Yellowstone region a public park. It was the first national park in the world. After Yellowstone became a public park, many other areas of great scenic importance were set aside and in 1916 the National Park Service was established to manage these parks。
As park ranger, I am an employee of the National Park Service. In a national park, park rangers are on duty at all times to answer questions and help visitors in any difficulty. Nature walks, guided tours, and campfire talks are offered by specially-trained staff members. The park service also protects the animals and plants with the parks。
Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard。
26. Who is the speaker?
27. According to the speaker, who originated the idea of a public park?
28. According to the speaker, what is one of the duties of a park ranger?
I’m sure almost every one of you looked at your watch or at a clock before you came to class today. Watches and clocks seem as much a part of our life as breathing or eating. And yet, did you know that watches and clocks were scarce in the United States until the 1850’s?
In the late 1700’s, people didn’t know the exact time unless they were near a clock. Those delightful clocks in the squares of European towns were built for the public—after all, most citizens simply couldn’t afford a personal timepiece. Well into the 1800’s—in Europe and the United States—the main purpose of a watch, which, by the way, was often on a gold chain, was to show others how wealthy you were。
The word “wristwatch” didn’t even enter the English language until nearly 1900. By then the rapid pace of industrialization in the United States meant that measuring time had become essential. How could the factory worker get to work on time unless he or she knew exactly what time it was? Since efficiency was now measured by how fast a job was done, everyone was interested in time. And since industrialization made possible the manufacture of large quantities of goods, watches became fairly inexpensive. Furthermore, electric lights kept factories going around the clock. Being on time had entered the language—and life—of every citizen。
Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard。
29. What was true of watches before the 1850’s?
30. According to the speaker, why did some people wear watches in the 1800’s?
31. What effect did industrialization have on watch-making?
More than a quarter of the world adult population are still unable to read and write. They are called illiterates. A worldwide campaign to change this situation has been launched by the United Nations, and the year 1990 has been designated as International Literacy Year。
The message from the United Nations is that illiteracy must be ended for the good of both the individual and Third World development. Illiteracy does more than limit an individual’s freedom to live a full and independent life. Governments of Third World countries where 98 per cent of illiterates live, find their national development programs are being held back by an under-educated and illiterate workforce。
Illiteracy is not only a problem of the developing countries. Adults in western nations are often too ashamed to admit they can’t read and write. Therefore, they are unable to go to classes to change the situation。
The success of International Literacy Year will depend largely on the political will of governments to provide equal opportunities in education. Women make up 60 per cent of the world’s adult illiterates. More schools are needed in rural areas and slums. But one of the biggest tasks now facing international organizations is how to persuade hundreds of millions of illiterates that learning to read and write will actually benefit them。
Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard。
32. What percentage of the world population is illiterate?
33. Which year was designated by the United Nations as the International Illiteracy Year?
34. Why is the campaign against illiteracy more important to Third World countries?
35. Which is the key factor in the success of the International Literacy Year?
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written。
The World Bank is one of the major channels through which development aid is passed from industrial west to the poor and developing nations of the world. Its (36) scale of operations is vast, which is why its lending program (37) exceeds 7 billion a year, and its workforce numbers about 4500. In the last decade important changes have taken place in the size of the bank’s operations and in the emphasis of its lending policies. What immediately (38) strikes anyone looking at the lending figures over the last 10 years is the (39) tremendous expansion in the bank’s loan program. This has increased from 1 billion to nearly 7 billion. The figure includes hard loans, which are made at the (40) current rate of interest, and soft loans, which are (41) allocated to poor countries at concessionary rates, and usually channelled through the bank’s affiliate—the International Development Association.
In deciding the emphasis of its lending policy, the bank has had to take into account the population (42) explosion which is occuring in many poor countries of the world. It is a fact that the fertility rate of the poor countries is often very high. This is one of the main reasons for these countries remaining poor. Unfortunately, (43) wide-ranging country section programs do not usually reduce this rate because this was a strong and deeply-rooted tradition among people in these countries to have big families. What the bank discovered was that (44) there was a link between economic and social development on the one hand, and reduction of fertility rate on the other. Thus by improving basic health services, (45) by introducing better nutrition, by increasing literacy, and by promoting more even income distribution in a poor country, a lower and more acceptable fertility rate will be achieved. This advanced thinking persuaded the bank to change its overall lending strategy, where previously it concentrated on the big infrastructure projects, such as dams, roads and bridges. (46) It began to switch to projects which directly improve the basic services of the country. There was a shift, if you like, from building dams to digging water holes to provide clear water。