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洛基英语
精英培训
四级真题详解
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中国四六级考试网 >> 模拟试题
08年12月星火英语四级听力理解预测试卷
http://www.china-cet.com        来源:星火        发布时间:2008-12-01 11:36:38
2天记住4000单词的秘密... 点击进入!!
    Section A

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

  11. A) He should start to find a new apartment right now.

  B) He should buy an apartment right away.

  C) He should start to find a new apartment in a few weeks.

  D) He should buy an apartment near the campus.

  12. A) He's surprised she chose that agency.

  B) He wonders why she is still keeping the job.

  C) He doesn't know when her classes started.

  D) He doubts if she makes much money now.

  13. A) Writing an essay. B) Studying for a test.

  C) Shopping for shoes. D) Reading a magazine.

  14. A) Because she can't watch TV.

  B) Because her ears were hurt.

  C) Because she can't hear the words on the telephone.

  D) Because her eyes were hurt.

  15. A) William is just starting the violin lessons.

  B) William can't play the violin.

  C) William is very modest about his performance.

  D) William is very proud of his performance.

  16. A) Children learn by example. B) Children must not tell lies.

  C) Children don't like discipline. D) Children must control their temper.

  17. A) At the Computer Center. B) At home.

  C) At company. D) At the Oak Street.

  18. A) He has refused another dinner appointment.

  B) He doesn't eat out very often.

  C) He knows the way to the restaurant.

  D) He does not like to eat out either.

  Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  19. A) How to arrange for a trip. B) How to book a satisfactory room.

  C) When the shop will be closed. D) What the weather is like.

  20. A) Because there is an excellent bus service.

  B) Because there is an excellent railway service.

  C) Because there is an excellent subway system.

  D) Because taxi system there isn't convenient.

21. A) Usually warm but sometimes very cold and wet.

  B) Always warm.

  C) Usually cold and wet but sometimes warm.

  D) Always cold.

  22. A) At once. B) Fifteen days later.

  C) By the 15th of this month. D) In the middle of this year.

  Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  23. A) He will return to his hometown. B) He will play tennis.

  C) He will join the woman for dinner. D) He will go to a coffee shop with the woman.

  24. A) Because she doesn't drink coffee. B) Because she has a plane to catch.

  C) Because she has to go to a lesson. D) Because she doesn't like the man.

  25. A) He will postpone the trip. B) He will marry the woman.

  C) He will cook dinner for the woman. D) He will take tennis lessons.

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

  Passage One

  Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  26. A) To drink as much as possible each day.

  B) To drink as actually needed.

  C) To drink eight glasses of water daily.

  D) To drink no more than eight glasses daily.

  27. A) To drink according to the exercises you have done.

  B) To drink according to the need of your body.

  C) To drink according to the seasons.

  D) To drink according to the World Health Organization's recommendation.

  28. A) Because the rule is out of date.

  B) Because the rule is made for sick people.

  C) Because the rule is based on the studies under extraordinary conditions.

  D) Because the rule is based on the need of soldiers and patients.

  Passage Two

  Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  29. A) They share certain traditional customs. B) They share the traditional costumes.

  C) They share certain traditional foods. D) They share the traditional music.

  30. A) They will exchange rings. B) They will exchange presents.

  C) They will exchange promises. D) They will exchange flowers.

  31. A) To hold a reception party. B) To have a big dinner.

  C) To congratulate on the couple. D) To shower the couple with rice.

Passage Three

  Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  32. A) It resembles the biological virus.

  B) It works the same way as the human virus.

  C) It influences the human as the biological viruses do.

  D) It spreads to people who use the infected computers.

  33. A) They invade the computer and make it a place for manufacturing.

  B) They spread throughout the whole system by quickly copying themselves.

  C) They infect the hard disc and the whole system.

  D) They spread viruses inside the computer system.

  34. A) It is a virus that causes great damage.

  B) It is a virus that once infected the IBM's computer system.

  C) It is a virus that carries a Christmas greeting.

  D) It is a virus that causes no harm to the computer systems.

  35. A) It can cause no damages at all.

  B) It can cause damages to the computer systems.

  C) It can copy your files in computers.

  D) It can format your hard drive.

  Section C

  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

  All that we really need to plot out the future of our universe are a few good measurements. This does not mean that we can sit down today and (36) the future course of the universe with anything like (37) . There are still too many things we do not know about the way the universe is put together. But we do know (38) what information we need to fill in our knowledge, and we have a pretty good (39) of how to go about getting it.

  Perhaps the best way to think of our present situation is to (40) a train coming into a switchyard. All of the switches are set before the train arrives, so that its path is completely (41) . Some switches we can see, others we cannot. There is no doubt if we can see the setting of a switch: we can say with confidence that some (42) futures will not be realized and others will. At the unseen (43) , however, there is no such certainty about it. (44) .The unseen switches are the true decision points in the future, and what happens when we arrive at them determines the entire subsequent course of events.

  (45) , but after that there are decision points to be dealt with and possible fates to consider. (46) .

  Part ⅢListening Comprehension

  Section A

  11. M: Gordon needs to find another place to live. The apartment he rents now has been sold to a new owner.

  W: He'd better start looking right away. When all the students come back in a few weeks, he won't find any near the campus.

  Q: What does the woman suggest Gordon do?

  A)。从选项可以猜测本题是对行为的考查,考查某人应该做某事,因此听录音时要侧重建议性的句型信息。男士说Gordon needs to find another place to live,可知此人想找房子,接着女士说He'd better start looking right away。had better do sth.是建议句型的提示信息,后面的内容即是答案所在。

12. W: Judy earned a lot of money over the summer as an advisor for that agency.

  M: I don't doubt it. What surprises me is that she is still working there, now that classes have started again.

  Q: What does the man say about Judy?

  B)。由选项预测本题考查男士的观点,听录音时应着重理解男士的话。从女士话中的earn money,over the summer可知对话涉及学校兼职工作,男士的回答中出现了What surprises me is that...,这是明显的提示信息,其后即是答案所在。

  13. M: There is an article here in this magazine that might interest you. It's about buying running shoes.

  W: If it's not chemistry and it's not on the final exam, I can read it now.

  Q: What is the woman probably doing now?

  B)。由选项预测本题考查正在发生的动作。对话中男士在向女士推荐一篇文章,解题关键在于理解女士答话中的if条件句,"如果不是因为化学和期末考试,我现在就能读了"。那么真实情况也就是"我在准备考试,没时间读文章"。

  14. W: Please turn down the television. I can't hear anything my friend is saying on the phone.

  M: Hurry up and finish your call. I don't like standing so close. The light hurts my eyes.

  Q: Why is the woman upset?

  C)。由选项预测本题是对原因提问,并且是针对女士,听录音时应着重体会因果关系。对话中女士要求关闭电视,并直接说明了理由,can't hear anything on the phone,与C)相符。至于男士的要求及其理由是本题的干扰项,注意辨别。

  15. W: I was quite surprised when I heard William play the violin. From the way he talked I thought he was just starting his lessons.

  M: Oh, that's the way he always talks.

  Q: What do we learn about William from this conversation?

  C)。由选项预测本题是对William的行为进行判断。听力考试中考生不仅要辨别细节和事实,还要具备根据内涵、语气等进行推断的能力。本题女士话中的surprised暗示William的violin表现出人意料,但从From the way...his lessons可推出他说话谦虚,让女士原以为他刚开始学习violin。

  16. W: It's really a big problem to teach our children how to behave. When I get angry, I say things I don't mean.

  M: If you want your kids to be polite, you'll have to be polite to them.

  Q: What conclusion can be drawn from this conversation?

  A)。由选项预测本题是对孩子的行为进行判断。从女士话中的children,teach,behave可知对话是在讨论孩子教育问题。本题关键在于理解男士的回答,"如果你希望孩子们有礼貌,你就必须对他们有礼貌",强调父母的榜样力量,由此可归纳出Children learn by example的结论。

  17. M: Good morning, I'd like to speak to Mr. Jones, please. This is Tim Kunts at the Oak Street computer center.

  W: Mr. Kunts, my husband isn't at home. I can give you his business phone if you'd like to call him at work, though.

  Q: Where is Mr. Kunts now?

  C)。由选项预测本题是对地点提问,听录音时应着重听表示地点的词。从男士话中I'd like to speak to...可知他在打电话找Mr. Jones,而接电话的是女士,从她答话中的not at home,business phone以及call him at work可以推断出答案是at company。

  18. W: I have eaten in so many restaurants during the past week that the thought of eating out again makes me sick.

  M: I feel the same way, but there is no way to get out of this dinner appointment.

  Q: What does the man mean?

  D)。由选项预测本题考查男士在restaurant或eat out上的观点或行为。从女士话中的so many restaurants以及make me sick可知女士反感eat out,男士则回应feel the same way表明他同意女士的观点。故答案为D)。A)为干扰项,男士答话中的no way...appointment 表示他们无法拒绝。

 Now you'll hear two long conversations.

  Conversation One

  M: ...And where do you recommend I shall stay?(19) What's the Holiday Inn like?

  W: It's nice there. It's in the city centre and has all the usual business facilities you'll need. The service is first class.

  M: Oh, good. So I'll get a room there. Now, what's the best way to get into the hotel from the airport? Should I take a taxi?

  W: Well, (20)you can, but you don't have to. The subway system is very convenient.

  M: Mmm..., Can you tell me something about the business hours? I mean, what time are the banks open?

  W: The banks? They open at half past eight and close at four thirty.

  M: I see. And are they open on Saturday too?

  W: I'm afraid not. And I'd better warn you, the shops close early on Saturday. During the week they're open until half past six, but on Saturdays they close at four.

  M: At four! Right. Now, what's the weather like at this time of year?

  W: Well, it's (21)usually warm. But sometimes it turns very cold and wet. So don't forget to take what you may need with you. By the way, when are you going on this trip?

  M: Oh, (22)not until the middle of the month. The fifteenth, I think. Anything else you want to advise me?

  W: No, nothing I can see. It's a nice country, peaceful and calm, and people are friendly. I'm sure you'll enjoy your stay there.

  19. What are the two speakers talking about?

  A)。由选项预测本题是主旨题。对话谈到了住处Holiday Inn(假日酒店),交通工具taxi和subway,bank和shop的营业时间以及weather,可见是在安排旅行。

  20. Why is it not necessary for the man to take a taxi to the hotel?

  C)。由选项可知本题是对原因提问,男士的问句Should I take a taxi?是本题的提示信号,下面女士的回答:you can, but you don't have to否定了对方的想法,并直接说明了原因The subway system is very convenient,故答案为C)。

  21. What's the weather like at this season?

  A)。由选项可知本题是对天气提问。What's the weather like?是本题的提示信息,下面听到的usually warm,but sometimes it turns very cold and wet 即为本题答案。

  22. When will the man go on the trip?

  C)。由选项预测本题是对时间提问,听录音时要注意表示时间的词。本题也有提示问句:When are you going on this trip? 其后的回答:not until the middle of the month. The fifteenth, I think.锁定了答案为C)。

  Conversation Two

  W: Bill, is that really you? I haven't seen you for months.

  M: Hello, Christina. Yes, it has been a long time. Good to see you. How have you been?

  W: I've been okay. I've just been so busy with school. We really should get together and catch up. How about joining me for dinner tonight?

  M: (23) I'd love to, but I'm taking off for Miami at 8:00 tonight if everything goes well. I'm going home because my brother is getting married on Saturday morning.

  W: That's great. Congratulations! I hope that you have a nice time at home. You'll just have to take a rain check on that dinner invitation.

  M: Well, what are you doing now? Maybe we can go to the coffee shop and chat for a while. There is an attractive, little place I know of down the street.

  W: (24) I really wish I could, but I'm on my way to the tennis courts.

  M: Tennis courts? I didn't know you could play tennis.

  W: It sounds like that, but actually I can't. (24) I'm taking lessons so I can learn. My roommate is on the tennis team and she's gotten me interested in the sport. Do you know how to play?

  M: A little, but I haven't played for years. I really like the game, though. (25) When I come back from my trip, I think I'll join you in taking lessons.

  W: It's a deal. Just give me a call when you get back.

  M: You got it.

23. What will the man do tonight?

  A)。由选项可知本题是对男士将要发生的动作进行判断。寒暄后,女士提出dinner tonight,男士回答I'd love to,but...委婉拒绝了邀请。But提示后面为原因,I'm taking off for Miami,后又补充说是going home,故答案为A)。其后的rain check是"延期"的意思。

  24. Why can't the woman join the man for coffee?

  C)。由选项预测本题是对原因提问。由上题可知男士无法与女士共进晚餐,因而提出了go to the coffee shop and chat for a while的建议,女士回答:I really wish I could, but...同样委婉拒绝了邀请,并提示后面的原因,即I'm on my way to the tennis courts. I'm taking lessons.与C) 相符。

  25. Which of the following did the man agree to do?

  D)。由选项可知本题同样是对男士的行为进行判断。抓住关键句I'll join you in taking lessons.即可推断出答案为D)。

  Section B

  Passage One

  If you're confused about how much water you really need, I'm not surprised. (26)Conflicting advice in recent headlines appears against the old "8 a day" advice we all grew up with. Is it necessary to swallow down eight glasses of water daily, or is this recommendation exaggerated and out of date? We've heard for years that eight glasses of water daily is the minimum necessary to keep healthy. Your weight loss and health depend on it. Drink the minimum and see clearer skin, better sleep, and improved vision. We're warned of the danger of water shortage in our body without at least eight glasses. But, (27)the tide has turned away from liquid requirement toward examining your daily diet, including what you eat, as well as what you drink. The answer is - you need what you need! If it's summer, you need more. If you're exercising, you need more. If you're a "normal person who sits a lot, who is not sweating, and not exercising more than 15-20 minutes daily, Dr. Heinz Valtin of Dartmouth Medical School says you need no more than four glasses of water daily. Most drinks can be counted as part of your daily fluid consumption. Although the World Health Organization recommends that everyone drink a minimum of two liters of water daily, or about eight cups, (28)the old "8 a day" rule is based on studies performed on people under extraordinary circumstances, including soldiers at high altitude and hospitalized patients. What you and I need is different.

  26. What is the traditional opinion concerning water drinking?

  C)。预读选项可知,本题与饮水习惯有关。考题考查的是traditional opinion。遵循短文听力听首尾句的原则,在文章第一句提出问题后,第二句接着就说到Conflicting advice in recent headlines appears against the old "8 a day" advice we all grew up with,符合题目中traditional opinion的要求,C)为答案。

  27. According to the passage, what is the more proper way of drinking water?

  B)。分析选项可知,本题与饮水的根据有关。文章开始先分析了传统的每天8杯水的观点,接着用一个but进行转折,提出新的观点。由于在短文理解中but、however、only、just等后面往往是出考题之处,可知本题的考点即在此处:"But, the tide has turned away...the answer is - you need what you need!"。

  28. Why does the author believe that the "8aday" rule doesn't apply to all people?

  C)。本题的考点在文章结尾,分析选项可知,本题考查制定"8aday" rule的原因。本题中需要注意的是although引导的让步状语从句,事实上,主句前隐含了转折的意味,与but、however等一样,这是一个暗含的出题点。The old "8aday" rule is based on studies performed on people under extraordinary circumstances,遵循"听到即是解"的原则,C)为答案。

  Passage Two

  Weddings in the United States vary as much as the people do. There are church weddings; there are weddings on mountain tops with guests barefooted; and there have been weddings underwater on the ocean floor. But (29)many weddings, no matter where they are performed, include certain traditional customs. Before a couple is married, they become engaged. And then invitations are sent to those who live nearby, their close friends and their relatives who live far away. When everything is ready, then comes the most exciting moment. The wedding itself usually lasts between 20 and 40 minutes. The guests enter the church first while the wedding music is played. The bride carrying flowers enters last with her father who will "give her away". The bridegroom enters the church from a side door. (30)Then the couple will exchange their solemn promises to each other. It is traditional to use the words "To have and to hold from this day forward, for better, for worse, for richer, for poorer, in sickness and in health, to love and to care, till death do us part". Following this, the couple exchange rings. Wearing the wedding ring on the fourth finger of the left hand is an old custom. After the ceremony there is often a party, called a "reception" which gives the wedding guests an opportunity to congratulate the newlywedded couple. After all the procedures, (31)the couple runs to the car under a shower of rice thrown by the wedding guests. And then the couple just go on their honeymoon.

  29. What is in common for those weddings held in different locations?

  A)。通过预读选项可知,本题与婚礼习俗有关。文章一开头就列举了各种不同的婚礼方式,然后用but进行转折,many weddings, no matter where they are performed, include certain traditional customs,but后面的内容即是本题的答案。本题中的B)具有干扰性,主要考查考生对读音相近的两个单词customs和costumes的辨析。

  30. What will the new couple do after all the guests enter the church?

  C)。分析选项可知,本题与婚礼的一个环节有关,因此听录音时一定要对婚礼进行的过程仔细辨听,最好做些记录。听音后可知,婚礼仪式的程序是:宾客入场、新娘入场、新郎入场、交换誓言、交换戒指和举行宴会。其中Then the couple will exchange their solemn promises to each other是本题的考查内容。

 31. What is the custom before the couple goes on a honeymoon?

  D)。预读选项可知,本题与婚礼结束后的习俗有关。考点在文章的结尾:the couple run to the car under a shower of rice thrown by the wedding guests. And then the couple just go on their honeymoon.

  Passage Three

  The computer virus is an outcome of the computer overgrowth in the 1980s. (32)The cause of the term "computer virus" is the likeness between the biological virus and the evil program infected with computers. The origin of this term came from an American science fiction "The Adolescence of P-1" written by Thomas J. Ryan, published in 1977. Human viruses invade a living cell and turn it into a factory for manufacturing viruses. However, (33)computer viruses are small programs. They expand by attaching a copy of themselves to another program. Once attached to the host program, the viruses then look for other programs to "infect". In this way, the virus can spread quickly throughout a hard disk or an entire organization when it infects a LAN or a multiuser system. The timing of the attack can be linked to a number of situations, including a certain time or date, the presence of a particular file, the security level of the user, and the number of times a file is used. Likewise, the mode of attack varies. (34)So called "benign" or the harmless viruses might simply display a message, like the one that infected IBM's main computer system last Christmas with a season's greeting. (35)Malignant or the harmful viruses are designed to damage the system. The attack is to wipe out data, to delete files, or to format the hard disk.

  32. How did the name of "computer virus" come into being?

  A)。通过预读选项可知,本题与电脑病毒有关。应遵循短文听力听首尾的原则,文章一开始就明确了说明对象是computer virus。本题考查该名称的由来,但文中是以原因的形式出现的:The cause of the term "computer virus" is the likeness between the biological virus and the evil program infected with computers,A)的说法正是该定义的简短描述。其中,resemble是"...与...相似的"意思,而文中的说法是the likeness between...and...,二者是一致的。

  33. What is the way that the computer viruses infect the computer systems?

  B)。分析选项可知,本题考查电脑病毒的工作方式。由于其特殊性,可遵循"听到即是解"的原则解题。文章先介绍了人类病毒的工作方式,然后用一个however引出了本题的答案:computer viruses are small programs. They expand by attaching a copy of themselves to another program。

  34. What is a "benign" virus?

  D)。预读选项可知,本题与一种电脑病毒有关。题目中的benign是关键词,由此可以很容易定位到:So called "benign" or the harmless viruses might simply display a message...,可见本题的答案是以同位语的形式出现的,所谓"良性"病毒就是D)所说的不会造成危害的病毒。

  35. What can a "malignant" virus do to your computer?

  B)。预读选项可知,本题仍然与一种电脑病毒有关。由于上一道题目考查了"良性"病毒,根据常识可以推断本题定然会考查与之相对应的"恶性"病毒的危害。听录音时的关键词是malignant,由此可以很容易定位到:Malignant or the harmful viruses are designed to damage the system,这正是B)的同义表达。

  Section C

  36. outline

  [点拨]空格前是and,and前后成分相同,所以空格处为动词原形。根据句意推测:宇宙未来可以预测,但这并不意味着单单坐着就肯定能够概括宇宙未来的发展过程。

  37. certainty

  [点拨]空格前是anything like,后面应该为名词。由36题的分析,可以推出这里表示"一定,肯定"的意思。

  38. exactly

  [点拨]空格前是动词know,后面是宾语,可见中间缺一副词来修饰know。根据前后文可以推测:我们不清楚宇宙的构成,但却十分清楚我们的知识领域缺乏什么信息。

  39. idea

  [点拨]空格前是a good,可见空格处为名词。根据38题分析,接下来的句意应该是:我们也清楚地知道如何得到这些信息。

  40. imagine

  [点拨]空格前是不定式to,可见空格处为动词原形。根据句意推测:我们考虑目前形势的最佳方式就是假想一辆进站的火车。

  41. determined

  [点拨]空格前是is completely,可知空格处为动词的过去分词。根据句意,火车进站前所有的开关都设定好了,我们可以推测:它前进的路就完全确定了。

  42. possible

  [点拨]空格前是some,后为futures,可以确定空格处是一形容词。前后句连起来的意思为:如果能看清开关的设置,就可以肯定有些未来是不能实现的,而其余的能够实现。

43. switches

  [点拨]空格前是the unseen,可见空格为名词。前面的句子交代了有些开关是可见的,有些是不可见的,所以这里应该是不可见的开关switches。

  44. We know the train will take one of the tracks leading out, but we have no idea which one

  [听音关键词]know,train,take tracks,no idea,which one

  45. When we think about the future of the universe, we can see our "track" many billions of years into the future

  [听音关键词]think about,future of universe,see track,billions

  46. The goal of science is to reduce the vagueness at the decision points and find the true road that will be followed

  [听音关键词]goal of science,reduce vagueness,find true road

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