English Weekly CET-6 Listening Practice Test 3
Part III Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
11. M: Jack has only been on the job a week and already he’s acting like he is the boss.
W: He’s not going to last long with that attitude.
Q: What does the woman imply?
12. W: There is a great antique show at the Grand Auditorium. Let’s go see it this evening.
M: I have worked really hard all day long. Won’t it be there for a while?
Q: What does the man imply?
13. W: Would you like to come to Cindy’s surprise party tomorrow?
M: I’m going to a concert tomorrow. I wish I could be in two places at the same time.
Q: What does the man mean?
14. M: You know, every time I talk to Mary I get the feeling that she’s been critical of me.
W: Don’t you think you are overreacting a bit?
Q: What does the woman mean?
15. M: Why did you come to the meeting late? I left a message with your roommate about the time change.
W: She has a very short memory and it really gets on my nerve sometimes.
Q: What does the woman imply?
16. M: I’ve had my new stereo for a whole week, but I haven’t figured out how to record a cassette.
W: Didn’t an instruction manual come with it?
Q: What does the woman mean?
17. M: I’m taking up a collection for the jazz band. Would you like to give?
W: Just a minute while I get my wallet.
Q: What will the woman probably do next?
18. M: Your cousins just called. They’re stranded at the beach.
W: So they didn’t manage to get a lift after all.
Q: What had the woman assumed about her cousins?
Now you’ll hear two long conversations.
W: Good morning.
M: Morning, can I help you?
W: Yes, I’d like to join the library. We’re new to the district, you see.
M: Certainly. Well all we need is some sort of identification with your name and address on it.
W: Oh dear. We just moved, you see, and everything has my old address.
M: A driving license, perhaps?
W: No, I don’t drive.
M: Your husband’s would do.
W: Yes, but his license will still have the old address on it.
M: Perhaps you have a letter addressed to you at your new house?
W: No, I’m afraid not. We’ve only been there a few days, you see, and no one’s written to us yet.
M: What about your bank book?
W: That’s just the same. Oh dear, and I did want to get some books out this weekend. We’re going on holiday to relax after the move, you see, and I wanted to take something with me to read.
M: Well, I’m sorry, but we can’t possibly issue tickets without some form of identification. What about your passport?
W: What? Oh yes, how silly of me. I’ve just got a new one and it does have our new address. I’ve just been to book our tickets so I have it on me. Just a minute. Here you are.
M: Thank you. Well, that’s all right. Now if you’d like to go and choose your books, your tickets will be ready for you when you come back to the desk to have them stamped out.
W: Oh, thank you. Er, how many books am I allowed to take out?
M: You can take four books out at a time and you also get two tickets to take out magazines or periodicals. Newspapers, I’m afraid, can’t be taken out; they have to be read here.
W: Oh that’s fine. We have our own daily newspaper delivered to the house. Oh, do you have a record library? Some libraries do, I know.
M: Yes, we do. You have to pay a deposit of £5 in case you damage them. But that entitles you to take out two records at a time. We also have everything available on cassette if you prefer it. Cassettes seem to be much more popular than records lately.
W: Oh yes, as a matter of fact, I would prefer cassettes but I won’t take any out today. I’ll leave it until we come back from our holidays. Could you show me where your history and biography sections are, please?
M: Yes, just over there to your right. If there’s any particular book you want, you can look it up in the catalogue, which you’ll find just round the corner.
W: Thank you. Oh, and how long am I allowed to keep the books for?
M: For three weeks. After that you must telephone to renew the books if you wish to keep them longer. Otherwise we charge 20p a day for each book.
W: Oh dear. We’re going away for six weeks. Can I renew them now?
M: I’m afraid not. You must do that at the end of three weeks. Someone else might want them you see. And in that case we have to ask you to return them.
W: You mean, if someone wants them after my three weeks are up I have to bring them back?
M: Yes, but just telephone and we’ll see what we can do.
W: But I’m going to Tahiti. It would cost a fortune.
M: Well …
W: Oh, never mind. I’ll leave it until we get back. It’s not worth all the bother. I’ll get some paperbacks in the airport. Well, thank you. I’m sorry I’ve been such a nuisance. Good morning.
M: Not at all. Good morning.
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19. What does one need to do to join this library?
20. Why does the woman want to borrow some books?
21. What does this library allow the people who have joined the library to do?
M: Excuse me, madam.
M: Would you mind letting me take a look in your bag?
W: I beg your pardon?
M: I’d like to look into your bag, if you don’t mind.
W: Well I’m afraid I certainly do mind, if it’s all the same to you. Now go away. Impertinence.
M: I’m afraid I shall have to insist, madam.
W: And just who are you to insist, may I ask? I advise you to take yourself off, young man, before I call a policeman.
M: I am a policeman, madam. Here’s my identity card.
W: What? Oh…well…and just what right does that give you to go around looking into people’s bags?
M: None whatsoever, unless I have reason to believe that there’s something in the bags belonging to someone else.
W: What do you mean belonging to someone else?
M: Well, perhaps, things that haven’t been paid for.
W: Are you talking about stolen goods? That’s a nice way to talk, I must say. I don’t know what things are coming to when perfectly honest citizens get stopped in the street and have their bags examined. A nice state of affairs!
M: Exactly, but if the citizens are honest they wouldn’t mind, would they? So may I look into your bag, madam? We don’t want to make a fuss, do we?
W: Fuss? Who’s making a fuss? Stopping people in the street and demanding to see what they’ve got in their bags. Charming! That’s what I call it: charming! Now go away; I’ve got a train to catch.
M: I’m sorry. I’m trying to do my job as politely as possible, but I’m afraid you’re making it rather difficult. However, I must insist on seeing what you have in your bag.
W: And what, precisely, do you expect to find it there? The Crown Jewels?
M: No need to be sarcastic, madam. I thought I’d made myself plain. If there’s nothing in there which doesn’t belong to you, you can go straight off and catch your train and I’ll apologize for the inconvenience.
W: Oh, very well. Anything to help the police.
M: Thank you, madam.
W: Not at all; only too happy to cooperate. There you are.
M: Thank you, madam. Six lipsticks?
W: Yes, nothing unusual in that. I like to change the color with my mood.
M: And five powder compacts?
W: I use a lot of powder. I don’t want to embarrass you, but I sweat a lot.
M: And ten men’s watches?
W: Er, yes. I get very nervous if I don’t know the time. Anxiety, you know. We all suffer from it in this day and age.
M: I see you smoke a lot, too, madam. Fifteen cigarette lighters?
W: Yes, I am rather a heavy smoker. And … and I use them for finding my way in the dark and … and for finding the keyhole late at night. And … and I happen to collect lighters. It’s my hobby. I have a superb collection at home.
M: I bet you do, madam. Well, I’m afraid I’m going to have to ask you to come along with me.
W: How dare you! I don’t go out with strange men. And anyway I told you I have a train to catch.
M: I’m afraid you won’t be catching it today, madam. Now are you going to come along quietly or am I going to have to call for help?
W: But this is outrageous! (Start fade) I shall complain to my MP. One has to carry one’s valuables around these days; one’s house might be broken into while one’s out …
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
22. What is the possible relationship between the two speakers?
23. Where does this conversation probably take place?
24. Why does the man stop the woman?
25. What adjectives can be used to describe the man and the woman respectively?
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
When viewed within the entire range of past and present human societies, marriage can be described as a more or less durable union, sanctioned by society, between one or more men and one or more women. To obtain the sanction of society it is necessary that the relationship be formed and conducted in accordance with unwritten customs and taboos, as in primitive societies, or in accordance with established laws, as in more sophisticated societies. The sanction of society distinguishes marriage from other relationships between men and women and from air bonding, a reasonably long-term relationship between male and female. All societies have rules or shared patterns of behavior that regulate sexuality, birth, and child rearing. Marriage is the institution that encompasses these rules and patterns of behavior.
According to one definition, which emphasizes relationship between the spouses, marriage is a socially legitimate sexual union. It is begun with a public announcement and usually with a public rite in a form recognized by the society. The union is undertaken with some idea of permanence and with a contract that defines the obligations between the spouses and of the spouses toward any children they may have.
Another definition emphasizes the importance of marriage as a means of providing social legitimacy for the children of the union. In this sense marriage is a relationship between a woman and one or more persons that provides that any child she bears under the rules of the relationship will receive the status and rights common to other members of the society. In this view, the importance of marriage is that it provides a way to distinguish between legitimate and illegitimate births. The assumption is that the child must have a “social father” to ensure proper social development and entrance into the social order. According to this definition, a marriage is a “licensing of parenthood.”
In nearly all societies the greatest emphasis is on having acceptable social fatherhood, which is quite different from physiological fatherhood. Social fatherhood can be assumed by a variety of individuals and by women as well as men. Not all societies have well-defined rules based on physiological fatherhood.
Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. How would one obtain the sanction of society in the union between males and females in modern societies?
27. Which one of the following statements about the definition of marriage is not true?
28. What is the greatest emphasis of marriage in nearly all societies?
Today I would like to tell you about the effects of old age on health. Actually today a lot of improvements have taken place in the care of old people and old people’s health is not nearly so bad as it used to be.
Probably many of the fears that people have of growing old are greatly exaggerated. Most people, for example, dread becoming senile. But in fact very few people become senile. Perhaps only about 15% of those over 65 become senile. Actually, a much more common problem is in fact caused by doctors like ourselves. And that is over-medication. Nearly 80% of people over 65 have at least one serious illness, such as high blood pressure, hearing difficulty or heart disease. And very often to combat these they take a number of drugs and of course sometimes there are interactions among these drugs as well as simply being too many. This can cause a lot of complications from mental confusion, very commonly, to disturbance of the heart rhythm. So this is a problem that doctors have to watch out for.
Probably the most ignored disorder among old people is depression. Maybe about 15% of older people suffer from this condition. A lot of it is caused by this over-medication which we mentioned.
Although it is better now for old people, we have to admit that the body does change as we grow older. The immune system starts to decline and there are changes in metabolism, lungs, the senses, the brain and the skin.
So what should an old person do to counter-act these changes?
He or she should eat a balanced diet: not too much fat. Chicken or fish should be eaten rather than eggs or beef. More high fiber and vitamin rich foods should be eaten, such as vegetables and fruit.
Old people should give up smoking if they haven’t already done so. They should also do regular exercise: at least half an hour, three times a week. No section of the population can benefit more from exercise than the elderly.
Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.
29. Which of the following statements is true about the health of old people?
30. Which is a much more common problem with old people’s health?
31. What should old people do in order to have good health?
In our modern days, too many people depend on their cars to get to work or to drop their children off at school. However, is it safe to have an increasing number of cars on our roads?
Research shows that cars create serious pollution. Exhaust from all combustion engines produces harmful effects on the health of both car users and all innocent walkers. Cities have become islands of toxic chemicals from the unrestrained use of vehicles burning fossil fuels. The harmful health effects of car exhaust are pervasive and difficult to measure. For example, people with asthma would suffer with attacks due to the pollution. The world wild life also suffers from the cars’ toxic emissions. No matter how many manufacturers try to make cars environmentally friendly, it will damage our earth in one way or another.
Additionally, cars are very dangerous for our community. Careless drivers put themselves and others in danger. Cars are critical to walkers especially to children if the driver is not looking at the road or is somehow distracted. Have you known someone whose toes or feet have been run over by cars while crossing the street?
Lastly, cars create social problems, which could lead to poor health. A few drivers suffer “Road Rage” and put themselves, loved ones and others in a threatening situation. Some cars create disturbing noises, and disturb people living near highways, freeways, etc. as they do not get enough sleep. People depend on their cars so much they forget to exercise their bodies and end up being obese or having heart problem.
As a result of the excessive number of cars on our roads, everyone’s life is in danger. In order to create an environmentally friendly and safe world, it is necessary for each country to limit the permits in number to control regional air pollution. Secondly, car manufacturers should try to improve the efficiency of vehicles, such as finding solutions to emissions of combustion engines, developing new power sources such as new fuels like natural gas. Thirdly, try to improve efficiency of traffic by setting up dedicated bus lanes and giving priority to car-pools and vehicles with 3 or more persons. Besides, traffic can be scheduled; for example, commercial traffic at night; large companies can shift working hours and decentralize administrative operations.
Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
32. Which one of the following statements is not one of the effects of cars?
33. Who are the major victims in car accidents?
34. Which of the following is not a problem caused by cars?
35. Which of the following is not true as to handling car problems?
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
The human nose is an underrated tool. Humans are often thought to be insensitive smellers (36) compared with animals, but this is largely because, unlike animals, we stand (37) upright. This means that our noses are limited to (38) perceiving those smells that float through the air, (39) missing the majority of smells which stick to (40) surfaces. In fact though, we are extremely sensitive to smells, even if we do not generally realize it. Our noses are capable of (41) detecting human smells even when these are (42) diluted to far below one part of one million.
Strangely, some people find that they can smell one (43) type of flower but not another, whereas others are sensitive to the smells of both flowers. (44) This may be because some people do not have the genes necessary to generate particular smell receptors in the nose. These receptors are the cells which sense smells and send messages to the brain. (45) However, it has been found that even people insensitive to a certain smell at first can suddenly become sensitive to it when exposed to it often enough.
The explanation for insensitivity to smell seems to be that the brain finds it inefficient to keep all smell receptors working all the time but can create new receptors if necessary. This may also explain why we are not usually sensitive to our own smells and why we simply do not need to be. (46) We are not aware of the usual smell of our own house but we notice new smells when we visit someone else’s. The brain finds it best to keep smell receptors available for unfamiliar and emergency signals such as the smell of smoke, which might indicate the danger of fire.