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四级真题详解
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中国四六级考试网 >> 改错
综合辅导:决胜英语六级考试简答与改错
http://www.china-cet.com        来源:沪江英语        发布时间:2007-12-21 08:14:57
2天记住4000单词的秘密... 点击进入!!
    Test 1

  Directions: Read the followi ng passages

  carefully. Then answer the questions or complete

  the statements in the fewest possible words (not

  exceeding 10 words).

  

  Culture shock is so named because of the effect

  it has on people when they enter a new culture.

  Experts have been interested in these effects

  and have agreed on

  five basic stages of culture shock. These stages

  are general and should only be

  used as a reference. Not every individual will

  go through each stage, and one s

  tage may last longer that another for different

  individuals.

  The hardest thing for most travelers to deal

  with is the emotional “roller

  coaster” they seem to be riding. One moment they

  feel very positive toward the

  new culture, and the next moment very negative.

  It seems common that international visitors and

  immigrants vacillate between loving and hating a

  new country. Feelings of separation and

  alienation can be intensified if they do not

  have a sense of fitting in or belonging.

  Fatigue is another problem people face when

  entering a new culture. There can be a sense of

  a greater need for sleep. This is due not only

  to physical tiredness, but also to mental

  fatigue. This mental fatigue comes from

  straining to comprehend the language, and coping

  with new situations. 

  The impact of culture shock can vary from person

  to person. There can be significant differences

  because some people may be better prepared to

  enter a new culture. Four factors which play

  into these are personality, language ability,

  length of stay, and the emotional support

  received.

  It is logical to think that when people are

  deprived of their familiar surroundings they

  will feel disoriented. One solution some have

  found is to bring a few small reminders of home.

  Pictures, wall hangings, favorite utensils, and

  keep

  sakes are all good candidates to make things

  feel more familiar. Another helpful

  activity is to establish little routines that

  become familiar over time. Even better is

  fitting things that were part of the regular

  routine back in the home country into the

  routine established in the new culture. This

  will make people feel more at home.

  Questions:

  1. According to Para. one, experts have

  interests in

  __________________________________________________________________.

  2. Emotional “roller coaster” refers

  __________________________________________________________________.

  3. When entering a new culture, the problems

  people face are

  ____________________________________________________________________.

  4. Copying with new situation may result in

  _____________________________________________________________________.

  5. According to the author, the more effective

  way to solve “cultural s

  hock” is

  ____________________________________________________________.

  答案部分

  短文大意

  本文介绍了“文化休克”一词的来由:文化休克是由于它对接触一种陌生文化的人们所造

  成的影响而得名。接下来,文章依次介绍了人们接触陌生文化时所面临的重要难题。以及影

  响文化休克的四个因素,此外还介绍了解决文化休克问题的几个方法。

  1.【参考答案】 Cultural shock’s effect on people.

  【答题技巧】 联系上下文是寻找本题答案的方法。

  【详细解答】 第一段的第一句话就提到:文化休克是由于它对接触一种陌生文化的人

  们所造成的影响而得名。在第二句话中得知Experts have been interested

  in these effects and …此句中的these

  effects虽然成为复数,但指的仍是第一句中:the effect it has on

  people when they enter a new culture.答案由此而来。

  2.【参考答案】 unsteadily feeling toward new culture

  【答题技巧】 “由后向前归纳”是本题的技巧。

  【详细解答】 本题问的是:情绪上的“环滑车”指的是什么?文中提到:One moment

  they feel very positive toward the new

  culture,and the next moment very negative.由

  于是简短回答,我们便总结为“unsteadily feeling touard a new

  culture.”

  3.【参考答案】 are emotional "roller coaster" and

  fatigue

  【答题技巧】 从问题入手,深入下去是本题的捷径。

  【详细解答】 从第三段的第一句话入手:Fatigue is another problem

  people face when entering a new

  culture“another”一词表明,前面第二段涉及的还有另一个问题。

  4.【参考答案】 the mental fatigue

  【答题技巧】 由原因推向结果是解题的思题。

  【详细解答】 本题只要注意到了第三段的最后一句:The mental fatigue

  comes from s

  training to comprehend the language,and coping

  with new situations.答案便迎刃而

  解。本句,The mental fatigue 是结果,coping with new

  situation是原因之一,本题问题是coping with new

  situation可能引起什么。那么,我们只要由原因推向结果即可。

  5.【参考答案】 fitting some regular routines into the

  new culture.

  【答题技巧】 浏览一个段落,通过比较得出结论是本题的关键。

  【详细解答】 解决“文化休克”的最有效的办法是什么,文中

  最后一段提到,one solution…is to…,Another activity is

  to …,Even better is …,

  据作者的口气,三个方案中,最有效的建议便是:fitting things that were

  part of the

  regular routine back in the home country into

  the routine established in the new

  culture,对于这么长的方案,我们只挑主要的说就可以了。

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六级真题详解
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·2000年6月英语六级真题详解
·2000年1月英语六级真题详解
·1999年6月英语六级真题详解
·1999年1月英语六级真题详解
·1998年6月英语六级真题详解


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