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英语四级预测试卷听力(二)section B        来源:北文学校        发布时间:2007-12-13 17:06:16
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Section B

  Passage One

  Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  26. [A] Changes in Child Rearing

  [B] Changes in American Sex Roles

  [C] Changes in Men’s Roles in Family Life

  [D] Changes in Women’s Roles in Career Pursue

  27. [A] Fathers also give a wash to their children.

  [B] Women and men equally share housework.

  [C] Wives are no longer submissive and obedient.

  [D] Parents have new attitude towards bringing up children.

  28. [A] In doing housework. [B] In educating children.

  [C] In bringing up children. [D] In jobs and business situations.

  Passage Two

  Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  29. [A] It would be a terrible experience.

  [B] The charges are too high for them to afford.

  [C] They often have to wait for a long time.

  [D] They are usually too busy to go there.

  30. [A] White. [B] Yellow. [C] Red. [D] Green.

  31. [A] How the dentists help patients relax.

  [B] What colors to use in painting walls in a hospital.

  [C] Seeing a dentist could be a less painful experience.

  [D] Trust and understanding of dentists help reduce patients anxiety and tension.

  Passage Three

  Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  32. [A] The lack of water. [B] The cost of water.

  [C] The quality of water. [D] The abundance of water.

  33. [A] Don’t water. [B] Water by hand.

  [C] Water on Wednesdays.

  [D] Use the sprinkler on Monday, Wednesday, or Friday.

  34. [A] Look for water sources. [B] Write new water rules.

  [C] Ration water. [D] Fine citizens.

  35. [A] Fining your neighbor.

  [B] Taking baths instead of showers.

  [C] Reusing washing machine water.

  [D] Using dishwasher instead of washing dishes by hand.

Section B

  Passage One

  Many changes are taking place in the way in which men and women look at their roles in society. We see these changes most dramatically in jobs and business situations. It is no longer unusual to find a male nurse or a female construction worker. Years ago, however, a man who worked as a nurse would have been looked down upon for doing a “woman’s job”, and a female construction worker would have been roared off the construction site by her male co-workers. However, the most important changes that have taken place can be found in men’s and women’s roles in family life.

  Household work that used to be done by women is now often shared equally by men and women. Men have discovered at last that they too are capable of preparing the family dinner, rather than thinking that they are only capable of taking out the garbage.

  Perhaps the greatest change that has taken place in the family is in parents new attitudes towards bringing up children. While it is true that only mothers can breastfeed their infants, nowhere is it written that fathers cannot bathe their own babies or change diapers. And more and more of them are doing just that. These days, being a full-time parent is a job that fathers and mothers both share.

  As a result of these changes, we no longer insist that little boys play with trucks and grow up to be doctors, while little girls play with dolls and grow up to be housewives. Many men no longer feel that they must maintain a masculine attitude all the time, and many women no longer feel that they should be submissive and obedient. Changes like these do not occur overnight or even in a few years because they involve fundamental changes in attitudes and behavior.

  Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  26. What is the best title of this passage?


  27. What is the greatest change that has taken place in the family?


  28. Where can we see the most dramatic change of men’s and women’s roles in society?


Passage Two

  People need to go to the dentist’s office to solve their tooth problem, but most of them would rather endure pain than going there. The reason is quite simple — they are scared. You wait in a white waiting room. All is silent until an assistant calls your name and leads you back to another white room, which is filled with machines and frightens you still further.

  At the Medical College of Georgia, dentists are taught principles that should help reduce the patient’s anxiety and tension. Assistants and receptionists are taught to smile and speak to the patient. This helps create an atmosphere of trust. Dentists themselves are being taught to communicate more fully with the patient. A phrase such as you’re doing fine tells the patient that the dentist is aware of the patient’s situation. These phrases also help by rewarding the tolerance of pain. Dentist’s offices are being repainted in brown, green, and other relieving colors. Red should be avoided at all costs, because it brings to mind blood and pain. Paintings and other distractions are placed in the room; music is played to help the patients ignore his or her pain.

  Some dentists go much further. They take an active role in teaching their patients to relax; some are teaching their patients deep muscle relaxation and breathing control. Some use advanced techniques to help their patients relax in the chair.

  Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  29. Why are most people unwilling to see the dentist?

  【解析】选[A]。选项[A]符合题意,依据是原文的The reason is quite simple — they are scared,他们害怕,认为这是一次痛苦的经历。

  30. What is the color suitable to use in painting the wall in a dentist’s office?

  【解析】选[D]。原文中提到四种颜色white, brown,green,red,根据原文Dentist’s offices are being repainted in brown, green, and other relieving colors. Red should be avoided at all costs.可判断选项[D] green符合题意。

  31. What is the main idea of the passage?


Passage Three

  Because of the severe drought that has continued this year, water rationing will go into effect on Monday. Lawns cannot be watered with automatic sprinklers; driveways, porches, and decks cannot be washed. You may water by hand, but only on even numbered days. Cars can be washed on Wednesdays only. The city has hired a new drought patrol crew, which will be looking for offenders. If you are caught, there will be a $50 fine for the first offense and a $100 fine for the second offense. We realize that this is strict, but the drought has affected us dramatically. We ask your cooperation in conserving water. Besides the drought rules, we ask that you be careful about your household water use. Turn off the tap while you brush your teeth. Take short showers; you might even consider turning off the water as you soap up. Don’t wash dishes under running water, and when you wash your clothes save the final rinse water to begin your next load. Thank you for listening. Let’s all work together to save our community’s water.

  Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  32. What is the main problem the speaker is referring to?


  33. According to the talk, if you have a lawn, what are your rules?


  34. According to the speaker, what will the drought patrol crew do?

  【解析】选[D]。预读选项可知此题是考查有关water(浇水)的方式或时间。注意,even numbered的意思是“偶数的”。

  35. What does the speaker suggest in the talk?

  【解析】选[C]。预读选项可知此题询问的是有关动作的细节。注意,the final rinse water的意思是“最后一遍漂洗衣服的水”。

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