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洛基英语
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四级真题详解
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中国四六级考试网 >> 简答/翻译
07年12月英语六级汉译英专项练习(1)
http://www.china-cet.com        来源:新东方        发布时间:2007-12-08 14:27:38
2天记住4000单词的秘密... 点击进入!!
    一、倍数增减的表示法

  1) Force N1 _______________(比力N2大2.5倍).

  2) This substance _______________(反应速度是另外那种物质的三倍).

  3) The earth _______________(是月球大小的49倍).

  4) The landlord _______________(想将租金提高三分之一).

  5) They _______________(计划将投资增加一倍).

  二、时态

  1) Be quick, _______________(否则等我们到达教

  结束了).

  2) When she got home, _______________(孩子们已经睡着了).

  3) When I prepare for the college entrance examination, _______________(我姐姐将在海边度假).

  4) I_______________(一上午都在修改我的简历).

  5) Do you often go on holiday? _______________(不,我已经有五年没有度假了).

  6) He joined the army in October, 2001. _______________(他参军已五年了).

  三、被动语态

  1) The blackboard and chalk _______________(正在被电脑和投影机所取代).

  2) The book _______________(到今年年底就将已出版).

  3) Computer models _______________(可以用来演示细胞工作的方式).

  4) When the bill of fare was brought, _______________(我惊呆了,价格大大超出了我的预料).

  5) _______________(必须立即采取有效措施)to eliminate sandy storms.

  四、情态动词

  1) The phone is ringing, _______________(但是没人接听。她一定不在家).

  2) I can’t find my sunglasses. _______________(我可能昨天落在咖啡店里了).

  3) You screamed in your sleep last night. _______________(你一定梦见什么可怕的东西了).

  4) It’s a pity. _______________(你本应该邀请她来参加你的毕业典礼的).

  5) _______________(其实我没必要穿上我最好的套装去参加那次聚会的); most of the guests were wearing jeans and sweaters.

  五、虚拟语气

  1) I wish _______________(我年轻的时候有你们这样的机会).

  2) If only _______________(他知道这病是可以治好的)! Then he would not have killed himself.

  3) —— Would you like him to paint your door with yellow stars?

  —— I’d rather he _______________(漆成蓝色的,而且不带任何装饰).

  4) It’s high time that _______________(采取措施解决交通堵塞的问题).

  5) Hugh usually talks _______________(仿佛在大会上发表演说似的).

  6) We insist that _______________(让杰克立刻进医院).

  7) It was advised that _______________(在居民区设立更多的流动商店).

  8) His proposal was that _______________(他们成立一个专门委员会来检查这个问题).

  9) We are going to discuss his suggestion that _______________(取消期中考试).

  10) It is ridiculous that _______________(我们在一个总是下雨的国家还缺水).

  11) It is essential that _______________(每个人都为紧急情况做好准备).

  12) _______________(如果他按照我告诉他的办法订票), we would have had quite a comfortable journey.

一、倍数增减的表示法

  1) is 2.5 times greater than Force N2

  (考点:倍数 + 形容词/副词比较级 + than)

  2) reacts three times as fast as the other one

  (考点:倍数 + as + 形容词/副词 + as)

  3) is 49 times the size of the moon

  (考点:倍数 + 名词)

  4) wants to raise the rent by a third

  (考点:动词 + by + 数词/百分比/倍数)

  5) plan to double their investment

  (考点:double + 名词)

  二、时态

  1) or the wedding will have finished by the time we get to the church

  (考点:将来完成时)

  2) the children had fallen asleep

  (考点:过去完成时)

  3) my sister will be taking her vacation at the seaside

  (考点:将来进行时)

  4) have been revising my resume all the morning

  (考点:现在完成进行时)

  5) No. It has been five years since I went on holiday

  (考点:It has been … since sb. did sth. 表示某人有多长时间没有做某事了)

  6) He has been in the army for 5 years

  (考点:1. 现在完成时;2.要用持续性动词才能接一段时间)

  三、被动语态

  1) is being replaced by the computer and the projector

  (考点:被动语态的现在进行时)

  2) will have been published by the end of this year

  (考点:被动语态的将来完成时)

  3) can be used to demonstrate the way that cells work

  (考点:1. 被动语态与情态动词联用; 2. 汉语有些没有“被”字等标志词的句子也表示被动, 要译成英语的被动语态)

  4) I was startled, for the prices were a great deal higher than I had anticipated

  (考点:同“3”的考点2)

  5) Effective measures must be taken immediately

  (考点:汉语的无主句通常翻译成英语的被动语态)

  四、情态动词

  1) but there is no answer. She can’t be at home

  (考点:情态动词可以表示可能性,can’t 表示“一定不”)

  2) I may have left them in the coffee shop yesterday

  (考点:“情态动词can/could, may/might, must + 完成式”用于表示对过去发生的动作的主观判断)

  3) You must have dreamed of something terrible

  (考点:同上)

  4) You should have invited her to your graduation ceremony

  (考点:“情态动词should/ought to + have done” 用于评论过去应该做而实际并未做的动作,含有批评的意思)

  5) I needn’t have put on my best suit to go to the party

  (考点:“情态动词needn’t + have + done”表示对过去发生的动作进行评论,认为“无须发生”,“不必做”)

  五、虚拟语气

  1) I had had your opportunities when I was young

  (考点:I wish后的that从句中用过去完成式表示过去没有实现或不可能实现的愿望)

  2) he had known this disease is curable

  (考点:If only 引导的感叹句表示“但愿”或“要是……就好了”,用法与 I wish…基本相同)

  3) painted it blue, and without any decorations

  (考点:would rather 后的that从句中用过去式表示不是事实)

  4) measures were taken to solve the problem of traffic jams

  (考点:It’s (about/high) time 后的that从句中用过去式,表示“该是……的时候了”)

  5) as though he were delivering a speech at an assembly

  (考点:as if / as though引导的从句中用过去式表示和现在事实相反或对现在情况有所怀疑)

  6) Jack (should) be sent to hospital right now

  (考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的动词所接的宾语从句通常用“(that) sb. (should) do”的虚拟形式)

  7) more mobile shops (should) be set up in the residential area

  (考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的动词所接的主语从句通常用“(that) sb. (should) do”的虚拟形式)

  8) they (should) set up a special board/committee to examine this problem

  (考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的名词所接的表语从句通常用“(that) sb. (should) do”的虚拟形式)

  9) the mid-term exams (should) be canceled

  (考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的名词所接的同位语从句通常用“(that) sb. (should) do”的虚拟形式)

  [表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的动词及其名词常见的有:advise (advice), agree (agreement), decide (decision), decree, demand, determine (determination), grant, indicate (indication), insist (insistence), order, prefer (preference), propose (proposal), request, require (requirement), resolve (resolution), stipulate (stipulation), suggest(suggestion), urge, vote;常见的这类动词还有:allow, arrange, ask, beg, concede, demonstrate, ensure, intend, move, pledge, pray等]

  10) we (should) be short of water in a country where it is always raining

  (考点:在It is/was +形容词后的that从句中常用“sb. should do”的形式表示建议惊奇等。这类形容词常见的有:advisable, anxious, appropriate, compulsory, crucial, desirable, eager, essential, fitting, imperative, important, impossible, improper, natural, necessary, obligatory, preferable, proper, urgent, vital, willing等)

  11) everyone (should) be prepared for emergency

  (考点:同上)

  12) If he had booked tickets in the way I told him

  (考点:在非真实条件句中用过去完成式表示与过去的事实相反)

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六级真题详解
·2003年1月英语六级真题详解
·2002年6月英语六级真题详解
·2002年1月英语六级真题详解
·2001年6月英语六级真题详解
·2001年1月英语六级真题详解
·2000年6月英语六级真题详解
·2000年1月英语六级真题详解
·1999年6月英语六级真题详解
·1999年1月英语六级真题详解
·1998年6月英语六级真题详解


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