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中国四六级考试网 >> 改错
07年12月英语六级短文改错冲刺训练(3)
http://www.china-cet.com        发布时间:2007-12-05 14:10:16
2天记住4000单词的秘密... 点击进入!!
    本期重点:介词短语和固定搭配

  介词短语就是由多个词构成的介词,如because of,in spite of等;固定搭配则指习语和一些常见的固定用法,即由名词、形容词、动词等和介词或者副词构成的短语,如influence on, different from, rely on 等。无论是介词短语还是固定搭配,考点常常对准介词,出现介词误用的情况;除此之外,对固定搭配的考查也常常涉及搭配中的冠词和名词单复数等问题,如将in contrast误用为in the contrast,keep one’s words误用为keep one’s word等等。

  一、例题精析:

  例1: But to sociologists, to be

  human is to be cultured, because of culture is the common world S7.______

  of experience we share with other members of our group.

  解析:分析句子的结构可知,because of 后面是一个完整的句子。当表示原因时because of 后跟名词,because 后跟句子,所以此处的of应该去掉。

  例2:If you are sending your CV electronically, check the

  formatting by sending it to yourself first. Keep up S8_________

  the format simple.

  解析:keep up意为“坚持,维持”;keep表示“保持”,可以在后面加宾语及其补足语。

  例3:As we know, smoking not only gives harm to smokers’ health, 1. __________

  but also non-smokers who live with them.

  解析:此处考查固定搭配do harm to,意为“对…有害”,所以此处的gives应改为does。

  例4:There may be sound medical reasons for accepting electrical

  shock treatment, but such reasons are totally dependent in the balance of 75. ____risks and benefits for the patients.

  解析:dependent on 意思为“依靠,依赖”,而没有dependent in 这种用法。所以这里应该将in改为on。

  二、巩固与拓展:

  1.But we must keep in head the billions of dollars we might spend in carrying out the project

  ___________

  2. In every home a stereo or television will fill the rooms sound and joy. __________

  3. The family’s recreation and social life chiefly consisted a drive in the wagon _____

  to the nearby small town or village to transact some business as well as to chat with neighbors who had also come to town.

  4. Some manufacturers of coffee makers are trying to make advantage of this _____

  trend by developing diminutive machines that brew(煮)small amounts of coffee.

  5. In Africa, by instance, improved seed, more fertilizer and advanced __________

  growing practices have more than doubled corn and wheat yields in an experiment.

  三、综合训练

  Unlike any earlier building complex anywhere in the world, Rocke-

  Feller in New York City was built, not for a place where people could 1. _______

  live in, but as a city in which they could work. It was one of the 2._______

  smallest building projects of its kind, a city within city, and of the forerunner 3. ____

  of projects that has sprung up all over the world. 30 architects, 120 draftsmen, 4. __

  and hundreds of other artists and technicians are employed just to 5. ______

  draft the plan. Before the buildings could be erect, 229 old buildings had 6. _____

  to be emptied of 4,000 tenants and razed. Just to buy up the leases took

  over two years and cost over $6,000,000. The unusual shape and setbacks

  of the 70-story RCA building resulted primary from practical considerations 7. ______

  such as lighting, the movement of people and the building’s services.

  The lower concourse and basement level were set aside for shops. A

  Sunken plaza, complete with yards and fountains, were designed to provide 8. ____

  access in these shops. Today the plaza, which is used for ice-skating 9. _____

  winter and dining and dancing in summer,

  is one of the center’s most popular attraction. 10. _________

参考答案及解析

  巩固与拓展:

  1.head -> mind 本题考查固定搭配keep in mind的用法,意思为“记住”。

  2.Rooms后加with 本题考查fill sth with sth 的用法,意思为“使…充满…,使…填满…”。注意还有be filled with,be full of 的用法,两个的意思同样为“填满了、充满了”。

  3.consisted后加of consist为不及物动词,如果要再后面跟宾语的话应先加上of,意思为“由…构成”。

  4.make -> take take advantage of 为固定搭配,意思为“利用”,与其同样意思的词组还有make use of。

  5.by -> for

  综合练习:

  1.for -> as

  介词误用。根据句意,此处意思是“作为”的意思,故用as。

  2.去掉第一个in

  句子结构混乱。此处定语从句的关系副词为where,证明从句缺地点状语;live后面如果使用in,那么从句就只却宾语,所以将in去掉。

  3.smallest -> biggest

  逻辑错误。整篇文章讲的都是纽约城洛克菲勒地区的建设如何完善和巨大,因此它成为“城中城”,可见此处要说的是“它是同类型项目中最大的一个”,故将smallest改为biggest

  4.has -> have

  主谓不一致。定语从句的谓语动词应该和先行词保持一致,此处先行词为复数,所以谓语动词用have。

  5.are -> were

  整篇文章的基本时态为一般过去时,此处依然将过去的事情,故将are改为were。

  6.erect -> erected

  此处是典型的被动语态,系动词后面要使用过去分词。

  7.primary -> primarily

  词性混淆。此处应该用副词修饰动词resulted。

  8.were -> was

  主谓不一致。本句的主语为A Sunken plaza,而complete with yards and fountains只是插入语,所以谓语动词要用单数。

  9.in -> to

  此处access to 意为“通向…的入口”,与其相关的词组还有have access to(to为介词) ,意思为“有权利…,有机会做…” 。

  10.attraction -> attractions

  名次单复数问题。前面有了one of,attraction又时可数名词,故使用复数

                                                                                               来源:考试吧

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