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四级真题详解
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中国四六级考试网 >> 改错
07年12月英语六级短文改错冲刺训练(4)
http://www.china-cet.com        发布时间:2007-12-05 14:07:45
2天记住4000单词的秘密... 点击进入!!
    本期练习重点:非谓语动词,及物与不及物动词误用

  1.You have to practice speak English as much as possible ____1____

  now since you are going to England next year.

  2.Consider the great need for improving many aspects of the ___2___

  global environment, one is surely justified in his concern

  for the money and resources

  3.At the beginning of 19th century working hours were from

  sunrise to sunset, pay was awful, and working conditions being ____3___

  poor and dangerous.

  4.Today, the Mona Lisa looks rather somber, in dull shapes of

  brown and yellow. This is due to a layer of varnish cover the ____4____

  paint, which has yellowed over the years

  5.We should avoid from those shallow people who are easily ____5_____

  changed by adversities misfortune.

  6.Taking together, these factors enabled the working class to exist ___6___

  but allowed them no sense of security.

  7.Between 1890 and 1920, for example, some 250,000

  new residential lots were recorded within the borders

  of Chicago, most of them locating in outlying areas. ___7____

  8.Charles Deschanel stressed that the French economy

  needed a larger share of the international market to

  balance between its import and export trade. ____8____

  9. Deciding how much discomfort and risk we are prepared to

  put up with in the name of better health is a highly personal

  matter, not a decision we should remain to doctors alone. ___9____

  10. Television, it is often said, keeps one informing about current ___10___

  events and the latest developments in science and politics.

  参考答案及解析

  1. speak-> speaking

  practise后的宾语要用-ing形式。

  2. Consider -> Considering

  3. being -> were

  4. cover -> covering

  此处的cover用来修饰前面的名词a layer of varnish,可见应该使用非谓语动词形式。另外两者间是主动关系,故使用现在分词。

  5. from -> avoid是及物动词,后面可以直接跟宾语。

  6. Taking -> Taken

  此处的非谓语动词take与主句主语these factors之间是被动关系。

  7. locating -> located

  most of them locating in outlying areas这句是独立主格结构,them指代的是residential lots,be located in表示“…坐落在…”,locate要用过去分词。

  8. between -> balance作动作词时是及物动词,后面不用加介词,意思是“使…平衡”。

  9. remain → leave

  remain:保持、仍然,是一个表示状态的动词,其用法和系动词“be”相似,后面所接成分一般是名词或形容词,作表语。leave是“留下,留给”的意思,是及物动词。leave sth.to sb:把某物留给某人。所以应把remain改成leave。

  10. informing -> informed

  本题中one指的是人,one与inform之间是被动关系,informed作的是宾语补足语。

  Keep + sth /sb + a / v-ing / v-ed,宾语补足语是用现在分词还是过去分词取决于它与sth / sb之间是被动还是主动关系。

                                                                                来源:考试吧

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