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四级真题详解
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中国四六级考试网 >> 改错
07年12月英语六级短文改错冲刺训练(8)
http://www.china-cet.com        发布时间:2007-12-05 13:58:27
2天记住4000单词的秘密... 点击进入!!
    本期重点:冠词

  冠词主要考查不定冠词和定冠词的混淆。还有的是考查一些固定搭配,例如on the other hand, for instance / example(中间没有an)等。

  考点解析:

  例1:With occasional breaks for war, the rates of death

  and infection in the Europe and America dropped steadily S5._________

  through the 19th and 20th centuries.

  解析:定冠词the通常表示特指。Europe是专有名词,无需加定冠词特指。

  例2:Their experiments have shown that reading disorders

  are most likely the result of what is, in an effect, faulty wiring S3. __________

  in the brain—not laziness, stupidity or a poor home environment.

  解析:in effect / fact是固定搭配,表示陈述事实,意为“事实上,实际上”。

  例3:Most American businesses are open five days a week. American

  school children attend the school five days a week as well 2._________

  解析:attend school意为“上学”,而不是特指“学校”,所以将the 去掉。相类似的词还有go to bed, in hospital(住院),in the hospital(在医院)等。

  例4:Every week hundreds of CVs(简历) land on our desks.

  We’ve seen it all: CVs printed on pink paper, CVs that are 10

  pages long and CVs with silly mistakes in first paragraph. A S1 __________

  解析:表示“第几”时,在序数词前面要加上定冠词the。但是如果把名词paragraph,lesson等词放在基数词前则不需加定冠词,例如lesson one等。

  巩固与拓展

  1.The World Health Organization (WHO) says its ten-year

  campaign to remove leprosy (麻风病) as a world health

  problem has been successful. Doctor Brundtland, head of

  the WHO, says a number of leprosy cases around the world _____________

  has been cut by ninety percent during the past ten years.

  2.I was in hurry to get off and forgot to check the packages __________

  lying on the floor. I should be more careful next time.

  3. She touched him on his head with a smile and said, __________

  “ My boy, why not play what you know well”

  4.A great many cities are experiencing difficulties which are

  nothing new in the history of cities, except in their scale. Some

  cities have lost their original purpose and have not found new one. __________

  5.With a team of the researchers at Tokyo National University, __________

  he set about measuring brain volumes of a thousand people

  of different ages with different jobs

  综合练习

  Americans love pets. And it’s not just puppy love, either. Many pet

  owners treat their furry friends as part of the family. Sometimes they spice

  up their pets’ living with entertaining videos and amusing toys. If they 1._____

  have an eye with fashion, pet owners can dress their pets in stylish clothes. 2._____

  Beneath the fluffy luxuries, there lies a basic American belief: Pets

  have a right to be treated well. At least 75 animal welfare organizations

  exist in America, which provides care and adoption services for homeless 3.______

  and abused animals. Veterinarians can give animals incredible level of 4. _______

  medical care for an incredible price. To pay for the high-tech health care,

  people can buy health insurance for their pets. And when it is time to say

  good-bye, owners can bury their pets in a respectful pet cemetery. 5.______

  The average American enjoys having pets around, and for good

  reason. Researchers have discovered that interacting with animals lower a 6.______

  person’s blood pressure. Dogs can offer protection from burglars and

  unwelcome visitor. Cats can help rid the home of unwanted pests. Little 7._____

  creature of all shapes and sizes can provide companionship and love. In 8._______

  many cases, have a pet prepares a young couple with responsibilities of 9. _______

  parenthood. Pet even encourage social relationships: They give their owners

  an appearance of friendly, and they provide a good topic of conversation. 10.______

考答案及解析:

  巩固与拓展

  1.a -> the

  根据谓语动词has been cut 和by ninety percent可知主语指的是麻风病例的数量,而不是指有许多麻风病例。

  2. in hurry -> in a hurry

  3. his -> the

  在某些词组中,表示身体部位的名词前通常用定冠词。例如:I hit him on the chin;I gave him a pat on the shoulder.等。

  4. new one -> a new one.

  one在指代前面出现过的可数名词(此处指purpose)时,如果有形容词修饰,前面应该加上不定冠词a。

  5.the -> /

  a group of, a team of, a kind of 等后的名词前一般不加定冠词the。

  综合训练

  1.living -> lives

  living意为“生存”,根据句意,这里应该此处指宠物们的丰富多彩的生活,故用life的复数lives。

  2.with -> for

  have an eye for 是固定搭配,意为“很能见赏,很能看出”。

  3.provide -> provides

  该定语从句的先行词是organizations,故从句的谓语要用复数。

  4. incredible level -> an incredible level

  level是单数可数名词,应该在之前加上不定冠词。

  5. respectful -> respectable

  respectful意为“尊敬的”,respectable意为“值得尊敬的,体面的”。此处句意是“主人把自己的宠物埋葬在体面的宠物墓地中”,因此使用respectable。

  6.lower -> lowers

  本句得主语是interacting with animals,谓语是lower。动名词作主语,谓语动词用单数。

  7.visitors

  8.creature -> creatures

  由定语of all shapes and sizes可以推出被修饰的词应该是复数。

  9. have -> having

  简单句不能有两个独立的主谓结构,而此处的have a pet要做句子的主语,故应该使用动名词形式。

  10.friendly -> friendliness

  of是介词,后面要跟名词。

                                                                                           来源:考试吧

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六级真题详解
·2003年1月英语六级真题详解
·2002年6月英语六级真题详解
·2002年1月英语六级真题详解
·2001年6月英语六级真题详解
·2001年1月英语六级真题详解
·2000年6月英语六级真题详解
·2000年1月英语六级真题详解
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