Key to Model Test Two
Part I Writing
Generation gap seems a hot topic between the old and the young. Parents complained that children didn’t show them proper respect and obedience, while children complained that their parents didn’t understand them at all. Often they discover that they have very little in common.
One cause of the generation gap is the opportunity that young people have to choose their own life. In traditional societies, children live in the same area as their parents, marry people their parents know and approve of, and often continue the family occupation.
In our society, people often move out of the home at an early age, marry or live with people their parents have never met, and choose occupations that are rather different. Parents often expect their children to be better than them. However, these ambitions for their children are another cause of the division between them.
Finally, the speed of change in our society is another cause of it. In a traditional culture, people are valued for their wisdom, but in our society the knowledge of a lifetime may become out of date.
No doubt, the generation gap will continue to be a feature of our life. Its causes are rooted in the freedoms and opportunities of our society, and in the rapid pace at which society changes.
Part II Reading Comprehension(Skimming and Scanning)
2. 【解析】Y本题答案可见文章第二段。Some gets recycled or recovered and some is burned, but the majority is buried in landfills.由此可见，大部分的垃圾都是被掩埋了。
3. 【解析】N由文章第四段可见本题是错误的。The United States ranks somewhere in the middle of the major countries in landfill disposal.美国出于这些国家的中间位置。
4. 【解析】N由文中这一句可以看本题错误的。A landfill is not like a compost pile, where the purpose is to bury trash in such a way that it will decompose quickly. 可见，垃圾掩埋并不像混合肥料堆那样。
5. 【解析】Y大多数国家垃圾掩埋的地址都是有规定和规则的。从文中这句话可以看出这句话是正确的。In most parts of the world, there are regulations that govern where a landfill can be placed and how it can operate.
6. 【解析】N在副标题为proposing the landfill部分的第二段说到In the United States, taking care of trash and building landfills are local government responsibilities.由此可见，在美国垃圾掩埋是地方政府的责任，与联邦政府无关，因此答案是错误的。
8. 【解析】municipalities and construction companies在副标题为how is a landfill operated部分中第一段就给出了答案。
9. 【解析】$10 to $40在副标题为how is a landfill operated部分中第三段第三句话。
10.【解析】drop off stations在副标题为how is a landfill operated部分中第四段的第一句话。
Part III Listening Comprehension
11.W：Would you like to order now?
M：Yes. Please show me the menu.
Q：Where are the man and the woman now?
【解析】D 从 order 和menu两个词中可以判断说话人是在餐厅就餐。
12.W：How long have you been driving?
M：Actually I began driving when I was thirteen. But I didn’t get a license until I was sixteen.
Q：When did the man start driving?
13.W：Excuse me, could you please tell me when the bank is open?
M：It’s open from 9 am to 5 pm on weekdays, and 10 am to 4 pm on Saturdays.
Q：When is the bank open?
【解析】A 女士问银行何时开门，男士回答说平日里是上午九点到下午五点，周六是上午十点到下午四点。此处 weekdays 指“在每个周日, 在平日 (指星期一至星期五)”。
14.M：Didn’t you go shopping today? Where’s the tobacco you promised to bring me?
W：I planned to, but the car was out of order so I did some sewing instead.
Q：What did the woman do today?
15. W：If any of you give me a hand, I could finish this job before five o’clock.
M：I would like to, but I can’t. Mr. Brown told me to type some letters before I go home.
Q：What did Mr. Brown ask the man to do?
16.M：You work harder than Merry.
W：But Linda works even harder.
Q：Who works the hardest?
17.W：Would you like a cup of coffee to help you wake up?
M：A cup of coffee? I’ll need three or four.
Q：What does the man mean?
18.W：Excuse me, where’s the cashier’s office? I’ve come to pay a bill.
M：It’s on the 2nd floor, the 3rd room on the right.
Q：Where’s the cashier’s office?
【解析】A 女士问出纳员的办公室在哪儿，男士说在二楼右边第三个房间。3rd room 为干扰项，2nd 才是正确答案。
Now you’ll hear two long conversations.
M：I really don’t know what to do this summer. I can’t afford to just sit around, and there don’t seem to be any jobs available.
W：Why don’t you try house sitting? Last summer my friend Margaret house sat for the Dodds when they are away on vacation. Mr. Dodd hired Margaret to stay in their house because he didn’t want it left empty.
M：You mean the Dodds paid Margaret just to live in their house?
W：It wasn’t that easy. She had to mow the lawn and water the house plants. And when Eric house sat for Dr. Cohen, he had to take care of her pets.
M：Housesitting sounds like a good job. I guess it’s a little like babysitting, expect you are taking care of the house instead of children.
W：The Student Employment Office still has a few jobs posted.
M：Do you just have to fill out an application?
W：Margaret and Eric had to interview with the house owners and provide three references each.
M：That seems like a lot of trouble for a summer job.
W：Well, the house owners want some guarantee that they can trust the house sitter. You know, they want to make sure you’re not the type who’ll throw wild parties in their house, or move a group of friends in with you.
M：House sitters who do that sort of things probably aren’t paid then?
W：Usually they’re paid anyway just because the house owners don’t want to make a fuss. But if the house owner reported it, then the housesitter wouldn’t be able to get another job. So why don’t you apply?
M：Yeah, I think I will.
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19. What does the man want to do this summer?
20.What did the Dodds do when they went away last summer?
【解析】A Mr. Dodd hired Margaret to stay in their house because he didn’t want it left empty. 从这一句中可以看出 Dodds一家去年夏天外出时，他们雇了Margaret 在他们家看家。
21.What is one responsibility the housesitter probably wouldn’t have?
【解析】C Housesitting sounds like a good job. I guess it’s a little like babysitting, expect you are taking care of the house instead of children. 从这句话中可看出 housesitting的工作类似于保姆 babysitting，只是除了要照顾孩子。
22.How do house owners determine the reliability of a housesitter?
【解析】B Margaret and Eric had to interview with the house owners and provide three references each. 从这句话中可以看出房屋主人对应聘者进行了面试，并且每位应聘者分别提供三份介绍信。
M：You’ve worked in a university before, haven’t you?
W：Yes, in Britain, yes.
M：What, how do students go about getting jobs when they graduate?
W：Well, most universities have a Careers Advice Service. I used to know the people in the Careers Service in Newcastle University and they, in fact, seem fairly successful in finding jobs for students. They are able to get jobs for 3040% of new graduates.
M：That seems a fairly low percentage.
W：Well...it’s not if you consider the various other options which people take up. For example, there are a fair number of people I don’t remember the exact number, who go into further study, who carry straight on into master’s degrees. Either at the same university or another university. So that’s fair chunk. Then there are others, a second group of people, who decide not to take a career job immediately after university. Instead, they decide to take time off, maybe see the world, and...and...well there is a third group, the people who can’t actually get the jobs they wait for a job they really want. So when I say 3040% find jobs through the careers service, that doesn’t mean that only that number find jobs. A lot of other people find jobs through the newspapers.
M：So it is quite high really, yes.
W：Oh, I think so, relatively, yes. And quite a lot of other people of course look in newspapers and the particular journals or magazines which advertise jobs in the fields they’re interested in.
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard
23.What are the man and the woman talking about?
【解析】C 两个人讨论的是关于大学生毕业后找工作的问题，通过什么渠道找工作。Job hunting 即为找工作之意。
24.What is the percentage of college graduates getting jobs through university help?
【解析】B 女士介绍说大学里的介绍工作的服务机构可以帮助30%-40% 的毕业生找到工作。四个选项里只有三分之一在这个数字范围之内。
25.What do most college graduates in Britain do when they graduate?
Is your family interested in buying a dog? A dog can be a happy addition to your family, but if you choose the wrong kind of dog, the consequences can cause you a lot of trouble.
Families should sit down and thoroughly discuss the problems involved before buying a dog. Even if the children in your family are the ones who want the dogs, the parents are the ones who are really responsible for seeing that the animal is properly cared for. If you don’t know much about dogs, it’s a good idea to go to the library or the ASPCA for books about various kinds of dogs, as well as books about how to train a puppy. When a book describes a dog as an ideal hunting dog, it probably means that the dog won’t be happy living in a small apartment. Dog breeds vary in popularity as the years go by. One of the most popular dogs these days is the German shepherd. This is because it provides protection as well as companionship. The family should be warned that these dogs grow up to be very big, and may be too powerful for children to handle. If space is limited, a toy dog may be a good choice. These dogs are very small and easy to train. They don’t need to be walked daily, since they can exercise in the space available in the home.
Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. What is the main topic of the talk?
27. According to the speaker who was really responsible for the dog’s welfare?
【解析】C 说话者认为父母才是最应该对小狗负责的人。从这句话中就可以看出来：the parents are the ones who are really responsible for seeing that the animal is properly cared for.
28. When is the toy dog a good choice?
【解析】C 当你的住房面积很小的时候，养一只小型狗是很好的选择。文中有明确地指出：If space is limited, a toy dog may be a good choice.
Everywhere we look, we see Americans running. They run for every reason anybody could think of. They run for health, for beauty, to lose weight, to feel fit, and because it is the thing they love to do. Every year, for example, thousands of people run in one race, the Boston Marathon, the best know long distance race in the United States. In recent years there have been nearly 5,000 official competitors and it takes three whole minutes for the crowd of runners just to cross the starting line.
You may have heard the story of the Greek runner, Pheidippides. He ran from Marathon to Athens to deliver the news of the great victory 2,500 years ago. No one knows how long it took him to run the distance. But the story tells us that he died of the effort. Today no one will die in a Marathon race. But at the finish line, we see what this race is about; not being first, but finishing. The real victory is not over one’s fellow runners, but over one’s own body. It is a victory of will power over fatigue. In the Boston Marathon, each person who crosses that finish line is a winner.
Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.
29. How long does it takes for the runners to cross the starting line in recent Marathon race?
30. Why did the Greek runner run from Marathon to Athens?
【解析】C 细节考察题。见第二段， “He ran from Marathon to Athens to deliver the news of the great victory 2,500 years ago”由此可知，是为了传达胜利的消息。
31. Why is a person who crosses the finish line a winner?
【解析】C 判断推理题。见第二段，“The real victory is not over one’s fellow runners, but over one’s own body”真正的胜利不是战胜对手，而是战胜自己。
Of all the stars the sun is the nearest to the earth. Millions of other stars are even bigger and brighter than the sun. They look small only because they are much father away. You can’t see them in the daytime. But if you go out at night, you’ll be able to see thousands of them.
The earth is one of the sun’s planets, and the moon is the nearest to the earth in space, and men have visited it already. No man has traveled farther than the moon, but spaceships without people have reached other planets.
Many countries have sent up manmade satellites to circle the earth. With their help, people have done much research in many fields of science. Our countries sometimes have sent up man made satellites to send and receive TV programs. This has helped the people of China and other countries to understand each other better.
Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
32. What do we learn about the Sun?
33. Which planet have some people reached?
34. What can we do because of the manmade satellites?
35. What do we learn from the passage?
【解析】A 细节考察题。见第二段第一句，“The earth is one of the sun’s planets”由此知，地球是一个行星。
【解析】此处应填形容词 perfect, 表示“极好的，完美的”。
【解析】此处应填复合名词 lastminute, 表示“最后一刻”。
【解析】此处应填形容词 entire, 表示“全部的，整个的”。
【解析】此处应填名词 store 的复数形式 stores, 指“商店”
【解析】此处应填名词 enthusiasm。Full of enthusiasm 表示“充满热情的”，相当于 be enthusiastic。
【解析】a dozen 意为“一打、很多”。
44. 【答案】 Roughly 60 million Americans will buy at least some of their gifts via their computers
45.【答案】Internet shopping is no longer new or unusual for people
46. 【答案】It’s all about making the shopping experience more efficient, more reliable and more comfortable.
Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension(Reading in Depth)
47. 【解析】H 选of 。使用外国教师的优点和缺点必须仔细权衡，此处空格填介词of。
48. 【解析】C 选considered。consider意思是“考虑，认为”。使用外国教师的优点和缺点必须仔细权衡，此处用被动态。
57.【解析】 B 细节理解题。文章从报纸上刊登的招聘启事小广告说起，说到了高失业率问
第一段第二行说“它有时放在situations vacant’(招聘)栏目…，”其中招聘加了引号，再加上随后的让步从句明确否定了给人提供工作，所以A项应排除。第三行说“它有时放在‘situations wanted’(求职)栏目…，”随后的让步从句也明确否定了D项。而选择正确答案应根据最后一句话“What it does is to offer help in applying for a job.” B项正确。C项“把现有的工作分成各种类型”文章没有提及，也应排除。
58.【解析】 C 细节理解题。解答该题只需正确理解第二段第二行“The growth and apparent success of such a specialized service is, of course, a reflection on the current high levels of unemployment.”(这种特别服务的出现和成功反映了当今的高失业率。)这正是C项的内容。该题属“倒着考题”型。
59.【解析】 D 细节理解题。最关键的提示句应该是第三段第三句“The letter was really just for openers, it was explained, everything else could and should be saved for the interview.”言外之意，在信中不必写得太详细，应该在得到面试机会时再透露更多细节。D项为正确选项。
60.【解析】A 细节理解题。文章第四段第一行中的“as you moved up the ladder”对应了题
干中的“as one went on to apply for more important jobs”。因此，随后的内容即为答案
“Something slightly more sophisticated was called for. The advice then was to put something in the letter which would distinguish you from the rest.” A项正确。B项说“有关申请人个性的隐含信息”，C项说“申请人申请工作时相对于其他人的优势”，这两项均不正确，D)项表示“用主动积极的方法偶尔玩点花招”只是引人关注的其中一种方法，不如A具有概括性。
61.【解析】 B 单句理解题。本题问个人履历为什么重要。学生只要正确理解最后一段，就可做出正确选择，最后一句实际上是强调句型:“…it is increasing number of applicants with university education at all points in the process of engaging staff that has led to the greater importance of the curriculum vitae.”明确讲明是越来越多的具有大学教育背景的求职者使得个人履历更显重要。“it is”后的内容也即是B项的内容，所以B项正确。A、C、D项文中都没有涉及，均应排除。
62.【解析】A 细节理解题。本文讨论了限制最高租房金以及最低工资等问题，以及相应引起的经济现象。本题问规定最高租金可能会导致什么结果。文章第一段明确指出，landlords(房东)收取租户的租金有了最高限额，他们的利润会受到影响，也可能导致他们投资其他行业，鉴于此，C、D两项都是错误的。B项“使租房为家的人担忧”文中没有涉及，也不对。依据第一段最后一句话“…, the end result of rent control is a shortage of apartments in the city.”可知A项为惟一选项。
63.【解析】C细节理解题。依据第一段第四句“However, the critics say that after a long time, rent control may have negative effects.”可断定C项正确。A、B、D诸项都含绝对意味，都不符合文中意思。
64.【解析】A 细节理解题。解答该题只要准确理解第二段的含义，尤其从第三行开始“However, if the minimum is high,…Thus, critics claim, an increase in the minimum wage may cause unemployment.”此题较简单。
65.【解析】B 主旨题。本文从rent control和最低工资控制两方面讨论了政府控制可能造成的后果。进一步说，许多政府行为可能保护某些利益，但从长远看，也会带来许多问题。B项正确。A项说(文章叙述了)供需关系；C项说(文章叙述了)政府控制的必要性；D项说(文章叙述了)摆脱政府控制的紧迫性。文章并没有深入谈及这三项内容，显然不能成为文章主旨。
66.【解析】 D 细节判断题。依据第四段第二行“The predictions may be correct only if ’other things are equal’.”可得知A项是对的。从第二段可得知规定最低工资会使得雇主雇用更少的工人，会考虑用机器替代工人，也就会导致更多的人失业，所以B项应该是可以成立的说法。C项的内容实际上就是A项的另一种说法，也可成立。依据第四段内容，可得知D项不正确。经济理论应该有相当的参考价值，只是还需考虑方方面面的因素。
Part Ⅴ Cloze
69.【解析】C英语中，阅读速度快的人称为good reader，反之，就是poor reader。根据上下文的内容，多数人都属于poor reader，因此选poor(差的)。其他选项不妥。
72.【解析】C 这里的意思是“如果单个地看这些字，它们并没有什么意义”。some有点；A lot许多；dull单调的。此三项不合题意。只有little(很少)是否定词，合乎逻辑。
75.【解析】A 此处所填的词既是look back over的宾语，又是you have just read的宾语，只有what能充当这种双重成分。
76.【解析】C scales down按比例减少；cuts down削减；此两项不合题意。measures不能与down搭配。只有slow与down搭配的意思“放慢”，在此合适。
77.【解析】B 本段前文已经出现you，在此选one(泛指人们，我们，你)来代替you。some one无此用法。如果用reader，前面应加定冠词。he不能与该段逻辑一致。
78.【解析】A 此句意为“训练快速阅读所使用的工具必然与提高阅读速度有关”，因此选accelerator (快读器)。actor演员；amplifier放大器；observer观察者。
80.【解析】C 此句意为“快速阅读器迫使你加快阅读速度，使你再也不能逐字阅读，回顾前文内容或者默读”。enabling相当于making possible；leading引导；indicating指出，表明。都不合题意。只有making (使，使得)最合适。
82.【解析】A 与前半句中的not only相呼应，构成句式“不仅……，而且……”，只有选but，而nor；or或for均不能构成固定用法。
86.【解析】D 此处意为：在较短时 间内，读完众多的材料。master掌握；go over复习；
present呈现，展现；此三项均不妥；只有get through (读完)最恰当。
Part Ⅵ Translation
87.【解析】would not have finished so early
89.【解析】to have no access
90.【解析】we may/might as well walk home
91.【解析】singing and dancing to their heart’s content.