build vt.建造;建立; vi.增长 n.体形,体格 If a city is not well planned, ;如果一个城市规划得不好 the entire city will just look like a construction site ;整个城市就会像工地一样, where the old buildings are being demolished and the new ones are being built. ;旧房子在拆, 新房子在建. The professor suggests building up our vocabulary by reading. ;教授建议我们通过 阅读来增加词汇量. convert v.转换,(使)转变, (使)变换; At what rate does the dollar convert into pounds? ;美元以什么汇率兑换成英镑？ Coal can be converted into gas by burning. ;煤炭燃烧可变成煤气.
call n.叫喊,呼声;通电话 vt.叫喊;招唤;把…叫做 称为;打电话给… vi.叫喊;访问 New Zealand's Green Party ;新西兰的绿色环保团体 has called for the slaughter of 60 cows pregnant with calves carrying human genes ;要求屠杀60头怀有携带人类基因的小牛的母牛 after a court withdrew approval for an experi -ment to develop milk with a human protein. ;在法庭撤回对开发携带人类蛋白的牛奶进行试验的批准后. The Confederation of Trade Unions called for the government ;由于失业人数猛增, 工会呼吁政府 to restrict foreign labor imports in light of soaring unemployment. ;限制对外国劳工的输入.
employ vt.雇用;用,使用 Every year many university students who major in foreign languages ;每年都有许多外语专业的大学生 are employed to be part-time interpreters in the Export Commodities Trade Fair ;被雇用在出口商品交易会上做兼职译员.
abuse n. & vt.滥用;虐待; 辱骂,毁谤 Milosevic was arrested on April 1st in Yugoslavia ;米洛舍维奇于四月一日在南斯拉夫被捕 on charges of corruption and abuse of power. ;因被指挥犯有贪污罪和滥用职权罪. Abused wives and children need social help. ;受虐妇女和儿童都需要得到社会的帮助.
overlook [vt.忽略,没注意到; 俯瞰,俯视;宽容, 宽恕 Students sometimes overlook ;学生时会漏了 the key word "not" in multiple-choice questi -ons of listening or reading comprehension ;听力或阅读理解多项选择题中的关键词“not”, and get the answers wrong. ;因而选错了答案. The Eiffel Tower (La Tour Eiffel) in Paris overlooks the Seine River. ;巴黎的埃菲尔铁塔俯瞰塞纳河.
intention n.意图,意向,目的 I have no intention of marrying yet. ;我还没有要结婚的打算. One typical question in reading tests is: ;阅读测试一个典型的问题是： what is the author's intention in this passage? ;这篇文章所体现的作者的意图是什么？
attempt vt.& n.企图,试图, 努力 IBM researchers are attempting to warm up human-computer relationships ;IBM 的科研人员在尝试要使人机关系变得友好些, by working on getting computers to recognize human gestures and emotions. ;他们一直在研发如何让电脑明白人的手势和识别人的表情. The Americans in Vertical Limit failed in all their attempts to climb the Himalayas ;(电影)《垂直极限》中的美国人攀登喜马拉雅山的一切努力都付诸东流.
purpose n.目的,意图;用途; 效果 Some girls from Shanghai like to date foreigners, ;一些上海女孩喜欢与老外谈恋爱, but it is said that their real purpose is to go abroad. ;可据说她们真正的目的是出国. I came here on purpose to see you. ;我特地来这里看你.
desire vt.向望,渴望;要求, 请求 n.愿望,欲望 We all desire happiness and health. ;我们都渴望得到幸福和健康. (We all have a desire for happiness and health.) ;我们都渴望得到幸福和健康. (We all have a desire to be happy and healthy.) ;我们都渴望得到幸福和健康.
considerable a.相当大(或多)的, 可观的;值得考虑的 There's a considerable distance ;距离相当远 between the East and the West Coast of the United States. ;从美国东岸到西岸.
lay vi.下蛋,产卵 vt.放,搁;下(蛋);铺设, 砌砖;设置;使处于 某种状态);提出 The Taiwanese are not used to the pain of being laid off ;台湾人不习惯被解雇和 and not being able to find new jobs following years of robust economic growth ;找不到新工作带来的痛苦,经历过多年的强势经济增长之后. Most Chinese people will lay aside money for a rainy day. ;大多数中国人都会存钱以备不时之需. Dalian is a well laid out seaside city. ;大连是一个规划良好的海滨城市.
enormous a.巨大的,庞大的 When the first all-purpose computer was completed in 1946, ;当第一台多功能电子计算机在1946年安装完备的时候, no one could have foreseen the enormous impact it would have in the years ahead. ;没有人能预见它在未来岁月里的巨大影响力.
numerous a.许多的,众多的, 大批的 New York City's numerous skyscrapers give the city its special character. ;纽约市众多的摩天大楼赋予了这个城市独有的特征.
rush vi.猛冲;仓促从事; 突然袭击 vt.仓促完成; 催促,猛攻 n.冲;急促 流动或进行;繁忙时刻; You'll regret if you rush into marriage. ;如果草率结婚, 日后你会后悔的. Don't rush me! ;别催我了! Do you like the rush of city life? ;你喜欢快节奏的城市生活吗？
rainbow n.彩虹 My four-year-old niece insisted that ;我四岁的外甥女坚持说 rainbow in the sky should be the bridge for the fairies. ;天上的彩虹是给仙女过的桥.
ribbon n.缎带,丝带; (打印机的)色带 Girls sometimes use ribbons to tie their hair in a ponytail. ;女孩子有时候喜欢用丝带扎马尾辫.
rank n.职衔,军衔;社会阶层 vt.把……分等 vi.列入,(在序列中) 占特定等级 At the age of 77,Grace Hopper,mother of the computer, ;计算机之母格雷丝. 霍普在77岁时 was awarded the military rank of commodore by President Ronald Reagan. ;被里根总统授予海军准将的军衔. Brazil was still ranked top in the FIFA's world ranking in 2000. ;2000年,巴西在国际足联排名表上仍被列为首位.
occupy vt.占用,占领,占据; 使忙碌,使从事, 占用(时间) German troops once occupied Paris during World War II. ;二战期间德国军队曾经占领了巴黎. Chanel occupied herself with fashion design and remained single all her life. ;夏奈尔一生忙于时装设计,终生独身.
classify vt.把…分类, 把…分等(级) Killer whales aren't classified as true whales ;逆戟鲸不被归为鲸类, but as the largest of the forty kinds of dolphins. ;而被归入四十种海豚中最大的那一类.
glimpse n. & vt.一瞥,瞥见 I always have a glimpse at the headlines ;我总是先迅速浏览一下标题 before I decide what to read in the newspaper. ;在决定看报纸上哪些内容之前.
vision n.视力,视觉; 想像(力),幻想 A pilot must have very good vision. ;飞行员必须有非常好的视力. My long term vision is to get my Ph.D. ;拿博士学位是我长期的梦想.
scene n.景色,景象; 舞台布景The setting sun above the horizon and the rosy clouds make a beautiful scene. ;地平线上的落日和彩霞构成美丽的景色. The scenes are changed during the interval. ;剧间休息时更换布景. The trial scene in The Merchant of Venice is the most exciting one. ;《威尼斯商人》中审判的那场戏最精彩.