Part III Listening Comprehension
11. M: What would be like working with those young stars?
W: It was a great group, I always got mad when people said that we didn’t get along, just because we were girls, there was never a fight. We had a great time.
Q: What does the woman mean?
12. M: Are you telling me you don’t have a house-keeper?
W: No, we don’t. If you make a mess, you clean it up yourself.
Q: What do we learn from this conversation?
13. W: I hear that the Edwards are thinking of buying another house.
M: Should they be doing that with all the other expenses they have to pay? Anyhow, they are over 70 now, their present house is not too bad.
Q: What does the man imply?
14. M: You look like you are freezing to death. Why don’t you put this on?
W: Thank you, it was so warm at noon. I didn’t expect the weather to change so quickly.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
15. M: I’ll have the steak, French Fries, and let’s see, chocolate ice-cream for dissert.
W: Oh, Oh, you know these things will ruin your health, too much fat and sugar, how about ordering some vegetables and fruit instead?
Q: Where does the conversation most probably take place?
16. M: What was it like growing up in New York’s Bronx District? Was it safe?
W: To me, it was. It was all I knew. My mom would send me to the shop and I’d go and buy things when I was about 8 years old.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
17. M: Nice weather, isn’t it? Oh, I’ve seen you around the office, but I don’t think we’ve met, I am Henry Smith, I work in the Market Research Section.
W: Nice to meet you, Henry. I am Helen Grant, I am in the Advertising Section on the ninth floor.
Q: What can we infer from the conversation?
18. M: Mam, I hear you have an apartment for rent, can I take a look at it?
W: Sure, you’re welcome any time by appointment, but I have to tell you the building is close to a railway with the noise. You might as well save the trip.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
W: Please have a seat, Mr. Thunders. I recieved your job resume last week, and was very impressed.
M: Thank you!
W: We are a small financial company trading mostly stocks and bonds. May I ask why you are interested in working for us?
M: Your company has an impressive reputation and I always want to work for a smaller company.
W: That’s good to hear. Would you mind telling me a little bit about your present job?
M: I’m currently working in a large international company in charge of team of 8 brokers, we buy and sell stocks for major clients worldwide.
W: Why do you think you are the right candidate for this position?
M: As a head broker, I have a lot of experience in the stock market, I deal with the clients on the daily bases, and I enjoy working with people.
W: Well, you might just be the person we’ve been looking for. Do you have any questions?
M: Uh-hum, if I were hired, how many accounts would I be handling?
W: You will be working with two other head brokers, in another words, you will be handling about a third of our clients.
M: And who would I report to?
W: Directly to me.
M: I see. What kind of benefits package do you offer?
W: Two weeks of paid vacation in your first year employment, you are also been entitled to medical and dental insurance, but this is something you should discuss with our Personnel Department. Do you have any other questions?
M: No, not at the moment.
W: Well, I have to discuss your application with my colleagues and we’ll get back to you early next week.
M: OK, thanks, it’s been nice meeting you!
W: Nice meeting you too! And thanks for coming in today.
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19. What’s the purpose of Mr. Thunder’s visit?
20. What is Mr. Thunder’s current job?
21. What can we conclude from the conversation?
M: Hey, Carren, you are not really reading it, are you?
M: The book! You haven’t turned the page in the last ten minutes.
W: No, Jim, I suppose I haven’t. I need to get through although, but I keep drifting away.
M: So it doesn’t really hold your interest?
W: No, not really. I wouldn’t bother with it, to be honest, but I have to read it for a seminar. I’m at a university.
M: It’s a labor of labor then rather than a labor of love.
W: I should say, I don’t like Dickens at all really, the author, indeed, I am starting to like the whole course less and less.
M: It’s not just the book, it’s the course as well?
W: Yeah, in a way, although the course itself isn’t really that bad, a lot of it is pretty good, in fact, and the lecturers are fine. It’s me, I suppose. You see, I want to do philosophy rather than English, but my parents took me out of it.
M: So the courses are OK as such. It’s just that hadn’t been left to you. You would choose a different one.
W: Oh, they had my best interest, it’s hard, of course, my parents. They always do, don’t they? They believe that my job prospect would be pretty limited with the degree of philosophy. Perhaps they give me really a generous allowance, but I am beginning to feel that I’m wasting my time and their money. They would be so disappointed though if I told them I was quitting.
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
22. Why can’t Carren concentrate on the book?
23. Why is Carren starting to like the course less and less?
24. Who think Philosophy graduates have limited job opportunities?
25. What is Carren thinking of doing?
In Greece, only rich people will rest in peace for ever when they die. Most of the population, however, will be undisturbed for only three years, then they will be dug up, washed, compressed into a small tin box, and placed in a bone room. If the body has only partially decayed, it is reburied in a smaller cheaper grave, but not for long, the body will be dug up again some time later when it has fully decayed. Buying a piece of land for a grave is the only way to avoid this process. The cost of the grave is so great that most people choose to rent a grave for three years and even after being dug up, lasting peace is still not guaranteed. If no one pays for renting space in the bone room, the skeleton is removed and stored in a building in a poor part of the town. Lack of space in Amphons is the main reason why the dead are dug up after three years. The city is so overcrowded that sometimes dead bodies are kept in the hospitals for over a week until a grave is found. Amphons city council wants to introduce cremation that is burning the dead bodies as a means of dealing with the problem. But the Greek Church resists this practice, they believe the only place where people burn is a hell, so burning dead bodies is against the Greek concept of life after death. To save space, the church suggested burying the bodies standing up instead of lying down. Some people proposed building multi-storey underground grave yards.
Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. What must Greeks do to keep the dead resting in ever-lasting peace?
27. Why are most dead bodies in Amphons dug up after three years?
28. What suggestions does the church give about the burying of the dead bodies?
29. What practice does the Greek church object to?
If you visit a big city anywhere in the world, you will probably find a restaurant would serve the food of your own native country. Most large cities in the United States offer international sample of foods. Many people enjoy eating the food of other nations. This is probably one reason why there are so many different kinds of restaurants in the United States. A second reason is that many Americans come from other parts of the world. They enjoy tasting the foods of their native lands. In the city of Detroit, for example, there are many people from western Europe, Greece, Latin America, and the Far East. There are many restaurants in Detroit which serve the foods of these areas. There are many other international restaurants too. Americans enjoy the foods in these restaurants as well as the opportunity to better understand the people and their way of life. One of the most common international restaurants to be found in the United States is the Italian restaurant. The restaurant may be a small business run by a single family. The mother of the family cooks all of the dishes, and the father and children serve the people who come to eat there. Or it may be a large restaurant owned by several different people who worked together in the business. Many Italian dishes that Americans enjoy are made with meats, tomatoes and cheese. They are very delicious and tasty.
Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.
30. Why are there so many international restaurants in the United States?
31. Why do Americans like to go to international restaurants apart from enjoying the foods there?
32. How is it typical Italian family restaurant run in the United States?
One winter day in 1891, a class of training school in Massachusetts, U. S. A, went into the gym for their daily exercises. Since the football season had ended, most of young men felt they were in for a boring time. But their teacher, Janes Nasmith had other ideas. He had been working for a long time on the new game that would have the excitement of American football. Nasmith showed the men a basket he had hung at the each end of the gym, and explained that they were going to use a round European football, at first everybody tried to throw the ball into the basket no matter where he was standing. “Pass! Pass!” Nasmith kept shouting, blowing his whistle to stop the excited players. Slowly, they began to understand what was wanted of them. The problem with the new game, which was soon called “basketball”, was getting the ball out of the basket. They used ordinary food baskets with bottoms, and the ball, of course, stayed inside. At first, someone had to climb up every time a basket was scored. It was several years before someone came up with the idea of removing the bottom of the basket and letting the ball fall through. There have been many changes in the rules since then, and basketball has become one of the world’s most popular sports.
Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
33. What did Nasmith do to entertain his students one winter day?
34. According to the speaker, what was the problem with the new game?
35. How was the problem with the new game solved?
For Americans, time is money. They say, “You only get so much time in this life; you’d better use it wisely.” The (36) future will not be better than the past or present, as Americans are (37) trained to see things, unless people use their time for constructive activities. Thus, Americans (38) admire a “well-organized” person, one who has a written list of things to do and a (39) schedule for doing them. The ideal person is punctual and is (40) considerate of other people’s time. They do not (41) waste people’s time with conversation or other activity that has no (42) visible beneficial outcome.
The American attitude toward time is not (43) necessarily shared by others, especially non-Europeans. They are more likely to regard time as (44) something that is simply there around them, not something they can use. One of the more difficult things many students must adjust to in the States is the notion that time must be saved whenever possible and used wisely every day.
In this context, (45) the fast food industry can be seen as a clear example of American cultural product. Mc Donald’s, KFC, and other fast food establishments are successful in a country where many people want to spend the least amount of time preparing and eating meals. As McDonald’s restaurants (46) spread around the world, they have been viewed as symbols of American society and culture, bringing not just hamburgers but an emphasis on speed, efficiency, and shiny cleanliness.