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四级真题详解
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中国四六级考试网 >> 改错
2000年6月英语六级综合改错题解析
http://www.china-cet.com        发布时间:2006-05-16 08:26:08
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(A)

【试题部分】(2000年6月试题)
Error Correction(15 minutes)
When you start talking about good and bad manners,you
immediately start meeting difficulties.Many people just cannot
agree what they mean.We asked a lady,who replied that she
thought you could tell a well-mannered person on the 71 ____.
way they occupied the space around them-for example,when such a
person walks down a street he or she is constantly unaware of others. 72 ____.
Such people never bump into other people. However,a second
person thought that this was more a question of civilized
behavior as good manners.Instead,this other person told us a story,73 ____.
it he said was quite well-known,about an American who had been invited 74 ____.
to an Arab meal at one of the countries of the Middle East.The American75 ____.
hasn't been told very much about the kind of food he might expect.If he had 76 ____.
known about American food,he might have behaved better 77 ____.
Immediately before him was a very flat piece of bread that
looked,to him,very much as a napkin(餐巾).Picking it up,he put it into his collar,78 ____.
so that it falls across his shirt .His Arab host,who had been watching,said79 ____.
of nothing,but immediately copied the action of his guest 80 ____.
And that,said this second person,was a fine example of good manners.

【解析】
71.短语"用……方式"应该是"by /from the way","on the way"的意思是"在……途中"。因此介词on应该改为by。
72.根据后句可判断,此句意为"人在街上行走时注意到别人的存在,因此unaware应改为aware。
73.此处是比较级"more…than",应该把 as改为than。
74.这是非限制性定语从句,把it改为关系代词which。
75.表示在一个国家,应该用介词in。
76.根据上下文,本句描述的是过去的事情,hasn't应改为hadn't。
77.可根据本段文章的话题来判断, American应改为Arab。
78.短语"看起来像……"应该是"look like",因此把as改为like。
79.根据上下文来判断,应该用过去时,把falls改为fell。
80.said为及物动词,后面直接跟宾语,去掉of。

(B)

【试题部分】(2001年6月试题)
Error Correction(15m inutes)
More people die of tuberculosis(结核病)than of any other disease
caused by a single agent.This has probably been the case in quite a while.During71____.
the early stages of the industrial revolution,perhaps one in every seventh 72____.
deaths in Europe's crowded cities were caused by the disease.From 73 ____.
now on,though,western eyes,missing the global picture,saw the trouble74 ____.
going into decline.With occasional breaks for war,the rates of
death and infection in the Europe and America dropped steadily through the 19th and75 ____.
20th centuries.In the 1950s,the introduction of antibiotics
(抗生素)strengthened the trend in rich countries,and the
antibiotics were allowed to be imported to poor countries .
Medical researchers declared victory and76____.
withdrew.They are wrong.In the mid-1980s the frequency of infections and77 ____.
deaths started to pick up again around the world.Where tuberculosis vanished,78 ____.
it came back;in many places where it had never been away,it grew better. 79____.
The World Health Organization estimates that 1.7billion
people(a third of the earth's population)suffer from
tuberculosis.Even when the infection rate was falling,
population growth kept the number of clinical cases more
or less constantly at 8million a year.Around 3million of those people died,80 ____.
nearly all of them in poor countries.

【解析】
71.现在完成时表示状态时,表示时间的介词短语应该用"for a while",把介词in改为 for。
72.每7个中有1个,应该用基数词,因此把seventh改为seven。
73.本句的主语是one,为单数,主谓须一致,were须改为was。
74.本句表示从那时(过去某个时间)起,应该是"from then on",now应该改为then。
75.专有名词Europe前不能用冠词,去掉the。
76.从上下文意思看,这里表示出口到贫穷国家,不能用imported而应改为exported。
77.全文所用的时态为一般过去时态,这里的are也应改为were。 78.where后是两个并列句,它们所用时态应一致,第二个用了过去完成时,由此推出 vanished前面缺漏了had,应补上。
79.从本句及本段含义来看,不是变得越来越好,而是越来越糟糕,因此better须改为worse。
80.从句法结构来看,keep的宾补应该用形容词,应该把副词constantly改为形容词 constant。

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