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中国四六级考试网 >> 改错
历届英语六级综合改错真题解析
http://www.china-cet.com        发布时间:2007-05-26 09:24:26
2天记住4000单词的秘密... 点击进入!!
    

1.语法性错误
◆词义错误
A.同义词和近义词错误
例:But perhaps we should look at both sides of the coin before arriving hasty conclusions.80.__________(2000.1)
此处,arriving应改成reaching / making /drawing,arrive与reach是同义词,但不同的是,arrive是不及物动词,需和at /in连用,再接宾语。

B.同根异义词错误

例:If he was present because of 76.__________
sickness,there was often no job for him when he returned.(1994.1)
此处,根据题意,present应改为ab- sent,present和absent是同根异义词。
C.近形异义词错误

例:...since there were always plenty of other workers to take his job,he was likely to be hired if he asked for more pay.78.__________(1994.1)
此处,根据题意,hired应改为fired, hire和fire是近形异义词。

◆词语搭配错误

A.固定词组搭配错误,其中以动词短语、介词短语和形容词短语为常见。

例1:But we must keep in head the 76.__________

billions of dollars we might spend in carrying out the project.(2000.1)
此处,head应改为mind,keep inmind意思是"记砖。

例2:Similarly,we feel comfortable with people with physical qualities similar as ours.71.__________(1995.1)

此处,as应改为to,be similar to表示"与……相似"。

例3:In every home a stereo or television will fill the rooms sound.72.__________(1995.6)

此处,在sound前加上with,fill sth.with sth.else是固定搭配,"把……充满……"。
B.功能关系搭配错误,具体体现在名词单复数、动词主谓一致、词性的变化等方面。

例1:...During the early stages of 71.__________
the industrial revolution,perhaps one in every seventh 72.__________
deaths in Europe's crowded cities were caused by the disease.73.__________(2001.6)
此处,71.stages应改为stage; 72.seventh应改为seven;73.were应改为was,因为句子主语(one)是单数。

例2:Many women,for example,have committed their lives to teaching careers, yet relative few have become principals or headmasters.80.__________(1996.1)
此处,relative应改为relatively,修饰few。

C.结构性搭配错误。

例:...At the beginning of the nineteenth century working hours were
sunrise to sunset,pay was awful,and working conditions being poor and dangerous.72.__________(1994.1)

此处,being应改为were,因为该句是由 and连接的几个分句,各分句应有自己的谓语,而分词being不能作谓语。

◆其他错误
A.介词
例:Perhaps we'll treat termites for friends.79.__________(1993.1)
此处,for应改为as,treat...as...是固定搭配,表示"把……看作……"。
B.代词
例1:...Finally,the university closely approximates the real world and whichprovides 78.__________
a relaxed,impersonal,and sometimes anonymous existence,...(1996.6)
此处,which应改为this,因为此句是由 and连接的两个分句,并不是定语从句。
例2:While technology makes this possible 75.__________
 for four or even six billion of us to exist,it also eliminates our job opportunities.(1990.1)
此处,this应改为it,只有it可作形式宾语。

C.时态
例:...The American hasn't been told very __________ 76.
much about the kind of food he might expect.(2000.6)
此处,hasn't应改为hadn't,用过去完成时。
D.删除多余
例1:With occasional breaks for war,the rate of death and infection in the Europe and 75.__________
America dropped steadily through the 19th and 20th centuries.In the 1950s,the...(2001.6)
此处,删除Europe前的the,因为表示"洲"的专有名词前不用冠词。
例2:You may have noticed about how 72.__________
people who live or work closely together come to behave in a similar way.(1995.1)
此处,notice是及物动词,可直接带宾语,删除about。
E.添加
例:Most of the dollar differences stem from fact that women tend to be more recently 71.__________
employed and have less years on the job.(1996.1)
此处,因为fact后带一同位语从句,因此它前面需加定冠词the。
2.逻辑性错误
◆逻辑矛盾,指的是由于词汇使用不当使句中某种逻辑关系发生逆反,从而引起句子乃至整个语段的语义前后矛盾。
A.使用反义词或反义结构。
例1:...and the antibiotics were allowed to be imported to poor countries.76.__________(2001.6)
此处,根据题意,imported应改为exported。
例2:Why are we spending so little money on space exploration?77.__________(2000.1)
此处,根据题意,little应改为much。
例3:...If he had known about American food,he might have behaved better.77.__________(2000.6)
此处,根据上下文语意,American应改为 Arab。

例4:...Second,will male-dominated companies elevate women to higher-paid jobs at the different rate as they elevate men?77.__________(1996.1)
此处,根据题意,different应改为same,本句是...thesame...as...句型。

例5:The governments of most countries spend huge sums of money for international defense.80.__________(1990.1)
此处,根据题意,international应改为national。
B.使用语义相反的连接词,使时间关系、因果关系、让步关系、递进关系、转折关系颠倒等。

例1:In 1860,because some of the farm 72.__________
population had moved to the city,yet eighty percent of the American population was still in the country.(1991.6)
此处,根据题意,because应改为although或though。
例2:...It appears that we all find company in sound,if we all demand a little quiet from time to time.80.__________(1995.6)
此处,根据题意,if应改为although / though /but /yet,因为本句是一个转折或让步状语从句,而if只能引导条件状语从句。

◆逻辑混乱,指的是由于词汇使用不当使句子的逻辑关系混乱,从而造成句子语义阻塞,副词、介词、代词等错用是引起这种现象最常见的例子。

例1:In every case,the influential person may consciously notice the imitation but he will feel comfortable in its presence.76.__________(1995.1)
此处,根据题意,consciously应改为unconsciously。

例2:...As income goes down,people may 77.__________
not want more food to eat or more clothes to wear.(1991.1)
此处,根据题意,down应改为up。

例3:...The farm family grew and made almost nothing it needed.The surplus crop 71.__________
would be sold in order to buy a few items in the local general store.(1991.6)
此处,根据题意,nothing应改为everything。

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