Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Example:You will hear:
M: When shall we start our work, Jane?
W: Tomorrow at 9 o’clock. But we must work quickly, for we have to finish everything before 2 in the afternoon.
Q: For how long can they work?
You will read:
A) 2 hours.
B) 3 hours.
C) 4 hours.
D) 5 hours.
From the conversation we know that the two are talking about some work they will start at 9 o’clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D)“5 hours” is the correct answer. You should choose ［D］ on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center.
Sample Answer ［A］ ［B］［C］ [CD2][KG-1*4/5]［D］
1. A) Mary earned the prize.
B) Mary has granted the prize.
C) Mary fails in the speech contest.
D) The man doesn’t think Mary deserves the prize.
2. A) Driving a car. B) Taking a taxi.
C) Going by train. D) Taking the subway.
3. A) Where is the manager now？
B) Who will be his new manager？
C) Whether his manager is ill.
D) When the manager will go to the headquarters.
4. A) He dislikes museums and galleries.
B) He does not care about the hot weather.
C) Going to the beach is the best choice.
D) He doesn’t want to go to Washington.
5. A) She wants to live in the suburbs.
B) She is offended by her naughty children.
C) She disagrees with father.
D) She turns a deaf ear to her husband’ s words.
6. A) She will choose a new topic to write the essay.
B) She used to choose the poetry written by Shakespeare as the topic.
C) She refuses to accept the man’ s advice.
D) She is on the wrong track.
7. A) Husband and wife. B) Teacher and student.
C) Policeman and driver. D) Mother and son.
8. A) How to buy a good computer.
B) How to borrow a computer from the company.
C) The price of the computer.
D) The newly-bought computer.
9. A) At the library.
B) At the airport.
C) At the post office.
D) At the teacher’ s office.
10. A) He is good at drawing pictures.
B) He likes paintings very much.
C) He likes visiting the art museum very much.
D) He thinks the art museum is a very quiet place.
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. During the first reading, you should listen carefully for a general idea of the whole passage. Then listen to the passage again. When the first part of the passage is being read, you should fill in the missing words during the pause at each blank. After listening to the second part of the passage you are required to write down the main points according to what you have just heard. Finally when the passage is read the third time you can check what you have written.
A few years ago it was (11)____to speak of a generation gap, a division between young people and their elders. Parents (12)____ that children did not show them proper respect and (13)____, while children complained that their parents did not understand them at all. What had gone wrong? Why had the generation gap suddenly appeared? (14)____, the generation gap has been around for a long time. Many (15)____argue that it is built into the fabric of our society.
One important cause of the generation gap is the opportunity that young people have to choose their own life-styles. In more (16)____ societies, when children grow up, they are expected to live in the same area as their parents, to marry people that their parents know and (17)__ of, and often to continue the family occupation. In our society, young people often travel great distances for their educations, move out of the family home at an early age, marry or live with (18)____.
In our upwardly mobile society, parents often expect their children to do better than they did: to find better jobs, to make more money, and to do all the things that they were unable to do. Often, however, (19)___.
Finally, the speed at which changes take place in our society is another cause of the gap between the generations. In a traditional culture, (20)____.
Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages it this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C)and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
Chemistry did not emerge as a science until after the scientific revolution in the seventeenth century and then only rather slowly and laboriously. But chemical knowledge is as old as history, being almost entirely concerned with the practical arts of living. Cooking is essentially a chemical process; so is the melting of metals and the administration of drugs and potions. This basic chemical knowledge, which was applied in most cases as a rule of thumb, was nevertheless dependent on previous experiment. It also served to stimulate a fundamental curiosity about the processes themselves. New information was always being gained as artisans improved techniques to gain better results.
The development of a scientific approach to chemistry was, however, hampered by several factors. The most serious problem was the vast range of material available and the consequent difficulty of organizing it into some system. In addition, there were social and intellectual difficulties, chemistry is nothing if not practical; those who practice it must use their hands, they must have a certain practical flair. Yet in many ancient civilizations, practical tasks were primarily the province of a slave population. The thinker or philosopher stood apart from this mundane world, where the practical arts appeared to lack any intellectual content or interest.
The final problem for early chemical science was the element of secrecy. Experts in specific trades had developed their own techniques and guarded their knowledge to prevent others from stealing their livelihood. Another factor that contributed to secrecy was the esoteric nature of the knowledge of alchemists, who were trying to transform base metals into gold or were concerned with the hunt for the elixir that would bestow the blessing of eternal life. In one sense, the second of these was the more serious impediment because the records of the chemical processes that early alchemists had discovered were often written down in symbolic language intelligible to very few or in symbols that were purposely obscure.
21. What is the passage mainly about?
A) The scientific revolution in the seventeenth century.
B) Reasons that chemistry developed slowly as a science.
C) The practical aspects of chemistry.
D) Difficulties of organizing knowledge systematically.
22. According to the passage, how did knowledge about chemical processes increase before the seventeenth century?
A) Philosophers devised theories about chemical properties.
B) A special symbolic language was developed.
C) Experience led workers to revise their techniques.
D) Experts shared their discoveries with the public.
23. The bold word “hampered” in Line 1 Para 2 is closest in meaning to____.
A) recognized B) determined
C) solved D) hindered
24. The bold word “it” refers to which of the following?
A) Problem. B) Material.
C) Difficulty. D) System.
25. Which of the following statements best explains why “the second of these was the more serious impediment”(Underlined)?
A) Chemical knowledge was limited to a small number of people.
B) The symbolic language used was very imprecise.
C) Very few new discoveries were made by alchemists.
D) The records of the chemical processes were not based on experiments.
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
An important new industry, oil refining, grew after the Civil War. Crude oil, or petroleum a dark, thick ooze from the earth had been known for hundreds of years, but little use had ever been made of it. In the 1850’s Samuel M. Kier, a manufacturer in western Pennsylvania, began collecting the oil from local scapages and refining it into kerosene. Refining, like smelting, is a process of removing impurities from a raw material.
Kerosene was used to light lamps. It was a cheap substitute for whale oil, which was becoming harder to get. Soon there was a large demand for kerosene. People began to search for new supplies of petroleum.
The first oil well was drilled by E. L. Drake, are tired railroad conductor. In 1859 he began drilling in Titusville, Pennsylvania. The whole venture seemed so impractical and foolish that onlookers called it “Drake’s Folly”. But when he had drilled down about 70 feet(21 meters), Drake struck oil. His well began to yield 20 barrels of crude oil a day.
News of Drake’s success brought oil prospectors to the scene. By the early 1860’s these wildcatters were drilling for “black gold” all over western Pennsylvania. The boom rivaled the California gold rush of 1848 in its excitement and Wild West atmosphere. And it brought far more wealth to the prospectors than any gold rush.
Crude oil could be refined into many products. For some years kerosene continued to be the principal one. It was sold in grocery stores and door-to-door. In the 1880’s and 1890’s refiners learned how to make other petroleum products such as waxes and lubricating oils. Petroleum was not then used to make gasoline or heatingoil.
26.What is the best title for the passage?
A) Oil Refining: A Historical Perspective
B) The California Gold Rush: Get Rich Quickly
C) Private Property: Trespassers Will Be Prosecuted
D) Kerosene Lamps: A Light in the Tunnel
27.It can be inferred form the passage that kerosene was preferable to whale oil because whale oil was too____.
A) expensive B) thick
C) hot D) polluted
28.According to the passage, many people initially thought that E. L. Drake had made a mistake by____.
A) going on a whaling expedition
B) moving to Pennsylvania
C) searching for oil
D) retiring from his job
29.Why does the author mention the California gold rush?
A) To explain the need for an increased supply of gold
B) To indicate the extent of United States mineral wealth
C) To describe the mood when oil was first discovered
D) To argue that gold was more valuable than oil
30. Which of the following words could best replace the word “one” (Underlined)?A) Oil. B) Door.
C) Store. D) Product.
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
“Welcome to the U.S.A.! Major credit cards are accepted!”
By the millions they are coming no longer the tired, the poor, the wretched masses longing for a better living. These are the wealthy. “We don’t have a budget,” says a biologist from Brazil, as she walks with two companions through New York City’s South Street.“ We just use our credit cards.”
The US has long been one of the world’s most popular tourist destinations, but this year has been exceptional. First, there was the World Cup, which drew thousands from every corner of the globe; then came the weakening of the US dollar against major currencies. Now the US, still the world’s superpower, can also claim to be the world’s bargain basement(廉价商品部). Nobody undersells America these days on just about everything, from consumer electronics to fashion clothes to tennis rackets. Bottom retail prices anywhere from 30 % to 70% lower than those in Europe and Asia have attracted some 47 million visitors, who are expected to leave behind $ 79 billion in 1994. That’s up from $74 billion the year before.
True, not everyone comes just for bargains. There remains an undeniable fascination in the rest of the world with all things American, nourished by Hollywood films and US television series. But shopping the USA is proving irresistible. Every week thousands arrive with empty suitcases ready to be filled; some even rent an additional hotel room to hold their purchases. The buying binge（无节制）has become as important as watching Old Faithful Fountains erupt in Yellowstone Park or sunbathing on a beach in Florida.
The US has come at last to appreciate what other countries learned long ago: the pouring in of foreign tourists may not always be convenient, but it does put money in the bank. And with a trade deficit at about $130 billion and growing for the past 12 months, the US needs all the deposits it can get. Compared with American tourists abroad, visitors to the US stay longer and spend more money at each stop; an average of 12.2 night and $ 1624 a traveler versus the Americans’ four nights and $298.
31. From what the Brazilian biologist says, we know that tourists like her ____.
A) are reluctant to carry cash with them
B) simply don’ t care how much they spend
C) are not good at planning their expenditure
D) often spend more money than they can afford
32.The reason why 1994 was exceptional is that ____.
A) it saw an unusually large number of tourists to the US
B) it witnessed a drop in the number of tourists to the US
C) tourism was hardly affected by the weakening of the US dollar that year
D) Tourists came to the US for sightseeing rather than for bargains that year
33.By saying “ nobody undersells America” (Underlined), the author means that ____.A) no other country underestimates the competitiveness of American productsB) nobody expects the Americans to cut the prices of their commodities
C) nobody restrains the selling of American goods
D) no other country sells at a lower price than America
34.Why does the author assert that all things American are fascinating to foreigners?A) Because they have gained much publicity through the American media
B) Because they represent the world’ s latest fashions
C) Because they embody the most sophisticated technology
D)Because they are available at all tourist destinations
35.From the passage we can conclude that the US has come to realize____.
A) the weakening of the US dollar can result in trade deficits
B) the lower the retail prices, the greater in profits
C) tourism can make great contributions to its economy
D) visitors to the US are wealthier than US tourists abroad
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
The most interesting architectural phenomenon of the 1970’s was the enthusiasm for refurbishing old buildings. Obviously, this was not an entirely new phenomenon. What is new is the wholesale interest in reusing the past, in recycling, in adaptive rehabilitation. A few trial efforts, such as Ghirardelli Square in San Francisco, proved their financial viability in 1960s, but it was in the 1970’s, with strong government support through tax incentives and rapid depreciation. As well as growing interest in ecology issues, that recycling became a major factor on the urban scene. One of the most comprehensive ventures was the restoration and transformation of Boston’s eighteenth century Faneuil Hall and the Quincy Market, designed in 1824. This section had fallen on hard times, but beginning with the construction of a new city hall immediately adjacent, it has returned to life with the intelligent reuse of these fine old buildings under the design leadership of Benjamin Thomson. He has provided a marvelous setting for dining, shopping, professional offices, and simply walking.
Butler Square, in Minneapois, examplifies major changes in its complex of offices, commercial space, and public amenities carved out of a massive pile designed in 1906 as a hardware warehouse. The exciting interior timber structure of the building was highlighted by cutting light courts through the interior and adding large skylights. San Antonio, Texas, offers an object lesson for numerous other cities combating urban decay. Rather than bringing in the bulldozers, San Antonio’s leaders rehabilitated existing structures, while simultaneously cleaning up the San Antonio River, which menders through the business district.
36. What is the main idea of the passage?
A) During the 1970’s, old buildings in many cities were recycled for modern use.B) Recent interest in ecology issues has led to the cleaning up of many rivers. C) The San Antonio example shows that bulldozers are not the way to fight urban decay.
D) Strong government support has made adaptive rehabilitation a reality in Boston.
37. What is the space at Quincy Market now used for?
A) Boston’ s new city hall.
B) Sports and recreational facilities.
C) Commercial and industrial warehouses.
D) Restaurant, offices, and stores.
38. According to the passage, Benjamin Thompson was the designer for a project in____.A) San Francisco B) Boston
C) Minneapolis D) San Antonio
39. When was the Butler Square building originally built?
A) In the eighteenth century.
B) In the early nineteenth century.
C) In the late nineteenth century.
D) In the early twentieth century.
40. What is the author’s opinion of the San Antonio project?
A) It is clearly the best of the projects discussed.
B) It is a good project that could be copied in other cities.
C) The extensive use of bulldozers made the project unnecessarily costly.
D) The work done on the river was more important than the work done on the buildings.
Vocabulary (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
41.The British Library____ the right to a free copy of every new book published in the United Kingdom.
A) contains B) retires
C) retains D) conveys
42.The secretary____ the foreign minister____ an interview he was to give that afternoon.
A) reminded … of
43. The way other people behave towards us influences how we____ ourselves.
A) conceive of B) consist of
C) confront with D) conform to
44. I suppose some people create an idea of who they want to be and, they ____ it____.A) work…over B) bear…out
C) live…out D) get… over
45.With the economy of the country growing strong, the____ mood is one of optimism .A) presiding B) circulating
C) floating D) prevailing
46. These technological advances in communication have____ the way people do business.
A) revolted B) represented
C) adopted D) transformed
47. The workers of the textile mill ____ that trade union leaders be elected from the workshops .
A) urged B) related C) combated D) adapted
48. It is a____ of our company to give refunds if goods are faulty.
A) policy B) discipline C) decision D) determination
49. ____ friends helped him to get appointed ambassador to France .
A) Efficient B) Influential C) Impressive D) Effective
50.Their ambitious schemes for making money quickly____.
A) took a chance
B) came to nothing
C) went into action
D) got to the point
51.She knew who wrote the letter, so without opening it she tore it into pieces____A) in excitement
B) in disappointment
C) in disgust
D) in expectation
52.He had always been ____the way Ruth looked, and had never once paid her a compliment .
A) oblivious to B) guilty of C) wary of D) subject to
53.Familarity with a wide range of idiomatic expressions, and the ability to use them appropriately____ are among the distinguishing marks of command of English like a native.
A) in context B) in practice C) in place D) in case
54.We are still____ things here, but I can’t guarantee the situation will stay that way.
A) in memory of
B) in search of
C) in control of
D) in need of
55.Democratic government is a phrase that is notoriously hard to____.
A) credit B) defy C) modify D) define
56.Bill is rich. His house is full of ____ such as expensive high-tech video systems and all the latest computer equipment.
A) luxuries B) festivities C) dimensions D) instruments
57.She is quite capable, but the problem is that she is not____.
A) consistent B) insistent C) beneficent D) resistant
58.Based on the____ that every business is now free to formulate its own strategy in light of the changing market, I would predict a market improvement in the efficiency of China’s economy.
A) guidance B) instruction C . premise D) eminence
59.Nurses should do all they can to make their patients feel ____.
A)on board B) at ease C) at leisure D) at heart
60.The accused was ____to have been the leader of the plot to overthrow the governmentA) reconciled B) blended C) alleged D) referred
61. She ____the letter, put it in the envelope and handed it to her father.
A) folded B) wrapped C) rolled D) slided
62. In the last century, new drugs have ____ improved health throughout the world.A) inconsistently B) supposedly C) notedly D) markedly
63. Now a paper argues that organic chemicals in the rock come mostly from ____ on earth rather than bacteria on Mars.
64. When he went to the airport for the ticket, Tom suddenly realized that his passport had ____ for half a year.
A) abolished B) expired C) amended D) constrained
65. Since the information was easily____, we found it immediately.
A) acceptable B) accessory C) accessible D) possible
66.There is no known cure for SARS, but doctors are developing ways to help sufferers ____ it.
A) retard B) eliminate C) dispense D) handle
67. She was____ her brains to remember the man’s time, but her bad memory failed her.
A) hitting B) beating C) racking D) exhausting
68. Many apartments have doors with a security window so that one may____ outside and observe visitors without being seen.
A) peer B) peek C) peel D) pile
69. French cars are more elegantly styled than their British ____.
A) counterparts B) equals C) ones D) copies
70. After failing his driving test four times, he finally____ trying to pass.
A) gave up B) gave away C) gave off D) gave in
Since we are social beings, the quality of our lives
depends in large measure on our interpersonal relationships.
One strength of the human condition is our tendency to get S1
and receive support from one another under stressful
situations. Social support consists of the exchange of resources S2
among people based on their interpersonal ties.Those of us
with strong support systems appear better able to cope with
major life changes and daily hassles. People with weak social S3ties live longer and have better health than those without such
ties. Studies over a range of illnesses, from depression to heart
disease, reveals that the presence of social support helps S4
people fend off illness, and the absence of
such support makes poor health more alike. S5
Social support cushions stress in a number of ways. First,
friends, relatives, and co-workers may let us know that they
value us. Our self-respect is strengthened when we feel
accepted by others for our faults and difficulties. Second, other S6
people often provide to us with informational support. They S7
help us to define and understand our problems and find
solutions to them. Third, we typically find social
companionship supportive. Engaged in leisure-time activities S8
with others helps us to meet our social needs when at the same S9
time distracting us from worries and troubles. Finally,
other people may give us instrumental support-financial aid,
material resources, and needed services-that reduce stress by S10
helping us resolve and cope with our problems.
Is Outer Space Worth Exploring? （太空值得探索吗?）