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洛基英语
精英培训
四级真题详解
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中国四六级考试网 >> 模拟试题
05年6月六级英语考试模拟试题(一)
http://www.china-cet.com        发布时间:2007-05-26 09:23:10
2天记住4000单词的秘密... 点击进入!!
    

Directions:
  Part One Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)(略) Part Two Reading
Comprehension (35 minutes) Directions: There are 4 reading passages in
this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished
statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C)and
D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter
on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  Passage 1
  Good sense is the most equitably distributed thing in the world, for
each man considers himself so well provided with it that even those who
are most difficult to satisfy in everything else do not usually wish to
have more of it than the y have already. It is not likely that everyone is
mistaken in this; it shows, rather, that the ability to judge rightly and
separate the true from the false, which is essentially what is called good
sense or reason, is by nature equal in all men, and thus that our opinions
differ not because some men are better endowed with reason than others,
but only because we direct our thoughts along different paths, and do not
consider the same things, for it is not enough to have a good mind: what
is most important is to apply it rightly. The greatest souls are cap able
of the greatest vices; and those who walk very slowly can advance much
further, if they always keep to the direct road, than those who run and go
astray. For my part, I have never presumed my mind to be more perfect than
average in an y way; I have, in fact, often wished that my thoughts were
as quick, or my imagination as precise and distinct, or my memory as
capacious or prompt, as those of some other men. And I know of no other
qualities than these which make for the perfection of the mind; for as to
reason, or good sense, in as much as it alone makes us men and
distinguishes us from the beasts, I am quite willing to believe that it is
whole and entire in each of us, and to follow in the common opinion of the
philosophers who say that there are differences of more or less only among
the accidents, and not among the forms, or natures, of the individuals of
a single species.
  21. According to the author, the three elements that comprise our mind
are_____.A tenacity of thought, capacious memory, quickness of mindB
precise of wit, ease of conscience, quickness of thoughtC quickness of
wit, ease of conscience, quickness of thoughtD promptness of memory,
distinctness of imagination, quickness of thought
  22. The basic idea of the first paragraph may be stated as follows .A
all persons have an equal portion of good will when they are bornB great
souls are capable of great evilC good sense, in terms of its distribution
among persons, may be called co mmon senseD good sense is the mark of the
truly good person
  23. About himself, the author states that ______.A he had always sensed
his mental superiority over most personsB his awareness of his mental
superiority over others was something that g rew slowly with experienceC
he actually regards his own mental faculties as inferior in many ways to
those of the great majority of personsD he has never had the feeling that
his mind was more than average in any way
  24. The author claims that what sets human beings apart from beasts
is_____.A a sense of organization combined with the ability to createB the
ability to adapt to the surroundingsC a sense of reason coupled with a
strong sense of practicalityD a sense of reason
  25. According to the author the ability to distinguish between the true
and the false is _____.A endowed by nature to all creaturesB endowed in
equal measure to all personsC more heavily present in some persons than in
othersD an unnatural, cultivated trait in all persons

Passage 2
  Prices determine how resources are to be used. They are also the means
by which products and services that are in limited supply are rationed
among buyers. The price system of the United States is a very complex
network composed of the prices of all the products bought and sold in the
economy as well as those of a myriad of services, including labor,
professional transportation, and public utility services. The
interrelationships of all these prices make up the“system”of prices. The
price of any particular product or service is linked to a broad,
complicated system of prices in which everything seems to depend more or
less upon everything else.If one were to ask a group of randomly selected
individuals to define“price,”many would reply that price is an amount of
money paid by the buyer to the seller of a product of service or, in other
words, that price is the money value of a product of service as agreed
upon in a market transaction. This definition is, of course, valid as far
as it goes. For a complete understanding of a price in any particular
transaction, much more than the amount of money involved must be known.
Both the buyer and the seller should be familiar with not only the money
amount, but with the amount and quality of the product or service to be
exchange d, the time and place at which the exchange will take place and
payment will be made, the form of money to be used, the credit terms and
discounts that supply t o the transaction, guarantees on the product or
service, delivery terms, return privileges, and other factors. In other
words, both buyer and seller should be fully aware of all the factors that
comprise the total“package”being exchanged for the asked-for amount of
money in order that they may evaluate a given price.
  26. What is the best title for the passage?A The Inherent Weaknesses of
the Price System.B The Complexities of the Price System.C Credit Terms in
Transactions.D Resource Allocation and the Public Sector.
  27. According to the passage, the price system is related primarily
to_____.A labor and educationB transportation and insuranceC utilities and
repairsD products and services
  28. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT a factor in
the complete understanding of price?A Instructions that come with a
product.B The quantity of a product.C The quality of a product.D
Warrenties that cover a product.
  29. In the last sentence of the passage,“they”refers to_____ . A return
privilegesB all the factorsC buyer and sellerD money
  30. The paragraph following the passage most likely discusses_____ .A
unusual ways to advertise productsB types of payment plans for serviceC
theories about how products affect different levels of societyD how
certain elements of a price“package”influence its market value

Passage 3
  In the past oysters were raised in much the same way as dirt farmers
raised tomatoes—by transplanting them. First, farmers selected the oyster
bed, cleared the bottom of old shells and other debris , and then
scattered clean shells about. Next they“planted”fertilized oyster eggs,
which within two or three weeks hatched into larvae. The larvae drifted
until they attached themselves to the clean shells on the bottom. There
they remained and in time grew into baby oysters called seed or spat . The
spat grew larger by drawing in seawater from which they derived
microscopic particles of food. Before long, farmers gathered the baby
oysters, transplanted them in other waters to speed up their growth, and
then transplanted them once more into another body of water to fatten t
hem up.Until recently the supply of wild oysters and those crudely farmed
were more than enough to satisfy people’s needs. But today the delectable
seafood is no longer available in abundance. The problem has become so
serious that some oyster bed s have vanished entirely.Fortunately, as far
back as the early 1900’s marine biologists realized that if new measures
were not taken, oysters would become extinct or at best a luxury food. So
they set up well equipped hatcheries and went to work. But they did not
have the proper equipment or the skill to handle the eggs. They did not
know when, what, and how to feed the larvae. And they knew little about
the predators t hat attacked and ate baby oysters by the millions. They
failed, but they doggedly kept at it. Finally, in the 1940’s a significant
breakthrough was made.The marine biologists discovered that by raising the
temperature of the water, t hey could induce oysters to spawn not only in
the summer but also in the fall, winter, and spring. Later they developed
a technique for feeding the larva e and rearing them to spat. Going still
further, they succeeded in breeding new s trains that were resistant to
diseases, grew faster and larger, and flourished in water of different
salinities and temperatures. In addition, the cultivated oysters tasted
better!
  31. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? A
The Threatened Extinction of Marine LifeB The Cultivation of OystersC The
Discoveries Made by Marine BiologistsD The Varieties of Wild Oysters
  32. In the passage, which of the following is NOT mentioned as a stage
of a n oyster’s life?A DebrisB Egg C LarvaeD Spat
  33. According to the passage, which of the following words best
describes t he efforts of themarine biologists working with oysters?A
Persistent.B Intermittent.C Traditional.D Fruitless.
  34. In the passage, the author mentions that the new strains of oyster
are______ .A cheaper B shaped differentlyC better texturedD healthier
  35. Which of the following best describes the organization of the
passage?A Step by step description of the evolution of marine biology.B
Discussion of chronological events concerning oyster production.C Random
presentation of facts about oysters.D Description of oyster production at
different geographic locations.


  Passage 4
  Chemistry did not emerge as a science until after the scientific
revolution in t he seventeenth century and then only rather slowly and
laboriously. But chemical knowledge is as old as history, being almost
entirely concerned with the practical arts of living. Cooking is
essentially a chemical process; so is the melting of metals and the
administration of drugs and potions. This basic chemical know ledge, which
was applied in most cases as a rule of thumb, was nevertheless dependent
on previous experiment. It also served to stimulate a fundamental
curiosity about the processes themselves. New information was always being
gained as artisans improved techniques to gain better results.The
development of a scientific approach to chemistry was, however, hampered
by several factors. The most serious problem was the vast range of
material available and the consequent difficulty of organizing it into
some system. In addition, there were social and intellectual difficulties,
chemistry is nothing if not practical; those who practice it must use
their hands, they must have a certain practical flair. Yet in many ancient
civilizations, practical tasks were primarily the province of a slave
population. The thinker or philosopher stood apart from this mundane
world, where the practical arts appeared to lack any intellectual content
or interest.The final problem for early chemical science was the element
of secrecy. Experts in specific trades had developed their own techniques
and guarded their knowledge to prevent others from stealing their
livelihood. Another factor that contributed to secrecy was the esoteric
nature of the knowledge of alchemists, who were trying to transform base
metals into gold or were concerned with the hunt for t he elixir that
would bestow the blessing of eternal life. In one sense, the second of
these was the more serious impediment because the records of the chemical
processes that early alchemists had discovered were often written down in
symbolic language intelligible to very few or in symbols that were
purposely obscure.
  36. What is the passage mainly about? A The scientific revolution in the
seventeenth centuryB Reasons that chemistry developed slowly as a scienceC
The practical aspects of chemistryD Difficulties of organizing knowledge
systematically
  37. According to the passage, how did knowledge about chemical processes
in crease before the seventeenth century?A Philosophers devised theories
about chemical properties.B A special symbolic language was developed.C
Experience led workers to revise their techniques.D Experts shared their
discoveries with the public.
  38. The word“hampered" in Line 1 Para 2 is closest in meaning to_____ .
A recognizedB determinedC solvedD hindered
  39. The word“it" in Line 3 Para 2 refers to which of the following? A
problemB materialC difficultyD system
  40. Which of the following statements best explains why“the second of
the se was the more serious impediment" (Lines 5-6 Para 3 )? A Chemical
knowledge was limited to a small number of people.B The symbolic language
used was very imprecise.C Very few new discoveries were made by
alchemists.D The records of the chemical processes were not based on
experiments.


  Part III Vocabulary (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each
sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C)and D). Choose the ONE
that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on
the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  41. United States citizens are now enjoying better dental health, as
shown by the declining _____of tooth decay. A occurrenceB treatmentC
consequenceD misfortune
  42. Since any answer was likely to cause embarrassment to his party, the
politician tried to _____the question.A evade B deludeC secludeD invade
  43. Prof Robert Durig’s reputation has been greatly _____by the success
of his new published book“Living in the Paradise".A heightenedB enlargedC
multipliedD enhanced
  44. The chair was a moveable wonder, he loved the feeling of power and
strength it gave him for so little_____ . A effortsB challengeC exertionD
exchange
  45. She was _____her brains to remember the man’s time, but her bad mem
ory failed her.A hittingB beating C rackingD exhausting
  46. He is trying to take out a _____for his newly designed airplane en
gines.A loanB precautionC patentD propaganda
  47. The people put up their right hands to _____that they agree with th
e speaker.A signifyB attainC expressD undertake
  48. Any electric products sold in this famous department store will be
_____for one year.A protectedB guaranteedC ensuredD assured
  49. Reading became difficult for the old lady, so the optician _____her
a pair of glasses to make her reading possible.A subscribedB inscribedC
prescribedD described
  50. The family was too _____to evacuate the house when the flood began.A
obstinateB sturdyC determinedD optical
  51. On this test-track, the makers deliberately _____standard producti
on cars to rough treatment. A undergo B subdue C subjectD treat


  52. The applicants to American Universities will be judged without
______as to race, color, or breed.A referenceB objectionC discriminationD
specialty
  53. After the long illness my mother was too ______to climb the steps.A
fatalB feebleC humbleD relaxed
  54. The child was on the _____of tears when his mother asked him what
had happened to him.A vergeB borderC marginD rim
  55. On the front page, he _____his book to his director, Mr. Johnson.A
dedicatedB presentedC devotedD offered
  56. If you keep on taking on more work than you can do, your health will
______.A degradeB degenerateC exhaustD deteriorate
  57. What he is reading is a quarterly containing ____of doctoral theses
in progress.A abridgementsB outlinesC abstractsD synopses
  58. A firm which dismisses an employee on the grounds of redundancy is
obliged to _____him for loss of employment.A compensateB compactC compelD
compliment
  59. Robert and Tom are not on speaking terms now after a quarrel last
week. What can we do to bring about a _____between them?A reservationB
refreshmentC regimentD reconciliation
  60. The group of dancers had rehearsed the dance until their movements
we re absolutely _____.A simultaneousB sensitiveC singularD figurative
  61. There is no electricity in my apartment again. Has the_____ blow
then?A fuseB wireC plugD circuit


  62. During the business intervals, customers appreciate the guesting
room s which are full of pictures and other beautiful_____ .A imitationsB
illustrationsC ornamentsD implementations
  63. His long and loyal service with the company was ______with a present
from the president.A admittedB acknowledgedC accomplishedD accepted
  64. The psychiatrists were debating if the accused man was _____enough
to stand trial.A. sensibleB. rationalC. reasonableD. reciprocal
  65. A good teacher must know how to his ideas to _____the students, as
generally agreed by educational experts.A displayB transmitC conveyD
illuminate
  66. The _____of a cultural phenomenon is usually a logical consequence
of some physical aspect in the life style of the people.A implementationB
expeditionC demonstrationD manifestation
  67. Despite their good service, most inns are less costly than hotels of
_____standards. A equivalentB uniformC exactD alike
  68. He has done stupid things before, but to look for the escaping gas
wi th a match really was the _____silliness.A triumphantB unanimousC
trivialD ultimate
  69. It will be safer to walk the streets because people will not need to
carry large amounts of cash, Virtually all financial____ will be conducted
by computer.A transmissionsB transitionsC transactionsD traffic kings
  70. Many people emigrated to America because of being _____for their
political or religious belief.A prosecutedB persecutedC imprisonedD
executed


  Part IV Cloze (15 minutes)

Directions: For each numbered blank in the following passage, there are
four choices marked[A],[B],[C]and[D]. Choose the best one an d mark your
answer on the ANSWER SHEET by blackening the corresponding letter in the
bracket s. (10 points)
  Traditional marriage in Britain is currently in a disturbance. Not only
is the divorce rate rising, 71 the rate at which people marry is falling.
Living together is more popular than 72 before. The shape of the family is
now no longer one man, one woman and their children. Instead, there are
73numbers of families which include step-parents, half sisters and
brothers, or merely one lonely parent coping 74 her own.
  Compared with other countries, Britain is still conservative in its
marriage pat terns. In America, the divorce rate is 75 more shocking. Two
ou t of five marriages 76 divorce. In Sweden living together is now more
popular than marriage among couples in their early twenties and a similar
77 seems to be emerging in Denmark.
  Although this is happening on a smaller 78 in Britain, it has not yet
become such a marked trend. But 79 we do follow the American and
Scandinavian patterns, the 80 will see many more couples living together
before marriage-and even more divorce.
  Interestingly enough, it is women 81men who get a divorce in the courts.
Seven out of ten divorces are 82 to the wife. Divorce, of course, only
reflects the 83 winding up of a marriage which may have 84 broken up long
before. The partner who asks for divorce may not be the partner who 85 the
marriage. Women usually have more to gain from the courts in the way of
money, rights 86 the home, and child maintenance . 87 there is also a
certain unequal proportion in one of the g rounds that the sexes choose
for divorce. The grounds 88 unreasonable or cruel behavior are
overwhelming, chosen by ten 89 more women t h an men. Does this mean that
women will 90 less than they used to?
  71.
  [A]and
  [B]but
  [C]however
  [D]yet
  72.
  [A]ever
  [B]never
  [C]much
  [D]none
  73.
  [A] decreasing
  [B]growing
  [C]diminishing
  [D]enlarging
  74.
  [A]with
  [B]on
  [C]through
  [D]by
  75.
  [A]still
  [B]even
  [C]rather
  [D]ever


  76.
  [A]end in
  [B]break in
  [C]separate in
  [D]slip in
  77.
  [A]figure
  [B]form
  [C]model
  [D]patter
  78.
  [A]range
  [B]size
  [C]scale
  [D]number
  79.
  [A]unless
  [B]if
  [C]when
  [D]while
  80.
  [A]result
  [B]consequence
  [C]future
  [D]family
  81.
  [A]other than
  [B]rather than
  [C]apart from
  [D]except for
  82.
  [A]granted
  [B]judged
  [C]sentenced
  [D]given
  83.
  [A]lawful
  [B]legal
  [C]justifiable
  [D]sociable


  84.
  [A]efficiently
  [B]factually
  [C]effectively
  [D]indefinitely
  85.
  [A]broke up
  [B]cause up
  [C]call up
  [D]burst up
  86.
  [A]to
  [B]for
  [C]with
  [D]on
  87.
  [A]While
  [B]Therefore
  [C]So
  [D]But
  88.
  [A]on
  [B]that
  [C]of
  [D]which
  89.
  [A]ratios
  [B]times
  [C]rates
  [D]volumes
  90.
  [A]put up with
  [B]stand up with
  [C]come up with
  [D]take up with
  Part V Writing (30 minutes)
  Directions:For this part you are allowed thirty minutes to write a
composition on the topic :Cooperation and Competition. You should write at
least 120 words and you should base your composition o n the outline
(given in Chinese )below:Cooperation and Competition

1.现代社会合作与竞争并存

2.有人认为竞争比合作更为重要

3.你的观点
  答案:
  21.D 22.C 23.D 24.D 25.B 26.B 27.D 28.A 29.C 30.D 31.B 32.A 33.A 34.D
35.B 36.B 37.C 38.D 39.B 40.A 41.A 42.A 43.D 44.C 45.C 46.C 47.A 48.B 49.C
50.A 51.C 52.C 53.B 54.E 55.A 56.D 57.C 58.A 59.D 60.A 61.A 62.B 63.B 64.A
65.C 66.D 67.A 68.D 69.C 70.B 71.B 72.A 73.B 74.D 75.B 76.A 77.D 78.C 79.B
80.C 81.B 82.A 83.B 84.C 85.A 86.A 87.D 88.C 89.C 90.A


Directions:
  Part One Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)(略) Part Two Reading
Comprehension (35 minutes) Directions: There are 4 reading passages in
this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished
statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C)and
D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter
on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  Passage 1
  Good sense is the most equitably distributed thing in the world, for
each man considers himself so well provided with it that even those who
are most difficult to satisfy in everything else do not usually wish to
have more of it than the y have already. It is not likely that everyone is
mistaken in this; it shows, rather, that the ability to judge rightly and
separate the true from the false, which is essentially what is called good
sense or reason, is by nature equal in all men, and thus that our opinions
differ not because some men are better endowed with reason than others,
but only because we direct our thoughts along different paths, and do not
consider the same things, for it is not enough to have a good mind: what
is most important is to apply it rightly. The greatest souls are cap able
of the greatest vices; and those who walk very slowly can advance much
further, if they always keep to the direct road, than those who run and go
astray. For my part, I have never presumed my mind to be more perfect than
average in an y way; I have, in fact, often wished that my thoughts were
as quick, or my imagination as precise and distinct, or my memory as
capacious or prompt, as those of some other men. And I know of no other
qualities than these which make for the perfection of the mind; for as to
reason, or good sense, in as much as it alone makes us men and
distinguishes us from the beasts, I am quite willing to believe that it is
whole and entire in each of us, and to follow in the common opinion of the
philosophers who say that there are differences of more or less only among
the accidents, and not among the forms, or natures, of the individuals of
a single species.
  21. According to the author, the three elements that comprise our mind
are_____.A tenacity of thought, capacious memory, quickness of mindB
precise of wit, ease of conscience, quickness of thoughtC quickness of
wit, ease of conscience, quickness of thoughtD promptness of memory,
distinctness of imagination, quickness of thought
  22. The basic idea of the first paragraph may be stated as follows .A
all persons have an equal portion of good will when they are bornB great
souls are capable of great evilC good sense, in terms of its distribution
among persons, may be called co mmon senseD good sense is the mark of the
truly good person
  23. About himself, the author states that ______.A he had always sensed
his mental superiority over most personsB his awareness of his mental
superiority over others was something that g rew slowly with experienceC
he actually regards his own mental faculties as inferior in many ways to
those of the great majority of personsD he has never had the feeling that
his mind was more than average in any way
  24. The author claims that what sets human beings apart from beasts
is_____.A a sense of organization combined with the ability to createB the
ability to adapt to the surroundingsC a sense of reason coupled with a
strong sense of practicalityD a sense of reason
  25. According to the author the ability to distinguish between the true
and the false is _____.A endowed by nature to all creaturesB endowed in
equal measure to all personsC more heavily present in some persons than in
othersD an unnatural, cultivated trait in all persons

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