As the proverb goes…；
It goes without saying that…；
There is no denying that…；
As everyone knows….
According to a recent survey, about 78. 9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation；
A recent study shows that …
With the reform of Chinese higher education, more and more colleges and universities put emphasis on…；
Nowadays, some famous universities have become a hot tourist attraction.
d. 对立观点陈述; 如：
Some people believe that …while others argue that…
主体段落由三部分组成，也就是主题句(topic sentence)，推展句(supporting statement)和结论句(concluding statement)。
There are cases in which people have to trade goods for the things they need. For example, a person who needs something badly and happens to be penniless, what should he do? A good solution for him is to trade the goods he has for the things he needs. For another example, a person needs something and its owner is reluctant to sell it unless he gets the thing he wants. In such case, the person has to trade goods for what he needs.
举例论证中常用的连接词有for example (instance), such as, take…for example, besides, furthermore, moreover, what is more, in addition等。
A good case in point is . . .
As an illustration, we may take . . .
Such examples might be given easily.
. . . is often cited as an example.
The heart of an electronic computer lies in its vacuum tubes or transistors. Its electronic circuits work thousand times faster than the nicer cells in the human brain. A problem that might take a human being a long time to solve can be solved by a computer in one minute.
常用于比较或对比的连接过渡词有…more than, compared with, in contrast with, as…as, be similar to, similarly, the same as, just like, just as 等。
The advantages far outweigh the disadvantages.
The advantages of A are much greater than those of B.
A may be preferable to B, but A suffers from the disadvantages that. . .
It is reasonable to maintain that . . . but it would be foolish to claim that. . .
For all the disadvantages, it has its compensating advantages.
Like anything else, it has its faults.
A and B has several things in common.
A bears some striking likenesses to B.
However, the same is not applicable to B.
A is different from B in several ways.
Evidently, it has both negative and positive effects.
People used to think . . . , but things are different now.
The same is true of B.
Wonderful as A is, it has its drawbacks.
It is true that A . . . , but the chief faults (obvious defects) are . . .
Indeed, A carries much weight when compared with B.
Why do they want odd jobs -- jobs usually requiring little skill and knowledge? The primary reason, I think, is money. Feeling the financial pressure as books, movies and bus fares have all gone up in price, there is scarcely a young boy or girl who does not want to earn a little money to help cover the increasingly higher college costs, and at best save enough to go traveling or buy things they have long desired. In this way they hope to be economically independent and avoid the indignity of having to ask for money again and again. Besides they want to gain some experience in the ways of society
常用于因果分析法的连接词有because, so, as a result, consequently，one reason, First, secondly, third, for one thing, for another thing等。
A number of factors are accountable for this situation. /A number of factors might contribute to (lead to )，(account for ) the phenomenon (problem).
The answer to this problem involves many factors.
The phenomenon mainly stems from the fact that. . .
The factors that contribute to this situation include. . .
The change in . . . largely results from the fact that. . .
We may blame . . . , but the real causes are. . .
Part of the explanations for it is that . . .
One of the most common factors (causes ) is that . . . / Another contributing factor (cause ) is . . . /Perhaps the primary factor is that … But the fundamental cause is that . . .
The answer to this problem involves many factors. For one thing. . . For another. . . . . . Still another . . .
It may give rise to a host of problems.
The immediate result it produces is . . .
It will exercise a profound influence upon. . .
Its consequence can be so great that. . .
It will produce a profound/far-reaching effect/impact on. . . .
It involves some serious consequence for. . . . . . . .
Obviously, if we ignore/are blind to the problem, there is every chance that … will be put in danger.
It will result in…
Some people think that television keeps one better informed about current events, allows one to follow the latest developments in politics and science, and offers an endless series of programs which are both instructive and stimulating. However, other people insist that television is a curse rather than a blessing. They argue that it has brought about many serious problems. The major one is its effects on young people. They are now so used to getting their information, education and entertainment from television that their literacy as well as physical ability has been greatly weakened.
It has the following advantages．
It does us a lot of good．
It benefits us quite a lot．
It is beneficial to us．
It is of great benefit to us．
It has more disadvantages than advantages．
It does us much harm．
It is harmful to us．
Obviously, we can draw the conclusion that …
Thus, it can be concluded that…
Therefore, we can find that…
It is high time that …
Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken.
From my point of view, …