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四级真题详解
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中国四六级考试网 >> 听力
大学英语四级听力真题中如何考场景词?
http://www.china-cet.com        来源:新东方        发布时间:2014-05-29 17:16:20
2天记住4000单词的秘密... 点击进入!!
    

 下面大家一起来看看四级听力真题中如何考场景词吧:

  <一>, 首先就拿四六级考的最多的工作场景的某些场景词举例。

  例1:2005-12-10 (四级小对话)

  录音原文:

  M:You know the electronics company is coming to our campus to recruit graduate students next week.

  W: Really? What day? I'd like to talk to them and hand in my resume.

  Q: What does the woman want to do?

  正确选项:Apply for a job in the electronics company

  解析:resume是工作场景当中一个非常常见的词,意思是简历,这个女士说要递交简历,简历是用来找工作的啊,所以resume推出apply for a job (申请一份工作),那显然这个题其实就考大家对简历这个场景词的熟悉度。

  例2:2006-12-19(四级长对话)

  A) To make a business report to the woman.

  B) To be interviewed for a job in the woman's company.

  C) To resign from his position in the woman's company.

  D) To exchange stock market information with the woman.

  录音原文:

  W: Please have a seat. Mr. Sanders. I've received your resume last week and was very impressed.

  M: Thank you.

  解析:录音原文为这篇长对话的第一轮对话,其实只要大家听到这里女士话中提到的场景词resume就足够了,两个人对话,一个人提及另外一个人的简历怎么怎么样,大家想这不就是在面试嘛。所以resume提示be interviewed for a job (B选项)为正确选项。

  例3:2002-6-10 (四级小对话)

  录音原文:

  M: I spent so much time polishing my letter of application.

  W: It's worthwhile to make the effort. You know just how important it is to give a good impression

  Q: what do we know about the man?

  正确选项:He wants to get a new position

  解析:这个题只要大家熟悉这个场景词组(letter of application)申请信,也就是求职信,大家就会明白一定是找工作,选项中的场景词position 意思是职位 = post = job,所以答案就出来了。

  例4:2011-12-15 (六级小对话)

  录音原文:

  W: Have you heard the news that James Meil has resigned his post as Prime minister?

  M: Well, I got it from the headlines this morning. It's reported that he made public his decision at the last cabinet meeting.

  Q: What do we learn about James Meil?

  正确选项:He has left his position in the government.

  解析:大家会发现这个题其实还是考察大家对场景词的熟悉度,只要大家听到resigned his post 就够了。resign辞职= left, post = position职位的意思,前面四级例题就提过,所以答案就可以直接选了。

  例5:2010-12-15 (六级小对话)

  录音原文:

  M: I think your boss would be very upset when he gets your letter of resignation.

  W: that may be so. But in the letter, I just told him frankly I could no longer live with his poor management and stupid decisions.

  Q: what do we learn about the woman?

  正确选项:She has made up her mind to resign.

  解析:这个题考的就是场景词组 letter of resignation (辞职信),只要大家熟悉这个词组并且听到,一定就能选对。

  <二>,以上谈到工作场景大家可能还比较熟悉,下面拿一个大家可能并不重视的小单词来举例。

  nuisance ['nju?s(?)ns] 讨厌的人或东西(大家可以读音联想去记:读音像牛神--牛鬼蛇神--讨厌的人或东西)

  例1:2008-6-13 (六级小对话)

  录音原文:

  M: I hear John left his cat in your care while he's on vacation abroad. How are you getting along with it?

  W: Well, it never comes when I call it. It spills its food and sheds all over the place. I can't wait till John gets back.

  Q: How does the woman find the cat?

  正确选项:A real nuisance.

  分析:原文划线句说,猫把食物撒的到处都是,已经等不及让John, 也就是它的主人赶紧把猫领走了。这不就说明这个女士被猫折磨的不行了,那答案就出来了。但关键大家必须先认识和熟悉nuisance这个词,对吧?

  例2:08-12-24 (六级长对话)

  录音原文:

  W: Say? Hold on. Peter. I thought you said your organization was non-violent, what do you mean by "harass"?

  M: Well, we circle round and round the ships and get in the way when they try to dump the drums of nuclear waste in the sea. We talk to the men and try to change, you know, yell at them to stop. We generally make ourselves as much of a nuisance as possible.

  Q: How does Green Peace try to stop people from dumping nuclear waste?

  正确选项:By harassing them.

  解析:这个题大家可以通过听到女士提到的Harass (骚扰)原词做出来,如果没有听到的话,大家熟悉nuisance,原文这句话说"通常我们尽可能让我们自己变成让他们讨厌的人",那选项提到不停骚扰他们肯定就是非常让人讨厌的啊,这样考虑也是可以做出来的。

  例3: 2013-12-16 (六级短文听力)

  录音原文:

  In America, white-tailed deer are more numerous than ever before, so abundant in fact that they've become a suburban nuisance and a health hazard.

  Q: What do we learn about white-tailed deer in North Haven?

  正确选项:They have become a headache to the community.

  解析:问题问通过文章对North Haven地区白尾鹿有什么了解,原文提到他们成为了郊区令人讨厌的动物,那不就是让人头疼的东西嘛,become a suburban nuisance = headache ,所以做对这个题的前提还是大家熟悉nuisance这个词。

  通过以上例题,希望大家能明白两件事情,首先场景词的积累是大家提高听力实力的捷径,大家需要好好对待。其次,大家要明白真题的重复特点,一定好好做真题,反复做!

  大家明白场景词的重要性之后,场景词从哪儿来呢,有的老师会给大家用词频统计软件,机械性的统计词频,我个人觉得用处不大。比如词频统计软件统计出来的高频词一定要背吗?可能是非常简单的词,根本不是考点,但是词频非常低的单词呢?就比如第一次出现nuisance,大家可能说不用管,但是后来这样的词还是会反复考察。

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六级真题详解
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·2002年1月英语六级真题详解
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·2001年1月英语六级真题详解
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·2000年1月英语六级真题详解
·1999年6月英语六级真题详解
·1999年1月英语六级真题详解
·1998年6月英语六级真题详解


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