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2014年大学英语六级作文常考类型解析
http://www.china-cet.com        来源:新东方        发布时间:2014-05-23 12:13:33
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英语六级作文常考类型

  通过对2000年之后的历年真题进行概括和总结,不难发现六级作文总体上包括解释现象型、解决问题型、说明利弊型和对比选择型。下面对这些作文类型逐一进行介绍。

  一、解释现象型

  解释现象型作文一般要求考生根据考试提纲引出某种现象,然后分析现象产生的原因,阐述其影响,并给出合理的建议。此类作文在历年真题中所占比例较大,是练习的重点之一。

  1. 写作提纲

  (1) 描述现象

  (2) 阐述现象产生的原因,给出支持者或反对者的观点

  (3) 提出建议或总结观点

  2. 历年考题

  2010.12 My View on University Ranking

  2009.12 Should Parents Send Their Kids to Art Classes?

  2008.06 Will E-books Replace Traditional Books?

  2007.12 The Digital Age

  2006.12(新) The Importance of Reading Classics2006.12The Celebration of Western Festivals

  3. 模拟演练

  The Influence of Computer on the Movie Industry

  (1) 电脑和互联网给电影产业带来多种影响

  (2) 阐释各种影响及原因

  (3) 我的看法

  专家支招

  这是一个解释现象型的题目,探讨了电脑和互联网对于电影产业的影响,写作时应当围绕提纲进行构思:① 第一段简要说明这一现象,第二段阐释各种影响及其原因,第三段提出自己的看法。② 写作时注意语言做到准确流畅,可以适当应用复合句,使文章衔接更加自然。

  名师点评

  The Influence of Computer on the Movie Industry

  The movie industry is quite different from what it was before. It has become ① even more so with the aid of computers. Computers and the Internet have made many influences on the movie industry. ② These, however, come down to the following aspects.

  First, the development of computer graphics has enabled the movies to have more terrific ③ visual effects. The digital technology can create vivid images ④ out of thin air. And the 3D picture is another breakthrough of visual enjoyment. Second, the development of personal computers and the Internet has made it easier to download piratical movies, thus the box office of movies will be impacted. However, it can also help promote movies by the wide spread of film reviews and comments.

  In my opinion, the further development of computer and the Internet may make more changes to the movie industry. There may be more technologies to bring us ⑤ multi-dimensional enjoyments. Maybe one day we can have totally immersive impressions of movies with the help of computer.

  Analysis

  ① even more so用于强调当前的情况更加严重,可以用于提出话题。

  ② come down to表示“归结为”。

  ③ visual effects意为“视觉效果”,是高分表达。

  ④ out of thin air表示“无中生有”,属于固定搭配。

  ⑤ multi-dimensional意为“多维的”,可以用于有多方面意义或多角度讨论的话题。

  举一反三

  1. Computers and the Internet have made many influences on the movie industry.

  a. Computers and the Internet have influenced the movie industry a lot.

  b. Computers and the Internet have great effects on the movie industry.

  2. However, it can also help promote movies by the wide spread of film reviews and comments.

  a. However, it can also increase the fame of movies by the wide spread of film reviews and comments.

  b. However, it can also contribute to the promotion of movies by the wide spread of film reviews and comments.

  二、解决问题型

  解决问题型作文,要求考生根据考试题目中所反映或提到的问题,提出解决问题的方案或应对措施。此类作文重在考查学生解决问题的能力,因此写作时一定要具体详细地说明解决问题的方法。

  1. 写作提纲

  (1) 阐述问题

  (2) 描述原因

  (3) 给出解决途径

  2. 历年考题

  2008.12 How to Improve Students’ Mental Health?

  3. 模拟演练

  How to Prevent Drink Driving From Happening?

  (1) 酒后驾驶已经成为危害公共安全的重要因素

  (2) 如何最大限度地防止此类问题的发生

  (3) 我的观点

  专家支招

  本文对于酒后驾驶这一社会热点问题进行了探讨,主要讨论如何防止此类问题的发生,是一篇需要提出解决方案的论说文,写作时应围绕提纲进行构思:① 第一段提出酒后驾驶现象及其危害,第二段提出自己的解决方案,第三段总结自己的想法。② 写作时应当注意措辞准确、结构条理、正确使用衔接句。

  How to Prevent Drink Driving From Happening?

  Recently, there have been tremendous reports on accidents caused by drink driving and controversial sentences of criminals. ①The miserable tragedies have demonstrated that drink driving has become a serious problem harmful to the public security. ②Therefore, something must be done to prevent such things from happening.

  ③ First of all, corresponding laws and regulations should be made to clarify the definition and penalties of drink driving, so that the fear of punishment may pull drivers away from alcohol. Secondly, the administrations and media should actively promote the modification of so-called ④ “wine culture” to avoid compelled drinking, in order that the drivers may say “no” to the toast proposals. Last but not least, the inspections and monitors of the government and the society should be reinforced to immediately identify drunk drivers and prevent drivers from drinking.

  In conclusion, it is the responsibility of everybody to reduce drink driving to the minimum. ⑤ Only when the problem is efficiently controlled can we live more safely and comfortably.

  Analysis

  ① demonstrate常用于阐明现象,引出主旨。

  ② 提出观点,something must be done也可以用we should take measures代替。

  ③ 提出建议。corresponding laws and regulations, pull...away from均适用于解决问题类作文。用alcohol指代饮酒以避免重复。

  ④ wine culture“酒文化”,有中国特色的固定表达。

  ⑤ Only位于句首时主句采用部分倒装语序,注意从句采用正常语序。

  举一反三

  Recently, there have been tremendous reports on accidents caused by drink driving and controversial sentences of criminals.

  a. Recently, it has been tremendously reported that there are lots of accidents caused by drink driving and controversial sentences of criminals.

  b. Recently, many reports are released on accidents caused by drink driving and controversial sentences of criminals.

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