中国四六级考试网
www.china-cet.com
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
     
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
洛基英语
精英培训
四级真题详解
·2004年1月英语四级真题详解
·2003年9月英语四级真题详解
·2003年6月英语四级真题详解
·2003年1月英语四级真题详解
·2002年6月英语四级真题详解
·2002年1月英语四级真题详解
·2001年6月英语四级真题详解
·2001年1月英语四级真题详解
·2000年6月英语四级真题详解
·2000年1月英语四级真题详解
中国四六级考试网 >> 英语世界
大学英语四级美文欣赏:含糖饮料或使味蕾变迟钝
http://www.china-cet.com        来源:沪江英语        发布时间:2012-10-29 20:13:05
2天记住4000单词的秘密... 点击进入!!
    

 Consuming just two sugarydrinks a day can dull the taste buds and lead to cravings for high-calorie food, a study claims.

  The research suggests that within a month those who drink sugary beverages are left with a dulled sensitivity to sweet tastes. This leads to an increased preference for high-calorie and sugar-laden foods, creating a "viciouscycle" as consumers look for their next treat.

  Those who do not have a sweet tooth are particularly at risk of developing one after drinking sugary beverages, even if they are slim and active.

  Experts who carried out the research at the universities of Bristol and Bangor expressed surprise at how quickly tastes could be dulled by exposure to sweet drinks. Lucy Donaldson, of the University of Bristol, said: "We have known for some time that the way we perceive different tastes can change under different circumstances. Finding that two sweet drinks a day over a short time can dramatically change taste was a real surprise."

  In the trial leanand obesepeople rated their perception and enjoyment of sweet and salty tastes. The obese participants tended to rate identical drinks as less sweet than the lean ones did.

  The experts then recruited only lean people who did not usually consume sugary drinks. Their sensitivity to sweet drinks was tested and they were asked to consume a sugary drink twice a day. A month later, when they were re-tested, their sensitivity to sweet tastes and conscious enjoyment of them had dulled.

  Dr Hans-Peter Kubis, of the University of Bangor, said the dulling of tastebuds can lead to a "vicious cycle" as consumers of sugary drinks tend to more sweet and calorie-laden food to compensate.

  He said: "This has serious implicationsfor public health. This research shows how little sweet food stuffsare required to actually change your taste perceptions, and how powerful sweet-tasting products are.

  "We are heading for a health disaster with rising obesity levels and the increasing incidenceof type 2 diabetes. From our research it is clear to see how this situation may have created a cycle of sweet food and drink consumption. As taste satisfaction levels drop; the more sweet foods are consumed, contributing to these problems."

  【重点单词及短语】

  taste bud 味蕾

  craving for 对……的渴望

  preference for 偏爱……;优先选择

  sugar-laden adj. 富含糖分的

  sweet tooth 喜好甜食

  at risk of 冒……之危险

  perceive v. 察觉;理解;认知

  lean adj. 瘦的;贫乏的 v. 倾斜;倚靠;倾向

  obese adj. 肥胖的,过胖的

  compensate v. 补偿,赔偿

  head for 前往;出发;取向于

相关内容:
·大学英语四级美文欣赏:末日标志 ·大学英语四级美文欣赏:互联网让我
·大学英语四级美文欣赏:我们对垃圾 ·大学英语四级美文欣赏:美国年轻人
·大学英语四级美文欣赏:户外广告 ·大学英语四级美文欣赏:创造力的根
·大学英语四级美文欣赏:青年危机 ·大学英语四级美文欣赏:白领阶层回
·大学英语四级美文欣赏:书籍和互联 ·大学英语四级美文欣赏:社交媒体和




六级真题详解
·2003年1月英语六级真题详解
·2002年6月英语六级真题详解
·2002年1月英语六级真题详解
·2001年6月英语六级真题详解
·2001年1月英语六级真题详解
·2000年6月英语六级真题详解
·2000年1月英语六级真题详解
·1999年6月英语六级真题详解
·1999年1月英语六级真题详解
·1998年6月英语六级真题详解


::::::::网站首页设为首页联系我们 线路图 ::::::::
中国四六级考试网版权所有
公安局网监编号:1081067     京ICP备05034376号
Copyright ? 2006~2007 China-cet.com