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洛基英语
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四级真题详解
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中国四六级考试网 >> 模拟试题
2012年12月英语四级考前模拟试题练习(3)
http://www.china-cet.com        来源:新东方        发布时间:2012-10-22 20:44:47
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2012年12月英语四级考前模拟试题练习(三)

  Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
  Section A
  Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there Will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A ), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  Example: You will hear.
  You will read: A) At the office. B) In the waiting room.
  C) At the airport. D) In a restaurant.
  From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This conversation is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefore, A) "At the office" is the best answer. You should choose [A] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center.
  Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]
  1. A) She has postponed going to the doctor's.
  B) She has almost recovered from her cold.
  C) She saw the doctor four weeks ago.
  D) Her doctor is away right now.
  2. A) She is thinking of how to take exercise class.
  B) Her new glasses fit better than the old ones.
  C) She is unhappy about her exercise class.
  D) The exercise class improved her health a lot.
  3. A) The man wants to go shopping.
  B) The man does not want to go shopping.
  C) The man doesn't want to go shopping with the woman.
  D) The man wants to travel around the world instead.
  4. A) Professor Smith's physics course is not outstanding.
  B) Professor Smith's physics course used to be outstanding.
  C) Professor Smith will not teach physics course any more.
  D) Professor Smith will teach physics course but it will not outstanding.
  5. A) in a shop B) in the barber's
  C) in the book store D) in the drug store
  6. A) The man will never take a train B) The woman will never take a train
  C) It is safer to take a train . D) Taking a bus is safer than taking a train .
  7. A) draw a picture B) write a letter
  C) hold the ladder D) help the woman write a letter
  8. A) It is a new one .
  B) It gives discount to the new customer.
  C) It is an expensive one.
  D) It gives discount to the old customer.
  9. A) The teacher never met the woman.
  B) The woman forgets the teacher.
  C) They both forget each other.
  D) The teacher forgets the woman.
  10. A) to write the book on the newspaper.
  B) to advertise free public announcement.
  C) to advertise the book on the newspaper.
  D) to write newspaper the on the book.
  Section B
  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  Passage One
  11. A) Take the place of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund as one of most powerful economic organization in the world
  B) have new rules covering trade in services and intellectual property.
  C) make complete new rules in every area of international trade.
  D) have more members and do much more to settle more problems.
  12. A) 165 B) 30 C) 135 D) 105
  13. A) WTO-another name for GATT.
  B) WTO-an international service organization
  C) WTO-one of the world's most powerful economic organization.
  D) WTO-the world's most powerful economic organization.
  Passage Two
  14. A) The police want people to use it to report crimes.
  B) They are very handy and useful.
  C) They are much cheaper than those many years ago.
  D) People in Florida can call others on their car phones.
  15. A) Every person in thirty people has one.
  B) Exactly 105,000 people have car phones.
  C) There is one in every 30 cars in the FLorida States.
  D) Every car in the State of Florida has one.
  16. A) She drove after him and informed the police on her car telephone.
  B) She telephoned to the police on her car phone all the time in her car.
  C) She followed the gunman by walking who had shot at another man until he was caught.
  D) She told the police about the robbery on her car phone as she had stopped his car.
  Passage Three
  17. A) Tom Brennan. B) An unknown person.
  C) A Philadelphia magazine. D) Deborah Logan.
  18. A) It was written in Philadelphia.
  B) It tell stories about Philadelphia.
  C) People in the city are interested in old things.
  D) The British and the Americans once fought in Philadelphia.
  19. A) $1,000 B) $2,000
  C) $3,000 D) $4,000
  20. A) I'm rich. B) I'm famous.
  C ) I'm excited. D) I'm lucky.
  Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
  Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  Passage One
  Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
  In the early days of the internet, many people worried that as people in the rich world embraced new computing and communications technologies, people in the poor world would be left stranded on the wrong side of a "digital divide." Yet the debate over the digital divide is founded on a myth-that plugging poor countries into the internet will help them to become rich rapidly.
  This is highly unlikely, because the digital divide is not a problem in itself, but a symptom of deeper, more important divides: of income, development and literacy. Fewer people in poor countries than in rich ones own computers and have access to the internet simply because they are too poor, are illiterate, or have other more immediate concerns, such as food, health care and security. So even if it were possible to wave a magic wand and cause a computer to appear in every household on earth, it would not achieve very much: a computer is not useful if you have no food or electricity and cannot read. Yet such wand-waving-through the construction of specific local infrastructure projects such as rural telecenters-is just the sort of thing for which the UN's new fund is intended.
  This sort of thing is the wrong way to go about addressing the inequality in access to digital technologies: it is treating the symptoms, rather than the underlying causes. The benefits of building rural computing centers, for example, are unclear. Rather than trying to close the divide for the sake of it, the more sensible goal is to determine how best to use technology to promote bottom-up development. And the answer to that question turns out to be remarkably clear: by promoting the spread not of PCs and the internet, but of mobile phones.
  21. What is the main idea of this passage?
  A) Plugging poor countries into the internet will help them to become rich rapidly.
  B) Poor countries should be given more basic devices other than advanced ones.
  C) Rich countries should help poor ones becoming rich.
  D) People in poor countries cannot afford devices such as computer.
  22. What did the author mean by referring "digital divide." (Line 3, Para. 1)?
  A) Digital technology will make the gap between rich world and poor world wider.
  B) Digital technology will divide people into rich and poor world.
  C) People can be divided digitally.
  D) To divide people in digital world is wrong.
  23. We can infer from the 2nd paragraph that
  A) people in poor countries cannot use computer because of illiteracy.
  B) poor people cannot use computers.
  C) there would be no magic to cause a computer to appear in every household on earth.
  D) people in poor countries need more basic living conditions than computers.
  24. Considering the following sentences, which one would the author most agree?
  A) Digital technology is useless.
  B) Digital divide will help poor countries becoming rich.
  C) Poor people need more immediate concerns, such as food, health care and security.
  D) Mobile phones should be promoted firstly.
  25. The following passage will probably be:
  A) How to promote using of mobile phones.
  B) How to use technology to promote bottom-up development.
  C) The benefits of building rural computing centers.
  D) How to meet the need of food, health and security in poor countries.

Passage Two
  Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
  "Someday," Andy Warhol once mused, "all department stores will become museums, and all museums will become department stores." If this has not happened literally, it has practically. Look at the recent debut of a shop-within-a-shop at the SoHo branch of the MoMA Design Store: the first North American Muji outlet. A consumer-goods chain with 280 stores in Japan, Muji has managed to stake out space in something so presumably untouchable as a museum design boutique partly because the 270 or so objects for sale in the SoHo store are "appealing, useful and essential" items for the "design-savvy consumer." These include office supplies and storage pieces, but also items like a very clever set of $42 cardboard speakers. The Muji style is sleek, clean, unfussy and, at least by some standards, affordable.
  The name Muji is a shortening of Mujirushi Ryohin, which translates to "no-brand goods." Emphasizing quality design, sensible use of materials and utilitarian practicality, Muji uses the slogan "Lower Priced for a Reason." While the stereotype of the logo- obsessed Japanese consumer lingers, unadorned Muji has thrived. In fact, from the original line of 40 Muji products, the company now offers more than 5,000 - everything from clothing to bicycles to furniture to packaged food.
  Museum stores have lately become more savvy about selling consumer furniture made by the same famous designers exhibited in actual museum shows. The MoMA-Muji collaboration takes this idea to the next logical step. The brand's fine-design aura and exotic rarity are good for the shop - but the shop has an aura of its own, one that gives Muji goods a bit more sparkle than they might have if they were in an ordinary store.
  26. The main purpose of author to write this passage is:
  A) To introduce the museum like Muji company.
  B) To forecast what a department store will become.
  C) To promote the successful experience of Muji company.
  D) To tell the readers how a department store becomes prosperous.
  27. What did Andy Warhol mean by saying all department stores will become museums, and all museums will become department stores (Line 1, Para. 1) ?
  A) There will be no department store in the future.
  B) Department stores are becoming more and more like museums with the goods savvy-designed while museums are be coming more and more like department stores with fussy items.
  C) All department stores will become museum.
  D) All museums will be replaced by department stores in the future.
  28. What dose savvy (Line 1, Para. 3) mean in this passage?
  A) Wit B) Sensible
  C) Cheap D) Stupid
  29. The meaning of "While the stereotype of the logo-obsessed Japanese consumer lingers, unadorned Muji has thrived." (Line 4, Para. 2) is
  A) Japanese consumers believe in the logo of Muji and that's why Muji has become flourished.
  B) Japanese consumers always linger so Muji becomes thrive.
  C) Muji stores are so unadorned that Japanese consumers can only linger.
  D) Muji obsesses Japanese consumers by its logo in order to make them linger.
  30. What is NOT correct according to this passage?
  A) Reasonable price is a style of Muji, at least by some standards.
  B) Now you can find most of the everyday stuffs in Muji stores.
  C) In Muji stores, furniture designed by famous designers is now available.
  D) Muji can thrive only because it has a fine-design aura.
  Passage Three
  Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.
  Space is a dangerous place, not only because of meteors(流星)but also because of rays from the sun and other stars. The atmosphere again acts as our protective blanket on earth. Light gets through, and this is essential for plants to make the food which we eat. Heat, too, makes our environment endurable. Various kinds of rays come through the air from outer space, but enormous quantities of radiation from the sun are screened off. As soon as men leave the atmosphere they are exposed to this radiation but their spacesuits or the walls of their spacecraft, if they are inside, do prevent a lot of radiation damage.
  Radiation is the greatest known danger to explorers in space. The unit of radiation is called "rem". Scientists have reason to think that a man can put up with far more radiation than 0.1 rem without being damaged; the figure of 60 rems has been agreed on. The trouble is that it is extremely difficult to be sure about radiation damage - a person may feel perfectly well, but the cells of his or her sex organs may be damaged, and this will no be discovered until the birth of deformed children or even grandchildren.
  Missions of the Apollo flights have had to cross belts of high amount of rems. So far, no dangerous amounts of radiation have been reported, but the Apollo missions have been quite short. We simply do not know yet how men are going to get on when they spend weeks and months outside the protection of the atmosphere, working in a space laboratory. Drugs might help to decrease the damage done by radiation, but no really effective ones have been found so far.
  31. According to the first paragraph, the atmosphere is essential to man in that _______.
  A) it protects him against the harmful rays from space
  B) it provides sufficient light for plant growth
  C) it supplies the heat necessary for human survival
  D) it screens off the falling meteors
  32. We know from the passage that _______.
  A) exposure to even tiny amounts of radiation is fatal
  B) the effect of exposure to radiation is slow in coming
  C) radiation is avoidable in space exploration
  D) astronauts in spacesuits needn't worry about radiation damage
  33. The harm radiation has done to the Apollo crew members _______.
  A) is significant B) seems overestimated
  C) is enormous D) remains unknown
  34. It can be inferred from the passage that _______.
  A) the Apollo mission was very successful
  B) protection from space radiation is no easy job
  C) astronauts will have deformed children or grandchildren
  D) radiation is not a threat to well-protected space explorers
  35. The best title for this passage would be _______.
  A) The Atmosphere and Our Environment
  B) Research on Radiation
  C) Effects of Space Radiation
  D) Importance of Protection Against Radiation
  Passage Four
  Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.
  It has been thought and said that Africans are born with musical talent. Because music is so important in the lives of many Africans and because so much music is performed in Africa, we are inclined to think that all Africans are musicians.
  The impression is strengthened when we look at ourselves and find that we have become largely a society of musical spectators(旁观). Music is important to us, but most of us can be considered consumers rather than producers of music. We have records, television, concerts, and radio to fulfill many of our musical needs.
  In most situations where music is performed in our culture it is not difficult to distinguish the audience from the performers, but such is often not the case in Africa. Alban Ayipaga, a Kasena semiprofessional musician from northern Ghana, says that when his flute(长笛)and drum ensemble(歌舞团)is performing. "Anybody can take part". This is true, but Kasena musicians recognize that not all people are equally capable of taking part in the music. Some can sing along with the drummers, but relatively few can drum and even fewer can play the flute along with the ensemble. It is fairly common in Africa for there to be an ensemble of expert musicians surrounded by others who join in by clapping, singing, or somehow adding to the totality of musical sound. Performing nucleus and the additional performers, active spectators, and passive spectators may be difficult to draw from our point of view.
  36. The difference between us and Africans, as far as music is concerned, is that _______
  A) most of us are consumers while most of them are producers of music
  B) we are musical performers and they are semiprofessional musicians
  C) most of us are passive spectators while they are active spectators
  D) we are the audience and they are the additional performers
  37. The word "such" (Para. 3, Line 2) refers to the fact that _______
  A) music is perforated with the participation of the audience
  B) music is performed without the participation of the audience
  C) people tend to distinguish the audience from the performers
  D) people have records, television sets and radio to fulfill their musical needs
  38. The author of the passage implies that _______
  A) all Africans are musical and therefore much music is performed in Africa
  B) nor all Africans are born with musical talent although music is important in their lives
  C) most Africans are capable of joining in the by playing musical instruments
  D) most Africans perform as well as professional musicians
  39. The word "nucleus" (Para. 3, Line 9) probably refers to _______
  A) musicians famous in Africa
  B) musicians at the outer circle.
  C) musicians acting as the core in a performance
  D) active participants in a musical performance
  40. The best title for this passage would be _______
  A) The Importance of Music to African People
  B) Differences Between African Music and Music of Other Countries
  C) The Relationship between Musicians and Their Audience
  D) A Characteristic Feature of African Musical Performances

 Part III Vocabulary (20 minutes)
  Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
  41. While studying at U.C.L.A., Mr.Wang _______ his old friend, whom he has not seen for nearly twenty years.
  A) encountered B) whispered C) swung D) maid
  42. The _______ production of engines in our factory has doubled this year.
  A) manual B) annual C) mass D) muss
  43. The Foreign Minister made an excellent_______on the current international situation. A) committee B) command C) comment D) commission
  44. Her father will never _______ of her going to study in the United States alone.
  A) prove B) agree C) admit D) approve
  45. If there is no other way to save a _______ person in a tall building on fire, fire fighters may spread a net into which the person can jump.
  A) abandon B) wrapped C) trapped D) deserted
  46. Since 1978, many new _______ have been developed in our university to meet the increasing demands of the students.
  A) disciplines B) entrances C) discriminances D) principles
  47. The question then ________: What are we going to do when we graduate from the university?
  A) raises B) arouses C) arises D) rises
  48. His speech _______ the young people to continue their study.
  A) urged B) stimulated C) inspired D) promoted
  49. The rebuilding plan was _______ to the committee.
  A) transmit B) admitted C) transfer D) submitted
  50. John's score on the test is the highest in the class; he____ last night.
  A) should study B) should have studied
  C) must have studied D) must have to study
  51. Jack is _______ of stealing the books from the library.
  A) accused B) witnessed C) charged D) found
  52. The manager promised to have _______ my complaint.
  A) looked through B) looked over C) looked into D) looked after
  53. Metals expand when they are heated and _______ when cooled.
  A) minimize B) freeze C) shrink D) contract
  54. In order to _______ a good knowledge of English, he gave up his job and went to study in an English school.
  A) require B) inquire C) acquire D) address
  55. He checked carefully to _______ the possible errors in his design.
  A) eliminate B) exceed C) enlarge D) erase
  56. This mountain range has many high _______ and fertile valleys.
  A) peaks B) tops C) highlights D) climaxes
  57. He gave us a good _______ of his experience.
  A) demonstration B) frequency C) descripton D) instruction
  58. Richard doesn't think he could ever ______ what is called "free style" poetry.
  A) take on B) take over C) take to D) take after
  59. This sick man was _______ in a blanket.
  A) input B) issued C) ensured D) wrapped
  60. This is the military ________. Nobody is allowed to get in without permission.
  A) bond B) zone C) butter D) area
  61. Rock music usually _______ the young people in most countries.
  A) applies to B) appeals to C) amazes D) actress
  62. Milk,butter,and cheese are _______ here from the farms.
  A) imported B) transferred C) transformed D) transported
  63. We all _______ your coming to help us.
  A) appropriate B) appreciate C) admit D) affect
  64. Under no _______ will I go there again.
  A) circumstances B) situation C) giant D) happen
  65. During these ten years, many new methods have been _______ in the field of foreigh language teaching.
  A) adopted B) adapted C) alarmed D) aided
  66. Yesterday was such a _______ day we decided to go for a drive.
  A) glorious B) dynamical C) glooming D) attractive
  67. A general _______ is held in the United States every four years.
  A) selection B) choice C) election D) choose
  68. This is the Chinese _______, translated from English.
  A) publication B) editor C) printing D) version
  69. Acutual loss will depend upon the particular frequencies one is exposed.
  A) of which B) for which C) to that D) to which
  70. Your _______ in teaching is different from mine.
  A) altitude B) approach C) impeach D) announce
  Part IV Cloze (15 minutes)
  Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
  Nobody likes insects. They are 71 and sometimes dangerous. Some of them bite us and give us 72 ; others bite us and give us big red 73 . Some do not bite,
  74 they just fly round our heads or crawl round our houses and gardens. And we do not like any of them - 75 those lovely butterflies.
  But insects are interesting. First, they are very 76 animals. Three hundred and twenty million years ago there were no men or other 77 in the world but there were insects. Today, 78 every square mile of land there are millions of them flying and crawling 79 . Second, insects are very 80 to their habitat, to their food and to the weather. Now there are about a million different 81 in the world. Then
  82 do people use insecticides?
  Not many insects 83 us. In many cases we do not see the insects and we do not think much about them. The 84 is that insects eat so much of man's food,
  85 there are so many billions of them. So we must use insecticides to 86
  them.
  An insecticide is simply a special chemical 87 with some poisonous elements. Farmers 88 their crops very often and the insects die quickly. Of course some poisonous chemicals 89 on the crops or in the 90 , and that is also dangerous to our health.
  71. A) wicked B) shocked C) troubling D) annoying
  72. A) wounds B) diseases C) hurts D) cuts
  73. A) places B) points C) spots D) scraps
  74. A) and B) but C) or D) because
  75. A) besides B) let alone C) except for D) except
  66. A) old B) young C) small D) weak
  77. A) mammals B) cats C) reptiles D) birds
  88. A) on B) with C) throughout D) in
  79. A) over B) above C) about D) up
  80. A) suitable B) adaptable C) agreeable D) changeable
  81. A) species B) samples C) models D) examples
  82. A) when B) how C) where D) why
  83. A) stab B) wound C) hurt D) pin
  84. A) difference B) condition C) method D) reason
  85. A) so that B) due to C) and D) owing to
  86. A) put an end to B) get rid of C) take care of D) get hold of
  87. A) medicine B) sections C) compound D) material
  88. A) spray B) cover C) clean D) splash
  89. A) drop B) stay C) disappear D) leave
  90. A) soil B) dirt C) earth D) mud
  Part V Writing (30 minutes)
  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the title Global Warming according to the following OUTLINE given in Chinese. Your composition should be no fewer than 120 words.
  Outline:1.全球性变暖的原因。
  2.提出解决的建议。

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六级真题详解
·2003年1月英语六级真题详解
·2002年6月英语六级真题详解
·2002年1月英语六级真题详解
·2001年6月英语六级真题详解
·2001年1月英语六级真题详解
·2000年6月英语六级真题详解
·2000年1月英语六级真题详解
·1999年6月英语六级真题详解
·1999年1月英语六级真题详解
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