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洛基英语
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四级真题详解
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中国四六级考试网 >> 模拟试题
2012年12月英语四级考前模拟试题练习(2)
http://www.china-cet.com        来源:新东方        发布时间:2012-10-22 20:30:48
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2012年12月英语四级考前模拟试题练习(二)

  Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
  Section A
  Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  Example: You will hear.
  You will read: A) At the office. B) In the waiting room.
  C) At the airport. D) In a restaurant.
  From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This conversation is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefore, A) "At the office" is the best answer. You should choose [A] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center.
  Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]
  1. A) No one on the bus was injured.
  B) More than one student on the bus was injured.
  C) Every one on the bus was injured.
  D) Only one student on the bus was injured.
  2. A) He didn't like any juice.
  B) He wanted other kind of juice.
  C) He liked banana juice as well as apple juice and orange juice.
  D) He liked all sorts of fruit except for apple juice and orange juice.
  3. A) He will lend the bike to Tom. B) His bike has a flat type too.
  C) He can not lend it to the woman. D) Tom will lend the bike to the girl.
  4. A) Taking a walk everyday is not very good. B) She agrees with the man.
  C) She disagree with the man. D) She want to take a walk today.
  5. A) Go to the party. B) Work in the restaurant.
  C) Do her homework. D) Study English.
  6. A) Lily made the trip a lot of fun.
  B) Lily spoiled the trip.
  C) She like Lily to go with them.
  D) She made a journey to China only with Lily.
  7. A) Sue came to two parties. B) Sue missed most of the parties.
  C) Sue has joint most of the parties. D) Sue missed all of their parties.
  8. A)He is attending his sick mother at home . B) He is at home on sick leave.
  C) He is on a vocation in Asia. D) He is in Asia to see his mother.
  9. A) She can use his car. B) She can get a car somewhere else.
  C) She must get her car fixed. D) She can't borrow his car.
  10. A) The man is too tired to go to the movies.
  B) The woman does not want to go to the movies.
  C) The man wants to go out for dinner.
  D) The woman wants to go to the movies.
  Section B Compound Dictation
  注意:听力理解的B节(Section B)为复合式听写(Compound Dictation),题目在试卷二上,现在请取出试卷二。
  Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
  Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  Passage One
  Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.
  Chaz Albert is a passionate "texter," someone who loves to send and receive text messages via cell phone. He does it at home, at school and at work. He often prefers texting over talking on his cell phone.
  In the last two years, text messages - which cell carriers generally limit to 160 characters - have become a rage among teenagers, who embrace the technology as yet another way to escape a boring class or stay in touch with friends.
  But text-messaging, or texting for short, has a downside. It can be expensive. Many high school and college students accustomed to sending unlimited instant messages on their computers do not adapt easily to text messaging's pay-per-message format, and end up with unexpectedly high bills when they get involved in keypad conversations that involve hundreds, even thousands, of messages a month. The results are angry confrontations with parents, long-term payment plans and the loss of cell phone privileges.
  Text-messaging has flourished for years in Europe and Asia, where it is immensely popular among young people. In the United States, activity was limited until 2002, when a breakthrough in the wireless market allowed short text messages to be sent among customers of the major cellular carriers. Previously, customers could send messages only to those who used the same carrier.
  The service, known as S.M.S. (for Short Message Service), has since taken off. According to a recent report Americans sent 2.5 billion text messages a month in mid-2004, triple the number sent in mid-2002.
  Teenagers are clearly driving the trend. "Younger people do text messaging a lot more than older folks," said Mr. Nogee. "They're more used to it from instant messaging on the computer, from growing up with it. Older people would rather call up and talk."
  11. The word "texter" (Line 1, Para 1) mainly refers to .
  A. people who only call up and talk on cell phones
  B. people who not only "tezting", but also call up on cell phones
  C. people who never call up but only send messages on cell phones
  D.people who do a lot more messaging than calling with a cell phone
  12. Why are teenagers so addicted to text-messaging?
  A) texting is much cheaper than making calls
  B) texting is regarded as another way of escape a boring class or stay in touch with friends
  C) texting on a cell phone allows unlimited characters
  D) texting has flourished for many years in Europe and Asia
  13. One downside of text-messaging is .
  A) it may be expensive if one are not so familiar with its paying format
  B) it may be a waste of time
  C) one may become less talkative on the phone
  D) it usually has a limitation of 160 characters
  14. Which of the following version is NOT true according to the article?
  A) Younger people are more used to instant messaging on a computer than older folks.
  B) Statistics has shown that text message business has proliferated over the past three years.
  C) U.S's S.M.S business in mid-2004 is four times larger than in mid-2002.
  D) One of the punishment parents give to carelessly use of texting is kids may lose cell phone privileges.
  15. The word "rage" in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to .
  A) anger B) fashion C) trend D) phenomenon
  Passage Two
  Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.
  More than 100 colleges in Beijing enrolled fewer than 40,000 students in total this year, 10,000 less than last year, according to the Beijing Star Daily. In 2002, they attracted 80,000 students in total.
  The head of a private college in the capital told the newspaper that the cost of educating a student at one of these establishments was about 30,000 yuan a year. He said a college needed to enrol 2,000 students a year to make ends meet. But in Beijing, they had enrolled fewer than 400 on average this year.
  "Some private colleges will go bankrupt in the coming years if the number of enrolments continues to drop," the head was quoted as saying.
  Wei Honglin , head of the Beijing Education Consulting and Complaint Centre, said private colleges had suffered huge losses during the SARs outbreak last year.
  Education experts said private colleges were becoming less attractive to students because of rising unemployment among graduates. They said high school graduates, especially those from less-developed areas, were reluctant to pay money and spend years on private college education when there was no guarantee of a job.
  For many private college students, graduation is often a guarantee of unemployment because they are less popular with employers than graduates from well-known public colleges and universities.
  An expansion of public colleges and universities since 1999 has also made it difficult for private colleges to survive. There are more than 1,300 privately run colleges across the country and nearly all are struggling to attract enough interest to keep running. To attract more students, more than 1 billion yuan was spent on publicising private colleges last year. "For every student enrolled, the private colleges on average spent 3,000 yuan on publicity," Mr Wei said.

16. What may be one of the results if a private college fails to enroll 2,000 students a year?
  A) Students will leave to find another one.
  B) The college will have to pay a certain penalty to the government.
  C) The college will have to shut down because of bankrupt.
  D) President of the college will be put in jail.
  17. Why are students from less-developed areas reluctant to go to private colleges?
  A) Fees of private colleges are too high for students from those areas.
  B) It is more difficult for them to enroll private colleges.
  C) Private colleges have a not so good repute.
  D) After graduation from private colleges, the chance of getting a job is slimmer than from public colleges and universities.
  18. What has been done in private colleges in order to survive?
  A) Private colleges has gradually decrease their tuition in order to attract students from less-developed areas.
  B) Private colleges has tried to use advertisements to promote themselves.
  C) An expansion of private colleges has been undertaking.
  D) Private colleges now employ more experienced teachers.
  19. Based on the passage, what can be one of the reasons to cause losses to private colleges last year?
  A) The outbreak of SARs.
  B) The expansion of public colleges and universities.
  C) The careless operation of the colleges.
  D) The quality of the colleges' faculty.
  20. Which is the following statement is false on the grounds of the facts in the text?
  A) Nearly all the private colleges are struggling to survive throughout the country.
  B) For every student enrolled, 3,000 yuan a year is spent on all kinds of promotion on average.
  C) Private colleges usually guarantee of a much better job than universities.
  D) Private colleges in Beijing enrolled about 50,000 students last year.
  Passage Three
  Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
  In Elizabethan England, there were laws to prevent members of the rabble from dressing above their station. This was never really effective, but to understand how truly futile it is these days for the upper classes to try keeping the masses in their sartorial place, you need to know what a chav is. "Chav" - the champion buzzword of 2004 in Britain, according to one language maven there - refers to something between a subculture and a social class. The unofficial definition is a clueless suburbanite with appalling taste and a tendency toward track suits and loud jewelry.
  In any case, there's one aspect of chavness that almost every description mentions right away: Chavs love Burberry. The recognizable plaid pattern of Burberry, the venerable English luxury brand, has long since come to serve as a status signifier. Presumably it is status that chavs are looking for when they snap up anything and everything emblazoned with the plaid. The most popular element of the chav uniform is the Burberry plaid cap.
  Stacey Cartwright, a Burberry executive, argues that this chav business is just a trivial tabloid story. The international brand continues to thrive in chav-free North America and Asia, she says. Responding to reports that Burberry discontinued one of its plaid caps in the U.K., she says that the "small" British market was slow anyway. "The chav issue won't have helped, but it's on top of what was already quite a sluggish market," she says. Besides, she continues, "the caps that the so-called chavs wear are actually counterfeit products; they're not our products." Burberry still offers, for example, a $200 cashmere plaid cap in Britain. "That's out of the price range of most of these individuals," Cartwright says.
  21. The best title of this article may be .
  A) Burberry's influence upon the chav business
  B) The good, the plaid and the ugly
  C) The definition of chavness
  D) The laws to prevent members of the rabble from dressing above their station
  22. From the text, we can infer that the most significant sign of Burberry is .
  A) plaid pattern B) paisley pattern C) checked pattern D) striped pattern
  23. What's Stacey Cartwright's attitude towards the chav business?
  A) She thinks Burberry will thrive in chav-free areas.
  B) She believes the chav business is of no great influence to Burberry.
  C) She thinks the chavness business will soon be out of date.
  D) She believes the chavness is the business of counterfeit products.
  24. What can we infer from the passage?
  A) People always wear the proper garment to their social positions in the Elizabethan England.
  B) Track suits and loud jewelry always appeal to clueless suburbanite.
  C) Production of all sorts of plaid caps is shut down now, according to a Burberry executive.
  D) The chav issue has little effect on Burberry's market in and outside England.
  25. Which is the following statement is true according to the text?
  A) Burberry is a local English brand and can be seen only in England.
  B) Chav usually wear a special kind of uniform with a plaid cap.
  C) Chavs are people of fancy taste.
  D) What the so-called chavs wear now are not real products of Burberry.
  Passage Four
  Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
  Each day, 50,000 shiny, fire-engine-red apples work their way through a sprawling factory in Swedesboro, N.J. Inside, 26 machines wash them, core them, peel them, seed them, slice them and chill them. At the end of the line, they are deposited into little green bags featuring a jogging Ronald McDonald.
  From there, the bags make their way in refrigerated trucks to thousands of McDonald's restaurants up and down the Eastern Seaboard. No more than 14 days after leaving the plant, the fruit will take the place of French fries in some child's Happy Meal.
  The apple slices, called Apple Dippers, are a symbol of how McDonald's is trying to offer healthier food to its customers - and to answer the many critics who contend that most of its menu is of poor nutritional quality.
  It remains to be seen whether these new offerings will assuage the concerns of public health officials and other critics of McDonald's highly processed fat - and calorie - laden sandwiches, drinks and fries. So far, they have not - at least not entirely. But this much is already clear: Just as its staple burger-and-fries meals have made McDonald's the largest single buyer of beef and potatoes in the country, its new focus on fresh fruits and vegetables is making the company a major player in the $80 billion American produce industry.
  The potential impact goes beyond dollars and cents. Some people believe that McDonald's could influence not only the volume, variety and prices of fruit and produce in the nation but also how they are grown.
  26. According to the text, what will be found in some children's Happy Meal in stead of French fries?
  A) apple pies B) hamburger C) apple dippers D) apple flavor French
  27. Why is McDonald using fruit production to take the place of traditional French fries?
  A) Price of potato is increasing.
  B) Apple are adored by more people.
  C) McDonald wants to make their food diversified.
  D) Fruit production, for instant, apple is of higher nutrition.
  28. What can we infer from the text?
  A) People can now feel relieved about the nutrition in McDonald's food.
  B) We can no longer find French fries in children's Happy Meal.
  C) Fries, drinks and sandwiches are regarded as fat-and-calories laden.
  D) McDonald spend $80 billion on fresh fruits and vegetables.
  29. Which of the following statement is true according to the text?
  A) Health officials and other critics' attitude towards McDonald's food has changed magnificently.
  B) Each year, McDonald consumes the largest amount of potatoes and beef throughout the U.S.
  C) Rising price of fruits is the only aspect of McDonald's action.
  D) Carefully chosen fire-engine-red apples are made into McDonald food after 14 days leaving the plant.
  30. Why could McDonald influence the grow of the fruits?
  A) Because McDonald will supervise the process of fruits growing.
  B) Because more high-quality fruits are needed to make nutritional McDonald food.
  C) Because McDonald is going to run a orchard itself.
  D) Because how the fruits are grown matters the cost of McDonald food.
  Part III Vocabulary (20 minutes)
  Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

31. He read the paper several times but he still _______ some printer's errors.
  A) overlooked B) ignored C) noticed D) outlined
  32. You have greatly _______us. What you have done is not what you told us about several weeks ago.
  A) disappointed B) deserted C) clarified D) opposed
  33. The financial support is decided not only according to your GRE score, but also according to your _______ in college.
  A) performance B) policy C) smart D) statement
  34. As a commander, you should not _______ the soldiers to unnecessary danger.
  A) express B) explode C) exploit D) expose
  35. Although in great danger, the wounded still did not want to _______ from the front.
  A) feedback B) backward C) withdraw D) departure
  36. In the class the teacher asked the students to _______ their bad habits.
  A) weaken B) omit C) overcome D) overtake
  37. When you study in the United States, usually you have to buy your own health _______.
  A) insurance B) expense C) evidence D) payment
  38. ____ in 1636, Harvard is one of the most famous universities in the United States.
  A) Founding B) It was founded C) Being founded D) Founded
  39. Chocolate and ice-cream have different _______.
  A) favour B) favourites C) fever D) flavours
  40. Though tired and hungry, the explorers had to _____ their walk through the forest.
  A) carry off B) carry on C) carry out D) carry away
  41. He made a rough _______ of the first floor of that building, showing us where his office was located.
  A) painting B) illustration C) drawing D) sketch
  42. He always leaves _______ for all the words he does not know in his translation.
  A) blankets B) blind C) black D) blanks
  43. If you just stay in this city for few days, we can give you a _______ library card and you can still make use of the books in the city library.
  A) terminal B) temporary C) regular D) chamber
  44. These programs are designed for those young people who want to _______ higher education but do not have enough time to go to university.
  A) insure B) purse C) purchase D) pursue
  45. What she achieved in her research might _______ what she had been expecting.
  A) exceed B) exclaim C) excess D) extend
  46. Both O. J. Simpson and Jim Brown have been ______ as the greatest players in the history of football.
  A) ranked B) recorded C) stocked D) stripped
  47. What they produced has no any _______ value. But it is very useful to their research.
  A) filter B) fold C) partial D) commercial
  48. When talking about Chinese culture, people often _______ its origin with the Yellow River.
  A) worship B) vain C) reveal D) associate
  49. When he caught a _______ of his girl-friend in the rain, Jack asked the taxi driver to stop to pick her up.
  A) stare B) glance C) glimpse D) peep
  50. Without the _______ materials imported from abroad, Japan can hardly produce anything.
  A) original B) cruel C) spare D) raw
  51. We may be able to _______ you in some way if you can not finish your work on time.
  A) resist B) insist C) assist D) disease
  52. Even though he has lived in China for many years, Mark still can not _______ himself to the Chinese customs.
  A) adopt B) adjust C) adapt D) accept
  53. He tried to _______ with the manager for his salary.
  A) evaluate B) object C) bargain D) pause
  54. The news announcer ______ on the regular program to announce the election results.
  A) cut away B) cut in C) cut off D) cut down
  55. To some _______, Mary still does not understand this unit. But she herself does not believe so.
  A) extend B) part C) extent D) content
  56. If you want to see the chairman of the department, you'd better make an _______ with his secretary first.
  A) admission B) agreement C) appointment D) date
  57. She is narrow minded and always _______ what other people have.
  A) jealous B) owes C) misses D) envies
  58. You____ to town to see the film yesterday. It will be on TV tonight.
  A) needn't go B) had better not go
  C) should not go D) needn't have gone
  59. When he woke up from his dream, the frightened boy tried to _______ his mother's arm.
  A) grape B) grey C) grip D) grave
  60. He is a man of great experience, _____ much can be learned.
  A) who B) that C) from which D) from whom
  Part IV Cloze (15 minutes)
  Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
  Niagara is an Indian word which means "roaring water". Indeed, the roar of falling water of Niagara can be heard 61 a distance of 25 kilometers. Imagine 62
  of water flowing over a cliff 90 feet high and you will get an idea of that terrible noise.
  And 63 tremendous power the Niagara River has! It moves big rocks about and throws them into the boiling water below.
  64 ago an old ship without a single person on board was put in mid-stream. It sailed down the river 65 a toy boat with great speed. Having reached the fall, the ship dropped into the boiling water, never 66 again.
  There were some people who wanted to become famous 67 swimming across the most dangerous part of the Niagara River. One of them was Captain Webb. 68
  that he would try to swim across the Niagara drew crowds of people. On the evening of July 21st, 1893, Captain Webb came up to the river and 69 a plunge. His having jumped into the water 70 many people with horror. Soon, he appeared in the middle of the river. A loud shout went up from the crowd, but a moment later there was
  71 silence. The man had disappeared under the water. Thousands of eyes 72
  on the river, but the man was drowned.
  In 1902, a certain Miss Taylor decided to go over the falls in a barrel. There were different kinds of pillows inside the barrel to prevent her 73 . Having examined the barrel carefully, Miss Taylor got in. The barrel was closed and then 74 into the water. Having reached the falls, it overturned and was shot down by the terrible 75
  of the water. When the barrel was finally caught and opened, Miss Taylor came out alive
  76 with a frightened look in her eyes.
  Once a crowd of visitors saw a rope 77 over them from one bank of the river to the other. Then they saw a man 78 the rope. The man was an actor, Blondin
  79 . He managed to cross Niagara Falls on a tight rope. The people on the bank were surprised at his 80 it so well.
  61. A) within B) inside C) at D) on
  62. A) much B) a great number C) mass D) a mass
  63. A) how much B) what C) so D) how
  64. A) Sometimes B) Many times C) Much time D) Some time
  65. A) as B) as if C) like D) likely
  66. A) to appear B) appearing C) appeared D) appear
  67. A) for B) by C) through D) from
  68. A) He said B) His having said C) He says D) He had said
  69. A) gave B) made C) did D) took
  70. A) filling B) full C) filled D) was filled
  71. A) dead B) dying C) died D) death
  72. A) being stopped B) were fixing C) were fixed D) fixed
  73. A) being hurt B) having hurt C) hurting D) hurt
  74. A) being thrown B) throwing C) thrown D) threw
  75. A) power B) strength C) force D) capacity
  76. A) therefore B) however C) so D) but
  77. A) being put B) put C) having put D) putting
  78. A) step across B) step out onto C) step along D) step on
  79. A) under the name of B) with the name of
  C) by name D) to the name of
  80. A) done B) having done C) having been done D) being done
  试卷二
  Section B Compound Dictation
  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from S1 to S7 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from S8 to S10 you are required to fill in the missing information. You can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
  Among the most powerful engines of modern economic growth have been technological changes that raise output (S1) to inputs. But compared with those of the nineteenth century, (S2) changes remained minor and sporadic in the colonial period. It preceded the era of the cotton gin, steam power, and the many metallurgical advances that vastly increased the tools (S3) to workers. In iron production, learning by doing and (S4) remained the key source of labor and fuel savings in the late colonial period-learning to (S5) the fuel input to minimal levels saved on labor needed to gather charcoal and work the forges. Technology remained static and forges sizes constant, however. The (S6) in agriculture also indicates no (S7)
  leaps in technology-(S8)
  In shipping, the same conclusion is reached. (S9)
  , and both ship material and the power source of ships remained unchanged. Even increasingly complex sails and rigs and the alterations of hull shapes failed to increase ship speed and, in any case, (S10) .
  Part V Writing (30 minutes)
  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the title Immoral Behavior in Public according to the following OUTLINE given in Chinese. Your composition should be no fewer than 120 words.
  Outline:1.我们经常在公共场合见到各种不道德的行为,叙述你的一次相关经历。
  2.这些不文明行为会有哪些影响?
  3.我们应该怎样改善这种现象?

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