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四级真题详解
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中国四六级考试网 >> 模拟试题
2012年12月英语四级考前模拟试题练习(1)
http://www.china-cet.com        来源:新东方        发布时间:2012-10-22 20:24:01
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2012年12月英语四级考前模拟试题练习(一)

  Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
  Section A
  Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  Example: You will hear:
  You will read: A) At the office. B) In the waiting room.
  C) At the airport. D) In a restaurant.
  From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This conversation is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefore, A) "At the office" is the best answer. You should choose [A] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center.
  Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]
  1. A) go to a Chinese restaurant B) go to a western restaurant
  C) go to a pub for a change D) go to a food shop
  2. A) She likes math very much.
  B) She does not like math at all.
  C) She wants to make the math interesting.
  D) She likes math and thought it was interesting.
  3. A) He wants to wash the dishes. B) He doesn't want to wash the dishes.
  C) He will help them wash the dishes. D) He will do anything for the woman.
  4. A) She disagrees with the man.
  B) She agrees with the man.
  C) She thinks it is not the time we should turn our attention to the danger of drunk driving.
  D) She only agrees with the man at one point.
  5. A) His partner B) His teacher
  C) His sister D) His boss
  6. A) At a cigarette store. B) At a bus station.
  C) At a gas station. D) At her parents'
  7. A) Fifteen. B) Twenty-nine.
  C) Sixteen. D) Sixty.
  8. A) Do her housework. B) Clean the backyard.
  C) Wash clothes. D) Enjoy the beautiful day.
  9. A) Wife and husband B) Teacher and student
  C) Mum and son D) Neighbors
  10. A) The unsmiling faces B) The weather
  C) The Londoners D) The color
  Section B Compound Dictation
  注意:听力理解的B节(Section B)为复合式听写(Compound Dictation),题目印刷在试卷二上,现在请取出试卷二。
  Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
  Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  Passage One
  Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.
  The most fashionable trend in college sports celebrations today is as innocent as a letterman's sweater, as old-fashioned as school pride, and reserved only for people who can wear the name of their school across their chest.
  It can be spotted after any surprising victory, when the most jubilant player grabs the front of his jersey with both hands and displays it to the crowd, framing the college name as if in an advertisement for the school.
  Popping the jersey, as it has become known, is becoming more and more common. When Donald Brown helped his team win an unlikely victory, he raised his jersey high enough to cover his chin. When Niagara won a major tournament this season, two players popped for the photograph.
  "Our team doesn't have names on the back of our jerseys," Brown said. "So we play for the name on the front. You have to understand, college basketball is not like the N.B.A., where a team chooses you and then you have to play for them. Here, you choose where you want to go, and you go there for a good reason."
  "This is one thing I've never seen in the N.B.A., and I don't think I ever will," Erroll Knight said. "It is our way to represent where we're from and tell people that we're proud of it."
  Like most dance steps and slang words, no one really knows who started the latest thing. One of the first documented accounts of jersey-popping occurred in December 2000, when Earl Watson faced the student section and tugged at the front of his jersey after his team erased a 19-point deficit against their opponents.
  "Basketball is an urban sport, a hip-hop sport, and what you're seeing right now comes from that," Knight said. "If a guy is wearing a really nice shirt on the street and he wants to show it off to everyone, he'll do what's called popping his collar - he'll sort of flick his collar to demonstrate the value it has. What guys are doing now with their jerseys is the same thing, only they have taken it to another level."
  11. According to the passage, we can tell that Erroll Knight is a player for .
  A) soccer B) tennis C) basketball D) field hockey
  12. The trend in college sports celebrations today, as told in the text, is .
  A) innocent but sophisticated B) as fashionable as in the old days
  C) beloved by everyone D) pure as well as old-fashioned
  13. Which of the following statement is true according to the author?
  A) Popping the jersey is not in vogue any more.
  B) The victory of Donald Brown's team is out of expectation.
  C) N.B.A and college basketball are much the same.
  D) People pop their collars because they are dirty.
  14. The word "pop" (Para 3, L1)in this passage is closest in meaning to which of the following word/phrase?
  A) spank B) flick C) popular D) show off
  15. The reason why college sports players pop the jerseys is because .
  A) their jerseys are exquisitely designed
  B) it is a rule of their colleges
  C) they are very proud of their sports team
  D) it is a form of demonstration of the value being the representative of their schools
  Passage Two
  Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.
  In the 16th century, Venetian and French glassmakers perfected a technique of coating glass with an alloy of silver to produce an effective mirror. Mirrors soon proliferated in public spaces and private homes, and owning a pocket or hand mirror became a marker of status. The mirror, you might say, was an early personal technology - ingenious, portable, effective - and like all such technologies, it changed its users. By giving us, for the first time, a readily available image of ourselves that matched what others saw, it encouraged self-consciousness and introspection and, as some worried, excesses of vanity.
  By the 19th century, it was the machines of the Industrial Revolution - the power loom, the motor, the turbine - that prompted concern about the effects of technology on the person. Karl Marx argued that factory work alienated the worker from what he was toiling to produce, transforming him into "a cripple, a monster." Men were forced to become more like machines: efficient, tireless and soulless.
  Today's personal technologies, particularly the cellphone and the digital video recorder, have not provoked similar worries. They are marvels of individual choice, convenience and innovation; they represent the democratization of the power of the machine. Our technologies are more intuitive, more facile and more responsive than ever before. In a rebuke to Marx, we have not become the alienated slaves of the machine; we have made the machines more like us and in the process toppled decades of criticism about the dangerous and potentially enervating effects of our technologies.
  16. The word "coat" (Line 1, Para.1) means .
  A) to cover sth. with a layer of sth. B) to combine two different things
  C) to make sth. into the shape of a coat D) to put a coat on sth.
  17. Which of the following statement is true according to the text?
  A) Soon after being invented, mirrors became unpopular among people.
  B) Mirrors were first invented by French and Vietnamese.
  C) Karl Marx criticized that factory work had turned the workers into thoughtless monsters.
  D) The motor is among the machines of ancient inventions.
  18. Why did some people worried that the mirror might be excesses of vanity?
  A) Because pocket and hand mirror became a marker of status.
  B) Because mirrors were extremely expensive during that time.
  C) Because only wealthy people can afford buying a mirror.
  D) Because mirrors were invented for important figures.
  19. The author's purpose of writing this article is .
  A) to give a definition on modern technology
  B) to give evidence to the statement that today's personal technologies are marvels of individual choice
  C) to prove the rebuke of Karl Marx
  D) to illustrate how modern technologies of different times affect people's life
  20. Compared with technologies in the 16th and 19th century, technologies today are more .
  A) ingenious and portable B) marvelous and effective
  C) intuitive and unreliable D) facile and responsive

Passage Three
  Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
  BMW's efforts to harness the creativity of its customers began two years ago when it posted a toolkit on its website. This toolkit let BMW's customers develop ideas showing how the firm could take advantage of advances in telematics and in-car online services. From the 1,000 customers who used the toolkit, BMW chose 15 and invited them to meet its engineers in Munich. Some of their ideas (which remain under wraps for now) have since reached the prototype stage, says BMW. "They were so happy to be invited by us, and that our technical experts were interested in their ideas," says Mr Reimann. "They didn't want any money."
  Westwood Studios, a game developer now owned by EA, first noticed its customers innovating its products after the launch of a game, "Red Alert," in 1996: gamers were making new content for existing games and posting it freely on fan websites. Westwood made a conscious decision to embrace this phenomenon. Soon it was shipping basic game-development tools with its games, and by 1999 had a dedicated department to feed designers and producers working on new projects with customer innovations of existing ones. "The fan community has had a tremendous influence on game design," says Mr Verdu, "and the games are better as a result."
  Researchers call such customers "lead users." GE's healthcare division calls them "luminaries." They tend to be well-published doctors and research scientists from leading medical institutions, says GE, which brings up to 25 luminaries together at regular medical advisory board sessions to discuss the evolution of GE's technology. GE then shares some of its advanced technology with a subset of luminaries who form an "inner sanctum of good friends," says Sholom Ackelsberg of GE Healthcare. GE's products then emerge from collaboration with these groups.
  21. Why does BMW post a toolkit on its website?
  A) Because it wants to interest more customers.
  B) Because it wants to improve their website.
  C) Because it wants their customers to give advices or ideas on theirs products.
  D) Because it wants to see if the customers' ideas match their prototype.
  22. We may conclude from the text that .
  A) EA is a computer game producer
  B) EA is the largest hi-tech company in the world
  C) "Red Alert" made its first appearance before 1996
  D) Westwood Studios used to be owned by EA for many years
  23. Which of the following behavior does not reflect that we are now in a customer-driven market?
  A) BMW posts a toolkit to collect customers' ideas.
  B) GE brings up 25 luminaries to discuss the evolution of GE's technology.
  C) Westwood establishes a department to deal with customers' innovations.
  D) GE's healthcare division calls some of the well-published doctors and research scientists "luminaries".
  24. Which of the following can replace the word "customer-driven"?
  A) customer-centered B) customer-satisfied
  C) customer-analyzed D) customer-evaluate
  25. Customers invited by BMW didn't want any money, instead, they just want .
  A) to be invited in a conference
  B) their suggestions and ideas to be accepted by the company and be of use in the cars' upgrade
  C) take a look at BMW's newest models
  D) get together and exchange experience on driving the BMWs
  Passage Four
  Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
  Half of literature concerns the perils of falling for a soul mate: the Victorian heroine runs off with the gardener; Romeo decides he can't live without the daughter of a family with whom his is feuding. And these tales always end badly, with disgrace and death, so that the normal order of society can be soberly restored.
  The new matchmakers take a traditional approach. They believe that people do and should marry within their tribes. The count's daughter is not going to be happy as a gardener's wife, no matter how mad she was for him at first, whereas a person from an affluent neighborhood will find comfort in a spouse who grew up in a similar area and went to the same tennis camp. They will speak the same dialect. They will move back to their hometowns and send their kids to that same tennis camp. The matchmakers themselves need not necessarily speak their - or any of their clients'- languages. Rather, matchmakers are like linguists who recognize the sounds and structure of many languages and then get the natives together. And if the clients protest that their hearts aren't beating fast enough (That town? Near my parents?), the matchmakers will insist that the pairing is right. Once they commit and start building that long-delayed life, they'll be happy - or happier, at least, than when they were single.
  Of course, you wonder if these kinds of matches actually last, or whether a few months or years after that hefty wedding bonus has been paid, one of them starts saying: Do we really communicate? Sometimes I wonder if you really understand me. Does the man think, What about all that money I paid for you? Does the woman wonder, should I have a profitable divorce and marry for love the next time?
  26. The sentence "…the normal order of society can be soberly restored." (Line 4, Para.1) indicates that .
  A) Romeo should marry Juliet even though she is the daughter of the family with whom his is feuding
  B) it is totally OK for heroines run off with the gardener
  C) Victorian heroine should fall in love with a hero
  D) Romeo should marry a gardener's daughter
  27. The phrase "tennis camp " in paragraph 2 means .
  A) some certain place where poor people often go
  B) the actual tennis court
  C) a place where lovers like to go
  D) certain places, especially places rich people often go
  28. The sentence "their hearts aren't beating fast enough" in paragragh 2 means .
  A) there is something wrong with their hearts
  B) their hearts should have been beating faster
  C) the two people are not so attracted to each other
  D) the two people fall in love with each other so passionately that their heart beats slow down a little
  29. The writer claimed mainly in this article that .
  A) The normal order of society should be soberly restored
  B) The new matchmakers take a traditional approach nowadays
  C) People will be much happier once they start a long-delayed life
  D) Soul mates may not necessarily be people who share the same social status
  30. According the writer, what is the most fundamental element in a relationship or marriage?
  A) favorable communication B) similar family background
  C) similar financial condition D) equal social position
  Part III Vocabulary (20 minutes)
  Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
  31. You may _______ of the extra books in our department library.
  A) deposit B) enclose C) fade D) dispose
  32. Although the traffic is not busy, he likes to drive at a _______ speed.
  A) spare B) fast C) moderate D) moral
  33. As a teacher, you should not _______ the students from asking questions in class.
  A) ruin B) restrain C) import D) impose
  34. If you have any problems during your study here, please do not ______ to call me for help.
  A) hesitate B) despair C) urge D) request
  35. He must be from Africa, _____ can be seen from his skin.
  A) that B) as C) who D) what
  36. It is not _______ for me to return all the books to the library now because I still need some of them for my research.
  A) continuous B) difficult C) convenient D) sufficient
  37. When traveling alone in the mountains, you'd better take a _______ with you in case you get lost.
  A) compass B) compress C) compose D) campus
  38. Both sugar and salt can ______in water.
  A) desert B) absorb C) dissolve D) involve
  39. Without a proper education, people could _______ all kinds of crimes.
  A) conduct B) swear C) commit D) sweat
  40. This boy was _______ for what he had done in the class.
  A) scolded B) accused C) inclined D) displayed
  41. After working for twenty hours without any rest, the doctors were _______.
  A) exhausted B) mounted C) wrapped D) restored
  42. He _______ to study harder in the future so that he could have more opportunities to find a better job.
  A) resolved B) resorted C) requested D) reserved
  43. This river forms a natural _______ between China and Korea.
  A) boundary B) edge C) margin D) frontier
  44. All the memories of his childhood had _______ from his mind by the time he was 65.
  A) faded B) illustrated C) confined D) concerned
  45. This river is so big that it is impossible to build a _______ under it without modern technology.
  A) canal B) tunnel C) channel D) cable
  46. _____ before we depart the day after tomorrow, we should have a wonderful dinner party.
  A) Had they arrived B) Were they arriving
  C) Would they arrive D) Were they to arrived
  47. The _______ is nearly dead , so I can not start the car again.
  A) bean B) beam C) bake D) battery
  48. When making modern cameras , people began to _______ plastics for metal.
  A) surround B) substance C) stretch D) substitute
  49. He is easily _______ so I do not like to talk with him.
  A) defended B) afforded C) created D) offended
  50. After talking for nearly ten hours, he _______ to the government's pressure at last.
  A) expressed B) yielded C) decreased D) approved
  51. My hands and feet were ________ with cold as I waited for the bus.
  A) cliff B) still C) stiff D) stick

52. This year our university does not have any _______ to continue the international student exchange program.
  A) function B) fundamental C) funeral D) funds
  53. Many English words are _______ from Latin.
  A) displayed B) spread C) lost D) derived
  54. Many years ago, a lot of factories were _______ from big cities to the mountainous areas in case of war.
  A) transferred B) transformed C) transmitted D) transported
  55. When the fire ________ in the movies, the people lost their heads and ran in all directions.
  A) broke in B) broke up C) broke out D) broke into
  56. My throat is _______. I cannot speak any more.
  A) sore B) purchase C) glow D) faint
  57. ____ by the police, the kidnappers had no choice but to surrender.
  A) Surrounded B) Surrounding
  C) Having surrounded D) To be surrounded
  58. The international situation is very _______ in the Middle East.
  A) delicious B) perfect C) delicate D) permeate
  59. Don't hang ______ the window. It's dangerous.
  A) out B) out of C) off D) from
  60. We _______ that it will take another four months to finish this plan.
  A) grant B) estimate C. back D) guarantee
  Part IV Cloze (15 minutes)
  Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
  If you stand a short distance away from a high wall and shout, your voice sometimes comes back to you as an echo. This happens because the 61 waves are reflected
  62 the wall. This is the principle of radar, 63 instead of sound it is radio waves which are reflected. This 64 was made a few years before the last war, 65
  radio waves from a transmitting station 66 reflected back from a distant aeroplane.
  It was realized 67 an apparatus could be devised to send out radio waves
  68 and record the 69 from any approaching aeroplanes, it would be a wonderful method of defense 70 war.
  Scientists 71 solving the problem and radar was 72 . An apparatus was made which sent out waves in pulses, and the presence of a distant aeroplane was shown on the screen of a cathode(阴极)ray tube, (this is 73 we have in a television set).
  74 this way radar stations could detect the approach of enemy aircraft.
  After the war radar was put to peaceful uses. It is now installed at airports to 75
  aeroplanes down safely in fog. It is fitted to ships so that they are warned 76 obstr- uctions ahead, 77 icebergs. It guides ships into port. It provides aeroplanes and ships 78 a magic eye, with 79 they can see 80 into the distance, in the dark or in fog.
  61. A) voice B) sound C) shout D) echo
  62. A) off B) on C) in D) against
  63. A) so B) on C) but D) as
  64. A) found B) discover C) knowledge D) discovery
  65. A) when B) as C) until D) before
  66. A) was B) were C) is D) are
  67. A) if that B) if when C) that if D) when if
  68. A) all time B) every time C) any time D) all the time
  69. A) echoes B) voices C) sounds D) waves
  70. A) on B) in C) at D) off
  71. A) set off B) set aside C) set up D) set about
  72. A) found B) seen C) made D) invented
  73. A) what B) that C) which D) that
  74. A) On B) Upon C) In D) Along
  75. A) tell B) guide C) make D) warn
  76. A) from B) of C) to D) in
  77. A) so on B) so that C) such as D) as if
  78. A) with B) of C) for D) in
  79. A) which B) that C) this D) what
  80. A) away B) along C) off D) far
  试卷二
  Section B Compound Dictation
  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from S1 to S7 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from S8 to S10 you are required to fill in the missing information. You can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
  The United States is a "telephone land". Almost every one uses the telephone to (S1)
  social engagements, visit with friends, conduct business and (S2) all kinds of information. It is the chief method for sending and (S3) information in the United States. Some visitors (S4) to use telephone much at first, either because it is (S5) , because they think it is expensive (as it is in many countries), or because they fear they will be (S6) the person they call from more important business. In fact, local telephone calls are only 10 cents at public phones and less expensive still in (S7) homes, (S8) .
  Within normal hours-after 9:00 A.M. and before 9:00 P.M. - (S9)
  . You need never worry about calling a business office for information. (S10) .
  If the person you are calling is out of the office, leave a message with his or her secretary.
  Part V Writing (30 minutes)
  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the title Should Olympic Athletes Get High Salaries according to the following OUTLINE given in Chinese. Your composition should have no fewer than 120 words.
  Outline:1.雅典奥运会后,关于获奖运动员高薪的问题引起了社会的广泛关注。
  2.有些人支持这种做法,认为运动员们付出了很多,应赢得回报;有些人则持反对意见。
  3.我的观点。

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六级真题详解
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·2002年1月英语六级真题详解
·2001年6月英语六级真题详解
·2001年1月英语六级真题详解
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