中国四六级考试网
www.china-cet.com
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
     
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
洛基英语
精英培训
四级真题详解
·2004年1月英语四级真题详解
·2003年9月英语四级真题详解
·2003年6月英语四级真题详解
·2003年1月英语四级真题详解
·2002年6月英语四级真题详解
·2002年1月英语四级真题详解
·2001年6月英语四级真题详解
·2001年1月英语四级真题详解
·2000年6月英语四级真题详解
·2000年1月英语四级真题详解
中国四六级考试网 >> 历年真题
2012年6月英语四级考试真题
http://www.china-cet.com        来源:中国四六级考试网        发布时间:2012-08-18 09:16:40
2天记住4000单词的秘密... 点击进入!!
    

Part Ⅰ Writing (30minutes)
  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Excessive Packaging following the outline given below. You should write at 
least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
  1.目前许多商品存在过度包装的现象
  2.出现这一现象的原因
  3.我对这一现象的看法和建议
On Excessive Packaging

  Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension(Skimming and Scanning)(15minutes)
  Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer sheet 1. For questions 1-7,choose the best 
answer from the four choices marked A),B),C)and D). For questions 8-10,complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
  Small Schools Rising
  This year’s list of the top 100 high schools shows that today, those with fewer students are flourishing.
  Fifty years ago, they were the latest thing in educational reform: big, modern, suburban high schools with students counted in the thousands. As baby boomers(二战后
婴儿潮时期出生的人) came of high-school age, big schools promised economic efficiency. A greater choice of courses, and, of course, better football teams. Only years 
later did we understand the trade-offs this involved: the creation of excessive bureaucracies(官僚机构),the difficulty of forging personal connections between teachers 
and students.SAT scores began dropping in 1963;today,on average,30% of students do not complete high school in four years, a figure that rises to 50% in poor urban 
neighborhoods. While the emphasis on teaching to higher, test-driven standards as set in No Child Left Behind resulted in significantly better performance in 
elementary(and some middle)schools, high schools for a variety of reasons seemed to have made little progress.
  Size isn’t everything, but it does matter, and the past decade has seen a noticeable countertrend toward smaller schools. This has been due ,in part ,to the Bill 
and Melinda Gates Foundation, which has invested $1.8 billion in American high schools, helping to open about 1,000 small schools-most of them with about 400 kids each 
with an average enrollment of only 150 per grade, About 500 more are on the drawing board. Districts all over the country are taking notice, along with mayors in cities 
like New York, Chicago and San Diego. The movement includes independent public charter schools, such as No.1 BASIS in Tucson, with only 120 high-schoolers and 18 
graduates this year. It embraces district-sanctioned magnet schools, such as the Talented and Gifted School, with 198 students, and the Science and Engineering 
Magnet,with383,which share a building in Dallas, as well as the City Honors School in Buffalo, N.Y., which grew out of volunteer evening seminars for students. And it 
includes alternative schools with students selected by lottery(抽签),such as H-B Woodlawn in Arlington, Va. And most noticeable of all, there is the phenomenon of 
large urban and suburban high schools that have split up into smaller units of a few hundred, generally housed in the same grounds that once boasted thousands of 
students all marching to the same band.
  Hillsdale High School in San Mateo, Calif, is one of those, ranking No.423—among the top 2% in the country—on Newsweek’s annual ranking of America’s top high 
schools. The success of small schools is apparent in the listings. Ten years ago, when the first Newsweek list based on college-level test participation was published, 
only three of the top 100 schools had graduating Classes smaller than 100 students. This year there are 22. Nearly 250 schools on the full ,Newsweek list of the top 5% 
of schools nationally had fewer than 200 graduates in 2007.
  Although many of Hillsdale’s students came from wealthy households, by the late 1990 average test scores were sliding and it had earned the unaffectionate nickname 
(绰号) “Hillsjail. ” Jeff Gilbert. A Hillsdale teacher who became principal last year, remembers sitting with other teachers watching students file out of a 
graduation ceremony and asking one another in astonishment, “How did that student graduate?”
  So in 2003 Hillsdale remade itself into three “houses,” romantically named Florence, Marrakech and Kyoto. Each of the 300 arriving ninth graders are randomly(随机
地) assigned to one of the houses. Where they will keep the same four core subject teachers for two years, before moving on to another for 11th and 12th grades. The
closeness this system cultivates is reinforced by the institution of “advisory” classes Teachers meet with students in groups of 25, five mornings a week, for open-
ended discussions of everything from homework problems to bad Saturday-night dates. The advisers also meet with students privately and stay in touch with parents, so 
they are deeply invested in the students’ success.“We’re constantly talking about one another’s advisers,” says English teacher Chris Crockett. “If you hear that 
yours isn’t doing well in math, or see them sitting outside the dean’s office, it’s like a personal failure.” Along with the new structure came a more demanding 
academic program, the percentage of freshmen taking biology jumped from 17 to 95.“It was rough for some. But by senior year, two-thirds have moved up to physics,” 
says Gilbert “Our kids are coming to school in part because they know there are adults here who know them and care for them.”But not all schools show advances after 
downsizing, and it remains to be seen whether smaller schools will be a cure-all solution.
  The Newsweek list of top U.S. high schools was made this year, as in years past, according to a single metric, the proportion of students taking college-level 
exams. Over the years this system has come in for its share of criticism for its simplicity. But that is also its strength: it’s easy for readers to understand, and to 
do the arithmetic for their own schools if they’d like.
  Ranking schools is always controversial, and this year a group of 38 superintendents(地区教育主管)from five states wrote to ask that their schools be excluded from 
the calculation.“It is impossible to know which high schools are ‘the best’ in the nation, ”their letter read. in part. “Determining whether different schools do 
or don’t offer a high quality of education requires a look at man different measures, including students’ overall academic accomplishments and their subsequent 
performance in college. And taking into consideration the unique needs of their communities.”
  In the end, the superintendents agreed to provide the data we sought, which is, after all, public information. There is, in our view, no real dispute here, we are 
all seeking the same thing, which is schools that better serve our children and our nation by encouraging students to tackle tough subjects under the guidance of gifted 
teachers. And if we keep working toward that goal, someday, perhaps a list won’t be necessary.
  注意:此部分试题请在答卡1上作答.
  1. Fifty years ago. big. Modern. Suburban high schools were established in the hope of __________.
  A) ensuring no child is left behind
  B) increasing economic efficiency
  C) improving students’ performance on SAT
  D)providing good education for baby boomers
  2. What happened as a result of setting up big schools?
  A)Teachers’ workload increased.
  B)Students’ performance declined.
  C)Administration became centralized.
  D)Students focused more on test scores.
  3.What is said about the schools forded by the Bill and Melinda Gates foundation?
  A)They are usually magnet schools.
  B)They are often located in poor neighborhoods.
  C)They are popular with high-achieving students.
  D)They are mostly small in size.
  4.What is most noticeable about the current trend in high school education?
  A)Some large schools have split up into smaller ones.
  B)A great variety of schools have sprung up in urban and suburban areas.
  C)Many schools compete for the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation funds.
  D)Students have to meet higher academic standards.
  5.Newsweek ranked high schools according to .
  A)their students’ academic achievement
  B)the number of their students admitted to college
  C)the size and number of their graduating classes
  D)their college-level test participation
  6.What can we learn about Hillsdale’s students in the late 1990s?
  A)They were made to study hard like prisoners.
  B)They called each other by unaffectionate nicknames.
  C)Most of them did not have any sense of discipline,
  D)Their school performance was getting worse.
  7.According to Jeff Gilbert, the “advisory” classes at Hillsdale were set up so that students could .
  A)tell their teachers what they did on weekends
  B)experience a great deal of pleasure in learning
  C)maintain closer relationships with their teachers
  D)tackle the demanding biology and physics courses
  8. is still considered a strength of Newsweek’s school ranking system in spite of the criticism it receives.
  9.According to the 38 superintendents, to rank schools scientifically, it is necessary to use .
  10.To better serve the children and our nation, schools students to take .
  Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension (35minutes)
  Section A
  Directions: in this section you will hear 8 short conversations, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions 
will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A)、B)、C)and D)、and decide which is the 
best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
  注意:此部分试题请在答案卡2上作案。
  11. A)Trying to sketch a map C)Discussing a house plan.
  B)Painting the dining room. D)Cleaning the kitchen.
  12.A)She is tired of the food in the canteen.
  B)She often eats in a French restaurant.
  C) She usually takes a snack in the KFC.
  D)She in very fussy about what she eats.
  13.A) Listening to some loud music C)Talking loudly on the telephone.
  B)Preparing for as oral examination. D)Practicing for a speech contest.
  14.A)The man has left a good impression on her family.
  B)The man can dress casually for the occasion.
  C)The man should buy himself a new suit.
  D)The man’s jeans and T-shirts are stylish.
  15.A)Grey pants made from pure cotton. C)100% cotton pants in dark blue.
  B) Fashionable pants in bright colors. D)Something to match her brown pants.
  16.A) Its price. C)Its comfort.
  B)Its location D)Its facilities.
  17.A)Travel overseas. C)Take a photo.
  B)Look for a new job. D)Adopt a child.
  18.A)It is a routine offer. C)It is quite healthy.
  B)It is new on the menu. D)It is a good bargain.
  Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you .
  19.A)Hosting an evening TV program. C)Lecturing on business management.
  B) Having her bicycle repaired. D)Conducting a market survey.
  20.A) He repaired bicycles. C)He worked as a salesman.
  B)He served as a consultant. D)He coached in a racing club.
  21.A) He wanted to be his own boss.
  B) He found it more profitable
  C)He didn’t want to start from scratch.
  D)He didn’t want to be in too much debt.
  22.A)They work five days a week. C)They are paid by the hour.
  B)They are all the man’s friends. D)They all enjoy gambling.
  Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  23.A)It has gradually given way to service industry.
  B)It remains a major part of industrial activity.
  C)It has a history as long as paper processing.
  D)It accounts for 80 percent of the region’s GDP.
  24.A) Transport problems. C)Lack of resources.
  B)Shortage of funding. D)poor management.
  25.A) Competition from rival companies. C)Possible locations for a new factory
  B)Product promotion campaigns. D)Measures to create job opportunities.
  Section B
  Directions: In this section you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be 
spoken only once After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C)and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer 
sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。
  Passage One
  Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  26.A)They shared mutual friends in school.
  B)They had known each other since childhood.
  C)They shared many extracurricular activities.
  D)They had many interests in common.
  27.A)At a local club. B)At the sports center.
  B)At Joe’s house. D)At the bearing school.
  28.A)Durable friendships can be very difficult to maintain
  B)One has to be respectful of other people in order to win respect.
  C)It is hard for people from different backgrounds to become friends
  D)Social divisions will break down if people get to know each other
  Passage Two
  Questions 29 to 31 are based as the passage you have just heart.
  29.A)Near the entrance of a park. C)At a parking meter.
  B)In his building’s parking lot D)At a street corner.
  30.A)It had been taken by the police C)In had been stolen by someone.
  B)it had keen moved to the next block. D )it had been parked at a wrong place
  31. A)At the Greenville center. C)In a neighboring town.
  B) At a public parking lot. D)In a the city garage.
  Passage Three
  Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  32.A)Famous creative individuals. C)A major scientific discovery.
  B)The mysteriousness of creativity. D)Creativity as shown in arts.
  33.A)It is something people all engage in. C) It starts soon after we are born.
  B) It helps people acquire knowledge. D) It is the source of all artistic work.
  34.A) Creative imagination. C) Natural curiosity.
  B) Logical reasoning D) Critical thinking.
  35.A)It is beyond ordinary people. C)It is part of everyday life.
  B)It is yet to be fully understood. D)It is a unique human trait.
  Section C
  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. 
When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks 
numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks you can other use the exact words you have just heard or write down the 
main points in your are words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。
  Students have been complaining more and more about stolen property. Radios, cell phones, bicycles, pocket(36) ,and books have all been reported stolen. Are there 
enough campus police to do the job?
  There are 20 officers in the Campus Security Division Their job is to(37) crime, accidents lost and found(38) ,and traffic problems on campus. More than half of 
their time is spent directing traffic and writing parking tickets.(39) promptly to accidents and other(40) is important, but it is their smallest job.
  Dealing with crime takes up the rest of their time. Very(41) do any violent crimes actually(42) .In the last five years there have been no(43) .seven robberies and 
about 60 other violent attacks, most of these involving fights at parties. On the other hand,(44)
  ,which usually involves breaking windows or lights or writing on walls. The thefts are not the carefully planned burglaries(入室盗窃)that you see in movies.(45)
  .
  Do we really need more police? Hiring more campus police would cost money, possibly making our tuition go up again.(46)
  .
  Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension(Reading in depth)(25minntes)
  Section A
  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a ward bank Read 
the passage through carefully before making your choices Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each them on Answer 
Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
  Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage,
  One in six. Believe it or not, that’s the number of Americans who struggle with hanger To make tomorrow a little better, Feeding Action Month. As part of its 30 
Ways in 30 Days program, It’s asking 48 across the country to help the more than 200 food banks and 61,000 agencies in its network provide low-income individuals and 
families with the fuel they need to 49 .
  It’s the kind of work that’s done every day at St. Andrew’s Episcopal Church in San Antonio, People who 50 at its front door on the first and third Thursdays of 
each month aren’t looking for God-they’re there for something to eat, St. Andrew’s runs a food pantry(食品堂)that 51 the city and several of the 52 towns. Janet 
Drane is its manager.
  In the wake of the 53 .the number of families in need of food assistance began to grow. It is 54 that 49 million Americans are unsure of where they will find their 
next meal What’s most surprising is that 36% of them live in 55 where at least one adult is working.“It used to be that one job was all you needed.” says St. Andrew
’s Drane.“The people we see now have three or four part-time jobs and they’re still right on the edge 56 .”
  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。
  A)survive I)formally
  B) surrounding J)financially
  C)serves K)domestic
  D)reviewed L)competition
  E)reported M)communities
  F)recession N)circling
  G)households O)accumulate
  H)gather
  Section B
  Directions: there are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements For each of them there are four choices marked 
A),B),C) and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on
  Answer Sheer 2 with a single line through the centre.
  Passage One
  Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.
  In times of economic crisis. Americans turn to their families for support. If the Great Depression is any guide, we may see a drop in our skyhigh divorce rate. But 
this won’t necessarily represent. an increase in happy marriages. In the long run, the Depression weakened American families, and the current crisis will probably do 
the same.
  We tend to think of the Depression as a time when families pulled together to survive huge job losses, By 1932. when nearly one-quarter of the workforce was 
unemployed, the divorce rate had declined by around 25% from 1929 But this doesn’t mean people were suddenly happier with their marriages. Rather, with incomes 
decreasing and insecure jobs, unhappy couples often couldn’t afford to divorce. They feared neither spouse could manage alone.
  Today, given the job losses of the past year, fewer unhappy couples will risk starting separate households, Furthermore, the housing market meltdown will make it 
more difficult for them to finance their separations by selling their homes.
  After financial disasters family members also tend to do whatever they can to help each other and their communities, A 1940 book. The Unemployed Man and His Family, 
described a family in which the husband initially reacted to losing his job “with tireless search for work.”He was always active, looking for odd jobs to do.
  The problem is that such an impulse is hard to sustain Across the country, many similar families were unable to maintain the initial boost in morale(士气). For 
some, the hardships of life without steady work eventually overwhelmed their attempts to keep their families together. The divorce rate rose again during the rest of 
the decade as the recovery took hold.
  Millions of American families may now be in the initial stage of their responses to the current crisis, working together and supporting one another through the 
early months of unemployment.
  Today’s economic crisis could well generate a similar number of couples whose relationships have been irreparably(无法弥补地)ruined. So it’s only when the economy 
is healthy again that we’ll begin to see just how many broken families have been created.
  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。
  57.In the initial stage, the current economic crisis is likely to __________.
  A)tear many troubled families apart
  B)contribute to enduring family ties
  C)bring about a drop in the divorce rate
  D)cause a lot of conflicts in the family
  58.In the Great Depression many unhappy couples close to stick together because
  A)starting a new family would be hard
  B)they expected things would turn better
  C)they wanted to better protect their kids
  D)living separately would be too costly
  59.In addition to job losses. What stands in the way of unhappy couples getting a divorce?
  A)Mounting family debts
  B)A sense of insecurity
  C)Difficulty in getting a loan
  D)Falling housing prices
  60.What will the current economic crisis eventually do to some married couples?
  A)It will force them to pull their efforts together
  B)It will undermine their mutual understanding
  C)It will help strengthen their emotional bonds
  D)It will irreparably damage their relationship
  61.What can be inferred from the last paragraph?
  A)The economic recovery will see a higher divorce rate
  B)Few couples can stand the test of economic hardships
  C)A stable family is the best protection against poverty.
  D)Money is the foundation of many a happy marriage
  Passage Two
  Questions 62 to 66 are based on the following passage:
  People are being lured (引诱)onto Facebook with the promise of a fun, free service without realizing they’re paying for it by giving up toads of personal 
information. Facebook then attempts to make money by selling their data to advertisers that want to send targeted messages.
  Most Facebook users don’t realize this is happening. Even if they know what the company is up to, they still have no idea what they’re paying for Face book 
because people don’t really know what their personal data is worth.
  The biggest problem, however, is that the company keeps changing the rules Early on you keep everything private. That was the great thing about facebook you could 
create own little private network. Last year. The company changed its privacy rules so that many things you city. Your photo, your friends’ names-were set, by default 
(默认)to be shared with every one on the Internet.
  According to Facebook’s vice-president Elliot Schrage, the company is simply making changes to improve its service, and if people don’t share information They 
have a “less satisfying experience”.
  Some critics think this is more about Facebook looking to make more money. In original business model, which involved selling ads and putting then At the side of 
the pages totally Who wants to took at ads when they’re online connecting with their friends?
  The privacy issue has already landed Facebook in hot water in Washington. In April. Senator Charles Schumer called on Facebook to change its privacy policy. He also 
urged the Federal Trade Commission to set guidelines for social-networking sites.“I think the senator rightly communicated that we had not been clear about what the 
new products were and how people could choose to use them or not to use them,” Schrage admits.
  I suspect that whatever Facebook has done so far to invade our privacy, it’s only the beginning. Which is why I’m considering deactivating(撤销)my account. 
Facebook is a handy site, but I’m upset by the idea that my information is in the hands of people I don’t That’s too high a price to pay.
  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。
  62.What do we learn about Facebook from the first paragraph?
  A)It is a website that sends messages to targeted users.
  B)It makes money by putting on advertisements.
  C)It profits by selling its users’ personal data.
  D)It provides loads of information to its users.
  63.What does the author say about most Facebook users?
  A)They are reluctant to give up their personal information.
  B)They don’t know their personal data enriches Facebook.
  C)They don’t identify themselves when using the website.
  D)They care very little about their personal information.
  64.Why does Facebook make changes to its rules according to Elliot Schrage?
  A)To render better service to its users.
  B)To conform to the Federal guidelines.
  C)To improve its users’ connectivity.
  D)To expand its scope of business.
  65.Why does Senator Charles Schumer advocate?
  A)Setting guidelines for advertising on websites.
  B)Banning the sharing of users’ personal information.
  C)Formulating regulations for social-networking sites.
  D)Removing ads from all social-networking sites.
  66.Why does the author plan to cancel his Facebook account?
  A)He is dissatisfied with its current service.
  B)He finds many of its users untrustworthy.
  C)He doesn’t want his personal data abused.
  D)He is upset by its frequent rule changes.
  Part V Cloze (15 minutes)
  Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D)on the right side of the paper. You should 
choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。
  Because conflict and disagreements are part of all close relationships, couples need to learn strategies for managing conflict in a healthy and constructive way. 
Some couples just 67 and deny the presence of any conflict in a relationship. 68 ,denying the existence of conflict results in couples 69 to solve their problems at 
early 70 ,which can then lead to even greater problems later 71 .Not surprisingly, expressing anger and disagreement leads to lower marital (婚姻的)satisfaction at the
beginning. However, this pattern of behavior 72 increases in marital satisfaction over time. Research suggests that working 73 conflicts is an important predictor of 
marital satisfaction.
  So, what can you do to manage conflict in your own relationships? First, try to understand the other person’s point of view 74 put yourself in his of her place. 
People who are 75 to what their partner thinks and feels 76 greater relationship satisfaction. For example, researchers found that among people in dating relationships 
77 marriages, those who can adopt their partner’s perspective show more positive 78 .more relationship-enhancing attributes and more constructive responses 79 
conflict.
  Second, because conflict and disagreements are an 80 part of close relationships. People need to be able to apologize to their partner for wrongdoing and 81 
forgiveness from their parents for their own acts. Apologies minimize conflict, lead to forgiveness, and serve to restore relationship closeness. In line 82 this view, 
spouses who are more forgiving show higher mental 83 over time. Increasingly, apologizing can even have 84 health benefits. For example, when people reflect on hurtful 
85 and grudges(怨恨),they show negative physiological(生理的) effects, including 86 heart rate and blood pressure, compared to when they reflect on sympathetic 
perspective-taking and forgiving.
  67.A)resolve
  B)regret
  C)abandon
  D)avoid
  68. A)Besides
  B)Therefore
  C)Moreover
  D)However
  69. A)trying
  B)declining
  C)failing
  D)striving
  70. A)ages
  B)years
  C)stages
  D)intervals
  71. A)on
  B)by
  C)off
  D)away
  72. A)prescribes
  B)protests
  C)proves
  D)predicts
  73. A)round
  B)amid
  C)among
  D)through
  74. A)so
  B)while
  C)but
  D)and
  75. A)sensitive
  B)superior
  C)exclusive
  D)efficient
  76. A)expose
  B)experience
  C)explore
  D)exploit
  77. A)as long as
  B)as far as
  C)as well as
  D)as soon as
  78. A)minds
  B)emotions
  C)psychology
  D)affection
  79. A)to
  B)against
  C)at
  D)toward
  80. A)absolute
  B)inevitable
  C)essential
  D)obvious
  81. A)require
  B)inquire
  C)receive
  D)achieve
  82. A)over
  B)with
  C)up
  D)of
  83. A)quality
  B)identity
  C)charity
  D)capability
  84. A)creative
  B)positive
  C)objective
  D)competitive
  85. A)prospects
  B)concepts
  C)memories
  D)outlooks
  86. A)added
  B)toughened
  C)strengthened
  D)increased
  Part Vl Translation (5 minutes)
  Directions: Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets.
  Please write your translation on Answer Sheet 2
  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答,只需写出译文部分。
  87.Those flowers looked as if they_____________________(好长时间没有浇水了).
  88.Fred bought a car last week. It is______________________(比我的车便宜一千英镑).
  89.This TV program is quite boning We might______________(不妨听听音乐)
  90.He left his office in a hurry, with______________________(灯亮着,门开着)
  91.The famous novel is said to __________________________(已经被译成多种语言).
  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。
2012年6月英语四级完整参考答案(沪江) 
  On Excessive Packaging
  Nowadays the phenomena of excessive packaging of goods are prevailing in our society: clothes swathed in tissue paper, placed in cardboard box and finally wrapped 
in well-designed plastic bags, imported bottles of grape wine packed in wooden boxes, fruits put in hand-woven baskets, to name but a few。
  There are several causes of excessive packaging. The first reason is that a large number of companies believe that they can attract customers’ attention and 
stimulate their purchasing desire by over-packaging their goods, thus gaining more profits. On the other hand, quite a number of consumers mistakenly hold that the more 
delicate the package is, the better the quality will be, thus encouraging excessive packaging。
  In my point of view, excessive packaging has disastrous consequences, including the loss of precious resources, excessive consumption of water and energy, and 
unnecessary extraction of scarce land for landfill。
  To solve the problem, it’s necessary to take the following measures. First, laws and regulations must be made to restrict excessive packaging of companies. In 
addition, we need to raise consumer’s awareness that excessive packaging doesn’t equal to high quality and advocate packaging recycling. 
  【解析】
  本次作文的话题是“过度包装”,话题不断新,考生应该都比较熟悉。写好本篇作文的关键在于紧跟题目所列提纲:现象——原因——看法和建议,确定相应的写作结构。重点分析产生此
现象的原因有哪些,把最重要的两三点罗列下来。最后,根据分析出的原因提供相应的建议。
  范文首段开门见山,首先一句话总结如今社会上过度包装现象盛行,而后举出一些实例补充说明。
  第二段重点从公司和消费者两方面论述产生过度包装的原因。公司方面是为了吸引顾客,刺激消费,赢取更多的利润;消费者方面是认为包装越精美,质量越好这种错误的消费意识。
  接下来作者表明自己的看法,认为过度包装会导致很多问题:稀缺资源的流失;水,能源的过度消耗以及产生不必要的垃圾场等。
  最后一段作者针对原因提出了一些解决方案。第一方面,建立法律规章制度来约束企业的过度包装行为。第二方面,必须让消费者认识到过度包装不等同于高质量,并提倡包装物的回收利
用。
  本文条理清晰,论述充分,语言使用规范得当,如:to name but a few,the first reason is that…,on the other hand,in my point of view,to solve the problem,first,in 
addition等。
  1. D) providing good education for baby boomers。
  2. D) Students’ perf 
formance declined。

  3. D) They are mostly small in size。

  4. D) Some large schools have split up into smaller ones。

  5. C) their college-level test participation。

  6. B) Their school performance was getting worse。

  7. A) maintain closer relationships with their teachers。

  8. Simplicity

  9. different measures

  10. tough subjects

  短对话

  11.

  M: As you can see from the drawings, the kitchen has one door into the dining room, another into the family room and a third to the outside。

  W: The door into the family room isn’t big enough. Could it be made wider?

  Q: What are the speakers doing?

  【答案】D) Discussing a housing plan。

  【解析】此题为简单的推理题。从drawing,kitchen等关键词可知,两人正在看房间的图纸,并讨论希望family room能够再大点。

  12.

  M: I’m thinking about where to go for a bite tonight. Any suggestions, Barbara?

  W: Well, how about the French restaurant near the KFC? Frankly, I’ve had enough of our canteen food。

  Q: What do we learn about the woman?

  【答案】D) She is tired of the food in the canteen。

  【解析】此题为推理题。从对话中可知,男子问女子对于晚上到哪里吃饭有没有任何建议。女子回答去KFC旁边的法国餐厅,因为她已经受够了食堂的食物。

  13.

  W: Hey, if you can’t enjoy the music at a sensible volume, why not use earphones? I’m preparing for the speech contest。

  M: Oh, sorry. I didn’t realize I’ve being bothering you all this time。

  Q: What is the man probably doing?

  【答案】C) Listening to some loud music。

  【解析】此题为较为简单的推理题。从volume,earphone,bother等关键词可知该男子听音乐时把音量调的很高,从而影响到了女子准备演讲比赛。

  14.

  M: Finally, I’ve got the chance to put on my new suit tonight. I hope to make a good impression on your family。

  W: Come on! It’s only a family reunion. So jeans and T-shirts are just fine. 

  Q: What does the woman mean?

  【答案】C) The man can dress casually for the occasion。

  【解析】此题为推理题。男子想穿新套装给女方家庭留下好印象,但是女子说这只是个家庭聚会,穿牛仔裤和T恤就行,即穿着随意即可。

  15.

  M: Would you

like to see those pants in brown and navy blue? These two colors are coming in this season。

  W: Oh, actually grey is my favourite color, but I prefer something made from cotton, 100% cotton I mean。

  Q: What is the woman looking for?

  【答案】B) Grey pants made from pure cotton。

  【解析】此题为细节题。从关键词pants,grey,100% cotton可知,女子想要的是灰色纯棉的短裤。

  16.

  W: From here, the mountains look as if you could just reach out and touch them。

  M: That’s why I chose this lodge. It has one of the best views in Switzerland。

  Q: What is the man’s chief consideration in choosing the lodge?

  【答案】C) Its location。

  【解析】此题为细节题。男子说他选择这个旅馆的原因是它有着瑞士最好的视野,所以他最在乎的是位置。

  17.

  M: What do I have to do to apply for a passport?

  W: You need proof of citizenship, either an old passport or a birth certificate and three photographs. Then you must complete this form and pay a fee。

  Q: What is the man most probably going to do?

  【答案】C) Travel overseas。

  【解析】此题为推理题。男子询问女子如何申请护照,女子回答时说的出生证,照片等是申请护照的所需用品。

  18.

  M: Miss, can I interest you in a pork special with serving tonight? It’s only 799, half the usual price and it’s very tasty。

  W: Oh really? I will try it。

  Q: What does the man say about the dish?

  【答案】A) It is a good bargain。

  【解析】此题为细节题。男子在给女子推荐时说该道菜今晚的价格是平时的一般,且很好吃,可见十分划算。

  Part III Listening Comprehension

  Section A

  Conversation 1

  W:Good evening, and welcome to this week’s business world. The program for and about business people. Tonight we have Mr. Steven Kayne, who has just taken over 
and established bicycle shop. Tell us, Mr. Kayne, what made you want to run your own store?

  M: Well, I always loved racing bikes and fixing them. When I was working full-time as a salesman for a big company, I seldom had time to enjoy my hobby. I knew then 
that as soon as I had enough money to get my own business going, I’ll do it. I had m 
y heart set on it and I didn’t let anything stand in my way. When I went down to the bank and got a business loan, I knew I’d love being my own boss. Now my time is 
my own. I open the store when I want and leave when I want。

  W:You mean you don’t keep regular hours?

  M: Well, the sign on my store says the hours are ten to six, but if business is slower than usual, I can just lock up and take off early。

  W: Had you hired any employees to work with you yet?

  M: Yeah, a couple of friends of mine who love biking as much as I do. They help me out a few days a week. It’s great because we play cards or just sit around and 
talk when there are no customers. 

  W: Thank you, Mr. Kayne. We wish you success in your new business。

  Q19.what is the woman doing?

  Q20.What did Mr. Kayne do before he took over the bicycle shop?

  Q21.Why did the man take over a bicycle shop?

  Q22.What do we learn about the people working in the shop?

  答案:

  19. D

  20. A

  21. B

  22. A

  Conversation 2

  W: Well, the main activities in the region were historically steel and paper processing, I think。

  M: Yes, but I’m not quite sure about the status of those industries now. Could you tell us something about that? 

  W: Yes, of course. In fact, they are less significant, but steel-related manufacturing still accounts for 44% of industrial activity. So it’s still very important. 
In fact, 80% of Spain’s machine tools are from the Basque country. As for paper processing, there’s still a little. But it’s no longer what it once was in the 
region. So, is that clear?

  M: Yes, thanks。

  W: Now, to get back to what I was saying, there’s a lot of unemployment as well as geographical problems in the region。

  M: Sorry, Victoria. What do you mean by geographical problems?

  W: Well, what I mean is the area is very hilly, mountainous in parts. So there used to be transport p roblems, now though there are new train links and better 
roads, but it may be that some smaller towns inland remain not very well connected, is that OK? Does that make sense? When we talk about specific location suggestions 
for the factory, we’ll see this in more detail, so we’ll come back to this question, OK?
  M: OK, right。
  W: So I was about to say something about the work force in the region and the level of training and education. In general, it’s very good and improving。
  Question 23-25 are based on the conversation you have just heard。
  23. What does the woman say about the steel-related manufacturing in the region?
  24. What problems hinder the region’s development?
  25. What will the speakers discuss later?
  答案:
  23. B
  24. C
  25. C
  Part III Listening Comprehension
  Section B
  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be 
spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on 
Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。
  答案
  Passage one
  Q26: B. They had known each other since childhood
  Q27: B. At Joe’s house
  Q28: A. Social divisions will break down if people get to know each other。
  Passage two
  Q29: A. In his building’s parking lot
  Q30: A. It had been stolen by someone
  Q31: B. In the city garage
  Passage three
  Q32: D. The mysteriousness of creativity
  Q33: A. It is the source of all artistic work
  Q34: D. Creative imagination
  Q35: A. It is part of everyday life
  复合式听写
  【答案】
  36. calculators
  37. handle
  38. items
  39. Responding
  40. emergencies
  41. rarely
  42. occur
43. murders 
  44. there have been hundreds of thefts and cases of deliberate damaging of public property
  45. Things get stolen when it is easy to steal them because they are left lying around unwatched
  46. A better way to solve this problem might be for all of us to be more careful with our things 
  【解析】
  这篇文章谈论的是校园盗窃。从校园相关话题的角度而言,复合式听写的内容非常贴近生活,是考生所熟悉的。具体听写内容,单词仍然以一句话的主干内容为主,即名词和动词;而句子
听写的长度和停顿间隔仍与往年一致,即18词左右,且每句间隔1-2句。所以,复合式听写难度与往年持平。但是考生们应考和平时听写时,都需要特别注意细节,如名词复数的变化,
emergency的复数emergencies; 难词的拼写calculator(计算器)、theft(盗窃)。
  47. E. domestic
  48. C. communities
  49. O. survive
  50. H. gather
  51. M. serves
  52. N. surroundings
  53. J. recession
  54. K. reported
  55. I. households
  56. F. financially
  【解析】
  这篇文章选自Time杂志,讲述的是美国采取了一系列的食品援助行动为低收入者提供食物,经济萧条让越来越多的人陷入温饱危机,其中甚至包括有工作的人。
  文章思路比较清晰,理解起来并不难。选项中也没有易混淆的干扰项,考生只要把握文章的主线,注意通过词性排除选项,很容易得出答案。
  57. In the initial stage, the current economic crisis is likely to _______。
  A. tear many troubled families apart
  B. bring about a drop in the divorce rate
  C. cause a lot of conflicts in the family
  D. contribute to enduring family ties
  58. In the Great Depression many unhappy couples chose to stick together because _______
  A. starting a new family would be hard
  B. they wanted to better protect their kids
  C. living separately would be too costly
  D. they expected things would turn better
  59. In addition to job losses, what stands in the way of unhappy couples getting a divorce?
  A. A sense of insecurity。
  B. Mounting family debts。
  C. Difficulty in getting a loan。
  D. Falling housing prices。
  60. What will the current economic crisis eventually do to married couples?
  A. It will force them to pull their efforts together。
  B. It will undermine their mutual understanding。
C. It will irreparably damage their relationship。
  D. It will help strengthen their emotional bonds。
  61. What can be inferred from the last paragraph?
  A. A stable family is the best protection against poverty。
  B. Money is the foundation of many a happy marriage。
  C. Few couples can stand the test of economic hardships。
  D. The economic recovery will see a higher divorce rate。
  【点评】:这篇文章来源于2009年5月的《纽约时报》(原文地址:http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/29/opinion/29cherlin.html
  ),题目为Married With Bankruptcy。这里有删减。文章分析了经济危机给夫妇带来的影响,指出经济危机不会提高离婚率并分析了几个原因,如夫妇无法承担离婚的成本,房价下降等等
。文章最后三段指出虽然不会离婚,但夫妻的这种关系也不会维持太久,经济危机的考验要到经济复苏时期才能显现出来。
  答案:
  57. B. bring about a drop in the divorce rate
  58. C. living separately would be too costly
  59. D. Falling housing prices。
  60. C. It will irreparably damage their relationship。
  61. D. The economic recovery will see a higher divorce rate。
  62. D) It profits by selling its user’s personal data。
  63. C) They don’t know their personal data enriches Facebook。
  64. C) To render better service to its users。
  65. B) Formulating regulations for social-networking sites。
  66. C) He doesn’t want his personal data abused。
  点评:
  文章的主题围绕当下很受欢迎的社交网站Facebook,揭露其将用户资料出售给广告商。而大多数用户并未意识到这一点,因为他们并没有意识到个人资料的重要性。作者的态度和立场非常
鲜明,并表示考虑注销自己的账户。
  67. C avoid
  68. B however
  69. D failing
  70. C stages
  71. A on
  72. A predicts
  73. A through
  74. B and
  75. B sensitive
  76. D experience
  77. B as well as
  78. C emotions
  79. D to
  80. A inevitable
  81. D receive
  82. A with
  83. D quality
  84. B positive
  85. A memories
  86. B increased
  87. Those flowers looked as if they hadn't been watered for a long time(好长时间没有浇水了)。
  【点评】they即flowers做主语,用被动语态。一段时间应用完成时,looked过去式相比,后面应该过去
完成时。 
  88. Fred bought a car last week. It is 1,000 cheaper than mine(比我的车便宜一千英镑)。
  【点评】简单的比较级,cheaper than。不需要重复car,直接用mine代替my car。
  89. This TV program is quite boring. We might as well listen to the music (不妨听听音乐)。
  【点评】might as well“不妨”,原句中有might。listen to the music,听音乐。
  90. He left his office in a hurry, with lights on and doors open(灯亮着,门开着)。
  【点评】with短语做伴随状语,逻辑主语和表语之间的系动词省略。
  91.The famous novel is said to have been translated into multiple languages(已经被译成多种语言)。
  【点评】be said to后面跟动词原型,“已经被译”,用完成时被动语态have been translated,介词用into。

相关内容:
·2013年6月英语四级考试听力音频 ·2013年6月英语四级考试真题
·2012年12月英语四级考试听力音频 ·2012年12月英语四级考试真题
·2012年6月英语四级考试听力音频 ·2012年6月英语四级考试真题
·2011年12月英语四级考试听力音频 ·2011年12月英语四级考试真题
·2011年6月英语四级考试听力音频 ·2011年6月英语四级考试真题




六级真题详解
·2003年1月英语六级真题详解
·2002年6月英语六级真题详解
·2002年1月英语六级真题详解
·2001年6月英语六级真题详解
·2001年1月英语六级真题详解
·2000年6月英语六级真题详解
·2000年1月英语六级真题详解
·1999年6月英语六级真题详解
·1999年1月英语六级真题详解
·1998年6月英语六级真题详解


::::::::网站首页设为首页联系我们 线路图 ::::::::
中国四六级考试网版权所有
公安局网监编号:1081067     京ICP备05034376号
Copyright ? 2006~2007 China-cet.com