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2012年6月英语六级答案完整版(沪江版)        来源: 新浪教育        发布时间:2012-06-17 09:21:11
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  Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled The Impact of the Internet on Interpersonal Communication. Your essay should start with a brief description of the picture. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words。


  The Impact of the Internet on Interpersonal Communication

  As is described in the picture, a father asks her daughter how her school today goes on. Instead of answering directly, the daughter tells her father to read her blog. It is common that youngsters nowadays incline to communicate with others on internet increasingly, and lack communication with people around them. With the development of Internet, it has influenced our society to a large extent, especially interpersonal communication. 

  To begin with, we can communicate with others anytime via internet. Otherwise, we would have to arrange our schedules strictly in advance. Also, interpersonal communication through the internet is not restricted by space. For example, in most multinational corporations, instant messages and video conferences help colleagues solve problems timely and efficiently. Last but not least, the internet can greatly speed up our interpersonal communication. Whereas, there are also disadvantages that the internet brings to us. More and more people complained that they have lost face-to-face communicating skills. As a result, people become more and more indifferent to each other in real life. Some netizens who are immersed in virtual world even have difficulty in making friends in reality。

  In conclusion, communication through the internet could bring us both convenience and inconvenience. We should strike a balance between them and make the best of the internet。




  本篇范文在句式上,长短搭配,形式多变。从句、非谓语动词等多种表达方式,值得借鉴。同时,用词同样注意多样化,对网络相关词汇的多种表达(web, cyber, instant message, video conference等),考生同样应在平时注意归类、积累。


  The Impact of the Internet on Interpersonal Communication

  Today I saw an interesting cartoon, in which a father asked his daughter about her school performance of the day, and the daughter replied that he could go to her blog to check it. This small cartoon indicates a big change in our life, especially the way people communicate。

  Internet enables people to break though the limitations of distance, strengthening social network. Unlike post offices, Internet service with its convenience helps people engage and converse real time with their parents, soul mates, friends though emails, IRC, micro blog anytime, anywhere with a network terminal, without suffering the long and painful wait for a reply。

  Besides, such online communities as Twitter, Facebook are well under way and becoming the most dominating platforms for on-line social activities. These communities offer great opportunities for us to follow and interact with those we like and even those celebrities. It is also a platform for us to share and update information of each other, and learn the outside world。

  Internet today and tomorrow is a virtual space where we live, where we learn, where we speak, and where we communicate。


  今年的六级作文依旧延续了四六级的传统,考查“现象类”话题,要求根据漫画,发表对于“The impact of the internet on interpersonal communication”的观点。近年的六级作文题目,已经不再局限于传统的议论文考察模式,即要求考生给出非此即彼或既此既彼的观点、而是偏向于启发考生自己去思考,结合自己的生活经历以及对事物的理解,对话题中的现象进行深入的探讨,给出事实支撑。

  Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)

  Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sen tences with the information given in the passage。

  1. A) To cut students’ expenses。

  2. B) college facilities could be put to more effective use。

  3. C) suppresses creative thinking

  4. A) Its students have to earn more credits each year。

  5. B) It has been running for several decades。

  6. B) More students have Advanced Placement credits。

  7. A) Students don’t have much time to roam intellectually。

  8. the core curriculum

  9. stay competitive and relevant

  10. bright, motivated students




  文章开头以Hartwick 学院为例,指出许多有创新意识的大学都将学制由四年改为三年的现象。在承认美国具有全世界最好的大学,这些学校吸引了众多聪明的学生后,作者话锋一转,指出美国高等教育存在的一些问题,包括:学校学年的一成不变,设备资源的闲置浪费,终身职位以及反年龄歧视法造成的教务人员冗余以及对自由思想的压制,学生承担不起高额的学费等等。

  之后,作者指出正是由于以上的这些问题,许多学校才会进行学制改革并且描述了Hartwick, Judson College等学校在缩短学制后课程方面的一些改革和做法。随后作者指出缩短学制的一些弊端:学生缺少时间进行思考,缺少时间参加课外活动或者出国留学(微博),威胁学校的核心课程体系等。



  Part III     Listening Comprehension            (35 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。


  W: Did you hear that Anna needs to stay in bed for 4 weeks?

  M: Yeah. She injured her spine in a fall and a doctor told her to lie flat on her back for a month so it can mend。

  Q: What can we learn from the conversation?

  【答案】A) The injury will confine Anna to bed for quite a while。



  M: A famous Russian ballet is coming to town next weekend. But I can’t find a ticket anywhere。

  W: Don’t be upset. My sister just happened to have one and she can’t go since she has got some sort of conflict in her schedule。

  Q: What does the woman mean?

  【答案】C) She can get a ballet ticket for the man。



  W: Hello, my bathroom drain is blocked and I’m giving a party tonight. Do you think you could come and fix it for me?

  M: Sorry, ma’am. I’m pretty busy right now. But I can put you on my list。

  Q: What does the man mean?

  【答案】A) He has to do other repairs first。



  W: We’re taking up a collection to buy a gift for Gemma. She’ll have been with the company 25 years next week。

  M: Well, count me in. But I’m a bit short on cash now. When do you need it?

  Q: What is the man going to do?

  【答案】C) Give his contribution some time later。



  W: Tony’s mother has invited me to dinner. Do you think I should tell her in advance that I’m a vegetarian?

  M: Of course. I think she’d appreciate it. Imaging how you both feel if she fixed the turkey dinner or something。

  Q: What does the man suggest the woman do?

  【答案】D) Tell Tony’s mother that she eats no meat。

  【解析】此题为推理题。Tony的妈妈邀请女子吃饭,女子询问男子是不是应该提前告知自己是素食主义者。从男子的“I think she’d appreciate it”可知,男子给了他肯定的回答。


  M: Just look at this newspaper, nothing but robberies, suicide and murder. Do you still believe people are basically good?

  W: Of course. But many papers lack interest in reporting something positive like peace, love and generosity。

  Q: What are the speakers talking about?

  【答案】B) The coverage of newspapers。



  M: I can’t believe so many people want to sign up for the Korea Development Conference. We will have to limit the registration。

  W: Yeah, otherwise we won’t have room for the more。

  Q: What are the speakers going to do?

  【答案】C) Limit the number of participants in the conference。



  W: Hi, I’m calling about the ad for the one bedroom apartment。

  M: Perfect timing! The person who was supposed to rent it just backed town to take a room on campus。

  Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

  【答案】A) The apartment is still available。


  Conversation 1

  W: One of the most interesting experiments with dolphins must be one done by Doctor Jarvis Bastian. What he tried to do was to teach a male dolphin called Bass and a female called Doris to communicate with each other across a solid barrier。

  M: So how did he do it exactly?

  W: Well, first of all, he kept the two dolphins together in the same tank and taught them to press levers whenever they saw a light. The levers were fitted to the side of the tank next to each other. If the light flashed on and off several times, the dolphins were supposed to press the left-hand lever followed by the right-hand one. If the light was kept steady, the dolphins were supposed to press the levers in reverse order. Whenever they responded correctly, they were rewarded with fish。

  M: Sounds terribly complicated。

  W: Well, that was the first stage. In the second stage, Doctor Bastian separated the dolphins into two tanks. They could still hear one another, but they couldn’t actually see each other. The levers and light were set up in exactly the same way except that this time it was only Doris who could see the light indicating which lever to press first. But in order to get their fish, both dolphins had to press the levers in the correct order. This meant of course that Doris had to tell Bass whether it was a flashing light or whether it was a steady light。

  M: So did it work?

  W: Well, amazingly enough, the dolphins achieved a 100 % success rate。

  Questions 19-21 are based on the conversation you have just heard。

  Q19. What is the purpose of Doctor Jarvis Bastian’s experiment?

  Q20. What were the dolphins supposed to do when they saw a steady light?

  Q21. How did the second stage of the experiment differ from the first stage?


  19. D) to see if dolphins can communicate with each other。

  20. A) Press the right-hand lever first。

  21. C) Only one dolphin was able to see the light。




  lever  n。杠(杆);途径,工具

  in reverse order 以相反的顺序

  be rewarded with 得到奖励

  flashing light 闪光灯

  Conversation 2

  W: This week’s program Up Your Street takes you to Harrogate, a small town in Yorkshire. Harrogate became a fashionable resort during Victorian times, when people came to take a bath in the mineral waters. Today, few people come to visit the town for its mineral waters. Instead, Harrogate has become a popular town for people to retire to. Its clean air, attractive parks, and the absence of any industry, make this an ideal spot for people looking for a quiet life. Now, to tell us more about Harrogate, I have with me Tom Percival, President of the Chamber of Commerce. Tom, one of the things visitor notices about Harrogate is the large area of open park land right down into the middle of the town. Can you tell us more about it?

  M: Yes, certainly. The area is called the Stray。

  W: Why the Stray?

  M: It’s called that because in the old days, people let their cattle stray on the area, which was common land。

  W: Oh, I see。

  M: Then, we’ve changes in farming and in land ownership. The Stray became part of the land owned by Harrogate。

  W: And is it protected?

  M: Oh, yes, indeed. As a special law, no one can build anything on the stray. It’s protected forever。

  W: So it will always be park land?

  M: That’s right. As you can see, some of the Stray is used for sports fields。

  W: I believe it looks lovely in the spring。

  M: Yes, it does. There’re spring flowers on the old trees, and people visit the town just to see the flowers。

  Question 22-25 are based on the conversation you have just heard。

  Q22. Where does this conversation most probably take place?

  Q23. What do we learn about modern Harrogate?

  Q24. What does the man say about the area called the Stray?

  Q25. What attracts people most in the Stray during the spring time?


  22. B) In a resort town。

  23. D) It is an ideal place for people to retire to。

  24. D) It is protected as parkland by a special law。

  25. C) The beautiful flowers。


  这段长对话是对Harrogate这个旅游小镇的介绍,谈到其如何得名,如何变迁,以及如何受到政府的保护。由此可见,这段对话最有可能发生在一个旅游城镇。这段对话稍微难一点的地方在于几个单词,一个是地名Harrogate,另一个是Stray,以及头衔President of the Chamber of Commerce。解决这些难点也很容易,因为Harrogate这个地名和头衔不是考察点,考生可直接忽略。另外关于Stray,考生开始不懂没关系,要带着这个疑问去注意听原文,对话中随后就给出了明确解释,所以考生也会获得解答。


  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。

  Passage One

  Russell Fazio, an Ohio State psychology professor who has studied interracial roommates there and at Indiana University, discovered an intriguing academic effect. In a study analyzing data on thousands of Ohio State freshmen who lived in dorms, he found that black freshmen who came to college with high standardized test scores earned better grades if they had a white roommate — even if the roommate’s test scores were low. The roommate’s race had no effect on the grades of white students or low-scoring black students. Perhaps, the study speculated, having a white roommate helps academically prepared black students adjust to a predominantly white university。

  That same study found that randomly assigned interracial roommates at Ohio State broke up before the end of the quarter about twice as often as same-race roommates。

  Because interracial roommate relationships are often problematic, Dr. Fazio said, many students would like to move out, but university housing policies may make it hard to leave。

  “At Indiana University, where housing was not so tight, more interracial roommates split up,” he said. “Here at Ohio State, where housing was tight, they were told to work it out. The most interesting thing we found was that if the relationship managed to continue for just 10 weeks, we could see an improvement in racial attitudes。”

  Dr. Fazio’s Indiana study found that three times as many randomly assigned interracial roommates were no longer living together at the end of the semester, compared with white roommates. The interracial roommates spent less time together, and had fewer joint activities than the white pairs。

  Question 26-29

  26. What do we know about Russell Fazio ?

  27. Who benefited from living with a white roommate according to Fazio’s study?

  28. What did the study find about randomly assigned interracial roommates at Ohio State University?

  29. What did Dr. Fazio find interesting about interracial roommates who had lived together for 10 weeks?


  26, C. He specialized in interpersonal relationship。

  27. D. Black freshman with high standardized scores

  28, C. They broke up more often than same-race roommates

  29, C. The racial attitudes improved。

  【解析】:本文节选自2009年7月的《纽约时报》,原文标题为Interracial Roommates Can Reduce Prejudice。文章属于社会类话题,大意为俄亥俄州立大学的一位名为Russell Fazio的心理学教授研究不同人种混居的有趣现象以及结论。无独有偶,2011年6月四级真题阅读理解Section B的Passage 1也选用了相同的话题,大家平时在备考中要对真题重视起来哦!

  Passage two

  In a small laboratory at the Medical University of South Carolina, Dr. Vladimir Mironov has been working for a decade to grow meat. A developmental biologist and tissue engineer, Dr. Mironov, is one of only a few scientists worldwide involved in bioengineering 'cultured' meat。

  It's a product he believes could help solve future global food crises resulting from shrinking amounts of land available for growing meat the old-fashioned way。

  “Growth of cultured meat is also under way in the Netherlands”, Mironov told Reuters in an interview, “but in the United States, it is science in search of funding and demand。”

  The new National Institute of Food and Agriculture won't fund it, the National Institutes of Health won't fund it, and the NASA funded it only briefly, Mironov said。

  "It's classic disruptive technology," Mironov said. "Bringing any new technology on the market, on average, costs $1 billion. We don't even have $1 million."

  Director of the Advanced Tissue Biofabrication Center in the Department of Regenerative Medicine and Cell Biology at the medical university, Mironov now primarily conducts research on tissue engineering, or growing, of human organs。

  "There's an unpleasant factor when people find out meat is grown in a lab. They don't like to associate technology with food," said Nicholas Genovese, a visiting scholar in cancer cell biology。

  "But there are a lot of products that we eat today that are considered natural that are produced in a similar manner," Genovese said。

  30. What does Dr. Mironov think of bioengineering cultured meat?

  31. What does Dr. Mironov say about the funding for their research?

  32. What does Nicholas Genovese say about a lot of products we eat today?


  30, A. It will help solve the global food crisis。

  31, D. It is still far from being sufficient。

  32, D. They are not as natural as we believed。


  这是路透社2011年初的一篇报道,题目为“South Carolina scientist works to grow meat in lab”。本文为食品科技类题材。大意为生物工程技术应用在实验室生产肉,可改变传统肉类获得方式,解决将来的食物危机,不过还需资金支持,同时人们还难以完全接受这种方式。

  Passage three

  Bernard Jackson is a free man today, but he has many bitter memories. Jackson spent five years in prison after a jury wrongly convicted him of raping two women. At Jackson's trial, although two witnesses testified that Jackson was with them in another location at the times of the crimes, he was convicted anyway. Why? The jury believed the testimony of the two victims, who positively identified Jackson as the man who has attacked them. The court eventually freed Jackson after the police found the man who had really committed the crimes. Jackson was similar in appearance to the guilty man. The two women has made a mistake in identity. As a result, Jackson has lost five years of his life。

  The two women in this case were eyewitnesses. They clearly saw the man who attacked them, yet they mistakenly identified an innocent person. Similar incidents have occurred before. Eyewitnesses to other crimes have identified the wrong person in a police lineup or in photographs。

  Many factors influence the accuracy of eyewitness testimony. For instance, witnesses sometimes see photographs of several suspects before they try to identify the person they saw in a lineup of people. They can become confused by seeing many photographs or similar faces. The number of people in the lineup, and whether it is a live lineup or a photograph, may also affect a witness's decision. People sometimes have difficulty identifying people of other races. The questions the police ask witnesses also have an effect on them。

  Question 33: What do we learn about Bernard Jackson?

  Question 34: What led directly to Jackson’s sentence?

  Question 35: What lesson do we learn from Jackson’s case?


  33, A. He was wrongly imprisoned

  34, A. The two victims’ identification

  35, B. Many factors influence the accuracy of witness testimony。



  虽然总体来说这篇文章难度不大,但是因为涉及专业知识,有一些词汇可能会成为考生的障碍。例如:testimony: 证人证言;witness: 目击证人;jury: 陪审团;sentence :刑期。如果考生平时能对这些单词有所接触,这篇文章在理解上就不会出现太大的问题。

  Section C

  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written。


  36. slight

  37. official

  38. shrinking

  39. plunge

  40. decline

  41. primary

  42. heads

  43. Poverty

  44. Hampered by higher taxes and weak demand for its exports, Mexico's economy is seen only partially recovering this year。

  45. Mexico has historically had high drop-out rates as poor families pull kids out of school to help put food on the table,

  46. The nation's drop-out problem is just the latest bad news for the long-term competitiveness of the Mexican economy。



  Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there is a short passage with 5 questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. Please write your answers on Answer Sheet 2.


  47.capturing and storing CO2或者capture and storage of CO2

  48. capture and storage

  49. put it to new use

  50. increase their yield of fruits and vegetables

  51. the scale of CO2 emissions



  Section B

  Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。

  Passage One

  52. D. Its negative effects have long been neglected。

  53. A. Goals with financial rewards have strong motivational power。

  54. B. They resorted to unethical practice to meet their sales quota。

  55. B. Its conclusion is not based on solid scientific evidence。

  56. A. Studying goal-setting can throw more light on successful business practices。


  本文出自,原文题目为The dark side of goal-setting。 这篇文章有一定难度,尤其是作者的态度一定要把握好。作者并未全盘否定目标制定,而是说一定要制定切合实际的目标,以保证建设性推进计划,避免不道德行为伤害到计划的实施,因此这方面的研究值得继续推进下去,给大家更好的指导。

  Passage two

  57. D) Free market plus government intervention。

  58. B) Government regulation hinders economic development。

  59. B) Effective measures adopted by the government。

  60. D) They give up the idea of smaller government and less regulation。

  61. D) Excessive borrowing。


  文章改编自新闻网站The Daily Beast的文章Asian Wisdom,主题是“那些过度负债、经济增长缓慢的西方国家能从经济繁荣的亚洲学到什么东西”。作者认为美国和欧洲都受制于自己的意识形态,并指出一些明智的联邦政府措施就可以使美国重新走上正确的道路;欧洲的问题在于不断增加的债务,必须从根本上寻找解决之道。

  Part V Cloze (15 minutes)

  Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。


  62. B)notion

  63. C)before

  64. B)on

  65. A)proposed

  66. D)evidence

  67. B)original

  68. A)however

  69. C)effort

  70. C)opposed

  71. D)once

  72. D)techniques

  73. C)inside

  74. C)lessons

  75. D)enhance

  76. A)convince

  77. A)trouble

  78. C)diligent

  79. C)process

  80. B)concentrate

  81. D)or


  本文出自2010年11月Scientific American Magazine. 文章主要阐述倾听音乐对于大脑有好处,可以提高人的学习能力。因而作者呼吁,学校不应取消音乐课。

  虽然文章为科技文,且开头出现了许多专业术语,但内容并不生僻。所以,同学们千万不要被开头一长串的专业术语吓倒,保持良好心态,不要放弃。完形填空考查重点还在于对上下文的理解;动词与介词的搭配;形似词、同义词词义、用法的辨析,如62题中考(微博)查note, notice, notion, notification 之间的差异,词形相似,但意思截然不同。同学在平时背诵单词时,一定要多加总结归纳。

  Part VI Translation (5 minutes)

  Directions: Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets. Please write your translation on Answer Sheet 2.

  82. I think that the meal is well worth $80 without a discount (没有折扣的情况下值80美元)。

  【点评】well worth,“值”,后跟动名词或名词;discount 折扣。

  83. Facing the fierce competition from other companies (面对来自其他公司的激烈竞争), the automobile manufacturer is considering launching a promotion campaign。

  【点评】横线处要填的是一个非谓语从句,根据句意可知前后主语都是the automobile manufacturer,因此用现在分词形式。

  84. As far as hobbies are concerned, Jane and her sister nearly have nothing in common / hardly have anything in common (几乎没有什么共同之处)。

  【点评】have something in common有共同点,注意表示否定时副词的使用。

  85. Only after many failures have I realized that I cannot succeed with luck merely (我才认识到仅凭运气是不能成功的)。


  86. But for the survival instinct which nearly all creatures have, more species would have been extinct from the earth (更多的物种就可能已经在地球上灭绝了)。

  【点评】but for,“要不是,如果没有”,这里考查虚拟语气,后面应该用would + have done的形式,强调这种非真实的虚拟对将来可能发生的情况的影响。

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